"My brother is too kind. He was eminent when my eminence was only imminent." -Niles Crane
Question #36790 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear Green-thumb, in re. Board Question #36552

Butch got back with more info about the roses at the temple.

That rose at the temple is called the "Easy Care" rose. Some extra info: the rose is a limited patented variety that is hard to come by. Chances are you won't find it anywhere this year, and if you really want one, look for it early next Spring. There are many types of roses very similar to this one, so don't feel restricted.

-Uffish Thought

Question #36766 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I just wanted to respond to Board Question #36643 if I may. I have been in the performing arts my whole life. I bring that up only to say that because of this I've seen lots of eating disorders in people including myself.

Bulimia is actually a cycle of binge and purge whether it be through fasting, throwing up or laxatives followed by massive "binge" eating and then more purging... Some people do lose weight but it's usually combined with anorexia problems too (which is when one hardly eats and turns into a waif), so from a purely physical stance it can be difficult to tell if someone has an eating disorder unless it's advanced stages of anorexia which has very particular physical effects. Therefore, the attitudes and behaviors of a person are usually the best indicator of a possible problem, and unfortunately this girl's symptoms sound EXACTLY like mine. I had the same attitude about myself-I didn't believe anyone could possibly be attracted to me if I wasn't stick-thin. I would go on long fasts but wouldn't lost any weight because I would binge later. I was obsessed with food-how much I ate and when-how hungry I felt-exactly how many calories I ate and burned, etc. Granted I could still be wrong about her but all my experience would say that this girl has a problem and it's a very difficult and complicated one.

With an eating disorder you actually see your body as being grossly overweight no matter what it looks like. It's hard to understand but as I started to come out of my eating disorder I physically saw my body differently and more positively-or at least closer to how I REALLY looked which wasn't nearly as unattractive as I thought. For me the biggest help was being around people who loved me and thought I was beautiful and attractive no matter what-and they didn't just tell me to make me feel better, they meant it. It helped me to realize that I'm not just valued for my body and I came to appreciate my body more than hate it and abuse it for not meeting some ridiculous standard.
I still have moments where I slip back, but the best thing you could do for someone is to let them know how much you appreciate them for who they are and pray for them since they have to make the choice to change themselves. Good luck.


Question #36691 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Another nertz question...who invented it? I have a friend who honestly thinks her family did. What do you think?

- Again, the nertz lover

A: Dear once more,

Uh, yeah, her family didn't invent it. I was introduced to the game (called Demon) in Florida in 1992 by my sister who had learned it from her in-laws, who had moved from Maryland and it's been around long before that, although nobody really knows where it originated. The National Nertz Association acknowledges the game's lack of history on its website here, stating that although it's been known for at least 70 years, no one knows where it came from except that it is derived from solitaire.

To complicate matters, there is a similar game that was made by the Pennsylvania Dutch (presumably to avoid evil face cards) called Dutch Blitz, which may or may not have been based on a probably older European game called Ligretto.

Time now to pause for a funny story. Right after my mission I lived with twin brothers that had both served in Germany and brought home this great game they found called Ligretto. They weren't familiar with Nertz (and I actually didn't know it was popular in Utah until later) and were thoroughly surprised when I trounced them with my "Demon" skills right after "learning" the game.

So, no, I highly doubt that her family created a game that spans nearly a century and several continents. Unfortunately, the inventor of this fabulous game will likely never be known. May we have a moment of silence, please, in werf's honor.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #36690 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So my friends and I are addicted to Nertz (the card game), anyway yesterday and today there were only two of us, but we tried to play anyway. So as it turns out, I won nertz EVERY time. She didn't win once (sad I know). So here's my question: Why did I win every time? Honestly, I said that it was skill, and of course, she said it was luck. But how could I have won EVERY game?!? I mean we played probably 20 games!

- Nertz Lover (who has skill)

A: Dear Nerts lover,

Sorry, that's how we always spelled it growing up, so I'm going to. :)

That many games is probably a good combination of both, along with the groove you both got into. Sometimes you really just get a bad hand, and luck is the only thing to be blamed. However, you were probably on a rush from the winning streak, which probably spurred you along, and your friend may have moved a little slower because she didn't have that.

Past that, I've noticed that sometimes the skills that may help you win against one person don't help you against someone else. What's your strategy? If you're best at watching for places to get rid of your cards, while she's best at building up in the middle, you aren't giving her time to do any points-racking because you run out of your cards too quickly. While her strategy might work great against someone who's slower, and yours works well against someone who uses her strategy, there you have it. Who knows. I'd have to know more about your styles.

Happy Nerts-ing ...

A: Dear skillz,

I, too, am a devotee of Nertz and I've had this exact same discussion with someone. She claimed Nertz is more about luck than skill, but I disagree.

While Nertz unarguably requires some luck, there are some people who will consistently win. Since there really isn't any such thing as luck, this has to be explained by a difference in skill.

I think the people that think the game is mostly luck think that because their strategy is the same as everyone else's. There is some decision making involved in deciding whether to stack a card or not, but I think most people do this equally well. The real skill in Nertz is threefold:
  1. Cycling through your deck quickly
  2. Being aware of the discard piles while cycling through your deck
  3. Being quick from your piles to the discard piles
Let me explain. If you can cycle through your deck faster than the next person, you're more likely to find cards you can place. If you know the state of the discard piles at all times, you're more likely to be able to put your card out. If you're fast on the draw, you're more likely to beat your opponent to the discard pile, which creates more opportunities for you and severely hampers your opponent. (The second and third actually go together, because if you know a pile has a 2 on it and you have the 4, when someone moves toward that pile you can have your 4 in hand ready to play.)

The really good players are even aware of the other players' cards, so they know what to watch out for (and when to "help" the other player by suggesting they play a card). So although there isn't a better strategy per se, you can be more skilled at the mechanics of Nertz, namely speed and awareness. And if you need more of a challenge, send me an email.

-=Optimus Prime=-
A: Dear Nertz lover

I played a round of Nertz this evening, and while I fancy myself a fairly good player, I, and everyone else playing, got 100 percent completely worked by a girl in the group. Hand in and hand out, we were humbled. She dominated (in the first game the future Mrs. Master gave her a run for her money, but in the second game it was not even close at all). Yeah, there's the random element of the order of the cards, but there is also plain old skill, and she had it (and it sounds like you may as well).

