There is no music in hell, for all good music belongs to heaven. ~Brigham Young
Question #23147 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I had heard Board Question #22856 asked before to my dad who is in the stake presidency back home. Since I knew he would have the answer I emailed him to ask what he thought. His answer was this:

In a priesthood leadership meeting about a year ago for stake presidencies and stake patriarchs President Hinkley instructed us that the stake patriarch should be referred to as 'Brother Southwell' (in our specific case) out of respect for the office.

Other than full time missionaries and bishop's you don't see anyone referred to by Priesthood office. You will notice that even when conducting general conference President Monson will refer to himself as "Brother Monson" (as in, President Hinkley has asked that I, Brother Monson, conduct this session of conference). The Apostle's are referred to as Elder or Brother, not Apostle Oaks or Ballard. Members of the Seventy are referred to as Elder, not Seventy or High Priest.

I usually try and refer to former bishop's as 'brother' to avoid confusion. There was a girl that was baptized into the YSA ward in our stake and she felt very silly once she realized that our High Council representative, Rick Olson, was not Bishop Rick (bishopric). The confusion came from everyone referring to all members of the bishopric as "Bishop So-and so" because they were all former bishops.

Hope that helps!!

- TechieChic

Question #23142 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I remember one never-married LDS welfare mother telling me, "My child is my greatest blessing; so I don't really believe that what I did was wrong." She knew that sex outside of marriage is "most abominable above all sins save it be the shedding of innocent blood or denying the Holy Ghost," but she loved her child, and that clouded her judgment about what she had done. When feelings of love are involved it's even easier to justify to oneself having married a nonmember, and though that is not a sin, it often (but not always) results in marital difficulties (unequally yoked) and children who go astray. Dating a nonmember puts you on the slippery slope where you are in danger of developing feelings that might warp your judgment.

That's my comment to board question <#22985>, so... I agree with Katya.

- Mom

Question #23129 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Doc,

RE: Board Question #22856

Somehow, your question has been on my mind for a couple days now. While I see nothing wrong with calling a former bishop "Bishop Smith", my experience has been that for the most part, he would be addressed in whatever capacity he is presently serving. You mentioned that the apostles are called "Elder". I would imagine that a great many of them have served as bishops, stake presidents, mission presidents, elder's quorum presidents, etc. Yet the appropriate form of address seems to be "Elder." I have had institute instructors (no, I never attended BYU) and my children have had seminary teachers who were current bishops. And in class they were still "Brother." I somehow doubt that all BYU instructors who have ever served as a bishop are always adressed as "Bishop" in class.

If that's what your stake president asks for your stake, follow his counsel. His inspiration is for his stewardship, not for that of anyone else. Perhaps there is a reason for it there that you may or may not ever know.

- A Mom, but not yours

Question #23128 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board, Christine and Petra,

Board Question #22956 is very interesting. Trust me. Anyone who can eat one of those crackers in under a minute deserves to be in the Guiness (sp?) Book of World Records. In my mission (Scotland), it was a regular dare for the Elders to try to eat those crackers in a certain time frame (2 in 2 minutes or whatever). It was very difficult. I don't know if the "Cream" in the name implied that they use cream instead of water in the ingredients but they were different than Saltines. They are thicker and, while not exactly drier than Saltines in and of themselves, they would suck all the moisture out of your mouth so that by the time you finished one you felt like you needed a pint of water.

These are not crackers for wimps in speed-eating.

- Ageless

A: Dear Ageless,

Cool. Thanks for the addendum.

Question #23115 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Board Question #22999 about the sister missionaries is a fine piece of folklore, someone should add it to the W.W. Folklore archives here, they already have a number of instances of it.

- Fringe Folk

A: Dear Fringe Folk,

I've added the Board subject classification tag "LDS: Rumors/Myths."

- Katya
Question #23079 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Whenever I try to load up your home page it crashes my internet browser. I can get to any other part of the site, but if I try to load up the current posts it crashes firefox. I tried loading up the page in Internet Explorer and it seems to be working just fine. Am I the only one with this problem? Any ideas how I can fix it?

