Resolve to keep happy, and your joy and you shall form an invincible host against difficulties. - Helen Keller
Question #17718 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear Grabthar's Hammer,

You are AMAZING! I bow before your power and knowledge! Thank you!

- TV Junkie

Question #17717 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear Wants to go now, instead of later, Board Question #17605

I am from the Pocatello Mission region. There are a lot of kind people. With regards to weather there are four distinct seasons. It is mostly a rural region. There is a high population of LDS people. I personally think that Pocatello itself is kind of an ugly city, but I know that the people who live there really like it.

-Spud Girl

Question #17716 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board and Durmstrang Alum,

I just finished Book 4 and I must make a correction to my comment posted today. I was incorrect about Death Eaters not seeking each other out after Voldemort's "death." After all, the Longbottoms were tortured to insanity afterwards by the Lestranges and two others including Barty Crouch Jr. They wanted to find Voldemort and bring him back to power. But Voldemort does make it clear at the end of book 4 that Peter was not brave enough to do more than just fake his own death. Peter only sought out the Dark Lord when he was unmasked in book 3 and had nothing else to lose.

Peter has yet to do anything to "help" Harry though, something else we should be looking forward to in the last book.

- Ageless

Question #17715 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear **Full House Watcher** and all others visiting San-Francisco:

In reference to your San-Francisco trip:

I just returned from a weekend trip there, where one of my best friends lives. There was so much to see, so on a whim we decided to take the *49 mile scenic drive.* It's Perfect. It takes about 3-4 hours, and takes you through nearly all of the sites to see. Do it! it's wonderful. Have fun. And check out the communist hats sold in China town, with the signs saying "Please don't film." that's intense.

- bootthepenguin

Question #17712 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

(And Tom Riddle's Not-So-Evil Twin Cousin...)

Just wanted to comment on series with similarities to Harry Potter. I have to recommend the Young Wizards series by Diane Duane, but I wanted to clarify that it is not a Harry Potter knock-off; Duane's first book in the series (So You Want to Be a Wizard) was published long before Harry Potter and the Sorceror's Stone.

I could recommend a lot of good science fiction and fantasy material, but I'm not sure how close to Harry Potter you're talking about here. If you just like some of the magic, you might try The Dark is Rising books by Susan Cooper or the Chrestomanci stories of Diana Wynne Jones. Others I've enjoyed include some of Kathryn Kurtz's Deryni novels, the earlier books in Christopher Stasheff's Wizard in Rhyme and Warlock in Spite of Himself series, The Soprano Sorceress by L.E. Modesitt, The Belgariad and Mallorean by David Eddings, and the M.Y.T.H. Inc. books by Robert Asperin. If you like the apprenticeship motif, Lloyd Alexander's Prydain Chronicles or Anne McCafferey's Harper Hall trilogy are great, along with the Ender's Game series, the first two Phule's Company books by Robert Asperin, and the beginning books of Madeleine L'Engle's Wrinkle in Time series.

In reality, these motifs have run through fantasy from the start, so it shouldn't be surprising to see them in Harry Potter and doesn't mean necessarily that many of these books have lifted anything from Harry.

Enjoy your reading!

- Another fan

Question #17706 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear Gilette,

This is the first "comment" that I have written. I hope that it is okay. ;o)

I am a girl who has a condition called hirsutism (aka excessive hair). It is due to a disease called called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. I know--a girl with excess hair. You are thinking it is absolutely disgusting. If only you knew everything else I had to deal with! Lesson aside, you aren't out of luck.

Check out

Many women with PCOS have hair similar to men (coarse). I know of many who use that product and rave about their successes.

Good luck in defeating Godzilla.

-Rather Not Say

P.S. I was introduced to The Board about two weeks ago and I am absolutely loving it! Keep up the good work writers!

Question #17670 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Wanna-be-nerd, et al., (Board Question #17541)

Here's something to chew on:
"Can a mortal ask questions which God finds unanswerable? Quite easily, I should think. All nonesense questions are unanswerable. How many hours are there in a mile? Is yellow square or round? Probably half the questions we ask -- half our great philosophical and metaphysical problems -- are like that."
-C.S. Lewis, A Grief Observed.

