"When you get a little older, you'll see how easy it is to become lured by the female of the species." - 1960's Batman TV show
Question #41689 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear Music Fan,

Re: Board Question #41492

You could also try Tunatic. I've had some success identifying songs with it, but I haven't tried it with an actual movie soundtrack. It's not perfect, but it's better than nothing.


- Seoman (who has had the same problem before)

Question #41688 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

(^41558): The least busy times to go to the baptistry on weekdays are between 9 and 3. After 3, high school kids and ward groups come. From when it opens to 8 is pretty busy too, but not nearly as busy as after school. The bestest times to go are between 11-2.

Mondays and days when high schools are out are hectic like you wouldn't believe (especially if they're right before holidays, too).

- Twister of Fate

Question #41683 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Regarding Board Question #41517 and the search for polyester ties:

For last Father's Day, I searched for a tie made out of something other than silk. Never found one. Ever, in any color. So I bought a pattern and made one. Then you can make it out of any fabric you want to, and they aren't actually that hard to make!

I have seen a couple of patterns, and I will warn you that both of them have been shorter than the average tie, among other problems (too wide around the collar or too thin in the front part, etc). If you are going to make one, get a normal tie off a rack to compare the pattern to before you make it. I have adapted the patterns I have and just finished teaching it to my girls in YW for them to make Christmas presents for their fathers. So if you want help and can drive up to Pleasant Grove for it, contact me at the.answer.is42 at hotmail dot com. I would be more than happy to help you make yours!

- The Answer is 42

Question #41679 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Regarding Board Question #41417:

To expand a bit on the excellent explanation given concerning the tempo of a turn signal, it might be useful to point out that if your turn signal is running faster than usual, it usually means one of the light bulbs is non-functional (the broken filament in the bulb changes the resistance in the circuit). Additionally, changing the flasher module in your car (often in the fuse block) with a different plug-compatible brand might change the tempo and the tone of the clicking sound as well.

- Daryl Gibson (who drums his fingers on the steering wheel in time to the flasher).

Question #41597 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Watch the clip at bronco.byu.edu. Tell me what you think. I just wanted to hear (or read as the case might be) your thoughts.

- Road runner

I think its awesome. I love the school spirit. Its like he is talking to me.

A: Dear So & So (the TGS member with school spirit, obviously):

"The connection has timed out

The server at bronco.byu.edu is taking too long to respond.

* The site could be temporarily unavailable or too busy. Try again in a few moments.

* If you are unable to load any pages, check your computer's network connection.

* If your computer or network is protected by a firewall or proxy, make sure that Firefox is permitted to access the Web."

That is what I think.

A: Dear Roadrunner

Huh. My reaction was exactly the same as Portia's. And, trust me, I was not attempting to access the site at a time of the day that it should have been experiencing anything remotely approaching high traffic. So I'm thinking the server's down.

-Humble Master
A: Dear Road Runner-

I refuse to even attempt the apparently broken link as a matter of principle. You didn't even ask me a question!

Question #41596 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So, I accept that I am the epitome of the male form with typical grace. But what is with my getting a sunburn? Huh? Clearly, my body is UNDEREVOLVED. Being able to be burnt by the sun - which I don't have to remind you Dromiceiomimus, shines on the Earth EVERY DAY - seems to me to be a pretty big limitation! Does this mean my body is ... less than perfect? My brain rejects that sentence as semantically invalid!

- T-Rex

A: T-Rex:

What if there was someone exactly like you in every way, only HE didn't get sunburns? You would be doomed to being a second tier character in your own life! Nobody (even yourself!) would care what you were up to, when there was someone exactly like you only he didn't get sunburns around! Well, let's be glad no such person exists then! ACTUALLY I THINK THERE'S A DUDE LIKE THAT JUST DOWN THE STREET

Aw boo!

-Utahraptor and God
Question #41593 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've had some questions recently that have gone way over the hundred hour limit (several weeks). Any thoughts on changing your name to the 1000 hour board, just to cover your bases?

- 716

A: Dear 716,

Hey, we offer that double-your-money-back guarantee. What more do you want?

A: Dear 716 ~

You could always apply and help solve the problem yourself... if you think you're better qualified for the challenge. Don't forget that it's the end of the semester and finals for most of our writers, too. Writers' time goes down at the same time that the number of questions asked goes up because all of our readers are trying to procrastinate their own finals. It's a tough time, but I'm sure you'll make it through.

~ Dragon Lady
A: Dear 716,

No, but we never claimed it was base ten, either. (Or base **********, for purists.)