- TechieChic

A: TechieChic

Update your Macromedia Flash plugin for Firefox, update your Firefox, and delete your cookies and temp files.

If that doesn't do it, talk to Student Desktop Support at 422-4000 (This is BYU Office of IT's number).

Happy Viewing
Question #23078 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In Russian, there the «г» (basically a 'g') in the letter combinations «ого» and «его» morphs into a «в»-like sound. This happens quite often, usually whenever the second vowel is accented. Why does this happen? I've asked three different Russian teachers, but none have been sure on the answer.

- Мания

A: Dear Mania,

One thing is certain: you didn't talk to Dr. Lundberg. However, I was happy to send off an email to Грант Максович, who was kind enough to reply in a timely fashion.

Here's the deal: the suffix "-ого" was originally pronounced with a /g/ sound, and still is in most Slavic languages. (FYI: As a general rule of linguistics, the written form of a word often corresponds with how the word was pronounced at some point, even if that's not how it's pronounced now.) However, some southern Russians started to pronounce it with a voiced velar fricative. (It's fairly common for an intervocalic stop to become a fricative -- it makes the sound easier to say because it makes the consonant more vowel-like.) The standard Russian phonological inventory doesn't include a voiced velar fricative (although Ukrainian does), but it does include a voiced labiodental fricative /v/. Also, there is a type of adjectival suffix which is pronounced /-ov/ or /-ova/, and since both were used in genetive constructions, there was some contamination. So the "-ого" suffix eventually came to be pronounced with a /v/ instead of a /g/.

Have I mentioned lately that you need to be a linguistics major?

- Katya
Question #23074 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is someone actually playing the organ in the provo temple, or is it a recording. I've heard it mess up a few times.

- Temple Man

A: Dear Awesome,

Yes, someone is actually playing the organ in the chapel upstairs.

Question #23073 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My roommate is from Las Vegas, and he talks incessantly about how awesome it is, how many hotels there are, how much there is to do there, etc. I have been trying (like any good debater) to find out information about Las Vegas in an attempt to have something legitimate to argue back with. One thing I have not been able to figure out is how many hotel rooms there are in Las Vegas. One time I heard there were enough to house the population of California or that true? How many ARE there?

- Languishing about Las Vegas

A: Dear Languishing,

According to, there are 124,270 hotel rooms in Las Vegas, and gives the number at 115,000. However, two other articles I've come across mention a further 40,000 rooms being built in the next five years, which they refer to as 25% increase in the number of hotel rooms, which would put the current number at about 160,000.

At least part of the problem is, what do we mean by "Las Vegas"? Do we include Henderson? Paradise? Winchester? And what do we mean by "hotel room"? Do hostels count? Honeymoon suites in the Wee Kirk o' the Heather 24-hour wedding chapel? Does the Motel 6 in Arden get counted?

At any rate, there are more than 33 million people in California, so no, you couldn't get them all into Las Vegas's hotel rooms without breaking some serious fire codes. You could get all of Provo into Vegas, though, for what that's worth.

Just to voice an opinion in a debate that I'm not involved in: I like Las Vegas for a few hours, but I really don't think it's all that. There isn't much to do there that's not overpriced or, you know, debaucherous. Might as well go somewhere cheaper, or at least see some real things (i.e., not fake Eiffel Towers, fake Pyramids, fake New York buildings, etc. etc.), or just stay home and play Trivial Pursuit.

-A. A. Melyngoch


Dear 100 Hour Board,

I had a friend who reaffirmed a story I'd heard in the church time and again that Joseph Smith was punished in two ways for allowing the transcript of the 116 pages to be lost: not only was his translating gift taken from him for a time (as we know), but his and Emma's firstborn child died (stillborn? I can't remember) as a result as well.

Later, I told a former Bishop this as if it was fact because I had heard it for so many years. He looked at me like I was crazy. He said he'd never heard that in his life and that the Lord would never do such a thing (kill Joseph's child for losing the transcript) and that He just doesn't operate that way. Joseph had already been chastised and punished by losing the power to translate and his baby's death was entirely unrelated. In other words, the Lord's punishments fit the transgression and aren't random, and He wouldn't punish twice for the same single act.