-Humble Master
Question #36689 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I am from the great state of Tennessee and I feel I have been blessed with a southern accent. The reason I say blessed is because when I travel to Utah and when I attended BYU (only for 1 semester) everyone is in love with my accent and I am sure it got me a few dates that I otherwise would have never gotten. However, I now attend a university here in Tennessee and it seems that I am looked down upon because of my strong accent, like I am cursed with it! Has this happened to me because people in Utah are nicer than people in the South (which the south is known for its hospitality)? I feel like I have to change just to be accepted or be considered an "educated" person. Help me o' great and wise board.

- sothern_accent

A: Dear,

Stereotypically, a southern accent is seen as an indicator of low mental strength. Also, beauty, ditziness, and charm in women, and over-the-top gentlemanliness in men. People tend to enjoy accents that are different than usual, and that, as well as the attractive portions of the stereotypical accent, are, I assume, what got you the extra dates.

You have two paths before you. You may change your accent, and thus make it easier for those around you to see you as an intelligent, or at least average-intellected individual. Or, you may, through sheer persistence and force of will, convince them that though to them you sound like a ditz or a hick, you have a huge mental capacity. I've seen both happen. The first will yield more immediate results, of course, but the second can be effective, too, eventually.

Myself, I'd change my accent to fit my surroundings, gradually. It just makes sense to me.

-Uffish Thought

Question #36688 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Will you give me a hug?

Yours Truly,
Eponine (who really needs one right now)

A: Dear Eponine,

I would, but you would probably just push me away. For some reason that's what most girls do when I try to hug them.

-wet blanket
A: Dear Eponine,

I've done a lot of research on this, and from what I can tell, a digital hug is composed of this, a little bit of this, and a lot of this.

A: My dear ((Eponine)),

Will that do? How about this: *hugs*

Since I'm not in Provo, I can't really do any better than that. Sorry. Tell you what, though, I love hugs. I did a speech on hugs and their benefits for a communications class, and the human touch has an actual, tangible effect on the way you feel. Endorphins, you know. Mm-hmm. Virtual hugs just aren't the same...

Actually, I think I remember running across something interesting online while researching for that speech...here it is. I'm not sure how I feel about that, but there you go!

- The Defenestrator
A: Dear Eponine,

You have a hug from me, from far away.

- Katya
Question #36685 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Bourne or Bond? Why?

- Angry Smurf

A: Dear,

Bond, obviously. Jason Bourne is cool, of course, but James Bond is the Jeeves of the spy world. He's the epitome of charismatic charm, cool cunning, cold killings, and alliteration, as well as master of bad quips and puns.

Frankly, you can't beat Bond, because you describe spies in terms on how they're like Bond, not Bond in terms of how like the typical spy he is. Whereas Bourne, he's just another futuristic action hero. He doesn't define the genre.

Also, Bond's dang attractive.

-Uffish Thought
Question #36684 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So I'm pregnant and have been getting the regular nose bleeds that go with that (in other words, I have an excuse to have them--nothing's wrong with me). Sometimes some of the blood goes down the back of my throat and I wind up swallowing it (not a lot mind you, just some). Other than the occasional raw throat that it causes, are there bad things associated with swallowing blood? Will it make you sick (noting that it's your own)?

- Too Much Blood

A: Dear Gertrude,

According to Fight Club's Narrator (played in the movie by Edward Norton), you can swallow a pint of blood before getting sick. But who knows if you can believe everything you hear in the movies?

-Kicks and Giggles
A: Dear,

Have you never sucked on a cut on your arm or hand? Most kids do it, and I assume you've been a kid at least once. I don't think I ever got sick from it.

And I hear that blood is actually pretty nutritious. I wouldn't go in search of it, of course, but unless you're feeling ill, I don't know that I'd worry much. If you're worrying a lot, anyway, go ask your doctor.

-Uffish Thought
Question #36683 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why in the world did my Wal-Mart socks come in a re-sealable bag? To add depth to the mystery, the label on the bag actually touts its resealable quality, as if people will see this as a great perk. All those weirdos out there that like to store their socks in the bag they were packaged in are in luck! Resealable! Anyway, what's this all about?


P.S. Did you know that Wal-Mart once tried to run their own version of MySpace? The site was based at walmart.com. Weird, huh?

A: My dear,

I recently purchased men's socks. I wanted a big sock to fill with rice and make into a heating pad for my back, and it actually cost less to get a package of six than to get a single pair. (Plus, I wanted to make sock puppets with the remaining ones, with some girl friends of mine.) (They ended up not thinking that was as cool as I did, so I still haven't made any.) (But I have plans to make puppets now, with a different friend, who knows what cool is.)

Anyway, what I'm getting at here, is this: the socks came in a resealable bag. I have no idea why the manufacturer went to the trouble of putting the ziplock thingie on there. I still threw it away.

*shrugs* There you have it. A story that you may or may not care about that climaxes in a non-answer!

- The Defenestrator
A: Dear Ladies,

I like to have extra socks on hand for when a pair of mine gets a hole in them. Generally when I get a six-pack I don't start rotating them all at once - I like to phase in new socks so it isn't so obvious when I've just bought new socks. I don't actually seal the bag, but it looks nicer in my closet than just ripping plastic.

Question #36681 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Spencer W. Kimball was once quoted as saying "In true order, Adam knew Eve, his wife, and she conceived and bore Adam's children--many children. And a book of remembrance was kept, and recordings were made in the language of Adam. And angels came from God to teach them by the spirit of revelation. Their children--thirty-three sons and twenty-three daughters, according to Josephus--were taught to read and write in the language which was pure and undefiled." (BYU Fireside 30 Sept. 1973)

So Eve bore 56 children? How could her body handle that? Did she just have a more celestial body? Granted, she lived for a long time, but 56 kids? Another option, I guess, is that Adam had multiple wives, but that is even more mind-boggling and semi-disturbing. Could that be the case? And who is this Josephus? Is he an author from the Apocrypha?

- Soon to be mom. . .of one!

A: Dear Soon to be mom,

I'll admit that 56 children is alot. On the other hand, as you observe, she did live for a long time. Her husband lived to be over nine hundred years, which even if a third of it was child-bearing, still gives three hundred years to have children. With those numbers in mind, 56 seems perhaps a little low. I know that you are probably more flabbergasted by 56 pregnancies than 56 children. There are however, women in our own time who have large amounts of children. I have a friend whose mother had ten children naturally in a mere fraction of the time that we have been discussing for Eve. If I had to render an opinion, I'd reckon that Eve was probably just a mighty lady.