- Katya
Question #41590 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Are there instances when instead of using i.e. you should use e.g. (or e.g. instead of i.e.)? Are they interchangeable or not? And what do they stand for?

- Grammar girl, who is hoping she hasn't been using i.e. and e.g. in the wrong manner her whole life!

A: Dear grammar,

i.e. = Id est, "that is"
e.g. = Exempli gratia, "for the sake of example"

From Wikipedia: "Exempli gratia (e.g.) and id est (i.e.) are commonly confused and misused in colloquial English. The former, exempli gratia, means "for example", and is used before giving examples of something ("I have lots of favorite colors, e.g., blue, green, and hot pink"). The latter, id est, means "that is", and is used before clarifying the meaning of something, when elaborating, specifying, or explaining rather than when giving examples ("I have lots of favorite colors, i.e., I can't decide on just one")."

Now you know, and knowing is half the battle!

A: Dear GG,

If you request grammar help from the Venerable Ones (i.e., 100 Hour Board writers), we're always happy to point you towards useful reference sources (e.g., The American Heritage Book of English Usage, Ask Oxford, Lynch Guide to Grammar and Style).

- Katya
Question #41589 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear Foreman-
You mention that one of your primary missions as a writer is "3) Score Mad Dates with Brainy Board-readin' Babes."
How is that working out for you? Do you have a dating application like some of the other writers do?
--Anna Karenina

A: Dear Russian Literary Figure-

Interestingly enough, you have not been the only one to express interest in that statement, nor to respond to that point. However, someone beat you (and me) to it.

I have had a few dates with readers thus far. Just this past weekend, in fact, I spent a lovely evening with the Board's very own Chillylint. Aside from having crazy-awesome seats for the MoTab Christmas concert, which was amazing, it was a fun drive to and fro with lots of funny and ridiculous conversation. Good times were had.

You, Anna, and all other ladies out there still have ample opportunity to hop on this train before it leaves the station. This is a great opportunity for any of you to fulfill your obligation to ask out a guy sometime in your life. Of course, with finals, Christmas, and holiday travel, it's doubtful that any of these "applications" will be acted upon until the new semester begins. While you're welcome to get an early start, don't worry if you haven't been contacted until well into January.

That said... apply away!

Question #41587 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dearest 100 Hour Board,

Let's suppose you were driving around town and you'd stopped briefly at a stoplight. A car on the other side of the road crosses the intersection towards you and doesn't veer- it drives straight towards you, to the extent that you're absolutely certain you're going to be hit head-on.
Would it be a better idea to let your car take the hit as is (in Drive), quickly shift into Park, or pull the Emergency brake?
There's probably some physics involved here, in that if you had the brake on the car would absorb more of the hit than if it took the hit and slid across the road. I'm not sure which would be more of a safe move, though.

- The Eraser

A: Dear The Eraser,

I'm not much of a physicist but I think it would be better to but the car in neutral and take as much of the hit sliding. The impact is going to jar you no matter what but if you aren't the thing staying in place stopping it but rather slowing it down some, maybe it will be less of a hit. That's my guess. I would try to research this more...but it's not quite my specialty. Perhaps someone else will prove me wrong.

- steen
A: Dear Eraser,

steen is right. The best option would be to put your car in neutral. That way you spread out the impact at least a little bit, rather than taking it all in one jolt. Either way, though, that's going to be quite the hit, and I'm not sure it would really make that much of a difference no matter which you picked.

—Laser Jock
Question #41586 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why won't the Subway in the Cougareat accept my Subway gift card? When I asked the worker, he said it was just a "weird BYU rule" and that he didn't know anything more about it. Is there actually a legit reason?

- sally monella

A: Dear sally monella,

Have you ever seen an ad for a fast food promotion that said "at participating locations" in fine print? Well, the Subway in the Cougareat isn't part of the same franchise as the rest of the Subways in the Provo area. (I assume that's because it's owned by BYU, but I'm not sure.) This means that the BYU Subway doesn't participate in Subway chain promotions and contests and, unfortunately, that non-participation apparently extends to using your gift card. (If you check out the "participating restaurants" at www.mysubwaycard.com, you'll find that the BYU campus Subway isn't listed.)

This really stinks for you if someone gave you this card so you could use it for on campus meals. However, you can use the card at the Subway on 900 E. (across the street from Creamery), if you don't mind the walk.

- Katya
Question #41584 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So, a long time ago, I told my friends I didn't like the guys they hang out with...and it was mostly for moral-related reasons. But since then, I have gotten to know them a little bit, and they're actually pretty fun guys. They still have the moral issues, and I still don't appreciate that, but I'm much less inclined to hate them.