So who is right?

- Angry Smurf

A: Dear Angry Smurf,
That Joseph Smith was unable to translate for some time as a result of the lost manuscript is a recorded fact. However, there is no evidence that the death of the Smith's child was a result of this error. Perhaps your friend was conjecturing on the topic, but I have found no credible sources that would substantiate this claim, nor have I ever heard it before. Additionally, the loss of their first child wasn't the last the Prophet experienced in his lifetime. Joseph and Emma's twins died while they were in Ohio, and one of the twin Murdock boys they adopted afterwards also died shortly after Joseph Smith was tarred and feathered in Hiram, Ohio. These deaths don't seem to be as a result of any mistake on Joseph Smith's part, but even if they were, that has stayed between Joseph and God.

- de novo -
Question #23067 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear Lavish (Board Question #23033),

Perhaps I already know who you are, but do you know who I am?

- A Song from the Dark

A: Dear Song,

Unfortunately, this is entirely impossible.

1. Even my roommates don't know I'm a writer so how would you?
2. If you did know, you most certainly would have started giving me gifts of the monetary sort and making every effort to sit next to me in Sacrament Meeting. Since I haven't received any gifts and I've sat with my roommates the last few weeks, I can safely conclude that you have no idea who I am.

per•haps adv. Maybe; possibly.

As for whether or not I know you, I can neither confirm nor deny anything.

Go ahead and keep wondering.

- Lavish
Question #23064 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Gillette makes a razor that's battery powered. What is the battery supposed to power? Does it acutaly do anything or is it just a gimmick?

-The 5 o'clock shadow

A: Dear What I'm Sporting Right Now,

The battery poweredness makes the whole razor vibrate while you are shaving. They claim that the vibrations stimulate the hair to stand up just a wee bit more, and thus allows it to be cut closer to the skin -- resulting in a closer shave. What I have noticed is that I don't get any closer of a shave, but rather find it easier to miss spots (I'll often discover in the middle of the day a patch of random hair in various places on my chin). That said this is probably the best razor that I have ever used, as I tend to cut myself less while using it and the vibration effect makes shaving on the whole a lot less irritating. I went home for Thanksgiving break this year and forgot my razor when I came back to school. The brief weeks between Thanksgiving and Christmas were almost unbearable on my poor, little chin. I would highly recommend the battery powered razor.

Well I sure hope this helps. Please don't hate me.

-- Brutus (who as it is only shaves on days that he has tests or needs to check something out at the library)
A: Dear Brutus,

Wow. You explained that so well... Almost as well as you explain movies. :)

- Lavish, Quandary, and Zantedeschia
Question #23063 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My younger brother (12) was recently found with illegal drugs at school. This has been so stressful for our entire family, especially because he is a special education student and he spent his first night away from our family at a juvenile detention center. Since I have absolutely no knowlege of the how the legal proceedings work for minors - I think he is being charged with a felony- I was wondering if any writers could offer some helpful scripture references that could strenghten both me and my family during this time....It is just so overwhelming that I just don't know where to start or what to say to him or the rest of my family.....

-Gitty Kitty

A: Dear Kitty,

Wow. That is a challenging situation. Where to start? I just got a handout today in Sunday School with quotes from Elder Richard's G. Scott "To Help a Loved One in Need" from the 1988 May Ensign. He gives seven suggestions (these are just excerpts, but I recommend you read the whole thing):

"First--Love without limitations."

"Second--Do not condone the transgressions, but extend every hope and support to the transgressor."

"Third--Teach truth. Nephi taught his brothers: "Whoso would hearken unto the word of God, and would hold fast unto it, they would never perish; neither could the temptations and the fiery darts of the adversary overpower them unto blindness, to lead them away to destruction" (1 Ne. 15:24).

Then he gave this example of how to teach: "I did exhort them with all the energies of my soul, and with all the faculty which I possessed, that they would give heed to the word of God and remember to keep his commandments always in all things" (1 Ne. 15:25)."

