That man is the richest whose pleasures are the cheapest. - Henry David Thoreau
Question #27092 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Why are all the statues wrapped on campus?
--dumb freshman

A: Dear Frosh,
The statues are wrapped to protect them from vandalism (usually in the form of red paint) prior to the BYU-Utah football game.
--Bob the Tomato
Question #27091 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear Wise Ones,
Why is it that Arizona doesn't do daylight savings time?
--Centiplegic Centipede

A: Dear Centipede,
In the U.S., I am happy to say that the freedom to choose extends to the freedom for states to choose whether or not they will follow the daylight savings time plan. Arizona (with the exception of the Navajo Indian Reservation), as you know, is one of the three states that just said "no" (the others are Hawaii and Indiana in its Eastern Time Zone portion). Other U.S territories that don't adhere to daylight savings are American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

So why did Arizona decide not to do DST? They actually tried it back in 1967 but discovered they did not like going to bed with the sun. Nights in Arizona summers are hot enough without the sun glaring down on people, so they decided ignore DST and thus have the sun set on them an hour earlier and receive some blessed shade. Understandable, if you've ever endured a day of Arizona summer sunshine.
--She Who Must Not Be Named
Question #27090 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
What are the top 3 greatest love songs of all time?
--In Love with a Girl

A: Dear in love with a girl,
The top three love songs of all time, in my opinion, are 'Somebody' by Depeche Mode, 'Lady in Red' by Chris Deburg, and 'Love of a Lifetime' by Firehouse.
--The Captain
A: Dear In Love,
"Three Times a Lady" by Lionel Richie
"Can't Get Enough of Your Love Baby" by Barry White
"The Look of Love" by Isaac Hayes
--Lovelorn
A: Dear In big trouble,
The three greatest love songs of all time, in my humble opinion, are:
1. With or Without You - U2
2. Unchained Melody - Righteous Brothers
3. The Sleeping Beauty Waltz -Tchaikovsky
That's just what we think.
~Le Frogs
A: Dear In Love with Two X Chromosomes,
"Your Eyes" (Peter Gabriel) (for sentimental value)
"Hallelujah" (the Rufus Wainwright version) (for purity and passion)
"Yellow" (Coldplay) (for pining)

True dat.
--SSAM
Question #27089 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Where did the saying "Great Scott" came from? How about the saying "By George"? ("By George, I think I've got it.") How about "For Pete's sake"? Who are Scott, George and Pete?
--curious george

A: Dear Curious George,
Easy breezy my friend. Scholars have decided that Great Scott has one of two origins, and I must say I like both of them. First off, there is an old German phrase "Gruess Gott", which means Great/greet/Good God, which I'm sure you can guess the meaning of. Secondly, back in the 1800's, there was an American general by the name of Winfield Scott who campaigned for your Presidency under the moniker of "Great Scott."

On to the next. "By George" is a corruption of a much older British term, "By Jove." It came into fashion during the reign of one of the Hanover monarchs. If you don't know who Jove is, it's another name for God, derived from the Roman Jupiter. Someone who says "By George" or "By Jove" is therefore stating that an idea came through the grace of the King/Deity, depending on the phrase you prefer.

Lastly, we have my personal favorite, "For Pete's Sake," also seen as "For the Love of Pete," "For Heaven's Sake," and "For Pity's Sake." I take it that you, Curious George, currently live in Utah, and have some experiences with this culture. Have you ever heard words like fetch, flip, frikkin, heck, dang, gosh, mother, and effing? That is what "For Pete's Sake" is like. A minor oath substituted in the place of a more major one. Pete is a derivation of St Peter. This should probably satisfy you.
--The Great Scot
Question #27088 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I am a longtime fan of the board, and I've recently noticed that Benedick's name seems to correspond well (in terms of being somewhat negative) to the dating questions. Is this just one person, or do many people use the same name to relate to the topic? If it is one person, does he have a firm belief in non-commitment and dating? And if so, why?
--Shakespeare fanatic

A: Dear Shakespeare Fanatic,
So you've noticed the trend in Benedick? You certainly know your Shakespearean comedies. Benedick is one person, and I know him well. He does like to answer question about love and dating because of his somewhat distinctive opinions concerning the matter. If you were to ask him, I'm sure he would say that he is indeed against dating in general, but I don't think he's really as uncaring as he lets on. I think he may have had some bad experiences in the past, although he doesn't talk about them much. I suspect that he isn't any more against dating than his Shakespearean namesake.
--Random
Question #27087 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
On Monday the 18th of November at approximately 12:15, I was walking from the Marb to the Wilk, and there was something really odd happening by the recently relocated "Family" statue. There were these two people that looked like they were either acting (in the style of one of those 1920's silent films) or participating in an interpretive dance to commemorate the annual "Saran-wrapping-of-campus-statues" day. There was a crowd of about 20 or 30 people. Can and will you tell me what was going on?
Regards,
Reluctant Sycophant