As for Josephus, he is not an author out of the Apocrypha. Rather he was a Jewish general who sold out to the Romans during the First Jewish Revolt, becoming a Roman citizen and writing a couple of very famous histories. Antiquities of the Jews is about just that, Jews in ancient times. It falls into the literary category of 'rewritten Bible,' that is, texts that tell the Biblical account but incorporating new data. Josephus has access to the Temple archives, so some of the new stuff in Antiquities may or may not reflect data found there. We don't know, not having access to that data ourselves. Everything from Jospehus should be read with a grain of salt. Some Latter-day Saint scholars really like his stuff, others are less enthusiastic. We just don't know how much of his data he made up, and how much of it was culled from other sources.

Keep the Faith.

-St. Jerome

Dear Humble Master,

Since you are studying pop culture, maybe you can shed some light on this American phenomenon... Why do we hate France? And why do we love to hate France so much? Why do I personally hate the France, even though I've never been there?

- Questioning

A: Dear Questioning

The rise of France-bashing has certainly been an interesting phenomenon. Hitting its peak of ridiculousness with the renaming of Freedom Fries, the situation has become as much a joke as much as real anger towards another country. So, how did this occur?

Really, if America was going to have issues with a European country, you would think it would be England. The whole Revolutionary War thing was a rather large spat, and without the aid of France America would have almost certainly lost the battle for independence. Sounds like a recipe for loving France and reviling Great Britain, doesn't it?

And there really isn't a history of animosity between the two countries. The Statue of Libery, given to as a gift to the United States from France in 1866, was meant as a symbol of friendship between the two nations. And, notably for the current situation, America was instrumental in liberating France in WWI and WWII.

So where did it go wrong? The recent wave of France-bashing lies in the different policies our two countries have in foreign affairs, and most specifically France's antagonism towards U.S. policies in the mid-East. The general perception seems to be that France owes us allegiance in foreign affairs, because we saved their country from invasion. Twice. This, of course, is silliness. America didn't liberate France to gain an international I.O.U., they did it to liberate France. If we expected France to bow down to us decades later we would hardly be liberators. But, though the current mid-East situation has brought the issue to the forefront, France's antagonistic relationship with the U.S. did not begin with the U.S. policies in Iraq, nor with the current administration.

In this slate.com article entitled "Why do the French hate us?" from January 29, 2003, they relate the following concerning the belief that the French hate our current administration only:
It sounds convincing—after all, lots of Europeans have been complaining about Bush of late. But it's not true. The French never really liked the Clinton administration, either. In June 2000, during President Clinton's last year in office, France was the only one (talk about unilateralism) of 107 countries to refuse to sign a U.S. initiative aimed at encouraging democracy around the world. A year earlier, State Department spokesman James Rubin complained, "We do find it puzzling and passing strange that France would spend so much energy and focus so much attention on the danger to them of a strong United States rather than the dangers that we and France together face from countries like Iraq." The French oppose the United States, quite simply, for what it is—the most powerful country on earth.
And furthermore, and pretty insightfully, the article explains:
Much of the French opposition to American power arose after the fall of the Soviet Union made the United States the only power in a unipolar world: According to one poll, the percentage of the French who viewed the United States "with sympathy" dropped from 54 to 35 percent between 1988 and 1996. But French grumbling over U.S. power predates the end of the Cold War, too. As Philip H. Gordon outlined in the National Interest in 2000 (during the Clinton administration), "resentment and frustration" have marked French-American relations since the end of World War II. When Charles de Gaulle became president of the Fifth Republic, he was still resentful that FDR had refused to recognize his Free French resistance over the Vichy regime during the war. De Gaulle decided never to depend on the Americans again, and though he was an ally of the United States, he was an exceptionally cranky one, pursuing détente with the Soviet Union, withdrawing militarily from NATO, and establishing an independent French nuclear force.

Perhaps the most astonishing description of the rocky French-American relationship comes from the French diplomat who, in 1983, told the Atlantic that a particular change in U.S. policy "makes us wonder whether we can count on American administrations—just as we've been wondering since Congress refused to endorse the Treaty of Versailles." Americans don't have this sort of historical consciousness—at least, not for anything that happened abroad before World War II. It's as if an American diplomat said, "Well, we had to beat the frogs in the French and Indian War to lay the groundwork for national unity and manifest destiny, and well, we've been beating them ever since." Or, "You know, we've known ever since the XYZ Affair that you couldn't trust the French. That's why we've been sparring with them since the Quasi-War."

But history is at the core of the tensions between France and America. Donald Rumsfeld's comment last week about "old Europe" was telling: Americans see France as akin to Portugal, a once-great power now in decline. But as part of its own "special relationship" with the United States, France refuses to cede the world stage to the Americans. French identity is similar to American identity—France sees itself as a great nation worthy of power, the birthplace of democracy, and a culture and system of government that the world would be wise to emulate.
So, the possible reason for French bashing is this: France made the U.S. possible by coming to our aid in the Revolutionary War. We owe them one. The U.S. saved France in WWI. We're even. The U.S. saved France in WWII. They owe us. They turned against us international diplomacy in the late 20th century. HOW DARE THEY! French wear berets (which we as a nation thought were awfully trendy during the Salt Lake Olympics but now feel are a ridiculous fashion accessory) and speak with funny accents, we should mock them! That will show them we're the superior culture. EVERYONE! Together, let us point and laugh! Hahahahahahaha. And when we are feeling especially superior we will call them frogs!

So there it is, the relationship between the U.S. and France in brief (or not so brief).

-Humble Master
A: My dear,

I just knew that I had read about this in the archives...

- The Defenestrator
Question #36678 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Suppose one took some cheddar cheese and heated it for a period of time, until it changed into being crisp (but still edible & tasty.) would the fat content as a % of total mass change?

- Equation

A: Dear Equation,

I'm going to say no. Oil has a very low vapor pressure, meaning that it doesn't evaporate very quickly. If you heated your cheese, it would probably be the evaporation of the water that would change its texture. Based on that, the fat content as a percentage of total mass would actually go up, since the fat content would stay relatively constant while the total mass would go down.