Recently, one of my friends started dating one of the guys, and it seems like things have been really awkward between us because of it. I haven't said anything to her about it recently, but I think she still thinks I hate them. I don't hate them. I don't particularly like certain aspects of their personalities and/or character, but I don't hate them. Should I say something to her about it? I've debated this with myself for the past few weeks, and I just can't decide.

-Doesn't want the boy to come between us

A: Dear,

This is what you do. Sometime, when you're both around together, doing dishes or whatever, say something like this.

"You know, I was just feeling a little bad about that time when I said I wasn't a big fan of these guys. I've gotten to know them better since then, and though they're still not my role models for life, I really do like them, now. I just didn't want you to think I still disliked them or was resenting them being around. I hope I haven't made things awkward. Hey, can you hand me that sponge?"

Then if she wants to talk about it, she can, and if not, at least she knows you're not muttering curses to yourself every time she walks in with him.

-Uffish Thought
Question #41580 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Hey 100 Hour Board,

I am not sure how many you have seen of these, but I have done a little of my own research. Anyway, I'm a short returned missionary of less than 6 months here at BYU and basically I am exhibiting the classic symptoms of the the post missionary syndrome, more so this past month, in which I can't get any 2nd dates and recently not any first dates. Now I know the key is to being confident and have good self esteem, also I read something about working out and getting a good hair style. So my questions come in parts, What would you suggest to get over this dratted condition? Is there a website to show how I can comb my hair in a way girls would like it (Does combing it backwards work?) And any other dating advice or getting over the mission advice you can give.

PS. I know it is important to get married, but I figure, if I can barely get a date, what is the likely hood of me getting married soon? So no need to mention the advice of getting married, unless you do it oh so hilariously.

- Super awkward recently returned missionary man

A: Dear Elder Awkward:

Hmm, I thought classic RRM (recently returned missionary disorder) had symptoms of slipping into a foreign language and an uncontrollable urge to ask freshmen girls on dates. Huh.

I hate to break it to you: but the "short" part gives you minus points in a lot of girls' eyes. I want to make it clear that I am not one of those girls, and have known some attractive, fun short guys in my time, and have nothing against them . . . but then, I'm short. If you're, say, 5'6", I'd stick to asking out girls 5'4" or 5'3" or shorter: you might have better luck, and we're not that hard to find.

It is the last week of classes, bro. Not exactly prime time for first dates. You don't have to have a date every weekend to be a worthwhile person.

Find other good activities to be interested in. Talented, involved guys are much more attractive: and I, for one, don't exactly like the thought of just being one girl in a machine-gun line-up of dating frenzy. Focus on the girls you're really interested in.

Working out can't hurt, but I tend to think of guys who spend hours and hours on that a day as sort of shallow.

I would suggest dressing well. This doesn't have to be trendy, but this does mean avoiding things like tapered jeans, socks with sandals, wearing white socks with dark dress shoes: you know, common sense sort of stuff.

Hair can be a big deal-maker or -breaker for me. Good job picking up on that.

Haristyles I like (Keep in mind, this is just me):
Young John Mayer
Really, I like both Josh Duhamel's and Topher Grace's (despite the latter's dumb name) here.
Non-emo Peter Parker.
Jake Gyllenhaal

(Can you tell I'm biased towards brunettes? Haha.)

Hairstyles I don't like:
This Fall Out Boy wonder. (Although it's pretty funny to imagine your typical conservative RM with it.)
The fauxhawk.
Strangely colored mohawks.
A mullet. (Shudder.)
Emo Peter Parker.
I am so against side-parted hair, it's not even funny. This is a very popular style with awkward RMs. Break away!

NO NO NO do NOT comb it backwards. Do you want to look like this? (Correct answer: no.)

Ideal guy hair, in my mind: brown. In a happy place between missionary cut and shag. A little gel, but not 2001- style (no porcupine spikes.) No part. Combed a little bit up, I guess, not back. No highlights. No greasiness. That being said, don't go all metro on me and spend an hour in front of the mirror. Ten minutes, max.

Speaking of hair: some facial hair can be attractive. And I don't think BYU will really yell at you. Don't be a lumberjack, but since you're short, you don't want to look prepubescent. At least look like you could grow a beard, if you wanted to.

Good luck! My roommates are always wanting dates. Maybe you should ask some of them out. Don't just go for the extreme hotties: we girls who might be more "cute" than "hot" can be fun, too. And often a bit nicer, as well.