"Fourth--Honestly forgive as often as is required."

"Fifth--Pray trustingly."
"The...fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much" (James 5:16).

"Sixth--Keep Perspective."

"Last--Never give up on a loved one, never!"

Some other scriptures of comfort: Isaiah 40:31, Isaiah 53:5, D&C 19:23. Search and ponder the scriptures. Pray for the Lord's help. I can't tell what to say to your family or brother. But you can "seek the guidance of the Holy Spirit in all you do," which is one of the first suggestions in "Reclaiming a Wayward Child," an article from the Family Home Evening Resource Book. Study the scriptures, pray, and do all those things to draw near unto God and He will strengthen you during this difficult time.

-Wilhelmina Wafflewitz
Question #23059 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What is the cutoff GPA for a full tuition paid scholorship for spring/summer? I received a half tuition paid scholarship, but my friend, who's GPA is slightly higher, received a full tuition paid.

- b-hizzy

A: Dear b-hizzy,
The Scholarhips Office says that there is no solid cutoff, and that the criteria vary. It can include any of the following: GPA, need, service, leadership, nationality, hometown, major, emphasis, dependent children, ethnicity, etc.

- de novo -
Question #23058 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

See, I want to go to a Dream Theater concert on March 13th. It's in Kingsbury Hall in Salt Lake City. However, I don't have a car, and I am currently living on BYU campus in Provo - which is too far to walk to SLC from.

My question is, since I haven't had any luck getting friends with cars to come (either they don't want to or they are not able to)... what's the best way to get there? What kind of bus or other method of transportation could I use to get there?

Keep in mind that although walking doesn't physically bother me, it would be best for me to have a course that involves a minimal amount of walking. This is because I have a terrible sense of direction and would not fare well if I had to walk a very long time to the concert after getting off the bus.

- Chris

P.S. The sooner you could answer this, the better, because tickets are dissappearing quickly and I'm not going to buy one until I'm sure I can go.

P.P.S. If any of YOU want to go with me, I'll pay for gas and parking! :)

A: Dear

The easiest way to travel is using the UTA Bus system.

If you want to be there by 7:30 PM when the concert begins, you will have to leave quite early. You can catch the Provo/Orem Trax Express going North. It departs the Wilkinson Center going north at 4:45 on Mondays. Ride that bus to the Sandy Trax Station.

You can then catch the 5:45 TRAX train going north from Sandy Trax.

Get off the stop at Main Street and 255 South, then walk to a stop located at 200 S 15 W (which is less than a block away). Catch the Route #8 Bus called "11th East Outbound" at around 6:26 pm. Ride the bus until 200 S 1340 E. You should be within sight of Kingsbury Hall. That will put you at the venue about 1 hour before the performance.

Now, your big problem is going to be getting back to BYU. The bus service doesn't run back to Provo after 11:00 pm (which, I surmise, is about the time you will be getting out of the concert). If I were you, I would find a friend who attends the University of Utah. Or, you need to find someone who is coming home late from Salt Lake City. Either that, or you're gonna have to borrow a car (which is what I recommend).

You could also call a cab to bring you back:
Yellow Cab -(801) 521-2100
Ute Cab Co -(801) 359-7788
Yellow Express - (801) 521-5027

That will cost about as much as the ticket itself. You may be able to save some cash by taking TRAX back to Sandy and calling the cab from there.

Now, you might think "wow... Horatio really is omnipresent and knows everything." Actually, I just went to and planned your trip for you. If you want further details, you can go there.

Overall, I can't imagine that the band is really worth it if you have to spend 100 bucks just to get there and back. But, that's just me. I once drove 4 hours one-way for a U2 concert. But, U2 v. Dream Theater... I'm not so sure.

That is all.

Question #23056 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Can you combine conditions in Excel equations/functions? For instance, if I want to do a countif function, but want to count just two categories of info can I somehow tell it to countif($F$3:$F$110,"Monday" (or) "Tuesday")? How about countif($F$3:$F$110,"Monday" (and) "Tuesday")? Would this be an inclusive or exclusive 'or?'

