There is no music in hell, for all good music belongs to heaven. ~Brigham Young
Question #23077 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

This is a follow-up response to Board Question #22915

I talked to my friend more and he/she said that they were given an 'I' in the end, but it took someone else on campus talking to the Petitions Office to get it done. Before this, she/he had provided: documentation showing that there was a death in the family after the withdraw deadline, along with medical documentation of problems she was having. He/she only wanted to withdraw from one class because the other classes she/he was taking were actually helping (like Strengthing Family, etc).

I understand that they have to take each one on a case-by-case basis, but it seems in this case it should have been obvious.

I appreciated statwizard's response, because it provided a look at what professors face.

- Tired of BYU policies

Question #23068 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Worried, et al;

With regards to Board Question #22960, I'd like to give you a quick primer on Celiac Disease. I'm not a doctor, and I'm not giving medical advice, I'm just sharing with you something I learned from my experience with Celiac disease.

I was misdiagnosed with Celiac disease while I was at BYU. I was diagnosed by a doctor at the BYU Health Center based on blood tests alone. I endured the gluten-free (GF) diet for over a year. After graduation, I got a job and went to see a gastroenterologist who referenced the same blood results and doubted the diagnosis of Celiac disease. He insisted that I do the gold-standard test for Celiac: intestinal biopsy. I ate gluten for 3 months before the biopsy, and when the doctor took more than 10 samples from my intestine, he discovered that I don't have Celiac at all.

(On a most interesting tangent, do you know that when they do the blood screening test for Celiac disease, they actually take your blood and test it on a thin slice of a monkey's esophagus tissue? Based on the reaction, they are able to screen you for Celiac. This is not a myth. Google the following search terms for more information: celiac monkey blood esophagus.)

What Phoenix told you is mostly correct, and the information you seem to have is also correct. The one correction I'd make to what Phoenix said is that while untreated Celiac can have LASTING (potentially cancer-causing) effects, it turns out that the small intestine will begin healing almost immediately. The vili in the intestine will begin repairing themselves as soon as you stop ingesting gluten.

Also, Celiac disease is STRONGLY tied to heredity. A person with celiac has something like a 30% chance of having a direct sibling or parent with the disease, and like a 10-15% chance of a cousin/uncle/aunt/nephew etc. with the disease. Compare that to the general population that has less than .5% chance of having it, and you can see the strong correlation. (These percentages are debatable, but this is the information my doctor gave me.)

You should also know that not all people with Celiac disease have visible symptoms. Sometimes the Celiac is destroying your small intestine, leading you to have a several-fold higher chance of cancer of the gastrointestinal tract and/or lymph nodes than if you had treated the disease. (These risks increase slowly over time--like 20 years. So its better to find out now than later) Thus, if you have family members with Celiac, you should consider being tested, even if you were asymptomatic (showing no traditional symptoms of Celiac). If you are showing symptoms of Celiac disease, I would get in and get tested right away.

Remember: the definitive diagnosis of Celiac is from the small intestine biopsy. Blood tests are not definitive. (This is where I got into trouble!) And remember, don't start the GF diet until AFTER having the biopsy. Diagnosis is made when the intestinal biopsy reveals damage to the vili of the small intestine. If you begin the GF diet, the vili will start to heal, thus it will be harder to find damaged vili. This is very important! You must be eating gluten before you have the test done.

If you are interested in discussing this information with people from the Celiac online community, I'd suggest you join the Celiac discussion list: (Google groups: ).

Other good sources of information on Celiac disease include:

My favorite book on living with Celiac is a book called "Wheat Free, Worry Free: The Art of Happy, Healthy Gluten-Free Living" by Danna Korn. This book does a great job answering questions, it gives you a list of things you should ask your doctor about, and it deals with the emotional aspect of being diagnosed with the disease. I highly recommend this book.

Anyway, sorry this is such a long comment. If I could summarize I would say: if you are worried about it, get tested. Its better to know. Good luck.

- English Grad =Þ, the non-Celiac

Question #22991 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are some good ideas for a extemporaneous date for midnight or later? I looked at all the dating suggestions in the dating section, and just couldn't find any. A car is available.

