There is no music in hell, for all good music belongs to heaven. ~Brigham Young
Question #23000 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board & QueenLucy,

In Re: Board Question #22888, I have a different take on this topic from the two experiences given in the responses. I do believe that it is the family's decision and, when the child is old enough, the child's decision what ultimately happens. That basically is behind what Mrs. Franchise and LLL presented. That is the most important thing.

That being said, I would not rule out the use of ASL. Not Signed English or one of the others. In fact, no matter what the level of deafness, exposing the child, and the rest of the family, to ASL will be better all around. Studies on hearing babies who are taught sign show that they pick up n signing before they have the capacity of speech. You can communicate earlier. So a hard-of-hearing/deaf child would also benefit.

ASL is also a legitimate language. By exposing a child to ASL at birth as well as spoken language, The child's language centers are exercised properly and the brain connections are made. If the child cannot hear well it may take time before hearing and hearing aids are up to deciphering what is being said. If the child loses more hearing and becomes (or starts off) totally deaf, that child is still learning language and developing that part of the brain by using ASL

I don't know all the science behind language acquisition or all the language rules. I do know that if language acquisition is delayed at all, it affects how well a person can acquire ANY language.

I don't have any family members who are deaf or Deaf. I have a brother-in-law who has congenital hearing loss that didn't set in until he was a teenager. He is now up to two hearing aids that will need to get stronger as time goes on. He could hear and acquired language normally.

I also had a friend who was deaf. This person was not totally deaf but had severe hearing loss that has gotten worse over time. This particular person first went to an oral school, living away from home, learning Signed English (I don't know what kind) later, then finally learning ASL. This person can hear with hearing aids but it is still difficult unless face-to-face and in a quiet room.

One thing I can tell you is that if this person had learned ASL first, their ability to communicate orally would have been much better. It's also possible that if the oral school had been better at teaching this person would have been better too, I don't know. Or if the family had stepped up to the plate more (they didn't really - their attitude was, unfortunately, the "What do we do now? " "I don't know, let's pretend it doesn't exist" mentality)it might have been better. I just know that in this case, this person had difficulty communicating in written or spoken English. This person is very intelligent and has earned two degrees but because communication skills are not "normal" some people assume this person isn't educated or would "have a hard time fitting in."

This person has had to work very hard to overcome difficulties because of the earlier childhood language experiences and is doing well.

There are so many options open and this topic can be very devisive because of the opinions of the oralists versus Deaf (with a capital D - meaning Deaf Culture - which has multiple layers of thought itself). Also, the opinions of ASL users versus SEE2, SEE1, SE, LOVE, and even CUE users. Also cochlear implant users too. Being aware of these various levels of thought and the arguments behind each one is important. Your choice may have far-reaching consequences. Whichever you choose, make sure that ultimately, the whole family is there supporting the child throughout. I think that is the real key to it all.

- Ageless

Question #22996 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Truly in need of some help,

You asked about classes to plan parties? (^22789) I don't believe there are any specifically for party planning, but I took one that could be helpful. Try RMYL 215, Social Recreational Leadership. It's an amazingly fun class, 2 1/2 hours once a week, and you go and play games. Assignments include planning parties with a minimum number of people, and suitable activities for each stage of the party. So yes- you can learn how to plan parties a little better. And have a great time doing it.

-Uffish Thought

Question #22931 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

A while ago I was linked to this ludicrously awesome site where you could type in a band or musical artist, and it would come up with this awesome pop-up type web of musical artists that were connected by genre. It also had a movie section, but that wasn't quite as intense.

Anyway, needless to say, I have utterly lost the link and can't find the website. The question is, can you guys find the website?

- Redoubt

A: Dear Redoubt,

You're talking about! I only wish there was something similar for books.

Question #22930 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have noticed in most video clips that the audience laughs at the beginning of the fifth verse of Rule Britannia.

Where did that tradition start?

- the curious one.