Also, is there some way to say 'not equal' for instance, using the example above: countif($F$3:$F$110, "(not equal)Monday")?


- Fredjikrang

ps. How are you feeling, RIGHT NOW?

A: Dear Fredjikrang,

There doesn't seem to be any simple way to do this in Excel. The OR and AND functions are useful in some cases but they can't be used with COUNTIF because they return logicals (TRUE or FALSE). The best way to do what you are asking seems to be =COUNTIF(F3:F10,"Monday")+COUNTIF(F3:F10,"Tuesday"). This will give you a count of the cells that contain either "Monday" or "Tuesday".

I'm not sure exactly what you are asking with regards to "and", as a single cell cannot have two values. It wouldn't make sense to count all the cells that contain "Monday" and "Tuesday". Also, because of this, there is no difference between inclusive and exclusive "or" for values of single cells. The OR function in Excel, though, is an inclusive OR.

Also, the symbol for "not equal" is "<>". For your example, the syntax is =COUNTIF(F3:F10,"<>"&"Monday"). The extra quotation marks and ampersand are necessary so that Excel will understand that the <> is a condition and not part of the desired text.

Hopefully this answers your questions. Write back if you want more clarification. And thank you for asking, I am tired right now but doing well.

Question #23055 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Hello! Kind of an odd question here: I was wondering if werf can donate an organ (like a kidney) to specific people. I'm pretty sure that family can donate to family, but can friends donate to friends? My friend says that werf probably can't donate to a specific person because then people would buy and sell kidneys. But if I had a friend that needed a kidney and none of werf's family could donate, would I be able to donate one to werf?

- Lady of Messaline

P.S. L'Afro--it was nice meeting you the other day. Now I finally have a face to put with our name.

A: Dear Lady of Messaline,

Yes, you are legally allowed to donate your organs to a specific person. Buying and selling of body parts is prohibited by law, but if someone you know is in need of a new kidney, for example, you could potentially donate yours.

For a website that gives information about this subject, including the requirements for donation of an organ to another person, see

Question #23052 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My boyfriend of two years left on his mission a little while ago. We both agreed that I will not be waiting while he's gone, and we'll just see where we both are when he comes back. The only problem is that I seem to be having a hard time moving my life forward. I'm not mopishly sighing about, bursting into tears when I hear the strains of called to sever or anything like that, overall I feel fairly normal. But I am having a hard time opening myself up to even being interested in other guys. I genuinely would like to meet guys, get to know them, have fun and see where life takes me, but I'm having a hard time doing so. I'm not the most outgoing type of person who naturally attracts guys. And with that along with the lack of general interest and thus lack of flirting and other such things doesn't really look good for my dating future. So what can I do to move my life forward as far as guys go instead of dwelling on the past?

-Skyward Bound

A: Dear Skyward:

I had a long-term man that went on a mission too. It was hard at first, but here's what I did to get over it and move on with life. First, bury yourself in something. . .school, calling, anything that will take up at least 30 hours a week. Second, break down and get one of those cheesy sticker charts. It sounds dumb but it really helps. Third, be SOCIAL. Go to every ward function, hang out with the roomies, and explore who lives in your complex. You'll be fine, and letter days are the best!

Oh, by the way, one month after he had left I met my husband.


A: Dear Skyward Bound,

Your emotional situation is really no different from any other breakup: you were in a relationship, now you're not, and you really miss him. So give yourself some time, don't stress about completely altering your personality to make friends or attract guys, and browse the archives for more advice about relationships, friendship and breakups.

- Katya
Question #23049 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Okay, this is kind of an embarrassing hair question. Actually, maybe it's a scalp question. Anyway. I have curly, somewhat dry hair. And around my hairline, there is always this whitish yellowish crud. It's not super visible, but if I scratch my head, it comes off under my fingernails. So, yuck.

I don't think it's dandruff, because it's not dry. It's sticky. And I've used H&S and Selsun Blue before, and it doesn't change anything. I've gone without shampoo and conditioner for weeks, using just water. Nothing. I've used shampoo without conditioner and conditioner without shampoo. Nothing. I rinse my hair really well every time, but I can never get rid of this stuff.