That man was unarguably a genius. :)

- Already a Nerd

A: Dear Nerds,

I'm just going to interject here... and say I love that quote. Thank you for posting it.

That is all.

Horatio the Nerd
Question #17631 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear Horatio of the 100 Hour Board,


- Zwiebel Paniga

A: Dear ZP,

I'm always glad to see another person finding life's joys. Three cheers for life.

That is all.

Question #17627 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Do you know any good songs that are along the lines of "even though we can't be together, I still like you" sort of thing? I met a really nice guy but because of circumstances, things won't work out. Any suggestions would be appreciated!

- On My Own

A: Dear On My Own,
Avril Lavigne, Fall to Pieces
Daniel Bedingfield, If You're Not The One
Phil Collins, Can't Stop Loving You
Sarah McLachlan, I Will Remember You
Sarah McLachlan, Do What You Have To Do
A: Dear On My Own,
You could always sing along to Aida's "Written in the Stars."
-Absolutely Nobody
Question #17625 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is Christopher Walken running for president?

- I would vote for him

A: Dear would vote for Walken-

I'm sorry, my friend,
But Mr. Walken isn't.
It is just a hoax.

-Grabthar's Hammer
Question #17624 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear writers,

Why do you all like "What Dreams May Come" so much? I remember it being a horrible movie (patronizing, poorly acted, over-the-top) that I would have walked out of if I hadn't already walked out of Oprah's monstrosity "Beloved" that very evening.

- curious about your bad taste (i'm guessing it has something to do with triangles)

A: Dear Curious,

I've never heard of nor seen the movie. Thanks for questioning my taste, though.

A: Dear Curious,

I've both heard of and seen it. And I liked it.

Maybe this was because I didn't find it patronizing or poorly acted, and I thought the over-the-top-ness of it all suited it. For those of you who don't know, What Dreams may come is a story about a man who has died, and his journey in the afterlife, as it compares to his wife's, and how they work it all out.

Heaven and Hell are difficult concepts to portray, and I thought they did an amazing job with each. The acting was good enough to bring me close to tears on more than one occasion, and to laugh aloud in others. The patronization you may have felt could be attributed to the fact that the main character, Chris, was new to heaven, and so had to have many things explained to him, or also that because many people have different expectations of the afterlife, they had to be especially careful in showing it they way it was imagined for the movie.

It is an artistic movie, and the concept fascinated me more than the actors themselves, but I really do think that it pulls together well to for a good movie. I don't agree with it all, but I think it's worthwhile. Sorry you disliked it so much.

-Uffish Thought
Question #17623 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I read an article in a Popular Science magazine...I'm not sure exactly when, but it was about a year ago. Anyway, the article was about man in India that modifies cars out of his garage by making some series of scratches on the cylinder or piston or something. The modification was supposed to somehow mix a better and more thorough combination of gas and air, which in turn greatly increased the mileage and performance, and greatly reduced the emissions. It also said that the cars would idle at such a low RPM, it was almost as if the car was off.

My question(s) is/(are) what was this guy's name? Does his discovery still have any plausibility today? It sounded like from the article that Popular Science thought very highly of his work. So why hasn't any big car companies picked up on this? Have there even been any recent articles published on him? Thanks...

- wants that car

A: Dear wants,

The article is here,20967,679464,00.html
on Popular Mechanics' website. The man's name is Somender Singh and he lives in Mysore, India. The article explains a lot about his invention and the struggle he's had marketing it.

Singh got the US patent for his invention in 2001 and has tried ever since then to sell the product to heads of state, automobile manufacturers, engineers...all with no success. He didn't have the proper tests done because of lack of funds and equipment and no one would fund him without proper tests.

It looks like things may be looking up for him, though. It seems from the article that Singh's invention does have merit, and "Tata Motors, the $3.5-billion Indian auto manufacturer, which supplies automobiles to Rover UK, has received one of his letters. The Tata engineers have seen his patent and examined the photograph of his spark plugs. And they're interested. If he's willing to sign a five-year nondisclosure agreement, they'll test his design further in their lab in Pune-on a proper dynamometer, with permission and everything."