A: Dear curious,

Unfortunately I have not been able to find any video clips showing five verses of Rule Britannia. Nor have I been able to find any information at all related to audience laughter during the song. The fifth verse is as follows:

To thee belongs the rural reign;
Thy cities shall with commerce shine;
All thine shall be the subject main,
And every shore it circles thine.

I can't see what would be extraordinarily hilarious about these words, and neither can the people I have asked (who may have thought I was strange for asking about the fifth verse of Rule Britannia).

So, perhaps you could mention what video clips you are specifically referring to? I just don't know what kind of video clips include five verses of Rule Britannia along with audience reactions. Sorry about that.

Question #22929 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Please tell me everything you can about Piercean Semieotics, including the proper spelling of the term. (Actually, let me qualify that: Tell me enough to satisfy my curiosity, but not more than you feel constitutes a reasonable post on the Board.)


A: Dear probably not,

Someone already beat you to it today. See Board Question #22916, and the archived questions linked from it. If you still have questions, write back!

Oh, and it's Peircean semiotics, but that's a common error.

- Katya
Question #22928 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I am a poor and busy BYU student who can't even afford a car and a cellphone. But at the same time, I start to feel like life is boring. What can you do in Provo to have fun besides Movie 8?

*I am POOR.

- Mrs Fiona Shrek

A: Dear Mrs. FS,

Try bowling.

Lady Last Line
A: Dear Mrs. Fiona Shrek,

Train for a marathon. You'll make new friends, discover new parts of Provo ,and get in great shape.

-la bamba
Question #22927 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is there any truth to the "tennis raquet in the window prostitution ring" that was supposedly in Heritage Halls 5..10...or 15 years ago, depending on the version of the story?


A: Dear ixoj,

We've fielded this very same question before:
Board Question #10286

-la bamba
Question #22926 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What happens to us common readers who finally uncover your true identities........?

- *Serendipity*

A: Dear Serendipity,

You spontaneously combust within 48 hours. Sorry about that.

A: Dear That One Movie I saw that one time,

Usually you are just brought out into the street and shot. Sorry for your luck, bucko. Well I hope you have everything already in order. Please don't hate me.

-- Brutus
A: Dear Serendipity,

Actually, it's impossible. The way the Board works just simply doesn't allow for a situation like that to occur. A few have tried (Board Question #2349 and Board Question #9353 for example), but none have succeeded. Not even close, really.

See, in actuality, we have a certain number of female and male pseudonyms at any given time. In order to avoid readers figuring out who's who, we rotate the nyms that each of us is using on a weekly basis. Obviously if you're a male you can only rotate through the male nyms and females through the female ones but it does give us a variety of names none the less. Each Saturday the editor emails us individually and tells us which pseudonym we will be using starting the next Monday.

If (and I mean IF ) someone, somehow did get ahold of the master list and figured out all of the aliases, we do have emergency procedures set in place. When something as serious as this occurs, all of the current writers carpool up to the Uintas to pick new names for ourselves (Board Question #8960) and we begin the rotations again. That's why each of us has a can of alphabet soup on hand at all times. Occasionally we even have drills to make sure we all know where to meet and what to do.

Don't worry. It won't happen. Ever. We're always at least one step ahead of you.

- Lavish

P.S. I guess I can tell you that last week I was Nike.
A: Dear *Serendipity*,

Two words for you: you get eaten by the tunnel worms.


- Optimistic.
A: Dear Everyone:

DANG I knew someone was following me the other day!

A: Dear Serendipity,

For me, that has never yet happened, although I give clues about who I am in nearly every response I've ever given.

All the same, I have the fanciful romantic ideas of the superheroine who only allows her true identity to be known to the man of her dreams.

Still dreaming; no one knows yet.

Some day my prince will come, in the Millenium! (-Mom's best friend)

Lady Last Line

PS. If you do ever figure it out, let me know... *swat, swat, swat* Thirty whacks with a wet noodle, and depending upon a number of factors, possibly a kiss!
A: Dear Serendipity,

Sometimes they let you join them. ;)

- Katya
A: Dear Lavish,

I think I'm having an identity crisis...and somebody stole my can!