—Laser Jock
Question #36677 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear Humble Master,

Your response to Board Question #36566 really intrigued me. You're studying comic books? That's awesome! The thing is, my husband is having trouble decided what to study and what kind of job he could get after graduation. He wants to do something he enjoys, but feels like his interests don't lend themselves to good jobs. The thing is, he LOVES comic books, so I wondered if he could do something similar to what you're doing. What kind of a major did you have in college? And what do you plan on doing once you finish your Ph.D. program? I'd just like to be a little informed so I can show him what options are available. You don't need to post this question if you don't want to possibly further reveal your identity--I was going to email you but couldn't find your email address in the archives or on the Active Writers page. Feel free to email me back (I think you can find out my email address, can't you?) or just post the question if you want. I'd just like to know what options are out there, because I want my husband to be able to do something he's interested in. Thanks so much! I appreciate all your help.

- Aurora Borealis

A: Dear Aurora Borealis

I'm going to give some broad details about my academic path here, and please feel free to email me at humble.master@theboard.byu.edu for any more specific information you want (Board writers don't know much about the identity of questioners beyond how you sign your name, so that is why I didn't just email you (and now my contact info is posted on my newly created writer bio on the Active Writers page)).

I majored in English and minored in Media Arts at BYU. I received a Masters in English at BYU. Currently I am in an American Studies program. I hope to become a professor after I receive my PhD.

As I said, please feel free to email me and i can offer more specific information about the path I've taken thus far.

-Humble Master
Question #36675 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When and where did the tradition of placing comic books in protective bags and boards start? I haven't really seen anything similar with other types of media.

- Breakfast table in an otherwise empty room

A: Dear Breakfast table

Ah, a subject near and dear to my heart. Let's put on our history hats and get started.

Let's lay the blame where it lies in this matter: Superman. American comic books began to be published in the 1930s, and the first superhero comic was Action Comics</I>, the first issue of which had the first appearance of Superman and was published in 1938 (850 issues later the title is still trucking along, making a continuous narrative since 1938...someone could get some intriguing insights into American culture if they were to study such a narrative). Initially comic books were not collectibles. They sold millions of copies, were passed around from kid to kid, and largely trashed in the end. The paper recycling drives of World War II saw large numbers of comic books donated, making comic books from before and during that period extremely rare (and rarity equals value).

Even into the 1960s the notion of comic books as collectibles wasn't very prevalent. But in the early 1970s the first comic book shops opened, and with the advent of specialty shops collectors, for the first time, could readily access back issues. How much were these issues worth? Well it depended on how common they were, how good the condition of the comic book was, and how significant the issue was. If it featured the first appearance of a popular character, the first publication of a popular writer or artist, or was the first issue of a long-runnning title it would be more valuable.

People began to realize that comic books which had sold for a nickel were worth considerably more than that. Thus, the speculator market was born, in which customers would buy comic books in the hopes that their value would increase.

The one factor that customers could control as to the future value of a comic book was the condition the comic book was maintained. So, in an effort to maintain a pristine, mint-condition comic book, they would store them in bags with hard boards to prevent bending. Unfortunately, the biggest factors in the value of a comic book (rarity and importance) were outside of the collectors hands. So, though comic book collectors could control how well-preserved their comics were, they had no control over the actual value.

This lead to the speculator boom of the late 1980s and early 1990s in which company's produced "rare" alternative covers, launched lots of new books with issue #1, and did other gimmicks to try and convince buyers that those comics would be more rare, and therefore more valuable. However, it didn't work. For instance
X-Men #1 from 1991 had five alternate covers, and collectors tried to buy each one. But all the collectors did this. And 8 million copies were sold. Yeah, it's not rare. It can still be bought for cover price or less. The speculator boom, in which comic book buyers tried to use comic books as future investments (sometimes those buyers were called investors instead of collectors), eventually busted, as people realized the hoped-for profits never materialized. From this site: "The comic book speculator market reached a saturation point in the early 1990s and finally collapsed between 1993 through 1997. Two-thirds of all comic book specialty stores closed in this time period, and numerous publishers were driven out of business. Even industry giant Marvel Comics was forced to declare bankruptcy in 1997..." Marvel has since come out of bankruptcy (there were many aspects from the business side of things that caused their bankruptcy besides the specualator bust (there's a book on it called Comic Wars: Marvel's Battle for Survival</I>)).

So, to wit, comics were first produced not as collectors items, but as disposable entertainment. Decades later comic books were still around and popular, those earlier comics were sought out, they were so rare they became very valuable. In the hope that current comics would reach the same exponential increase in value comic collectors began protecting their comic books in bags and boards. Most modern comics do not see such big rises in value, but some do (
Amazing Spider-Man #300 from 1988 which had the first appearance of Spider-Man $1.50 and had the first appearance of Venom now is worth about $300). As a side note the most valuable comic is Action Comics #1 which sold for 5 cents in 1938 and is now worth more than $1,000,000.

-Humble Master
Question #36674 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
ok so i feel like it's been over 100 hours since i posted my last question. Why am i being overlooked

- Pumpkin Vigilante

A: Dear Pumpkin Vigilante

Because, sadly enough (and unfortunately for us), we are merely human, and not question answering machines. Please see Board Question #36190, Board Question #33680, Board Question #18181, Board Question #14119, Board Question #11230,Board Question #24548, and many other questions I didn't link dealing with this disturbing phenomenon (the over 100 hours part, not the "we're human" part, that's not very disturbing (well, it may be to some of our readers). And concerning the question in question, it looks like one of the writers is waiting for an outside source to get back to them, which puts us at the mercy of others responding to our emails (and, dag nab it, sometimes they don't respect our deadlines).

-Humble Master
A: Dear pv,

Nope, I've got the e-mail response. I just happen to have been slammed this week. One day I actually staggered home from work at the request of a friend to go home and sleep (it was 6:15 p.m.).

It's coming. Promise. My lovely source did well, but included a lot of links that will take some time to recode. It's coming.

A: Dear Pumpkin Vigilante

I gave Olympus a ready-made excuse to let the blame fall elsewhere (though I sort of accidentally threw Olympus's source under the bus) and Olympus comes here to take the blame for a late posting question. Now you see the quality of human beings that write for the Board (and isn't it better than having robot automatons answering questions).

-Humble Master
Question #36673 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've always thought falling in a bottomless pit would be a terrible way to die. One thing I would dislike is the feeling in my stomach area of accelerating.

Since we assume the laws of physics are the same in all reference frames, consider being shot out into space on a rocket that never stops burning. you would be accelerating all the time, which would suck.

So, my question is: Would your body adjust to that sick feeling or would you feel like you were falling incessantly? Do skydivers ever develop a physical tolerance of the stomach feeling? If so, does this happen over the course of each flight, or do they build it up slowly over time?