A: Dear Super,

I'm going to have to comment on the whole hairstyle thing. You really just need to find something that works for you, and I think some guys look really cute with a side-part or fauxhawk. I even have a professor who manages to pull off the whole combing it all backwards thing, and it looks good. Seriously. You really just need a sister or a roommate with some good style sense to tell you what would look good. That's my two cents.

Question #41577 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

The JFSB has been in use for over two years now, but the area on the 2nd and 3rd floors of the east side is still under construction. It just says "exhibit under construction" on the doors, but 2 years seems to be a little long. What is going on there?

- utard

A: Dear tarded,

Are you talking about Board Question #40795?

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #41575 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Since when is my cash no longer legal tender? On my bills it clearly states "This note is legal tender for all debts, public and private". The other day I went to the testing center to take a test late and attempted to offer them a genuine $5 Federal Reserve Note. Instead, they refused it and charged my account.

If I offer them money that is legally valid, and they refuse it, do I still have to pay? Why do they get the authority to declare that Federal Reserve Notes are no longer currency? My understanding is that if I have a debt with them, offer legitimate money to pay said debt, and they refuse it, then I no longer have to pay.

- Lopez el Pesado

A: Dear Lopez the heavy,

Oh, stop complaining. Perhaps they're simply not authorized to accept your cash on behalf of the Testing Center anymore. I'm sure that if you really want to pay with cash, there's a way to do so. However, it probably involves a trip to the Cashier's Office in the ASB, or if you're lucky, an administrative office in the Testing Center. The ability to charge your university account is merely a matter of convenience.

See, the point is that your debt isn't to that particular Testing Center employee, but rather to the Testing Center as a whole. Now, if the entire Testing Center refused to accept your money, then you might have a point. But as that's not the case, you have nothing to worry about.

Good luck on your finals!

Question #41574 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Hey you guyz, boolean operators don't work for me. I've tried typing something like 'rock NOT roll', and it doesn't work. It's annoying. Do you know what I am doing wrong? I've tried on Yahoo and Google.

- Lucy Pevensie

A: Dear Lucy,

On Google, use the search term rock -roll. In Yahoo, do the same thing.

If you'd like to see more general searching tips, see here for Google or here for Yahoo.


Question #41573 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Just out of, uh, curiosity, if you're following a car thats speeding a bit, and you're speeding too (I promise it doesn't happen that often), will you still get pulled over instead of the person in front of you? Or does it decrease your chance to get pulled over if you are folling a speeding car?

- Elfy

A: Dear Elfy,

I have always been under the impression that the person in the front would get the ticket because they would appear to be going faster (being in the front). Certain friends have always told me that if I want to drive fast that I should find a scapegoat who is driving just as fast so I could follow them, and they knew this from experience. This would lead me to believe that the cop would go after the person who appears to be going faster (aka: the person in the front).

Therefore, I am going to perpetuate that rumor by saying that the person in the front is more likely to get pulled over. Partially because that is the method that I use and I have never gotten a speeding ticket!

~Krishna, who is too chicken to actually call a police station and ask this question.
Question #41571 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I could use some good literature. Care to suggest some good reads?

- ,

A: Dear hyphen-comma,

Search the archives. Specifically the "Literature" category. You'll find recommendations all over the place.

Question #41564 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Is bagged salad just as healthy for you as using fresh lettuce, carrots, etc...? And is there any way to keep it fresh for more than a day or two???

- Trying to eat healthy...

A: Dear Trying,

According to my dietetics-major roommate, the main way that salad vegetables can lose nutritional value is through oxidation. Since bagging salads usually helps prevent oxidation, some of the nutrients might actually be protected. It may be important to consider what kind of bagged salad you're talking about, though. The most popular bagged salads seem to be the ones with a lot of iceberg lettuce. Iceberg lettuce is mostly water and thus has much less nutritional value than darker lettuces such as romaine.

As for helping your salads last longer, the most important thing you can do is make sure that the salad stays as dry as possible. One good suggestion is to put a dry paper towel under your salad when you refrigerate it - the paper towel will absorb any excess moisture, keeping your salad fresh longer. Of course, it will still wilt pretty quickly. The best way to keep salad from going bad is to eat it as soon as possible!

A: Dear Health Nut-

Hermia's explanation made sense to me, but I also ran across some studies that show an overall detrimental effect on nutritious value. Apparently, after being cut, packaged salads and vegetables are rather prone to losing nutrients, especially those that are water-soluble (such as vitamin C). A few of the findings on this site:
TKO ORGANICS BABY ASIAN MIX claimed to have 20 percent of vitamin C; it had 13 percent. Total bacteria count: 2.3 million (high).