A: Dear Serendipity,

There are two cases. In the first case, the person finding out is abducted, taken to the 12 floor of the SWKT to the "Psychology" lab (why do you think you need a key for the elevator to go there? heh heh heh) and the brainwashing ensues. This is the preferred method, although sometimes they have been known to either overdo the thing, or underdo it, if you catch my drift. For example, the person can end up forgetting their name and identity, and end up only remembering what they had for breakfast and the random facts they memorized for their American Heritage test, or they end up not forgetting nearly enough and we need to move on to case two.

Case two: the identified board writer and the indentifier are subject to a Mr and Mrs. Smith-esque elimination duel. One must eliminate the other. In some rare cases, the indentifier can then take the place of the now eliminated-formerly-identified writer. Heck, how do you think I got onto the Board?

Have Fun Storming the Castle,
-Il Guanaco
Question #22924 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What happened to the flat screen TV in the Wilk? My hypothesis is that no one really wanted it in the first place, so they took it down and left a big ugly black mounting spot on the wall. But what really happened?

- the pope

A: Your dear holiness,

Nobody wanted it?

Board Question #22682 will show you that-

1. Someone did want it.
2. It was broke and is being repaired.

There ya go.

- Lavish
Question #22923 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Optimistic,

In Board Question #22764 you said "We can't all be heroes, but that doesn't make everyone else a loser." Did you make that up or get it from someone else? Because it sounds like a quottete (ps I just made that word up-it means catchy phrase) from like an inspirational calender.

-your friend, the pope.

A: Your Holiness,

I can honestly say that I made that one up on the spot. I was typing out my response, and it just came out. Wonderful, isn't it?

And I don't see nearly enough of you. We need to do things more often.

- Optimistic.
Question #22922 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
What is the difference between Divine Comedy and DC Comedy? The DVD's at the bookstores say Divine Comedy but the people are from the cast that is calling themselves DC Comedy. Beside the DVD is DC Comedy up to anything else?

A: Dear unsignatory,
DC Comedy is the name given to a DVD by alumni members of BYU's original Divine Comedy troupe. They are also referred to as the DC Pro Tour, and they have a website at where you can view all their news releases and the like. Their next show will be at the Orem Scera on 8 April.

As to the DVD, per Deseret Book's website:
DC Comedy reunites alumni members of Divine Comedy, a BYU Sketch Comedy group that has performed for over 10 years. This is our first release, and in all humility, it has to be simply the best DVD of LDS sketch comedy around. Granted, this is probably the only DVD of LDS sketch comedy around, and that's how we like it. We've ruthlessly crushed all the competition!
So you can support the DC Pro Tour group on 8 April, or the next Divine Comedy show will be in 151 TNRB on 17 and 18 March.

Question #22921 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've been thinking about something lately. Every day I have to walk up the huge staircase south of the JSB/Benson at least once, and every time I make it to the top I'm huffing and puffing like a mad man. The thing is, I've been doing this for almost three years now, so you'd think I'd be used to it.

Upon wondering why it's still such a physical feat to get up to campus, the only reason I can think of is that perhaps I HAVE adapted somewhat and I'm actually moving faster up the stairs than I did when I first started at the Y a while back. The increase in speed would account for the exhausted state of my lungs, I think.

Do any of you have to hike the stairs up to campus? Have you noticed this? Is my theory reasonable? I suppose the best way to test this is to time myself on the stairs at a given heart rate for an extended period of time, but 100 hours is much faster.

The Shark
... who repeatedly laughs at the fact that everyone who makes it to the top tries to play it cool, stifling the urge to gasp for air with every breath, as if those stairs are no big deal...

A: Dear Shark,

UGH. I call those stairs the Stairs of Death (affectionately). I've had similar thoughts - I've been hiking that beast for awhile, and I MUST be faster by now. (If not, that's really, really sad.) I think that theory has some validity for most of us, but unless you're an Olympic...stair...climber, it's just a physically demanding hike. I invite you to test out the theory and let us know, though.