As a side note, I often have somewhat sticky/flaky stuff under my eyebrows too. I've heard this may be eczema related, but cortisone doesn't really help either. (No, I haven't seen a dermatologist about it. It's just gross.)

Any idea what this is? Is it normal (or at least, normal to my hair-type)? Is there any way to get rid of it, or should I even worry about it?

- Um...we'll say Gertie

A: Gertie,

Assuming you are a girl--most guys could care less if they have goo in their hair, as they use hair gel--the problem almost sounds like really dry skin mixed with whatever hair products you use. If you use hair spray, then any sweat you have during the day could be bringing a mixture of dry skin and hair spray to the forefront of your scalp. Yikes!

These are steps to be taken in any order, or not at all:
(1) Shave your head
(2) Burn your hair
(3) Use a Brillo pad on your scalp
(4) Shave your eyelashes....

Ok, so I am really just kidding about all these steps. But seriously, it just sounds like you have dry skin that is mixing with a hair product, or perhaps makeup or any other kind of hair product.

As for the eyebrows, try using some of the cheap Wal*Mart offbrand heavy duty lotion. It works for me. Or a Dove soap bar (not the lotion).

Otherwise, consult a dermatologist if it is still bothering you.

Happy Hairing
Question #23048 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What would you say is the age of person who would likely get the most enjoyment from reading "A Series of Unfortunate Events?" by Lemony Snicket?

- OEEHPWW (Old Enough to Enjoy His Puns and Witty Writing)

A: Dear TBONTE (Those Books Offer Nothing to Enjoy),

I wish I could say that the perfect age for someone to read and enjoy Lemony Snicket's "A Series of Unfortunate Events" would be "no age." If I could say that, I would most certainly mean that nobody should read these books and what age they are should have nothing to do with it.

Since I can't say that though, I will say that Lemony Snicket books are a lot like Disney movies, I think. When one watches Disney movies as a child they're enjoyable and entertaining. However, when one watches a Disney movie as a relatively intelligent adult, one is able to catch much more adult humor.

In "Hercules," for example, there's a line when one of the characters yells something along the lines of, "Someone call IXII!!!" A four year old would have no idea what this means and probably wouldn't care. An adult would think it was great! (Then again, it's also probably because the movie "Hercules" doesn't involve a devilish man with a tattoo in the shape of an eye that wants to kill three innocent orphans.) On the flip side though, there are a lot of other things that escape me now because I haven't seen "Hercules" in so long and I'm not four anymore (nor was I four when it came out) that a child would laugh hysterically at and an adult would completely miss the humor of.

I think that's why Lemony Snicket and Disney are so successful. They appeal to all different ages. Just to clarify, "appeal" is a word which when used in regards to Disney movies means "attracting or arousing interest in a movie with a happy ending." However, when used to refer to Lemony Snicket, "appeal" means "a sick or strange attraction to sad stories about innocent children and evil associates."

I would like to point out that there are months and months of archived Board responses that you could read. Wouldn't that be more pleasant to do than read such awful books?

- Lavish
A: Dear clearly a fan,

I feel like I ought to point out here that Lavish came to my apartment last night to borrow my copy of The Slippery Slope, the tenth book in the series. Try as she might, she can't deny that she's really enjoying the series.

I'm a fan as well, but you probably already knew that from my copious references to it and from my profile in the About Us section (which is lifted entirely from The Miserable Mill, book the fourth).

- Optimistic.
A: Dear Optimistic,

Um... Who was it that made me read those awful books in the first place? Besides, I came over last night in an attempt to convince you to join us at the bowling alley. Nothing more.

- Lavish

(The fact that I left with a book because I wouldn't have time to buy it before Sunday is irrelevent.)
Question #23045 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So I was going through some boxes of my old hud and found a lot of negatives from the days when I used a traditional film-based camera. Now that I can scan in my old photos to my computer and reproduce them myself, do I need to keep the old negatives?