Thanks a ton
- Ark

A: Dear Ark,

There are no good ideas. The Spirit goes to bed at midnight (1:30 am on Friday nights).

-Molly Mormon
A: Dear Ark,

The Daily Show starts at 12:00. The Colbert Report is on at 12:30.

Find a TV. That's what I do after midnight.

- Optimistic.
A: Dear Ark:

There's always a scavenger hunt at Walmart. Go in, divide into two groups (or he and she if it's just the two of you). Get two carts. Place ten random items in each cart (each group does one cart). Then swap carts and see who gets the items back in their spots and back to the front of the store the fastest. Then go to Sconecutter in Orem for dessert (they're open 24/7)

Just don't do anything that will get you kicked out of Walmart. :)


A: Dear Ark,

If you don't mind taking your life in your hands could always go to Denny's.

I once attempted to Climb Mt. Nebo in the middle of the night -- it was good clean fun.

Hope this helps. Please don't hate me.

-- Brutus
A: Dear Noah's,

Sardines at pretty much any time of day is awesome. Not eating sardines, playing the game Sardines.

(For any who are still confused, Sardines is backward hide-and-seek: one person hides and everyone else looks, and when someone finds the hider, they hide with them. The last one to join the hider is "it" for the next round.)

I did it once in the JKHB (pre-demolition) and it was awesome with all those places to hide.

A: Dear Ark,

Umm, IHOP. No Denny's. Never no ever Denny's. Always IHOP. Take Trivial Pursuit or Settlers of Catan or something and order dishes one at a time (i.e., one for the whole table, not one per person) until your game is finished. Also, try to be tired enough that you don't notice what it tastes like.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #22990 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I just got called to the Portugal Porto Mission! I was just wondering if any of you know anything that might be helpful for me as I prepare to go to Portugal. I have been trying to research a little but any personal accounts or advice would be great!
-(soon to be) irmã

A: Dear (soon to be) irma-with-a-thing-over-the-a,

A good friend of mine went to that mission, so he passed on some wisdom about it. I love the way he said it, so I'll just quote him exactly:

"I was in the Portugal Porto Mission. I served mostly in the northern areas and it was over four years ago that I came home, but my personal advice would be: get comfortable shoes (you walk a lot, no bikes), bring a good, water-resistant coat and a good umbrella (but not too expensive, it's going to break, get used to it). Learn to cook, you won't get fed that often. Get some Gold Bond Medicated Powder for those hot days. Don't be afraid of bidets - they are your friend. If you serve in Viseu, make sure to eat lots of Lancheiras, that's the only city you can get the good ones. Eat Bollycao - they may seem weird, but they're delicious! Get to know the members well -- a lot of them will be distant at first, but once you get to know them, they'll be your best friend. Don't get discouraged -- you will get rejected, but there are people to find, teach, and baptize there. Try Bacalhau once, even if you don't like fish. You don't get to see all the sessions of general conference, so enjoy the ones that you can see. And above all remember, you speak the PURE Portuguese language. The Brazilians are the ones who speak funny."

So, there you go. I'd listen to him. Especially about the Brazilians.

--Mrs. Franchise
Question #22987 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is valentines day an actual holiday, or one that was made up by the card industry?

- just a thought

A: Dear Thinking,

Though Valentine's Day has been made extremely popular by the card industry, it is a real holiday. Valentine's Day comes from Christian and ancient Roman traditions.

One idea is the Valentine was a priest serving in Rome during the 3rd century. Emperor Claudis II decided that single men made better soldiers than those that were married with wives and families so he outlawed marriage for young men. Disagreeing with what he considered to be an unjust decree, Valentine continued marrying young lovers in secret. Eventually Valentine's secret marriages were discovered and Claudius ordered that he be put to death. (As sad as it is, I kind of like that version the best.)