I try to play it off, too. It just seems like everyone around me does it so well, I feel like I have to quit huffing and look good. Another reason I probably shouldn't care what people think, eh? Have fun with the beast!

A: Dear Shark,

After climbing over 90 stairs, who WOULDN'T be huffing a little unless they were an Olympian, as stated by another writer on this question. Everyone wants to look uber(slang term for very and here-after to be used by this writer)-physically fit.

Let's see... maybe climbing 90+ stairs a day one-way would have something to do with it!!!

Enough ranting- when I was pre-mission, I used to take the stairs next to the Carillion bells (yes, shorter, but still a few flights) and I started out with a heavy backpack. At first, I huffed a bit, and then I started running up the stairs, taking them two at a time. I can still run up them, two at a time, and I'm not unhappy that I have just a little extra breath on the last top-step. Comes out as my symbolic huff.

As for the stairs you are referring to, however, everyone wants to look cool. Stupid misnomer.

Lady Last Line
Question #22920 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I'm frustrated. Have you ever written a perfectly good 2-3 page essay only to realize you were supposed to write a 5-7 page essay? If so, do your try to beef up what you've already written (with extra sections and further analysis), or do you restructure (and therefore rewrite) the entire essay? It seems like such a waste to throw away perfectly good analysis, but my "beefed up" essay seems a little... stretched. If (heaven forbid) this happens again, what do you suggest I do?

- Heretical in Heritage

A: My Dearest Unorthodox Dweller of Heritage Halls,

No it has never happened to me. If it happens again I suggest you go see someone, because obviously you wouldn't of learned from your previous mistake. Learn to read instructions.

-The Right Reverend Rusky Roo
A: Dear Heritage Heretic,

Hm. Yes. I do see the problem here. While I too must admit I've never made this mistake before, I'd like to believe that if I did I would have beefed up what I'd already written as well. Like you said, there's no point in starting completely over...

Anyway, here's what I'm thinking. If you were to have written 2-3 pages of a 5-7 page paper, that would mean you would have what, 2-5 pages left? I think 2-5 pages is exactly the amount of space you would need to write a strikingly convincing argument for why you should still receive your desired grade on the paper, even though the portion that pertained to the assignment was only 2-3 pages. Should you desire to follow this route, I really believe the options become endless. If the remaining pages aren't going to pertain to the class material anyway, why not have fun with your argument?

Then again, there's also the option of 48pt. font... I doubt your professor will ever even notice.

- Lavish
A: Dear Heretical,

And the Right Reverend obviously wouldn't have learned enough from his English classes.

Yeah, I've done that kind of thing, even when I knew how long the essay was supposed to be. I'll sit down to write it, and come up with a perfectly decent 3-4 page essay that I still have to bulk up to 5 or 6 pages.

Personally, I tend to have a rather terse writing style, which could often use some watering down, anyway. If I have to beef up an essay, I'll add more explanation (restate my theses, make my line of reasoning more explicit or clear), add more examples to back up my points, include counterarguments (and then shoot them down), or, in a worst case scenario, add more graphs and charts or change the margins. (You won't be able to get away with the latter in most college classes, though.)

And do pay attention to due dates, length requirements and other instructions. It makes things so much simpler.

- Katya
A: Dear HiH,

2-3 pages is barely a paper at the college level. I don't remember ever handing any paper in shorter than 5. Of course it depends on your program of study and what sort of assignment it is to really get a feel for how long a paper ought to be. Personal opinion aside, I think the best way to make your paper longer is to thoughtfully outline and address the counterarguments to your paper, as Katya mentioned. This will at least show the grader/reader that you have considered the full spectrum of implications of your work.

-la bamba
Question #22917 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Often times while surfing the wonderfull bliss that is the internet I will come across a website with troves of information. My paranoid mind is often afraid that some day these sites will vanish from existance, never to be seen again. Therefore, is there any sort of program I could download that I could use to "crawl" these sites, and save them in their entirety on my compure for later persual? Please realize that we are talking about some large sites here (for example, so justing using 'Save Page As' isn't really practical.