- Not that I would want to be in outer darkness to find out, anyway

A: Dear Not that,

There are a few comments I have to make here. The first is that if you were in a bottomless pit*, you wouldn't be endlessly accelerating. A falling human would reach terminal velocity at about 125 mph. And without a point of reference, the human body can't detect uniform motion. So all you'd feel in this bottomless pit was the wind. This is all assuming that your pit has atmosphere, and if it doesn't, I think you'll be suffering worse pains than nausea during your death.

Second, I suspect that even if you were strapped to an eternally fueled rocket and thus subject to constant acceleration, you'd be okay (at least in terms of your stomach) - we're under constant acceleration in the cosmic scheme of things right now, and you don't feel sick all the time, do you? We're used to it because we're stationary to our point of reference - the earth - and perhaps you'd start to feel that way about the rocket. Or if not, take comfort in the fact that the acceleration would diminish to unnoticeable proportions as you approached the speed of light.

As for your actual question, I turned to my friend and coworker J (who has skydiving experience). He said:
Actually (and this is really interesting) that feeling is not there at all when you go skydiving. Not even when you jump. They told us that before the jump, and I didn't believe them. Then I jumped and all my friends that went with me agreed. No feeling in the stomach like you get on a roller coaster. Skydiving feels more like flying in that sense. They gave an explanation, I don't remember what it was. You could call 1-888-jump-now and they would tell you.

So I called the incredibly friendly people at at that number. The man said that he didn't know the psychological reasons for this phenomenon, but he knows it's real. I quote again:
When you leave the airplane, the plane is moving between 60 and 100 mph an hour, so that's all you feel when you come out - the horizontal movement. There is absolutely no sensation of falling. There is a tremendous sensation of buoyancy throughout the freefall. There's a great feeling of control under the canopy. Once in a rare while, you hit a pocket of dead air under the canopy and have that sickening moment. But you're so charged with adrenalin even when you cut away during a malfunction that you can't feel a thing.

So now you know.

-krebscout, with help from Yellow, Coworker J, and Skydiver Jeff

*The term "bottomless pit" will forever remind me of my three oldest siblings who, when they were very young, invented a character that was in one. Years after this invention, a sister might remember and mention to a brother, "Our man is still falling." When my oldest sister was 26 and I was 14, she told me to go to my brother and say, "Our man is still falling. He's probably a skeleton by now." The idea amused me so much that I think of it now whenever I am sad, and I remind myself, "Their man is still falling." Now you can too.
A: Dear would rather not,

krebscout et al. did a good job above. I just wanted to add/emphasize a couple of things:

First, someone in your hypothetical rocket ship would, as the other writers already said, feel like they were on earth. In fact, with the right acceleration (9.8 m/s^2), there would be no way for that person to tell if they were on earth or in a rocket ship unless they looked out the window. What you feel on earth is the force of the ground pushing up against your feet, exactly equal to the force of gravity pulling you down. In your space ship they would feel the force of the ship's acceleration pushing against their feet, being opposed by their inertia.

The reason you wouldn't feel weightless while falling in the atmosphere is that the air itself is slowing you down, and eventually your net acceleration is zero—again, just as if you were standing on the ground. In this case it's the air stopping you, rather than the earth, but that doesn't really matter. (If you're going slowly enough air resistance is very small, so you could feel "weightless" for a brief time.)

What krebscout's coworker said about skydiving is pretty interesting. My best guess about why they don't feel weightless is related to how fast they're going when they jump. They're already going fast enough that the air will be slowing them dramatically, giving them the illusion of at least some weight. (Yes, the weight will be in the wrong direction, since it's oriented sideways, but it would still eliminate that feeling in your gut.) By the time that stops mattering, they would already be experiencing serious wind resistance in the vertical direction.

Anyway, just some food for thought.

—Laser Jock
Question #36671 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So my hand bag was stolen today, which is vary bad timeing becauese I had not yet removed my social security card or my birth certificate from my wallet. Hence the bad timeing, if this had occured yesterday or even tommorow these items would not have been in it.
Well life gets more compecated by the fact that I just moved from UT to another state were I am needing to open a bank account. After filing for postible idenity theft how can I go about opening a bank account without any identification??
- (your name here)

A: Dear Hobbes~

Team HAT investigated this one, and the people at our on-campus bank in the Bookstore told us, basically no. If you don't have an ID, you can't open a bank account. Then they tried to sell us something, so we fled. I'm sorry, but I wish you the best of luck.

Question #36670 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Textbooks. They're pretty expensive! I will be a freshman this year, and I heard that there is a website where you can see who is selling textbooks that you need. Do you know what this is? And, what is your favorite way to get used, cheaper textbooks?


A: Dear She,

There is indeed a place through the BYU Bookstore website called Book Exchange. It is a place where students can post little ads with books that they have and then other students can see what people are selling. You then can e-mail and arrange to meet up with someone so that you can exchange the book for cash (or at least I recommend that you use cash). It is usually a pretty good way to get your book. The only thing is that you will probably want to watch out for people selling old editions or workbooks with pages missing. Those will lose you money and leave you with a book that you don't want.

Personally, I usually just buy my books at the bookstore. I've heard too many stories about people getting messed up by buying their books through other methods. However, also be aware that the BYU bookstore is starting a new program where the first couple of days of sell-back are only for people who bought their books at the bookstore. Therefore, if you want to sell your books back then you are decreasing your odds of being able to do that by buying them elsewhere.

Good luck with your first semester. It's an exciting time! :-)

A: Dear She

Every semester when I buy my books I realize I'm going into the wrong field (I should be getting into the textbook industry).

-Humble Master
A: Dear,

I've heard of a lot of people getting textbooks from half.com and other such places. I've never actually done it myself, but you could try.

-Uffish Thought
A: Dear sheep,

I've used half.com and other booksellers for books, but it has to be done with caution and they have some disadvantages.

First, these places usually have zero return policy, meaning if you might buy the wrong book or wrong version or find out you don't really need the book for the class, you're stuck with it. Second, you sometimes have to wait for it to get shipped to you, meaning you don't have the book for the first few weeks of class. And in my case, the book actually never showed up and I had to buy a new one from the bookstore because by then all the used ones were gone.