I wouldn't suggest attempting this in your own garage. Singh has studied engines for years before coming up with this idea, and you don't know exactly what his valve looks like. Done the wrong way, this could be dangerous. Messing with fire and explosions is never safe.

Question #17621 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How can a get a hold of a copy of the movie "Brigham"? I know that it was released in 1977 but that is about all I have been able to find. No one seems to sell it anywhere.

- Please tell me you can find this!

A: Dear Yes I can!!,

You can go to for further information on the movie itself, complete with comments from people who've seen the movie.

Now, after extensive (and I mean extensive) searching I finally found one place where you can buy this movie. Go to this website and you can get it for $15.95 with free shipping!! They only have it on VHS, but I doubt you're going to find it on DVD anywhere. I hope you're serious about buying this after all the work I put into finding it. It's all for a love of the people, man.

Question #17620 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Ok I know this is such a stupid question, but on the class schedule on Route Y, I can't find the physical education category. I've looked under all possible categories but the closest I can find is HEPE and that only has the health class.

- not very quick

A: Dear Quicker than the Schedule People,

The former PE category is now EXSC (for exercise science). I'm not really sure why they made things change. Maybe they think that "Exercise Science" has more academic credibility (or "aca-cred") than the classic Physical Education. Personally, I think it was very clear before: if I want PE, I select PE. Now I have to THINK to find that beginning golf class that I still don't have time to take.

Enjoy your PE class... under whatever name it appears.

That is all.

Horatio the Fit
Question #17619 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear Horatio,

So you're saying that I should sit idly by as other people I know consistently make fun of my friends in the clubs? I should say nothing in their defense? I should, in short, betray my friendships for the sake of maintaining a healthy casual relationship with others? (I think I explained in my last question why these casual relationships are important).

- Mortschlaggen Huzzozler

A: Dear MH,

(This question/answer is a follow-up to Board Question #17346 )

Most certainly not. I am not suggesting that you betray friendships in favor of other friendships. I suggested that you learn how to act in public so that people don't think your weird.

You wanted our (in this case, my) honest opinion about these clubs and why people make fun of them. I again assert that abnormal public behavior does and always has drawn attention to the actor. Such attention often turns to ridicule.

If you wish to build a bridge between your two friendship groups, you must seek to understand where BOTH sides are coming from. You can say things in the group's defense without being defensive. But, you must acknowledge why your casual relationship group would find the other group's behavior a wee-bit odd.

So, yes, you can defend your friends. But, you must be prepared to deal with how they react. It is, always has been, and always will be hard to defend eccentric behavior.

I understand that both of these friendship groups are important to you. I also have friendship groups with divergent beliefs and behaviors. And, even though none of them wear capes, I still have to acknowledge their differences and often defend the behavior of one group against the ridicule of the other. So, you aren't alone.

So, enjoy your friends from both groups, but seek to understand them before you are understood. And, if you are a good friend to all, neither group will think you are weird. If they do, they aren't very good friends.

And, as I said previously, enjoy being who you are. But, if your public actions warrant confusion or command excessive attention, don't be surprised when people mock you. Either ignore it or learn to be more subtle. We all have to learn how to act in public. That's just part of life... part of growing up.

That is all.

Horatio, the only normal person in the world.
Question #17618 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is it that the more academic variety of literature (and perhaps elsewhere, but that is where I have noticed it the most) they say "an historical" or "an history," rather than the more correct-sounding "a historical" or "a history"? Is the former actually more correct than the latter?

- eleka nahmen, who hates grammarical dissonance

A: Dear Eleka,

It actually has *nothing* to do with whether or not the literature is academic. It's simply a matter of a pronunciation shift. The "h" in "history" and "historical" used to be silent. That left the word starting with a vowel in speech, making it necessary to say "an history." (You may have noticed that Genesis 2:18 talks about "an help meet.")

Current American usage is to write "a history" and "a historical" because we pronounce the "h" in our pronunciation.

Thanks for asking such a fun question.


*p.s. Hearing people aspirate the "h" in "help meet" *and* use "an" before the word is one of my pet peeves. It's entirely silly to use "an" before a word if the first sound in the word is a consonant. (And yes, I have silly and highly specific pet peeves.)