A: Dear Arcaiden,

You mean something like the Internet Archive?

- Katya
Question #22916 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What on earth is "Peircian Semiotics"?

- MOM100HBWFC (Member Of Many 100HB Writers' Fan Clubs)

A: Dear YBBITAAMAKFCWAQLT (You'd Better Be In The A. A. Melyngoch And Katya Fan Clubs With A Question Like This),

Semiotics is basically the study of meaningful pattern. Language, for instance, is a semiotic system; so is expressive, inflectional, and gestural communication, not to mention street-signs.

C. S. Peirce was a late nineteenth-century American philosopher and mathematician who left his mark on philosophy mostly by his influence on William James and by his formulation of the Sign, which relates to the category-based semiotic system that some writers, like Katya and Latro and I, work with both academically and particularly.

For details on the categories, start here:

Board Question #13215

Then go here:

Board Question #13499

There are other snippets in the archives and some articles I can point you to, if you're interested. And I'm always happy to answer questions. A little too happy. (People have started to get suspicious.)

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #22914 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Recently the young women in the church were counseled to discourage (lock the refrigerator, for example) young men from just hanging out in lieu of dating, and the young men were encouraged to do more real dating. Now, as I understand it, there is less hanging out, but dating hasn't increased. (Any statistics you have would be appreciated.) What is the problem with all the date-phobic single young men slackers in the church?

Concerned parent

A: Dear Concerned,

Based on my conversations with men around this campus, I've deduced that the reason dating numbers aren't where they should be is due to a few reasons (men, feel free to correct me/add to this):

1. Since "hanging out" became so popular, dating has come to mean something more serious than it actually is - I think it's now seen as the next step after "hanging out," and men seem to be a little wary of the idea.

2. Money. Although I don't know how this could have changed in the last few years (what college boy DOES have endless amounts of cash?), I seem to hear the "I can't afford to take a girl out" rhetoric more than ever. (I'm SO happy to be married.) They seem to think that dates have to consist of expensive events/dinners, and they don't seem to have the funds.

3. They're afraid. Most men I've talked to during my BYU experience haven't asked girls out just because they're afraid the girl will say no. Courage seems to be lacking with some men.

4. "All the girls here are the same - no personality." This one comes compliments of my friend Texas Moon. While a great guy, he seems to think that many girls around here don't have any distinguishable personalities and are carbon copies of each other. I gave him some good reasons why that may or may not be, but I think he still holds the opinion, and I've heard other men say this as well.

It's mainly a cultural thing, dear Concerned. It stinks, but it's true. I certainly hope it gets better - I have a lot of single girl friends who are dying to go out on a date and I know lots of young men who would escort them on a fine date. Buck up, guys. It's okay. Women aren't monsters - most of us are quite lovely. Be brave!

A: Dear Concerned,

Hm... I may be wrong but I wouldn't really say that the hanging out has decreased. It did for a few weeks. Maybe a month. We're back to the hanging out in my opinion.

It's kind of like how at the beginning of fall semester our bishopric gave a Sunday School lesson in which they said that the guys had to go on four dates a month. Not only that, one was to be completely 100% free and another was to be with a girl from the ward. And supposedly, they were going to follow up with the guys. Yeah. Uh... that never happened.

Anyway, I just wanted to say that I completely agree with Nike, especially on certain points. (Hopefully since I'm agreeing with her she won't mind that I'm adding to this even though I'm not male.)

I love my ward. But we can't have one lesson, one talk, one fireside, etc. without the speaker bringing up dating. On one hand I think it's good because it gets people in the mindset that we need to be actually dating. But on the other hand, they're getting the girls all worked up ("Yeah! We should make them take us out! Yeah!") and scaring the guys. This is part of the reason that dating has come to mean something more serious. Well said, Nike.

And I think I'm quite lovely...