Another idea stems from the Roman traditions of the Lupercalia festival that took place in the middle of February. Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the god of agriculture, and Romulus and Remus, Roman founders. To begin the festival, an order of Roman priests called the Luerci would gather together in a cave that Romulus and Remus were believed to have been raised as infants by a female wolf or luna. The priests would sacrifices a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then cut the hide into strips and dip them into sacrificial blood. They took these strips into the street and gently slapped the women and crops with them in order to make them more fertile in the coming year. To continue with the legend, later that day, the young women in the city would put their names in a big urn for the bachelors to choose a name from. The two were then paired off for the year. Many of these matches ended in marriage and around 498 A.D. Pope Gelasius declared February 14th to be St. Valentine's Day. (Does that seem awkward to anyone else or is it just me?)

Valentine's Day in Great Britain became increasingly popular beginning in about the 17th century and was common by the middle of the eighteen century. People in all social classes exchanged tokens of affection or handwritten notes until advances in printing technology at the end of the century allowed for printed cards. In addition, as postage got cheaper, sending Valentine's Day cards increased further in popularity.

In America, exchanging valentines began in approximately the early 1700s. Esther A. Howland is credited for being the first to mass-produce valentines in America. (And now look where we've gotten!)

You may also want to check out The History Channel for more details about the history of Valentine's Day.

- Lavish
Question #22986 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Have any of you good country folk read the "Griffin and Sabine" series? What did you think of it?
- My name: here?

A: Dear you,

I read them a long time ago, when they first came out. I remember liking them, and I remember there was some kind of "mystery" in the story, but I don't remember exactly what it was or really caring about it. (Sometimes I don't have a lot of patience with that kind of thing.)

More recently, I read The Artful Dodger: images & reflections, a non-fiction book by and about Nick Bantock, in which he talks a little about the G&S books (but doesn't reveal the "secret" of them). I recommend The Artful Dodger for anyone who liked the original books, and I should probably give them a second read myself.

- Katya
A: Dear your name: there,

I had a friend in middle school who really loved them, so yes, I've read them. However, I'm not really a very visual person, and so wasn't lured by the artistry and design, or a tactile person, and so wasn't lured by the prospect of opening envelopes. Also, like Katya, I didn't really have the patience to wait for the mystery to unfold. (I'm not really a patient person, as those close to me will attest.) In any case, the upshot is that they're lovely books but not really my thing.

Question #22984 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Hey, so I applied for housing awhile ago, and I still have no idea whether I am on the waiting list or if I actually got housing. Can I find out online? Also, if that falls through, where is the best place for female freshmen to live off campus?

- happy chappie

A: Dear Happy Chappie,

I would have guessed that you were male by the name you signed with, but, given that you're asking about places for female freshmen to live off campus, I'll have to bypass that initial assumption.

Alright, so you've applied for housing, and that's just peachy. Wonderful in fact. I think that the best place for freshmen girls to live is actually on campus. And, if you applied, you'll get in somewhere--it's just a matter of where.

If you applied to live in Wyview...good luck. Unless you managed to get in at the top of the waiting list, you're probably not going to get it. Housing is working really hard to make sure that Wyview is upper classmen, and not freshmen. It's an attempt to lessen the stigma that on-campus housing=freshmen. Anyway, they're probably going to let in all of the returning residents before they let any freshmen in, and then freshmen will be used to fill in the spaces. Either way, you won't be finding out on that one for at least a couple of months.

Now, since you're doing it so early, there's a good chance that you'll end up in Heritage if you applied there. There's also a good chance that you'll end up getting in there if you're coming for Spring and Summer (which I highly's lovely). If you applied for Helaman Halls, you'll probably get in there too, as long as you applied this early. If, for some really odd reason, you didn't get into either one of those places, you could definitely still get into DT. DT is hardly ever honest to goodness full of students. It'll still be open next year, least half of it will be. The point is, if you want to live on campus, there will be room for you somewhere. As for finding out where it is that you'll be placed--check out this website: Have any questions? Call one of these places:

Anyway, you'll definitely get into some place on campus, but if you're still worried about it, you should check out this website:

I've got a lot of information about off-campus housing, and I'm sure a lot of people have varying recommendations and such. I still think it's best to live on campus for at least one year--you just don't find the same experience off campus that you get from your freshmen year in the dorms. If you've got questions, send them the way of the Board. If you've got questions for me personally, send them to my e-mail: novelconcept (at) gmail (dot) com.