- Kodak Moment

A: Dear Kodak Moment,

Well, IF you have them scanned at a high enough resolution (400 ppi+) and IF you have them saved in a high enough colorspace (24 bit color -- you did calibrate your scanner with a color calibration target, right?) and IF you have a copy saved in an archival format (uncompressed TIFF or a maybe a lossless compressed format) and IF you have that copy backed up on an archival quality medium (gold archival CD -- MAM's supposedly come out with an archival quality DVD, but most archivists are waiting on that) and IF you're prepared to migrate to new physcial media every 10-15 years and IF you're also prepared to migrate to digital formats as older ones risk becoming obsolete then, yes, by all means, throw out your negatives.

This is just to point out that long term digital preservation isn't necessarily all one might think it is -- there are still a lot of advantages to keeping physical materials around. Granted, I'm coming at this from a librarian/archivist perspective, where you really just don't want to throw photographs or negatives away. If you don't think you'll need the photographs long term, or if you think your digital copies are good enough, then by all means, ditch the negatives.

- Katya
Question #23044 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Maren and I want to know if the library on campus does random fine forgivings. Do they?

The two best Librariacs at USU

A: Dear You and Maren,

Nothing random about it, in my experience. It's wholesale. I didn't pay a single library fine in the five years I attended BYU. I've heard of people having to pay fines -- indeed, I had a roommate who accrued and had forgiven so many fines that she was told she would never have another fine forgiven as long as her student-life was lived -- but so long as you don't abuse the privilege, I'm pretty sure they just forgive all the fines that come their way. And, really, I did abuse the privilege, but the privilege just kept coming back for more.

(I suppose there's a difference between my monthly five-or-ten dollar fines, though, and my roommate's checking out forty-two books and keeping them all for seven weeks after the due date. That, baby, is abusing the privilege.)

-A. A. Melyngoch
A: Dear Librariacs,

See also Board Question #10942.

- Katya
Question #23043 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

After giving a toast why is it customary to click glasses with the people sitting around you?

- King Tufu

A: Dear Tufu,

There are two primary beliefs and one... not so primary as to where this tradition came from.

The first is the most common belief that alcoholic drinks contain "spirits" and that noises, like clinking, would drive away the evil spirits and make them safe to drink.

The second comes from an old concern that a host might try to poison his guest through his drink. To show that the drink was safe the custom was for the guest to pour a small amount of his drink into the host's glass. They would then both drink simultaneously to assure that the drink containted no poison. If the guest wanted to further show his trust, he would symbolically touch the host's glass with his own.

The third is kind of a stretch, if you ask me but I'll throw it out there anyway. It's said that when people enjoy a drink they evaluate it with taste, smell, and touch. The "clink" would therefore be is the finale of sensory experience by adding hearing.

- Lavish
Question #23040 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How can I know when I'm flirting? Apparently I do it a lot without realizing it.

- Oblivious Girl

A: Dear Oblivious,

I love this question.

My sisters used to accuse me all the time of flirting with guys that I didn't intend to flirt with and it was so frustrating because I honestly didn't realize I was doing it. Some people just have a flirty personality.

I think the thing that makes a big difference is if you're accidentally flirting with everyone or accidentally flirting with your roommate's boyfriend. Some flirting does need to be consciously avoided, even if you think it's harmless.

Take a look at traditional flirty behavior and see if you're doing it. Notice the eye contact, the touching, the laughing at his jokes, the making time to see him, the going out of your way for him, etc. I think just being conscious of your flirting and the response you're getting from the person you're flirting with AND the other people in the room will tell you if your flirting is appropriate for the moment or not. As fun as flirting is, there is a time and a place for it.

When the other girls in the room are glaring at you, you're flirting. Make sure to set limits. I have a friend that's very flirty and ends up making out with all the guys she flirts with. Actually, I have a lot of friends like that... Hm... Anyway though, make sure to set limits so that you're not destroying your personality.

After that, a lot depends on the response received. Guys respond to attention so it's not exactly unknown to them that you're flirting. It's fun to get attention but you have to be careful about giving it. A lot of times you may flirt with someone accidentally and they'll end up being interested. Guys notice when a girl is paying attention to him and it's hard not to think she's interested.