Question #17617 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Have any of you heard of the musical/movie "Purlie"? I would like to find a copy of it that I can take back to school with me but I haven't had much luck so I thought I would see what you can find. I would LOVE to find a DVD of it, but a good VHS would also be fine. I know it is not being made anymore or something like that, so I don't know how difficult this will be. I don't know how many different versions there are of it, but I want the one that stars Robert Guillaume and Sherman Hemsley. Thanks!!

- Lutiebelle Gussie Mae Jenkins

A: Dear Lutie,

I'm sorry, but the only copy I can find of that particular edition is availible on for $500.00

That has to be the most expensive video tape I have ever seen. From that price, I think we can infer that it is a rarity to find any copy of that version.

So, how badly do you want a copy of Purlie? If you look on Amazon, there are copies of the Broadway Cast Recording and the script if you are interested in either of those.

That is all.

Question #17615 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I would like to know if there was a difference between custodians and janitors. What I mean to say is, would a person doing custodial work be offended if I referred to them as a "janitor" and/or vice versa? Please help me with this puzzling dilemma.

- Potato

A: Dear Po-taw-to,

In the sense of denotation, I find no real difference between the terms custodian and janitor. They both mean the same thing, one who cleans a building. But considering the connotation, I think it's safe to say that the term custodian is preferrable to janitor. From Wikipedia's article on Janitor: "A typical title given to janitors as a term of higher respect is custodian." This article also lists alternative job titles such as:
Custodial technichian
Sanitation engineer
Sanitation manager
(and I find this one most amusing) Master/Mistress of the custodial arts

But to be safe, refer to the person as a custodian rather than janitor, or ask them which title they prefer.

-Wilhelmina Wafflewitz, Answer architect
Question #17613 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What makes Rice Krispies snap, crackle, and pop?

- Cerealisly yours,

A: Dear Erasmus,

Good question! It actually has to do with the way Rice Krispies are made. You see, Rice Krispies are made from a sugary rice mixture which is formed into the shape of rice kernels and is then toasted. While the "kernels" are being toasted, they bubble and rise in a way that makes them have very thin walls. These walls are so thin that when they are exposed to milk they suddenly collapse, making the snapping, crackling, and popping noise that we have become so familiar with.

And while we're on the subject, did you know that while most Americans can name the three Rice Krispies elves (Snap, Crackle and Pop) most of them cannot name three of the nine sitting Supreme Court Justices? (Conway, 2002). Perhaps if the Supreme Court had their own snappy jingle we'd remember their names, too.

Okay, this is the last tangent, I promise: Did you know that the noises Rice Krispies make differ by country? For example, in French they go, "Cric, crac, croc." In Spanish they go, "Pim, pum, pam," and in German they go, "Knisper, knasper, knusper."

- Hephaestus
Question #17610 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is it when you eat sour candy you sweat. I hope I am not the only one that does this. This sweating usually occurs on and around the forehead. Any thoughts?

- branflakes

A: Dear branflakes,

Never fear, you're not the only one who sweats when eating sour candy. This kind of sweating is called "gustatory sweat." When consuming something like hot and sour soup, many people experience excessive facial sweating. The spices interact with the autonomic nervous system to produce the gustatory sweating. It can also happen as a direct result of damage to the nerve that goes to the parotid gland, known as Frey's Syndrome. Alternately, it can also be a side effect of diabetes mellitus.

According to,
"This distressing problem can be difficult to treat. Treatments used include oxybutynin chloride, propantheline bromide, and clonidine (brand name: Catapres). Recently, some success has been reported using topical applications of glycopyrrolate: the lotion was applied to the skin of the forehead and face, sparing the eyes and mouth." So ask your doctor about the lotion if the sweating really bothers you and is a common occurance. Otherwise just have a hanky handy when you start eating the sour stuff.

And pass the Sour Patch Kids.
Question #17607 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If you were to say, what would be the top question/post of the past year. By top, I mean most controversial, funniest, interesting, etc. Please, many responses. That'd be great.