Happy House Hunting,
Novel Concept
Question #22981 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When I was 15 or 16 I heard quadrapalegic give a fireside at my stake center (Exeter, NH). His nephew and I were later mission companions. My companion would allways talk about his quadrapalegic uncle and how he's in the public (or motivational or something) speaking hall of fame. I have since lost touch with my comp and would like to find him, and I think being able to get in touch with his uncle would be a good start. My guess is that some of the board writers have also heard of (or maybe from) this guy and could give me a hand.

- Yo

A: Dear Yo,

I found the Motivational Speakers Hall of Fame that you referred to. I went through the speakers and Art Berg was the only quadriplegic speaker.

In his biography, it gives a link to his website, Unfortunately, if you like to this site you'll find that Mr. Berg passed away February 19th, 2002, from a toxic reaction to the prescription drug Fentanyl.

As for finding your old companion, you may want to try your mission website. If you don't know where that is, try , , . All will lead you in the right direction but I like having/giving choices.

Good luck.

- Lavish
Question #22980 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are the legal implications when someone is presumed dead, but later shows up alive? More specifically, suppose a guy is stranded on a tropical island for several years, but everyone thinks he's dead. His estate is distributed, and his heirs pay estate taxes on their inheritance. Then, the guy shows up and is able to prove his identity. Do his heirs have to give back everything they inherited? Does the state have to give back the estate taxes? If not, do the heirs have to pay him that amount, or is he just down that amount? And, do the heirs have to pay estate taxes again when he really dies?

- The Elephant's Child

A: Dear Elephant's Child,
Complicated legal questions like this might be relatively easy for an experienced wills & trusts lawyer, but it's a bit more complicated for me to answer in the hypothetical. Without a specific jurisdictional reference, I will speak to it in general terms. If some guy gets stranded Castaway style on an island and comes back years later, his estate will have been distributed amongst his heirs. However, it would have been performed in error because his status as legally dead would have been performed in error. Our castaway (let's call him Wilson) will have to ask for his property back from his relatives. If one or more of them is reluctant to part with some property, he will have to take them to court. (Assuming, of course, he has had his status as a living citizen restored. Otherwise, he wouldn't have any standing.) Wilson's heirs will have had paid some taxes on the property, and could possibly petition to have those taxes restored. I'm not exactly sure how this would work, because tax law is mess and each jurisdiction is different. My inclination is to say that they could get the money back, though. If you improperly file your taxes one year and pay too much, you can usually get it back the following year if you let the IRS know. The really interesting situation would be if Wilson died later on and left the property to the same heirs and they hadn't gotten the estate tax back when he came back from the island. It is possible that the property could be viewed as having belonged to the heirs the whole time and to have merely been loaned to Wilson before he died the second time. In legal terms, it might be considered an extended bailment. So the heirs might be able to claim that they did not receive any estate at all, but instead had their property restored to them. However, if they got the taxes back, they will just have to pay them again.

- de novo -
Question #22978 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My best friend goes to BYU Idaho and really likes it there. I am a Freshman here at BYU Provo. I'm considering transferring there and was wondering, do I follow the same steps for any transfer student if I'm here at BYU? Also, does getting accepted to BYU Idaho automatically drop me from BYU Provo or could I still decide which one I wanted to go to once accepted?

- starfruit

A: Dear Fruit of the Stars,

You will need to apply as a transfer student. We may share the same name as the former Ricks College, but we are still separate universities. Also you can apply, be accepted and still change your mind and stay at school here. You would only have to reapply here once you started school at BYU-I. Well I sure hope this helps. Please don't hate me.

-- Brutus (who almost transfers schools almost every semester.)
Question #22976 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've been looking, but haven't found anything particularly useful, and my head is starting to hurt, so I turn to the mighty board for guidance. How can you use the number of lines in an analog signal to determine a value of what that might amount to in the digital world? For example, NTSC uses a 480i resolution, which supposedly approximates 640x480 digital resolution. But I can't find any information validating that, or an equation of any kind to help me do the conversion. I have varying lines of resolution and need a way to apply this in a digital world. Also, would a progressive scan image such as 720p provide better digital resolution than interlaced 720i? Marketing would suggest that 720p is better, but is it true in a resolution sense, or is it a refresh rate thing? (I hope one of you is, or knows, a good A/V person).