The advantage, of course, is that it's waaay cheaper than the Bayou Bookstore. I once bought a brand-new book online for $42 that cost well over $100 in the bookstore and sold it back before the final for $90 (before this new policy went into effect), so I made about $50 from it. I've never tried local exchanges, but if you know what book you need ahead of time, you can get great deals at online sites.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #36666 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Not to long ago I was dating a wonderful guy, but then we went seperate ways because of the summer. We went from seeing one another every single day to a nonexistent friendship. I haven't heard from him since the last week of finals. I thought that with how close we had gotten that we would at least remain in touch as good friends. I have called him a few times leaving messages asking him to call me back and I also sent him an email. I've ceased doing anything now figuring it's now up to him. I have put effort into contacting him and I have had no results. Is this the right course of action? Should I just let things lie and see where we are come next school year? Or just figure he doesn't want to be friends and leave it at that?

- (Wondering)

A: Dear Wondering,

Annoyingly enough I actually have found myself in this situation about 3 times in my life-time. Now these weren't always "dating" relationships (some were just friendships) but at some point they would just cease to communicate with me. One of the guys I was dating while the other two were simply friends that I stayed in pretty close contact with.

All three of these persons went from multiple contacts with me a week to not talking or communicating with me at all. I really do not understand the thinking behind this at all. However, this is my advice to you: send him an occasional e-mail for the next few weeks. If he doesn't e-mail you back after a period of time then just leave him alone and wait for him to contact you.

That is the course of action that I chose to follow with these individuals and here is how it turned out. One of the guys eventually started talking to me again while the other two, I haven't heard from since. One of the people that I never heard back from I eventually got a hold of and demanded to know what was going on. What resulted was not pleasant and because of that experience I have never bothered to demand an explanation again. These types of situations do suck though.

I'm sorry this guy is being lame. Many guys are just lame in general. Just act casual and see what happens. After a certain point I really do think that you need to wait for him to contact you if any further contact is to happen.

A: Dear,

Yeah, I'd say cut out the contact and see where things stand when you run into him again. Until then, don't worry about it. Sometimes, things go wrong and people grow apart. Don't feel bad, but don't push things--that often makes them worse.

-songs of inexperience
Question #36665 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is there any way you can declare yourself as not a dependent when you're still under 25 and/or unmarried? I'm sick of having to put my parent's rather large incomes on my FAFSA when they don't pay for anything.

- Anonymous

A: Dear bez jmena,

I ran into the same problem. My parents didn't pay for anything, but the year I tried to apply my dad had just retired and received a rather large payout, which meant they weren't about to give me anything. But then I remembered it's BYU and it's cheap, so I paid for it myself and ended up graduating without any debt.

According to the FAFSA worksheet, if you can answer Yes to any of the following questions, you do not have to provide your parents' financial information:
  • Were you born before January 1, 1984? [i.e., are you 23+]
  • At the beginning of the 2007-2008 school year, will you be working on a master's or doctorate program (such as an MA, MBA, MD, JD, PhD, EdD, or graduate certificate, etc.)?
  • As of today, are you married?
  • Do you have children who receive more than half their support from you?
  • Do you have dependents other than your children/spouse who live with you and who receive more than half of their support from you, now and through June 30, 2008?
  • Are (a) both of your parents deceased, or (b) are you (or were you until age 18) a ward/dependent of the court?
  • Are you currently serving on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces for purposes other than training?
  • Are you a veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces? [Reserves or National Guard doesn't count unless called to active duty]
So according to the rules, you'd have to start a Master's degree, get married, have a child, financially support someone else [seems counterproductive], kill both your parents [not recommended], get your parents to disown you, or go to Iraq.

I looked before when I was filling mine out and if there's any loophole, I don't know about it. I guess they figure that even if your parents aren't paying, they could be. Other people don't have that option.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #36663 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

The other day I was remembering going to the Varsity Theater and watching the guys who run it put in their DVD and open it up through Windows on your run-of-the-mill PC. It struck me as a little odd to pay money to go see a movie that's just going to be run off someone's personal DVD and projected onto a big screen. Questions are,

1. Is this legal? I know there are certain laws against showing movies in public, though I'm not familiar with the specifics. I wouldn't think the fact that BYU is private property makes much difference since I believe watching movies in the lobbies of dorms like DT and Helaman is prohibited.

2. If it is okay, are they really permitted to charge money for it?

3. Finally, do they pay any royalties to the producers of the movies they show?

-Sancho Man

A: Dear Sancho Man~

We ventured deep into the heart of BYUSA to answer this question, and they told us, simply, to pass along that the Varsity Theatre operates legally, and that they have paid for the appropriate copyrights to their movies.

Question #36658 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I got into this discussion over Memorial Day weekend with a friend of mine about a very deep topic: baseball--specifically, the physics of baseball. And we're both stumped. Now, granted, I didn't do too hot in Physics 121, but I know we can turn to you for closure. So, here's the setting: the major-league pitcher throws the ball approximately 90 MPH. The batter swings, connects, and sends the ball at an upward trajectory out of the park a linear distance of 400-500 feet. The question/dilemma: what exactly are the forces that act on the ball to send it out of the park? Does the batter need to provide 90MPH to counter the ball's initial speed? Does the ball need to travel faster than that to make it over the fence?

-Hey batter batter

A: Dear swing batter batter,

If you've had 121, you probably remember conservation of momentum and conservation of kinetic energy (at least a little). I was about to start going at your question from that direction, until I realized there were a few things I don't know about this particular problem. I did some looking into the physics of baseball. It's a whole lot more complicated than that. In fact, you can't even make a reasonable approximation using just those. However, I did manage to find a paper that goes into some detail on the problem, and might help answer your questions. (In case that link ever disappears, here's the full citation: Gregory S. Sawicki, Mont Hubbard, and William J. Stronge, Am. J. Phys. 71, 1152 (2003).)

The authors note that the average bat speed of successful major league hitters is about 30 m/s, or about 67 mph. Based on their calculations, a ball speed of 94 mph and a bat speed of 67 mph can result in a ball that's leaving at 99 mph. (Since their calculations were trying to find the best possible hit, I imagine that there's a good chance this ball would leave the park.) There are a number of rather complex factors that come into play to determine how far the ball will go, such as how much the batter undercuts the ball and the angle at which he swings his bat. Other factors include spin (both of the ball before contacting the bat and afterward) and atmospheric conditions.

Anyway, that's an interesting question, and I learned a few things. If you want to do more reading on the physics of baseball, check out this page, or do a Google search on physics baseball.

—Laser Jock
Question #36642 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Are there any wilderness programs for wayward youth (a la Outward Bound or Brat Camp) run by the church?