TKO ORGANICS BABY SPRING MIX claimed to have 8 percent of required vitamin C; it had 2 percent. Total bacteria count: 2.1 million (high).

VERDELLI SPINACH claimed to have 25 percent of vitamin C; it had 4 percent. Total bacteria count: 2.8 million (high).

Apparently these vegetables often also go through a chlorine bath ("often. . .of a greater concentration than the local swimming pool," says this site and are packaged in a low-oxygen atmosphere (slowing decay; Hermia's on, there). However, they also tend to be remarkably high in bacteria; non-pathogenic, in most cases, but I think this year's news stories show that sometimes that's not the case.

Really, I'm as bummed as you are. I only lately learned the virtues of baby spinach, and the bagged variety is so much easier...

Question #41562 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is there an easy way to make the number go away next to My Questions? I usually just read the answers straight off the main page, but sometimes I go in and manually open each question, just to make it stop flashing at me. But lately, I've let them pile up...a lot. There's a daunting number inside those parentheses...


A: Dear distracted,

You could always stop asking so many questions. ;)

- Katya
A: Dear distracted,

I was feeling benevolent, so I took care of those for you.

-Curious Physics Minor
Question #41556 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,


You are going home for Christmas for three weeks (hooray!) via airplane. Due to time constraints, dislike of airport bureaucracy, not wanting to mess with lines and crowds (at least, as much as you can when dealing with an airport) etc. you decide to bypass baggage check completely and limit yourself to one standard size carry-on item and a purse-type-thing/backpack-ish-deal/briefcase (whatever you feel most comfortable carrying). Assume that you can safely leave whatever you don't bring at your current place of residence.


What do you pack?

- 'Cause I'm leaving, on a jet plane...

A: Dear but You DO Know When You'll Be Back Again-


You are going home for Christmas for three weeks: Not quite true for me, but I can roll with it.

(hooray!): Yay!

you decide to bypass baggage check completely: Sounds like a good idea...

and limit yourself to one standard size carry-on item and a purse-type-thing/backpack-ish-deal/briefcase (whatever you feel most comfortable carrying): It's a European Male Carry-all!

Assume that you can safely leave whatever you don't bring at your current place of residence: You haven't met my roommates.

What do you pack?: Well, that's not too hard; I travel light anyway. I would bring: several days worth of underwear (whichever variety you're in nowadays), a matching number of pairs of socks, a matching number of shirts, a pair of jeans (two, if you're finicky), and my will to do laundry. Also: deodorant, shampoo and conditioner, body wash and pouf (that's right, I said it), toothbrush and paste, contact solution and case, and electric razor. Plus a coat (wearing) and an mp3 player (on my person). And books.

Yes, I actually fit all of this into a potential carry-on bag for feasibility's sake. Easily.

The thing with going home is you can count on them to have things you don't want to bring. I mean, I could get by without a towel, because I know there's going to be a whole cabinet full of them (though a towel is the most useful thing a traveler can bring.) I know I can bring a small amount of clothing because there are free laundry facilities. Heck, I could probably show up with nothing except what's in my pockets and be fine.

Two things to consider, though:
1) In my flying experience, baggage check usually isn't the most time-consuming part. You can get your bags checked in ten minutes, and still spend an hour in line for security. I'm honestly not sure how much time difference this will make for you. Except maybe on the pick-up end.
2) How are you going to transport all of your presents back here?!

Think about it.


PS- Church clothes, too. I forgot. Whoops.

PPS- I'm a guy. You're a girl (I think). Hopefully you avoid the stereotype and can manage to pack light.
A: Dear John Denver,

I actually did this for my trip home for Thanksgiving. Let me just say it was an incredibly liberating experience - there was no hassle at either airport, I didn't have to lug a heavy duffel around, and it was easier to pack everything back up for the return trip. However, I do want to second Foreman that it might be difficult to get all of your loot back to Provo - you definitely want to think about that.

If you've got a way around this problem, though, I say go for it! Here's what I packed last month:

Two pairs jeans
Five tops
Sunday clothes
Adequate sock and underwear supply (this number pretty much determines how often you'll be doing laundry)
One extra pair shoes
Basic make up
Contact case/solution

All of this stuff fit nicely in my school backpack, leaving enough room for a textbook and a couple of movies I wanted to show my family.