- GE

A: Dear GE,

The missionaries in Thailand fiasco comes to mind. (See Board Question #12867, Board Question #13035, Board Question #13071, Board Question #13079, Board Question #13112 and Board Question #13194 -- which launched a controversy of its own.)

- Katya
A: Dear GE,

I have to say that the Board Survivor post (Board Question #13685) was one of my favorites. Quite clever descriptions of reasons why different writers failed to "survive," and surprising to see who the real survivor was. Plus that paper bag picture is great.

-Wilhelmina Wafflewitz
A: Dear GE,
Technically, the vote for the most controversial would be the question that got the Board shut down for January 2005, but I cannot link it because it obviously no longer exists in our system. However, there are many follow-up questions that qualify as responses. I won't post those either because I don't necessarily want to relive the past. :) If you really want to read more, you can read our history (in the About Us) or do an archive search.
Question #17599 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear Kiddies at the Board,

Why can't we raincheck an evening section of a class? Some people take classes primarily at night--wouldn't they want to know the demand for a night class just as much as a class during the day?

- A Kiddie Herself

A: Dear Kiddie,

It is possible to raincheck an evening class if the department decides they want to see the demand for it.

When Academic Scheduling builds a class, they have to determine whether or not to make it "raincheck-able." The default setting for evening classes is not raincheck-able. This is because for large classes, such as Biology 100, that have many sections, the first 95 sections are day classes, and sections 96-100 are evening classes. The day classes fill up quickly, but the evening classes might not ever fill up. So, if the evening classes were raincheck-able, no one would be able to raincheck any section until all the sections, day and evening, are filled.

If they made the evening classes raincheck-able, in many cases, it would prevent the day classes from being rainchecked.

--Mrs. Franchise

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How is the new prophet chosen?

- Just Wonderin'

A: Dear Just Wondering,

Whenever the President of the Church is "released" from his calling (which only happens through death... giving the Lord complete control over succession), we often see discussions of the succession process.

The most detailed account I found in the Church's Manual for the "Presidents of the Church" class.

In this account, President N. Eldon Tanner discussed how President Spencer W. Kimball was called to be the President of the Church and the prophet of the Lord.
"Following President Lee's funeral, President Kimball [then President of the Council of the Twelve] called a meeting of all the Apostles for Sunday, December 30, at 3 P.M. in the Salt Lake Temple Council Room. President Romney and I [who had been in the First Presidency] had taken our respective places of seniority in the council, so there were fourteen of us present.

"Following a song, and prayer by President Romney, President Kimball, in deep humility, expressed his feelings to us. He said that he had spent Friday in the temple talking to the Lord, and had shed many tears as he prayed for guidance in assuming his new responsibilities and in choosing his counselors.

"Dressed in the robes of the holy priesthood, we held a prayer circle; President Kimball asked me to conduct it and Elder Thomas S. Monson to offer the prayer. Following this, President Kimball explained the purpose of the meeting and called on each member of the quorum in order of seniority, starting with Elder Ezra Taft Benson, to express his feelings as to whether the First Presidency should be organized that day or whether we should carry on as the Council of the Twelve. Each said, ‘We should organize now,' and many complimentary things were spoken about President Kimball and his work with the Twelve.

"Then Elder Ezra Taft Benson nominated Spencer W. Kimball to be the President of the Church. This was seconded by Elder Mark E. Petersen and unanimously approved. President Kimball then nominated N. Eldon Tanner as First Counselor and Marion G. Romney as Second Counselor, each of whom expressed a willingness to accept the position and devote his whole time and energy in serving in that capacity.

"They were unanimously approved. Then Elder Mark E. Petersen, second in seniority in the Twelve, nominated Ezra Taft Benson, the senior member of the Twelve, as President of the Quorum of the Twelve. This was unanimously approved.

"At this point all the members present laid their hands upon the head of Spencer W. Kimball, and President Ezra Taft Benson was voice in blessing, ordaining, and setting apart Spencer W. Kimball as the twelfth President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints"
(in Conference Report, Oct. 1979, pp. 62-63; or Ensign, Nov. 1979, pp. 43-44).