- Lavish
A: Parent,

As I was directly after my mission, most guys are shy to initiate talking with girl they like. Oh, they can talk forever with someone they don't have feelings for, but as Og, Grog, and Bojangles would say about a girl they feel for, "ooh ahh bing bang watta watta ching chang." Of course, this would be under their breath so not to draw attention to themselves.

Most guys are really shy, and they have to learn first how to be comfortable with themselves before they can be comfortable around other people (i.e., the girls they want to ask out). For me, I overcame this by luck--a friend in my ward wanted a date, asked me, and it gave me confidence to ask out the girl who is now my wife.

So, counsel your chil'un's to ask those boys out from time to time. They shouldn't be responsible to initiate an entire relationship, but a really fun date from time to time really helps the guys they see.

That is all
Not Hortatio
Question #22913 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

You know how when people visit the Western Wall in Jerusalem, they slip little prayer papers into the cracks? Does it ever get filled up? What happens when it does, do they clean it out?

- Hampton Inn

A: Dear Decent Hotel,

The Western Wall is under the direct control of the Israeli Government. They provide the caretakers and staff (including security) to keep the area safe and running. The prayers in the Western Wall are taken out regularly. When I was there, they said all the prayers are kept and stored.

In fact, there are ways you can have a company place a prayer in the Western Wall on your behalf. I wonder if they reformat the e-mail message?

Anyways, the Jewish holy sights are overseen by the Israeli Government. Muslim holy sites are tolerated by the Israeli government (unless they feel like invading the temple mount, which really makes the entire Muslim world mad). And the Christian groups just fight over the Christian holy sites (while the church just sits back and waits to reopen the Jerusalem Center).

That is All.

Question #22912 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What is it about TAs that makes them so mysteriously attractive?

- Tangerine

A: Dear Tangerine,

A false perception of omnipotence and omniscience. Plus, you have a lot of time to sit staring at them during review sessions and decide that they are cool.

That is all.

A: Dear Tangerine,

Plus they don't have the chance to shut you down or rebuff your advances as forcefully as they might under other circumstances. And while they may not actually be omniscient, they most likely know a lot more about this particular subject than you do, so there's this dynamic of them "saving" you or taking care of you.

That said, I don't think I've ever had a crush on on of my TAs, although I've been on the TA end of a crush a few times.

- Katya
A: Dear Tangerine,

Forbidden fruit. One of my TAs is not only a TA but he's dating someone. Still cute.

A: Dear Tangerine,

I thought Petra was mysteriously more attractive over the break than the last time I saw her (when she was still attractive, just not mysteriously so.)

-A. A. Melyngoch
A: Dear Fruity,

Knowledge is hot, baby.

Question #22905 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why does the water from the water fountains in the JFSB taste so bad? New pipes?

- Sick of Yucky Water

A: Dear Sick of Yucky Water,

Is it a particular fountain? You aren't drinking from the one that is outside, are you?? No, of course not.

I have a class in the building and use the fountains in the basement extensively (it is a 3 hour class). I haven't noticed an odd taste. Maybe it's just the fountain or two you use.

-Pa Grape
Question #22860 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

President Bush talked in his State of the Union address about how we need to reduce our dependency on foreign oil suppliers. He suggested that we look to alternative fuel options. I have read some of these options and it would mean there would be an increase in cost for fuel. Would you be willing to pay more for an alternative fuel form?

Some of our increased need for fuel comes from the huge amount of SUV's in the U.S. I read an article some time ago saying that the U.S. is the only country in the world that has not improved in fuel efficiency. In fact, we have gotten worse, mainly due to the increase of SUV's. If we were able to improve our fuel efficiency, do you think that would be enough?

I just want to get your opinions on this fuel crisis that we are facing as a nation.

- First Tenor

A: Dear First Tenor,

I think it is very important to look at alternative fuel options. First, it is important to research them for the sake of science and improved understanding. Second, and more important, we should seek to make these systems more viable... and even feasible.

Personally, I do NOT think the American people at large will pay 5.00 per gallon (or equivalent) just to be environmentally friendly. Every law of economics says that people will freak out about this. Demand depends on the intrinsic value of a specific good. Obviously, environmentalism doesn't sell nearly as well as machismo. That is why ugly Hummers are still powerful sellers... and why the Republican party tends to win elections.