Now, you may have noticed that a few basics are missing - this is because I regress to my high school days when I go home and mooch off my parents for stuff like shampoo, soap, toothpaste, flat-iron, towels and the like. If you want to bring your own toiletry stuff, I'd recommend buying some travel-sized bottles and pour your favorite products into them (travel-sized products are overpriced).

You also need to consider the limitations of carry-on luggage nowadays. For example, you can't take a razor on a plane, so you'll need to be willing to buy a new one after you arrive (I'd buy a really cheap one, as you won't be able to take it back with you). You also need to consider the FFA's restrictions on liquids. Their current rule is known as "3-1-1." This means that carry-on liquids must be in 3 oz or smaller bottles, all bottles must fit in one quart sized bag, and each passenger may only carry on one such quart sized bag. This can take some creative planning, but it's definitely possible (especially if you're willing to mooch of your family a bit like me).

Have a great trip!

A: Dear Tzut,

Guess what. This is how I travel always (except for when I don't). Generally I take two pairs of pants, a couple of shirts, and that's it. I have everything else at home already.

A: dear leaving,

well, isn't that nice for all you hypotheticals. but here in the real world i'll be hanging around provo for christmas. in answer to your question, i won't pack a thing. unless you count the presents i'll mail home. in a package. ho ho ho.

A: Dear 'Cause ~

Just a few other things to keep in mind:

- Packing liquids of any kind in a carry-on can be tricky. Pack as few liquids, gels or aerosols as possible. They have to be in 3 oz. or smaller containers and all fit in a quart-sized ziplock bag. I would suggest using the shampoo and toothpaste at your parent's house. Or buying a cheap bottle when you get there.

- Ask for a suitcase for Christmas. Then put all your presents in that to check on your way home. Or ship them back. I am an advocate for avoiding hassle at all costs. So why check luggage on the way home just so you can check it on the way back? That's silly. Don't check anything to get there, and just pack all your presents in a check-in-able state for the trip back. Or just ask for money so you can fit it in your wallet.

Other than that, my advice is simply to only pack the bare necessities. Take pants and a skirt that you can wear with multiple shirts (and take the multiple shirts, too) for every day and for Sundays. Be prepared to do laundry. Steel yourself for wearing the same clothes over and over again. Distinguish between wants and needs. Take only needs. Then fill up extra space with high-end wants. Oh, and don't forget any Christmas presents your taking to give at home.

~ Dragon Lady
Question #41555 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I took an art class a few semesters ago (Fall 2006). We had to put together a portfolio with everything we drew during the semester and then hand it in for our final. Since then, I've heard nothing from the professor about getting our work back. I've emailed him like three times, and the first time he emailed me back saying that he just needed to set up a time to hand all our work back. The other times he never wrote back. I'd really like my stuff back, considering all the work I put into it. It's been almost two years. I'm not sure if he's even a professor here anymore. What should I do?

- Disgruntled Moon Lizard

A: Dear disgruntled,

It does indeed sound like your professor is being difficult. I would recommend going and seeing your professor in person. Look the professor up on the BYU directory and call their office or try going by their office. Some professors are really busy and things just slip their minds when they are doing other things. But like I said, go to the BYU Directory. You should be able to find some contact information besides just e-mail. If you are there in person or directly on the phone you'll be a lot harder to ignore.

Question #41552 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So I was at work the other day and this Indian girl who clearly had down syndrome came through my line. I was really surprised and realized that this was the first time I've ever seen anyone besides caucasians with the disorder. It made me wonder if there is a greater prevalence for downsyndrome amongst any particular group?

most sincerely
falcon sister

A: Dear Sis. Bird of Prey:

From PubMed:
The pattern of maternal age-specific Down syndrome rates among Far East Asians and Filipinos was similar to that among whites--Down syndrome rates increased with maternal age, with the increase in rate being most obvious for maternal age groups of 35 years or greater. However, for maternal age of 35 years or greater, the Down syndrome rate was lower for Pacific Islanders than whites, with the difference between the two racial/ethnic groups being significant for maternal age of 40 years or greater (rate ratio 0.13, 95% confidence interval 0.02-0.48). CONCLUSIONS: All racial/ethnic groups do not appear to demonstrate the same maternal age pattern of Down syndrome rates as whites. ("Maternal age-specific Down syndrome rates by maternal race/ethnicity, Hawaii, 1986-2000." Forrester MB, Merz RD.)
In sum, before 35, this study found that mothers from these four races have a roughly equal chance of giving birth to a baby with Down syndrome. After that age, the rate increases for Caucasians, but not the other groups.