Might I emphasize a few important points:

1) After the death of the Prophet, the Quorum of the First Presidency ceases to exist, and the Apostles called to that position return to their places in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. President Monson would take over as President of the Quorum and Elder Faust would take his seat between Elder Perry and Elder Nelson (as you can see from Board Question #17467)

2) The President of the Quorum of the Twelve calls a meeting in the temple (usually in their meeting room on the 8th floor). If President Hinckley were to die today, President Monson would have the authority to gather the Twelve as Quorum President.

3) The Apostles decide as a Quorum whether to organize the First Presidency again or to continue governing the church as the Twelve. This seems to be a formality, but it is an important point: they make the decision as a council.

4) The second Apostle in seniority nominates the most senior Apostle to be the President of the Church. It is then seconded and voted on by the Quorum. Today, it would be Boyd K. Packer nominating Thomas S. Monson to be the President of the Church.

Note: People often bring up the fact that this line of succession could be broken, and another person could be nominated as President of the Church. If this were to happen, the President of the Quorum of the Twelve would decline the nomination and he would nominate someone else. The Quorum would again second and vote on that decision. But, don't expect that to happen. If it were to happen, it would only come from the President of the Quorum of the Twelve because he has the authority to make that decision. That is important to remember.

5) The President of the Church then nominates his counsellors, who accept the call, and are "unanimously approved."

6) Then, the third Apostle in seniority (now second because of the calling of a new President) nominates the senior apostle to be President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. In the current case, President Monson serves both as First Counsellor in the First Presidency and President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. In this case, the next most senior apostle (Boyd K. Packer, currently) serves as Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

7) The Apostles then lay their hands upon the heads of the new President of the Church. It is important to note that he is ordained and set apart to his new calling. He is given all the keys to the priesthood to act as the head of the Church. This ordinance is performed by the senior Apostle (Who would likely be set apart as President of the Quorum in the same meeting).

8) You will notice quite a bit of discussion, but not necessarily debate. Elder Tanner refers to various times where one Apostle expressed his feelings on a matter. I think this process is done in council, so that the decision is clear and united according to the spirit. We would do well to apply such principles in our own quorums and councils.

9) After this process, the new President of the Church is announced publicly, then sustained by the general body of the church in a Solemn Assembly of a General Conference. The Prophet continues to receive a sustaining vote at every General, Regional, Stake and Ward conference.

In a talk by David B. Haight, he emphasized the historical precedent for this process (which may be a useful supplement for the discussion above):
In 1835 the Lord gave a revelation on this matter that provides for orderly succession. The revelation states that the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is a body equal in authority to the First Presidency. (See D&C 107:24.) That means that when the President of the Church dies, the First Presidency is dissolved and the Quorum of the Twelve automatically becomes the presiding body of the Church. That pattern was established with the death of the Church's first President, Joseph Smith.

Following the martyrdom of the Prophet Joseph and his brother Hyrum in 1844, the Quorum of the Twelve, with Brigham Young as quorum president, presided over the Church for the next 3 1/2 years.

Then, on the banks of the Missouri River in Winter Quarters on December 5, 1847, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles met in council at the home of Orson Hyde. Each of the twelve Apostles expressed his views regarding the matter of reorganizing the First Presidency. Present in that meeting was Ezra T. Benson, great-grandfather of President Ezra Taft Benson. On that occasion, Brigham Young, President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, was unanimously sustained by members of that body as President of the Church. He selected Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards as counselors. This action created a new First Presidency, which was later sustained by the unanimous vote of the Saints at a general conference of the Church held December 24, 1847, in a log tabernacle constructed at Winter Quarters by the Saints for this special conference. This action was later ratified by members of the Church at conferences in Iowa, Salt Lake City, and the British Isles.

This divinely revealed procedure for installing a new First Presidency of the Church-revelation from the Lord and sustaining by the people-has been followed to our present day. The First Presidency is to be "upheld by the confidence, faith, and prayer of the church." (see D&C 107:22.)
(David B. Haight, "A Prophet Chosen of the Lord," Ensign, May 1986, 7)

The succession of a Prophet and President of the Church is an orderly and clear process. There is no intrigue involved, and rarely any surprises (in fact, there have been no significant surprises yet). We should see that process as a divinely-inspired call and apply the same principles when we serve in leadership positions and call people to serve in the church.