- Curious Physics Minor

A: My Dearest Inquisitive Physics Minor,

The NTSC Video Standard is transmitted at 29.97 interlaced frames of video per second. Each frame consists of 486 lines out of a total of 525 (the rest are used for sync, vertical retrace, and other data such as captioning). Now to make things easier we can just consider it 480 lines (because most TVs crop). Now by using the 4:3 ratio (width to height), we can figure that the equivalent "digital resolution" of an NTSC broadcast is 640x480 with a refresh rate of 60Hz. Following is a chart of the lines broadcast, followed by their refresh rate:

SDTV 480i60 (NTSC), 480p30, 576i50 (PAL, SÉCAM), 576p25
EDTV 480p60, 576p50, 720p24, 720p25, 720p30
HDTV 720p50, 720p60, 1080p24, 1080p25, 1080p30, 1080i50, 1080i60

Because there is currently no proposed or existing broadcast standard permits 720 interlaced lines in a video frame at any frame rate, it would be hard to compare 720i to 720p. Therefore I will compare progressive scan video to interlaced. Progressive is superior, especially in the digital world, because it provides a subjectively increased vertical resolution, prevents flickering of narrow horizontal patterns, and allows for simpler video processing equipment, resulting in easier compression.

-The Right Reverend Rusky Roo
Question #22973 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
In Sunday school we were talking about Noah and his ark. The teacher, amongst other things, says "And when they got off the boat, Noah made an alter for a sacrifice to the Lord." He had scriptural refrence, and it was there. But I want to know what that sacrifice was? Did the animals have time to reproduce? Did he have extras somewhere? Am I confused in thinking those animals really weren't his to sacrifice because he was trying to save them, so wouldn't he HAVE to have others?

- Miss America

A: Dear Miss America,

Genesis 8:20 tells exactly what his sacrifice consisted of. Clean beasts and clean fowls. If you take note during the Lord's instructions, Noah was commanded to take only two of each unclean animal. The clean animals, he took seven of. So Noah did have "extra" clean animals with which to make the sacrifice referred to in verse 20.

-Pa Grape
Question #22972 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Nike,

What part of Idaho are you from? Board Question #19719 I'm from Ada county!

- Vashti, who absolutely loves her home state.

A: Dear Idaho-Loving Vashti,

Since practically a quarter of the BYU population seems to be from Idaho (ergo, I could be one out of any four people you see), I'll risk telling you where I'm from. :-)

I'm from Twin Falls County. It's funny that you mentioned you love your home state - man, all of my friends and I couldn't wait to leave Idaho after high school, but now, I love going back. The pace just slows down in a wonderful way in some of those Idaho towns (and although my hometown is the third largest in the state, it's still slower than Provo!). Plus you just can't beat some of the scenic beauty. Neat place. Glad to hear you're a fan, too.

Nike the Idahoan (who, interestingly enough, hated potatoes until about a year ago)
Question #22971 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Several years ago, my parents adopted some of our cousins after one of our aunts died. One of these cousins now has a daughter. If I'm not mistaken, the blood relationship between me and this adorable girl would be a first cousin once removed. First of all, is this right? Secondly, from a legal standpoint, would she be considered one of my nieces?

- Mania

A: Dear Mania,
How good of your parents to step in and take care of your cousins. It is gratifying to see family members fulfill familial obligations in an age when most people shirk responsibility. Yes, that adorable little girl is your first cousin once removed by blood, but due to the somewhat unusual legal status of your cousins, she would legally be your niece. She'll still be adorable no matter what you call her.

- de novo -
Question #22970 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Gramatically-Adept 100 Hour Board Writers,

...a, b, and c. and ...a, b, or c.
...a, b and c. and ...a, b or c.

Which (use of the comma in a series) is "more" correct and which do you prefer to use?