This study agrees:
In a comparison of quinquennial maternal age-specific risk rates of Down syndrome by race, Hispanics and whites were the only groups with rates that differed significantly from each other, with Hispanics exhibiting higher rates at maternal ages under 40 years. The overall reduction in live births with Down syndrome in 1989–1991 that could be attributed to prenatal diagnosis and elective abortion of affected fetuses was 25.8%, with a 49.1% reduction being observed at maternal ages ≥ 35 years. In 1990–1991, Hispanics had the lowest overall reduction (10.0%), while whites had the highest reduction (46.3%). ("Epidemiologic Study of Down Syndrome in a Racially Diverse California Population, 1989–1991." Jennifer Bishop, Carl A. Huether, Claudine Torfs, Frederick Lorey and James Deddens.)
In these studies, white women were the most likely to abort their fetuses once they learned they had Down syndrome; Hispanics, the least. This would mean that you might actually see fewer white kids with Down's, at least compared to Hispanics.

However, this might explain why you might not see as many blacks with Down's:
By age 20, blacks with Down syndrome are more than seven times as likely to die as whites." ("Black children with Down syndrome don't live as long," Houston Chronicle.)
If you meant "Native American" by "Indian," you will find this interesting:
Down Syndrome incidence rates among Native Americans (19.68/10,000 live births and fetal deaths) exceed the rates for Hispanics and Whites in 1991 by 33.6 and 99 percent respectively. ("Arizona Birth Defects Monitoring Program: Annual Reports")
There is also a high rate of Down's among people from India (if that is what you meant by "Indian."):
"With a very large population and high birth rate, and consanguineous marriage favoured in many communities, there is a high prevalence of genetic disorders in India. An estimated 21,400 infants with Down syndrome are born each year. ("The Burden of Genetic Disorders in India and a Framework for Community Control." I.C. Verma, S. Bijarnia)
There are 22.01 births per 1,000 people per year in India, so using a little cross-multiplication, we can figure that there are 22,594,336 people are born each year in India. (Wow!) That would be an incidence of 0.0947% For comparison, the incidence among Native Americans was 0.1968%: these values were lower for Hispanics, and much lower for Whites.

In sum, whites actually have among the lowest incidence of Down's, but they often live longer lives than those of other races with the syndrome. Also, whites are more likely to have children at a later age, which I'm sure you knew already very much increases the chance you'll have a child with genetic mutations. These two factors might explain your perception that there are more whites with Down's: bear in mind, however, that there are many unseen children of all races with Down's that were aborted (either naturally or artificially) before birth.

Whether this child was a Native American or from India, it's not terribly surprising: you just might not have had as much exposure to these ethnic groups.

Thank you for the interesting question!

A: Dear falcon ~

Portia covered it pretty well. I just wanted to add that you probably see more Caucasians with Down Syndrome because you probably see more Caucasians in general. Of course, this depends entirely on where you live, but I'm assuming you live in Provo since you didn't state otherwise. With a greater density of Caucasians, you're much more likely to see a higher number of any such syndrome.

~ Dragon Lady
Question #41522 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So did any of you go to the "best of" divine comedy show? I thought it was great! Except Cell and Platelet. Were any of you annoyed by them? It seemed as though they kept trying to shove themselves into skits where they were completely pointless...

How do you feel about Cell and Platelet?

-I'm going to miss Paul

A: Dear

I did go. I enjoyed myself. My feelings toward Cell and Platelet are pretty neutral, though. But the Sexy Stache song was AWESOME!!

A: Dear Paul-misser,

Nope, I didn't go. I haven't been to see Divine Comedy all semester, in fact. I wasn't at all impressed with them last year, although now that Mary Hedengren is back, I think it may be time for me to give them another chance.


A: Dear Gonna Miss Paul,

I didn't go to the best-of show, but I did go to the last regular one of the semester, in which Cell and Platelet played a very active role. I thought they were funny at first - they hit the cheesy pre-school-lesson nail right on the head. But I agree with you, they did tend to hang around a bit too much after that. But then again, I imagine that anyone who would be willing to dress up like parts of our blood for preschoolers might be prone to such annoying behavior, so maybe it almost makes sense.

Question #41490 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is it possible to create your own Study Abroad, say to Greece and still get BYu/transfer credit for it?
How would one go about doing such a thing? What if I went with another schools program?

- Desperate to Get Out of the U.S.

A: Dear Desperate,

Are you desperate to go to Greece, or just anywhere outside the U.S.? Because if you're not picky about where you go, why not just do a BYU study abroad? Or an international field study. You can't really create your own study abroad, but you can basically do whatever you want to for a field study. BYU doesn't have any in Greece at the moment, but there are lots of other cool places in the world where they do. Visit the Kennedy Center website for more information.