- Wayward Adult

A: Dear Prodigal Parent~

Having spoken with a family member who may or may not have worked for LDS Family Services, she said she was aware of The Church having influence over two organizations, Anasazi Outdoor Trails and another which used to be called Boys' Ranch but has since changed its name to... something else. (Possibly this?)

Anyway, so far as my family member knew, the Church no longer exercises significant influence over either program, and when I called LDS Family Services, the woman who answered the phone also did not think that The Church currently runs any such program.

Anyhow, there you go! Special thanks to the mysterious Board writer who called LDS Family Services last week and asked the same question without leaving a note to prevent me from doing so.

~Hobbes, with some incidental help from Tangerine

PS. My signature is not necessarily connected to the last paragraph of my response.
Question #36613 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
So, I have my call in hand now, and am waiting for my MTC date. (Which happens to be July 5th!) For those of you who have served....or wanted to serve...or are the spouse of someone who served....or have never served but have advice anyway....what would said advice be? I am nervous out of my mind...and the 5th looms ever closer with each passing day. I think I am ready to go...at least I would like to think so...but I feel a little advice would go a long way. Thanks so much!!


A: Dear Almostmissionary,

Hmm.. I think my advice is going to be rather boring but I hope that it helps! Also, this is general (not specific) advice. That's important to note.

Humililty: Pre-requisite to learning

Be Humble. You might have great ideas. You're ideas might even be better. But when you are the junior companion suggest - don't enforce. When you are a senior companion - listen to your junior companion. But more than anything listen to the Lord. Follow your mission president's counsel even if you don't see how it applies. You will get results. Trust others. People will tell you to do things that don't make sense, I promise. If they are your leaders listen to them!

Example: 1 Ne 4. Nephi humbly followed the spirit even though he didn't know what to do and it went against his instinct. And he had success.

Obedience: Pre-requisite to blessings

This goes hand-in-hand with humility. If you don't obey you can't receive blessings.

Example: Saul's "better idea" Don't think you're smarter than the Lord or the leaders who are in charge of you. You're not. There's a reason why they have stewardship over you.

NEVER BE ALONE (Your companion)

Your relationship with your companion is the second most important relationship you will have on your mission. How you work with the different companions you have will give you a good indication of the relationship you will have with your future spouse. Be open and communicative. Be honest and sincere. Love them. Serve them. Let them know how much you appreciate with them and look for and highlight the good things they do.Make sure they feel loved.

Also, be willing to give constructive criticism: help them be a better disciple of Christ and person. They aren't going to be perfect. The best companionships I had were ones of frankness. Every week we would sit down and ask the same thing: "What can I do to be a better missionary and/or companion?" My best companionships were the ones where we both could answer that question sincerely or, when we thought of something during the week, would wait for an appropriate time and bring it up. This allowed us to grow close together and become BETTER missionaries. Remember to highlight the good things they do and .. when they do something REALLY good.. LET THEM KNOW! Almost unanimously, they will do it more often if they know it is appreciated and good.

The worst companionships were the ones of fault-ignoring. They would answer "nothing" and I would sarcastically say something like "well I haven't been translated yet!" or.. "good I knew I was perfect!" After you're around someone 24/7 you get to know their faults and what irks you pretty well. Be honest about that but do it in a way that is loving. Also as a careful tip: I found that if I was honest and told them something that they could do better they would generally give me more than one thing I could work on. :) That usually opens up communication pretty well. Just make sure you don't spend too much time looking at faults. A healthy relationship is 1 complaint to 7 compliments (at least that's what the shrinks say).

Good luck!

-Castle in the Sky
Question #36611 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My husband (currently in Oregon) is a helicopter pilot and I would like to continue going to school down here in Provo. My question is: Does anybody know if there are jobs in/near Provo for that kind of work?

- newly married

A: Dear Newlywed,

The only place I know of that uses a helicopter down here is Utah Valley Regional Medical Center. I think it's actually LifeFlight that operates the crafts. Perhaps your husband could look into that.

Good luck!

A: Dear Newly Married,

There's actually a helicopter place on Main Street in Spanish Fork. I think it's a school. Has he ever considered being an instructor? I don't know what it's called but it has big yellow signs that say stuff about helicopters. Might be worth the drive down there. Get off at Exit 257 and turn right. It'll be on the right hand side.

If that's not what it is and you drive down there, sorry. If that is what it is, I'd imagine they'd be willing to work out a nice schedule for him to work and go to school.

Oh, also, UVSC has an aviation program. That might be a direction to go too.

- Lavish
A: Dear newly married and Lavish,

The place is called Utah Helicopter. You can find their contact page here. I think they're a training school, but they have some job placement links on their website and will likely know of a few opportunities around here.

I did find one specific listing for a Helicopter pilot in Utah here, but it appears to be in southern Utah, so that may not work for you. Really, I'd suggest having your husband contact Utah Helicopter. They'll be able to give him suggestions based on your specific situation.

Good luck!

Question #36599 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

dear one hundred hour board,

in elementary school, everyone learns how to print letters essentially the same way. as we get more comfortable with putting pencil to paper, we start to individualize our handwriting. i know my handwriting has evolved over the years. it was especially "bubbly" in junior high, and at one point, my "s" looked kind of like a backwards overly-serifed "c." these days, i always capitalize the letter "r" and most of my letters ("e" especially) run together (as if i were writing cursive, only...not).

two questions: first, at what age do people usually "finalize" their handwriting? i mean, is there a point in time when you stop experimenting and decide that henceforth you will write like this? second, what handwriting quirks--if any--do you have (like my capital "r" thing)?


A: Dear lanada,

I don't believe there is an age of handwriting finalization. Handwriting is like language, constantly evolving over time.

Handwriting quirks: I don't hold my pens and pencils correctly. Also sometimes my h's look like k's.

-Castle in the Sky
A: Dear lanada,

I'd argue that handwriting finalizes along with fine motor control, which could be at different times for different people.

My capital Es look like backwards 3s and my cursive fs look like a right side up cursive l, then an upside down one.

- Katya
Question #36591 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've been in a fairly serious relationship for a while now. And it really is wonderful. We seem to fit perfectly with each other. We can be completely ourselves around each other, we talk openly about almost everything, we've never fought, and we just plain enjoy being around each other. And it's this very perfection that bothers me.

I know that probably sounds ridiculous, so let me explain. I've only been in one other serious relationship before, and things were so different. We were very different people, I swear we were fighting over something half the time. Everything was high drama. It was always either the best of times or the worst of times. And I know that it wasn't really healthy, and the strain of that is one of the main reasons why I'm no longer in that relationship.