There's nothing wrong with flirting, as long as it's done appropriately.

- Lavish
A: Dear Girl,

See also Board Question #21558.

Question #23011 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I previously asked a question regarding the vents by the SWKT, and I have tried finding the vent that was mentioned to still be working in question (Board Question #19728)... what side of the SWKT is it on? The one on the North East Corner isn't working...

- _Spartacus_

A: Dear Spartacus,

The vent mentioned in Board Question #19728 was indeed the vent in the northeast corner of the SWKT. (In fact, I didn't find any other vents at all during my mini walking tour of the exterior of the SWKT this afternoon.) When I wrote the answer to the original question, the vent was working (I promise you that I actually walked by it just to check) but when I walked by today it wasn't blowing out any air. So here we have an instance of things (gasp!) changing. That information was accurate at the time of posting, and this information is accurate at the time of posting. Seeing as how those times of posting are four months apart, you shouldn't be too surprised to see a change.

Question #23002 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In Board Question #13448, you answered someone's question when they asked if "The Final Countdown" by "Europe" was in Rocky IV. I too have been searching for this answer. Though your last answer did not prove much when I looked that album up the track was not #7 Please provide links this time

I am on a mission to prove someone wrong. I know I've heard this song in the movie before... though the last version of this movie I saw was on TV on the USA network about a year ago.

Is there any way you guys can prove that this track actually is in a version of Rocky IV? The actual song was released in 1986 while Rocky IV was released in 1985 so it is impossible for it to be in the orignal version. I'm 99.99% sure this song was in the movie when I watched the Rocky marathon on the USA netowork. Please help me find proof that this song was in Rocky IV and cite as much as possible please.

- Thanks, Rob

A: Dear Rob,

I tracked down a few internet sites that state that Europe's song appeared in the movie (like this one:

I couldn't find the movie at my local Blockbuster, sorry. I suggest you watch it and for once and for all settle the dispute.

-la bamba, who wishes she could've gotten the movie for you
Question #22982 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was talking to some friends from Sweden the other day. One told me he was sick, but after taking some garlic he felt much better. I had never heard of this remedy before. He told me when he served his mission in the states he was suprised that chicken noodle soup helped sickness.

I have also heard of missionaries going to foreign countrise where people wont drink hot drinks in the winter because they will explode.

So my question is... Where do these old "remedies" come from? Is there a book or something that has a list of old fashioned remedies, and why people use them and why they do or do not work? This would interest me greatly!

-Hates garlic

A: Dear Hates Garlic,

There are quite a few resources that can help you in your search for a comprehensive list of old-world remedies:

There are books here:

There are also books at BYU's library.
Good luck!

-la bamba
Question #22096 posted on 02/15/2006 3:01 a.m.

Dear LLL,
Thank you so much for your help with Board Question #21903. I went to the HBLL yesterday to test your findings. Apparently the Family History library has all old Church News on microfilm, and Periodicals has them all as hardcopies. So after some brief searching, I found that it wasn't from any of the dates that you mentioned. But have no fear! By flipping through the books, I found that the Deseret News only used that heading ("Church News Section") From July 25, 1948 to February 2, 1949. I then found the exact issue! It was Wednesday, December 8, 1948. (Apparently the Church News only came on Wednesdays back then.) Here is a picture of the thing:
[If possible, could you load the picture onto The Board, 'cause last time the bandwidth on my free server pooped out?]

So just for kicks, I went upstairs in the Wilk, and the Homecoming Queens that had similar do's as the girl on the right were from 1945, 1948, 1949, and 1950. I only found one that styled the same way as the girl on the left (1942). I guess she was just not up with the times. Also, the HCQ from 1953 had similar hair to the boy from my picture. :)
And now, so this is actually a question: what's the deal with immodest HC Queens? How could BYU support that? And who would vote for them?!

Thanks again for your help!
- Genealogist II

A: Dear Genealogist II,

Here's what the Honor Code office gave the Board:

See uploaded links: scan 001 and 003 for the Honor Code history.