- Prefers the first (but sees a lot of the second)

A: Dear,

I'm a journalist, and journalistic style omits the comma before the last item in a series (therefore we say, "a, b and c"). I much prefer it that way. It makes the sentence flow much better. Also, a managing editor recently explained to me that that last comma before the final item is used like the word "and" and is therefore repetitive. Would you say, "A, b and and c"? No, you would not, unless you were crazy like Horatio. The same managing editor has made her argument to some English teachers and had success.

So, I prefer the second.

A: Dear Prefers the First,

Ever since tiny childhood, I've been taught that the first is correct. Honestly, I would have gotten a lot more marked off on my papers when I was younger had I tried using the second.

All in favor of getting A's, say "Aye!"
Lady Last Line
A: Dear Prefers,

Your preference is called the serial comma (or the Oxford comma). Chicago 6.19 says "Chicago strongly recommends this widely practiced usage . . . since it prevents ambiguity."

Whether or not the serial comma is used is largely a matter of style. As Nike has said, journalistic style omits the serial comma. Publications following CMS, APA, or MLA, however, use the serial comma.

I'm not sure how I feel about what Nike's teacher is saying here. I suppose it makes sense to say that if the comma were merely viewed as a shorthand for and or or when used in lists, the serial comma would be redundant. However, I don't agree that the comma is just a placeholder for and or or. The comma is used to indicate a slight pause, and that slight pause is used in a variety of ways, not limited to meaning and or or. (Think prepositional and adverbial phrases, for instance.)

I personally prefer the serial comma because, as CMS says, it avoids ambiguity. The problem with the list "Tom, Jim and Bob" is that the lack of comma makes it sound as though Jim and Bob are somehow more closely linked to each other than they are to Tom. Where this becomes particularly problematic is in legal documents. So, although I support the journalists in adhering to their own style, I encourage you, if you ever write a will, to use the serial comma. That way, no lawsuits will be filed because of a dispute over whether your possessions are to be split equally between Tom, Jim, and Bob, or to be split with half going to Tom and the other half going to Jim and Bob.

I personally think that, because commas are indicators of separation or pause more than of connection, the serial comma is "more correct," insofar as it creates a more precise and accurate meaning.

Question #22968 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How does one go about scheduling BYU performing groups (like Synthesis or Living Legends) for BYU department socials/events?

-Committee member

A: Dear Member,

Check out the Performing Arts Management booking page. Click on booking contacts. Or, I suppose, if you're a BYU department, you might be able to negotiate the booking with the director of the group itself. I'd try the aforementioned page first, though.

Nike the Well-Connected
Question #22966 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I am in need of some serious help. In order to finish my certification for teaching I need two more credits of Spanish (200 level and up). I am no longer in school and I am trying to find any university that offers these types of classes via Independent Study. It has to be an independent study class because I need to finish the class in 6-8 weeks. Many have online classes that follow the semester schedule, but I need one I can finish in a very short amount of time. I have looked for hours trying to find a class that fits my needs, but have so far been unsuccessful. My question is obvious, Do you know of any universities that offer the Spanish class I need?
Muchas Gracias,
- (Desperado)

A: Dear Desperado,

BYU's independent study department offers Span 441 (Survey of Spanish Literature) for 3 credits. You can find more details about the course here.

- Katya
Question #22965 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Beloved Answerers,

Why does Winnie the Pooh's house say "Mr. Sanders" outside the door. Why, why, why?


A: Dear Ming,

Short answer: Mr. Sanders is the person who lived in the Pooh's house before Pooh did.

A longer answer is provided by
Another answer comes from author Ann Thwaite in her biography, A.A. Milne: The Man Behind Winnie-the-Pooh (Random House, 1990). In her Notes (page 522, referring to page 262) we read: "under the name of Sanders The Sanders referred to was Frank Sanders, who had a printing works in the Snow Hill area of London." This firm apparently printed some of A.A. Milne's work, although all four children's books are printed by Jarrold of Norwich. Information comes from Douglas Sanders, Frank's nephew, 1989. Frank Sanders was certainly a friend of illustrator E.H. Shepard, but there is no reference to him by A.A. Milne that would confirm this private joke.