A: Dear Reluctant,
Well, I figure that you already know the what's and why's of the saran wrapping of the statues (and YES, it is common stock saran wrap that you can buy from a store). The interpretive dance that I believe you're referring to only occurs when the "family" statue is wrapped, or "sealed". What you saw was the unofficial "sealing" of an eternal family, right here on BYU campus! Isn't that wonderful?! Me oh my. But seriously, that's what it is. I have numerous sources at the Info desk and also with the Grounds crew and they all agree -- it's those wacky sealing ceremony fans.
--PEZkopf
Question #27086 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Does Allen Greenspan's pay come from the government, or is he a private employee of the Fed?
--Curious

A: Dear Curious,
Alan Greenspan, the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, is a government employee. Therefore, he receives payment as a public official, not as a private employee.
--CAPCOM
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Does standard NTSC video have 24, 29.97, or 30 frames per second?
--Videomonger

A: Dear Videomonger,
Here's the lowdown on some popular video standards:

NTSC
NTSC video is a standard devised in 1953. NTSC stands for National Television System Committee. (I'm not sure they exist anymore, but their name lives on.) This is the type of signal transmitted in the US for regular (not cable or satellite) television. It is also used to record tapes in the US, regardless of whether they are VHS, 3/4" U-matic, or Betacam tapes.

NTSC does not specify the horizontal resolution. Here is what NTSC specifies:

  • 525 vertical lines per field.
  • 59.94 fields displayed per second.
  • Fields are interlaced to give an apparent resolution of 1050 lines, at only 29.97 frames per second.


The reason for the interlacing was that in the old days, the electronics were easier to make with a lower resolution. This standard is still in use today, but pitifully out of date.

NTSC is used today in the USA, Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Burma, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, The Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Greenland, Guam, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, St. Kitts, Saipan, Samoa, Surinam, Taiwan, Tobago, Trinidad, Venezuela, and the Virgin Islands.

Even though you didn't ask, for the benefit of our readers, here are some other standards:

PAL
PAL stands for Phase Alternation by Line, and was first officially adopted in 1967. Its main advantage over NTSC is that by dropping the framerate, the quality of the picture is improved.

PAL B is a PAL broadcast in the VHF band; PAL G is a broadcast in the UHF band. Both of these are standard PAL signals that will record onto a PAL video cassette the same. However, PAL-M and PAL-N (in South America only) have differences in the signal that will be perpetuated on tape. (i.e. a PAL-M tape is not the same as a PAL-N tape.) PAL video cassettes are also recorded at only about 75% the tape speed of an NTSC video cassette.

  • 625 vertical lines per field.
  • 50 fields displayed per second.
  • Fields are interlaced to give an apparent resolution of 1250 lines, at only
    25 frames per second.


It is used in Afghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brunei, Cameroon, Canary Islands, China, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, Kuwait,
Liberia, Madeira, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Portugal, Qatar, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Yemen (the former Yemen Arab Republic was PAL, and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen was NTSC), Yugoslavia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Brazil uses PAL-M, with 525 lines, at 30 frames per second. It is basically compatible with NTSC (including cassette tape speed) but uses the PAL color palette (i.e. you may have to fiddle with the tint setting on the TV).

Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay use PAL-N, which is a hybrid between PAL and SECAM; PAL-N broadcasts and PAL-N tapes are compatible with standard PAL machines.

Greece, Luxembourg, Monaco, and Saudi Arabia have not standardized, but use both PAL and SECAM. (Consult your local street vendor for which one he prefers.)

SECAM
SECAM stands for Systeme Electronique Couleur Avec Memoire, and was adopted in 1967 as well. It originates from France, while PAL originates from the United States; SECAM transmits the color information sequentially, but is otherwise the same as PAL.

Video tapes recorded in SECAM are all the same; however, SECAM broadcasts can be SECAM B, G, D, K, and L, which is analogous to VHF or UHF broadcasts in the US.

  • 625 vertical lines per field.
  • 50 fields displayed per second.
  • Fields are interlaced to give an apparent resolution of 1250 lines, at only
    25 frames per second.


It is used in Albania, Benin, Bulgaria, Congo, former Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Egypt, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Martinique, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, New Caledonia, Niger, Poland, Reunion, Romania, Senegal, Syria, Tahiti, Togo, Tunisia, former USSR, Viet Nam, and
Zaire.

Therefore, even DVD's are encoded at either 60 frames per second (NTSC) or 50 frames per second (PAL / SECAM). It is possible to use the DVD player hardware to convert to a different framerate. It is also common for the DVD to have 60 full frames (not interlaced) - so you are only seeing half the DVD when you watch it on a TV, but you will see the full movie on a computer.

I think I'll go read a book!
--Caspian
Question #27084 posted on 11/23/2002 midnight
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,
In response to the sudden onset of cynical and negative people attacking The Board, I just wanted to say thanks for all that you do! I think that the 100 Hour Board is one of the unique and cool things about BYU (see also Omniscient BYU info operators, Angry and Illogical Letters to the Editor, and Emptying out the library at midnight with "When the Saints Come Marching In"). I mean, how many other universities even have anything close to that? So thanks guys! (I can barely even keep my own head above water, let alone find time to research other people's questions!) :)
--Maybe they got just got bored with writing Letters to the Editor...