So now I'm with this perfect boy, and it just seems so odd to me that everything is so calm and idyllic. Not bad, just so very weird, and almost unbelievable. Not that we never disagree, we just always talk it out peacefully and openly. I know that this is so much better, but part of me misses the fire that I had in my previous relationship. It was just so dang intense and passionate, and while that was really painful at times, it also had some incredible highs. Not there is no passion in this relationship, we're definitely attracted to each other and have a "spark" and what not, its just consistently good, drama free, and well, less intense.

Is there something wrong with me? This is everything that I've always wanted. Why is it that when I have this incredible thing right in front of me I find myself bothered by the very goodness of it and missing some of the things that I freely acknowledge were negative about my previous relationship? Is there any way I can get over this? I really don't want some little neurotic quirk of mine to destroy this, I guess I'm scared that I'll start obsessing over this tiny thing that I really don't understand and let it grow to unmanageable proportions. Please, I could really use your help. Thank you.

- Allie

A: Dear Allie,

Yeah, it absolutely sounds ridiculous. But, that doesn't mean it's not understandable.

Is there something wrong with you?
Well, that depends on how many chick-flicks you've been watching. A lot of people have watched so many dramatic romance tales that they want to recreate that in their own life. While a relationship should have passion it should be bridled. To semi-quote a good friend (quoting someone else) "bridling your passions doesn't mean getting off the horse and shoot it."

Here's what Elder Oaks says from a now-infamous dating talk:

"In speaking to an American Legion Convention, Stevenson gave a wise statement about patriotism. He said that what we need "is not short, frenzied outbursts of emotion, but the tranquil and steady dedication of a lifetime" (speech given Aug. 27, 1952, quoted in John Bartlett, comp., Familiar Quotations, 13th ed. [1955], 986). I like that—"not short, frenzied outbursts of emotion, but the tranquil and steady dedication of a lifetime." I will use this description of patriotism as a formula for how we should live the gospel." - Elder Oaks, Dedication of a Lifetime

Nice thoughts.

Why is it that when I have this incredible thing right in front of me I find myself bothered by the very goodness of it and missing some of the things that I freely acknowledge were negative about my previous relationship?
I think this is more common than you realize. I recommend that you look inward to your own self. Do you believe you are worthy of this guy? Do you think he's too good for you? Just something to think about. You're not perfect for each other. But are you a good match?

Is there any way I can get over this?
You could break up with him. That's an idea. Then you don't have to worry about it. If you don't particularly like that idea, you could spend some time trying to figure yourself out. For me, in my current relationship and in others past, I find that writing in my journal helps me understand how I feel about my girlfriend and our relationship much better than being around her. It lets me focus and the writing action just lets my thoughts come. Half the time I look down and find myself surprised at what I've written.

-Castle in the Sky
Question #36567 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Shower Board,

I've been using Alberto's Vo5 shampoo and conditioner for the past few weeks. Since the switch to this brand, I've noticed that when I blow dry my hair, vapors are created that tickle my nose and throat the way menthol does. I would have guessed that it was menthol, except that it's not really minty and it's not in the ingredients. What is it, and should I be concerned that I'm poisoning myself?


P.S. If it's not poisonous, you should try it.

A: Dear Summertime~

Darla at the Barber shop says that this is being caused by the high alkaline content of your shampoo. It's totally harmless to inhale these fumes, says she, so I suppose you can go ahead and do so with reckless abandon.

She also recommends you switch shampoos. But don't shoot the messenger, here, as I suspect you could.

Question #36564 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was reading a reply in which a writer mentioned that Ammonium/Sodium Laureth Sulfate is bad for your hair. Well, I have noticed it is in a lot of shampoos, so what shampoos would you guys recommend that I could find locally (wal-mart, target, grocery store, etc.)?

- Queen Lucy the Valiant

A: Dear Queen Lucy,

I'm guessing you're talking about Board Question #34064, or one of its replies. Before you put too much effort into finding shampoos without those ingredients, you may want to check out Board Question #34693 and particularly the correction that Misaneroth gave in Board Question #34893. Anyway, I guess I'm saying I don't personally feel like it's a big deal. We can still give you suggestions, though!

—Laser Jock
A: Your Majesty~

Darla at the BYU Barber Shop says that while there are admittedly some undesirable effects from Ammonium/Sodium Laureth in your shampoo, that they are somewhat inevitable, because she believes this chemical is in all shampoos. It's the chemical that makes the shampoo bubble, and as we all know, people like bubbles. This chemical can also be found in toothpaste and other bubbly things.

If you really want to avoid it, however, you could wash your hair with baking soda (this is still Darla talking) which would clean your hair very effectively without any of the adverse effects of A/SL.

Question #36462 posted on 06/06/2007 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Guess what? i'm going on a mission!!! The Nebraska, Omaha mission to be exact. So what are some neat things about nebraska?

- Pumpkin Vigilante

A: Dear Phillip,

Congratulations on your mission call. Regarding Nebraska: The winters there suck. Unless you like snow and freezing wind. And in the spring, it gets absolutely gorgeous and green. You are going to see some incredible thunderstorms, so be prepared.

I love the Midwest and really miss the landscape, so I hope you enjoy the differences there. It's so much bigger there, if that makes sense. Wait til you see it!

-Kicks and Giggles
A: Dear Future Missionary,
This website seemed to have some interesting fact about Nebraska! Here were some of my favorites:
~Dr. Harold Edgerton of Aurora, Nebraska is the inventor of the strobe light.
~In 1950, Omaha became the home of the College World Series.
~The largest Kolache Festival in the world is located in Prague, Nebraska.
~The world's largest hand-planted forest is Halsey National Forrest near Thedford, Nebraska
~Sidney, Nebraska was the starting point of the Black Hills Gold Rush.
~The 911 system of emergency communications, now used nationwide, was developed and first used in Lincoln, Nebraska.
~Mutual of Omaha Corporate headquarters is a public building built with 7 floors underground.
~Nebraska was once called "The Great American Desert".
~The state nickname used to be the "Tree Planter's State", but was changed in 1945 to the "Cornhusker State."
~The Naval Ammunition Depot located in Hastings was the largest U.S. ammunition plant providing 40% of WWII's ammunition.
~The Lied Jungle located in Omaha is the world's largest indoor rain forest.
~Nebraska is the birthplace of the Reuben sandwich.
~Nebraska has more miles of river than any other state.

I hope that you enjoy being in Nebraska and that you serve well! :-)