-Rafe, under the name of the 100 Hour Board.
Question #22918 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I'm trying to figure out how BYU is using Title IX to justify the uneven numbers of men and women's sports that they currently sponsor both through the school and in an intramural status. It seems there are more men's sports, and with women's club teams both floundering and successfully functioning without the help of BYU (such as Women's Cougar Rugby) how could one argue the addition of one such team using the correct information about Title IX, it's policies, and how BYU's status works into all of it?

- Scrum Fan

A: Dear Scrum Fan-

Title IX is oft misinterpreted. There's actually no provision that states that equal numbers of teams or sports must be made available for men and women; rather, male and female college students must have equal access to participation in many areas while at school, including participating in athletics. It might be within Title IX rules to survey students about their interests in participating, and then base the decisions about what teams to sponsor based on interest. This would be more difficult, and much more contraversial, though, so instead most universities have equal numbers of teams and try to get scholarship levels as equal as possible as well. is an article written earlier this year about the very subject.

Here at BYU, there are nine mens' sports and ten womens' sports sanctioned by the NCAA. Basketball, cross country, golf, swim & dive, tennis, track & field, and volleyball are available for both men and women. Men also compete in baseball and football, while women have gymnastics, soccer, and softball.

BYU's extramural office supervises three mens' sports: lacrosse, rugby, and soccer. BYU Cougars soccer is not actually an extramural sport, though it does have strong ties to the university, and the team is composed of current BYU students. However, extramural sports are fundamentally different from NCAA-sanctioned sports. For example, these athletes do not have access to the scholarships provided for NCAA athletes.

If you wish to gain official sanction as a university-sponsored extramural team, work with the extramural office; perhaps the coaches for the mens' rugby team may also be helpful in such an endeavor.

-The Franchise
Question #22903 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I was getting something to eat at the Twilight Zone yesterday and in the fridges I noticed that they have a "new line" of BYU Signature sandwiches (they've also raised prices on old items). I tried this really odd sandwich with strawberry jam, peanut butter and marshmallows and I was wondering if there was a list of all the new sandwiches they have out. Thanks!

- Trying to try new things

A: Dear Trying to try,

As requested, here is a list of all the new sandwiches available at the Twilight Zone:

Ham & American Bagel
Turkey & Swiss Bagel
Turkey Hoagie
Beef Hoagie
Ham Hoagie
Italian Deluxe Hoagie
Combo Deluxe Hoagie
(and here come the more exotic sandwiches, including the one you tried)
Baja Tuna
Peanut Butter, Strawberry, and Marshmallow
Turkey, Cranberry, and Cream Cheese

Hope you enjoy trying them out!

-Wilhelmina Wafflewitz
Question #22901 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What's in the "sumo sauce" at The Happy Sumo?

- pippin galadriel moonchild

A: Dear Pippin,

Well, I'm sorry but it seems that the "sumo sauce" is a big mystery, because "The Happy Sumo" didn't respond to my queries. And the 100 Hour Board Lab doesn't have the time for the chemical analysis. Sorry.

- Xanadu
Question #22854 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Hey--long time listener, first time caller. Love the show.

So, I live and work in downtown SLC, and the other day, walking back from work, I noticed something a little strange on the Church Office Building plaza. Just a little north and east of that concrete block that brides jump off of, there's a light pole with one of those wind-meter thingies. You know, the little windmill-on-its-side sort of thing. So I'm curious: Whose office or computer or central location does that terminate at? Or, more simply: Who needs to know the windspeed on Temple Square, and why?

Martin Blank

A: Dear MB,

I tried to figure out what it was you were talking about and couldn't find it. Then I went in to ask the person at the desk and they looked at me funny and behaved tersely. They must have thought I was up to no good. Anyway, The best answer they gave me was that it was a light fixture for people who are walking by Temple Square at night.

-took the trip, got nothing
Question #22673 posted on 02/11/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How is it decided who gives the Tuesday devotional/forums? Any chance of John Nash speaking?

- (^:

A: Dear person,

BYU has a nomination process for who speaks at devotionals and forums, but only a faculty member can nominate the person. I called the office that takes care of that stuff and the nice lady told me that John Nash isn't on the list.

But you can call Joan Naumann (422-4331) and talk to her about it.