But, if you notice, there has been a HUGE spike in hybrid vehicle technology over the last few years. Suddenly hybrids are mainstream. Ford Motors just dumped millions of dollars into Hybrid car commercials for the Super Bowl (which were disappointing... I miss Jim Henson's Kermit voice). They obviously think there is a selling point for efficient cars (I'm just wondering why they don't add some extra batteries so I could plug my [future] Hybrid in...).

Why are Hybrid cars growing so rapidly? Because people have decided they are desirable. 1) Fuel prices have pushed many people to think more efficiently. 2) The Government is offering tax breaks or limited privileges to hybrid car owners (such as access to HOV lanes). Thus, Hybrid cars have become desirable. Back when they were just "environmentally friendly" nobody really cared about electric cars. Now they are actually viable, relatively cheap, and useful.

So, I think it is impossible to mandate a switch to alternative fuels. But, through research and development-and good marketing-I think alternative fuels can become viable. But, there are some serious obstacles that we need to overcome.

I was watching an old episode of the West Wing the other day (can I just say... hooray for TiVo and DVR... how did I live?) where Josh hit a hybrid car while test driving a huge SUV (and talking on a cell phone). To respond to it, he invited spokespersons from various alternative energy groups. They then proceeded to argue about the strengths and weaknesses of their various plans. It was actually a well-written exchange outlining issues with alternative fuel technologies. Currently, none of the options are truly viable. All of them have issues to overcome.

If we want to overcome our dependence on foreign oil, I think Bush is putting us on a good path:
1) Nuclear Energy - it is safe and already viable. I know, I must be a psycho anti-environmentalist for even suggesting that we harness the power of the atom for good. For Pete's sake... we have the uranium, let's put it to some good use. Then let's store it in Nevada (ha... just kidding. Harry Reid is now going to fly in on a broomstick and throttle my neck).

2) Coal - I liked Bush's call for zero-emissions coal technology. That is viable... and we have a 200 year supply of coal. So, let's use the resource we have and make it work well.

3) ANWR - The Alaska National Wildlife Reserve. It is millions of acres of protected wilderness sitting on a huge cache of petroleum. And, using current technologies, we can get at 90% of the oil by only affecting 10% of the land. That is a pretty good trade off... and sensible. But, of course, everybody has a hernia when you mentioning regulated drilling on a wildlife reserve. Oh well.

So, the solutions are there. We need to show that they are viable and appealing. Personally, I don't care if people need to buy SUVs. I'm annoyed that "SUV" has become a hiss and a byword among liberals. I drive an SUV and get 25 miles to the gallon. That ain't bad!

Oh yeah, and just because people choose to buy less efficient cars doesn't mean that engine efficiency hasn't improved DRAMATICALLY. Europe has improved efficiency standards by forcing people to buy tiny cars and charging 10 dollars a gallon. The US fills consumer demand and seeks to make the in-demand cars more efficient. But, I guarantee you that the Ford F-350 is more efficient today than it was 5 years ago.

Anyways, my point is, let the market do its work. The government should support research and development into alternate fuel options. The joy of capitalism is that people act in their best interest, and aggregate best interest is often a good way to go. I want to scream when tree-huggers say: "The government should force everybody to buy Hybrid cars." Argh... top ten ways to tank the US economy (which, by the way, keeps the world economy running too).

I'm a big fan of Bush's energy initiative. I'm going to go read some more about it. Basically, I think the Democratic party are only criticizing his initiative because they couldn't make the idea fly first.

That is all.

Horatio the Capitalist (who would buy a Hybrid car... but not an ugly one)
Question #22833 posted on 02/08/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I've always learned that people who were righteous members of the church are the only ones to go to Spirit Paradise and that the spirits who accept the Gospel in prison are then allowed to go to Paradise. But, my bishop said that good people who weren't LDS also go to Paradise right away. This doesn't make sense to me because if they went to Paradise they wouldn't really have a chance to accept the gospel since missionary work is going on in prison. Which is it?