A: Dear Desperate ~

If you're clever, you could probably also figure out how to get internship credit for your major while in Greece. I had it figured out how to get internship credit while in Russia for Media Arts. Just try to think, what could I do in Greece that is applicable to my major? Then propose it to your department. Then you just have to plan your own trip to Greece and do it.

~ Dragon Lady
Question #41439 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If someone lived at sea-level, then went to Provo (or Mount McKinley, or Mount Everest), would the altitude difference have any significant effect (if any) on the person's weight?

- Green Apple, pondering on the effects of gravity

A: Dear Granny,

It would have a very small effect, yes. Using the average radius of the earth as a starting approximation, and then adding the heights of Mt. Everest, Mt. McKinley, and Provo, I got the following figures (see the law of gravitation):

Mt. Everest: 99.7% of weight at sea level
Mt. McKinley: 99.8%
Provo: 99.96%

—Laser Jock
Question #41431 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I'm a huge fan of Chunga and Mister and I know other are too. Well I just had a baby and have been out of the loop and I just turned it on to find out Mister West is gone. Does anyone know what happened? Why is it just the Chunga Show and what happened to Steve Oldfield?

- Heather

A: Dear Radio-Listener:

I emailed Jimmy Chunga himself, and never got a response. I called them, and they said "because Mister doesn't work here anymore." Talk about anti-climatic! If you have a burning desire to know more, you could try emailing or calling yourself and see if you have better luck than I had.

Question #41316 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why does candy rot your teeth?

-So Good.

A: Dear So Good. ,

Technically, candy does not rot your teeth. However, the eating of candy is the first step to rot your teeth. Allow me to use a story to illustrate. My younger brother has always had issues with flossing his teeth. He's never had a cavity so this makes it even harder to convince him to floss. Our dentist made an impact for a few months by telling my brother that there are lots of bacteria in your mouth that feed on candy and other such food items that stay in your mouth for extended periods of time. The dentist asked my brother what happens when you eat. The answer: go to the bathroom. So there you have it. Your teeth rot because there are millions of tiny bacteria in your mouth eating the substances you can't brush away and pooping on your teeth which then rots them. More or less.

- steen
Question #41305 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I recently went to a professor and begged him to let me into a class for Winter 2008. He said I had to wait...but told me to look at the class syllabus online, which made me wonder...IS there a way to view a syllabus for a class in which you are not registered?

I didn't want to further debate with the professor, since I still need to be in his good graces.

- (Frustrated with Registration)

A: Dear Frustrated,

Some departments have current or past syllabi online. For some examples, I quickly checked the department websites of the physics, psychology, history, Spanish (click "Syllabi"), and exercise science (click "undergraduate course outlines") departments and found syllabi posted. If you go to the website of the department in question and can't find such a list, try calling the department office and asking where to go. And if all that doesn't work, try asking the professor where to look for the syllabus.

—Laser Jock
Question #41219 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In the Eyering science center at one of the displays there is a quote by Brigham Young where he says that there is not such thing as empty space. If this is the case, what is in between the core of an atom and the electrons flying around it?

- Red

A: Dear Red,

Why, virtual particles, of course. Due to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, particles can spontaneously appear out of nothing as long as they annihilate each other within a short enough period of time. Although they cannot be observed directly, they can interact with other particles before disappearing. One measurable example of this is the Casimir effect.

You may wonder "Are virtual particles really constantly popping in and out of existence? Or are they merely a mathematical bookkeeping device for quantum mechanics?" Here's part of an answer given in Scientific American by a theoretical physicist:
Virtual particles are indeed real and have observable effects that physicists have devised ways of measuring. Their properties and consequences are well established and well understood consequences of quantum mechanics.
-Gordon Kane, director of the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
He wrote a bit more; for more details on virtual particles, and some other examples of how the can be measured, see the article linked above.

—Laser Jock
Question #40335 posted on 12/18/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I am looking for a copy of the TMA 102 syllabus for Winter 07. (It's different every semester, because a different professor teaches it each semester.) I can't find a copy anywhere. Thanks for your help!

A: Dear " ",

Thanks to the wonderful secretaries in the TMA office I found out that Assistant Professor Tom Russell taught TMA 102 in Winter 2007. To obtain a copy of that syllabus you will need to brandish your reasons why to thomas_russell@byu.edu. Good luck!

-Just Another Cassio
...who loves TMA.