We can then rise up and say, with confidence: "We thank thee, O God, for a Prophet."


Bispo Pedro
Question #17585 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was reading 2 Nephi 9:41 this morning and my mind started wandering . . . basically, I was wondering why St. Peter is thought to guard the gates of heaven. I (with my lame search skills) already tried the Topical Guide and Church website . . . what is the origin of this idea and what is the true doctrine? I read 1 Nephi 12:9 for perhaps some more insight, but I'm lost. Thanks so much!

-Searching and pondering

A: Dear S&P,

Since Peter was generally seen as (and, in fact was) the chief apostle, he has generally assumed the place of the gatekeeper in heaven in Christian theology. There certainly isn't any sort of documentation for it in the Bible; it's just a myth that's been propagated through the years.

To be clear, he definitely does not guard the gates of heaven. 2 Nephi 9:41 makes this abundantly clear. The endowment ceremony also makes this very clear, although I'm not going to go into any sort of specifics. Basically, it comes down to the fact that no one can enter the Father's presence without passing by the Son. He will know at the veil whether "ye never knew [Him]."

If I haven't been sufficiently clear for you, either go to the temple and see for yourself or ask someone in authority, like a bishop.

- Optimistic.
A: Dear Searching and Pondering-

Peter's name (and Peter himself) are sometimes used as substitutes for Deity in stories or figures of speech to avoid repetition of the names or titles of Deity; i.e. "for Pete's sake."

-The Franchise
Question #17549 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've been trying to find information on hiking the seven peaks of Utah valley but couldn't find information on any of the less travelled ones in any of the hiking books at the bookstore especially Cascade Mountain and Lone Peak. I was wondering if you knew where I could get some detailed topological maps and information of the area, that would be appreciated.

- mt man

A: Dear hilly hiker,

Way to get outside! I just got back from a weekend up at Mt. Timpanogos.

The best online sources I could find for you:

Cascade Mountain

Lone Peak

I suggest stopping in and talking with people at Out N' Back in Orem. Every time I have needed some info, they've been pretty helpful. If they don't know exactly, they'll probably be able to point you in a good direction.

-CGNU Grad
Question #17494 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have been watching Star Wars Documentaries lately - I don't have much of a life right now. I have noticed that George Lucas used many things, including studios to film Star Wars, in England. Why? He has his base here in the U.S., so why go all the way to England?

- Watching too much Star Wars

A: Dear Watching too much Star Wars-

Apparently, it was a cost-related decision, as movies are often less costly to film and produce outside of the US. (And especially outside California.) There is some speculation that the original trilogy was a critique of the British colonial period, so having the Imperials speak with British accents while the Rebels are American-sounding is one evidence of this interpretation. Especially noteworthy is Princess Leia, who sounds British when talking to Imperials and American when talking to Rebels.

-The Franchise
Question #17430 posted on 08/17/2005 3:13 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Should I wait until after I graduate college to get my own car insurance? Or should I stay with the my parent's policy? On this note, what are some of the better insurance companies that give better rates for students?

- Am I in good hands?

A: Dear I hope so,

It depends on you, actually. If I were you, I'd stick with what is the cheapest. Insurance is expensive as it is. I'm still on with my parents because they get a good student discount (with every child who has a GPA of 3.0 or better) and a multiple-car discount. Those two factors alone make my insurance about 30 percent cheaper than it would be if I were standing alone on my own plan.

As to car companies, Progessive, Geico, and all boast good student insurance rates. But being a student doesn't necessarily matter; auto insurance companies can charge a wide range of prices. Car insurance rates depend on the year, make, and model of your car; number of years of driving experience; residence location; how much your car will be used; your driving record in the USA, and other factors.

Good luck!

A: Dear in good hands?-

One recommendation: don't use Geico. Sure, they could save you 15% or more on car insurance, but they don't like to offer insurance that will pay for repairs when you need it.

-The Franchise

p.s. To those that do (or will) run a business, this is a good example of why you should make customer service a priority.