- Christine Daae

A: Ms. Daae,

It all depends on your concept of time.

If you see time as a circle, then we have already been through this mess, and we can exist simultaneously in the spirit world in any form, on earth, and the rest. Some would consider this as valid as concerning our earthly experience.

If time is a line, then we can only exist at one point in this timestream, and we cannot coexist simultaneously at any point, and therefore cannot be in the spirit world.

Does this answer your bishop's reasoning? If not, consider this from Doctrine and Covenants 138:
"58 The dead who repent will be redeemed, through obedience to the ordinances of the house of God,
"59 And after they have paid the penalty of their transgressions, and are washed clean, shall receive a reward according to their works, for they are heirs of salvation."

We know that the righteous are the only ones who enter the spirit paradise from the following, also in Doctrine and Covenants 138:

"28 And I wondered at the words of Peter-wherein he said that the Son of God preached unto the spirits in prison, who sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah-and how it was possible for him to preach to those spirits and perform the necessary labor among them in so short a time.
"29 And as I wondered, my eyes were opened, and my understanding quickened, and I perceived that the Lord went not in person among the wicked and the disobedient who had rejected the truth, to teach them;
"30 But behold, from among the righteous, he organized his forces and appointed messengers, clothed with power and authority, and commissioned them to go forth and carry the light of the gospel to them that were in darkness, even to all the spirits of men; and thus was the gospel preached to the dead.
"31 And the chosen messengers went forth to declare the acceptable day of the Lord and proclaim liberty to the captives who were bound, even unto all who would repent of their sins and receive the gospel.
"32 Thus was the gospel preached to those who had died in their sins, without a knowledge of the truth, or in transgression, having rejected the prophets.
"33 These were taught faith in God, repentance from sin, vicarious baptism for the remission of sins, the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands,
"34 And all other principles of the gospel that were necessary for them to know in order to qualify themselves that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.
"35 And so it was made known among the dead, both small and great, the unrighteous as well as the faithful, that redemption had been wrought through the sacrifice of the Son of God upon the cross.
"36 Thus was it made known that our Redeemer spent his time during his sojourn in the world of spirits, instructing and preparing the faithful spirits of the prophets who had testified of him in the flesh;
"37 That they might carry the message of redemption unto all the dead, unto whom he could not go personally, because of their rebellion and transgression, that they through the ministration of his servants might also hear his words. "

The Savior could only go to the Spirit Paradise, and from there organize His messengers and give them the keys and authority needed to preach there.
So, if a person who had yet to receive baptism could not be there then, it follows that they could not be there now.

Gospel Principles clears up the matter nicely. Consult one quickly, as many of the basic doctrines of the Church are to be found there. If your bishop was not implying that which was said before, then he probably would profit from a quick review as well, unless he can show you where he gets his information.

Happy Hunting
A: Dear Christina,

I don't know about your Bishop, but as for Gospel principles another writer informed me of the following: "Both spirit prison and paradise are pre-judgmental realms of existence. The gospel principles manual clearly indicates that those spirits who have not yet received the gospel of Christ will be in spirit prison. They must accept the gospel and accept ordinances done in their behalf in order to leave spirit prison and dwell in paradise. See Gospel Principles manual, chapter 45 for a more in depth explanation."
So, I am guessing that your Bishop should have said instead that beings who are righteous have a chance to be taught in Prison, but after baptism, may be taught further information, details, and the like in Paradise.

To me, Paradise is not "paradise" if you're expected to know everything already. Kind of like going to church here. (I am still learning about the Church now, and continue to do so as well as working with others and helping them learn, too, even though I was bapptized at eight.) Let me liken this to a "New Member" class during Sunday School, except that it has some millions of people working overtime to help others understand what's really happening.
Maybe this helps you; I'm not totally sure, but it's the best I can do for this moment.

Trying hard not to preach false doctrine, especially about the Afterlife,
The Force