Freedom is nothing but a chance to be better. ~Albert Camus
Question #44877 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Optimus Prime,

Re: Board Question #44790

Obesity isn't the only cause of diabetes. It's one of the causes of a certain type of diabetes. Plenty of healthy, active people get diabetes for reasons unknown to doctors, and plenty of obese people never get diabetes. So while I agree with you that treating obesity will keep some people from becoming diabetic, it's not the only factor in someone's propensity for the disease. Sorry if it seems like I'm being hypercritical. My best friend is diabetic and I feel really passionately about diabetic issues because of it.


A: Dear Youmogen,

I'm well aware of that, but thanks for pointing it out. One of my friends growing up (who was very skinny) had type 1 diabetes from genetic causes and had to shoot up all the time. However, the target audience for these commercials are older people with type 2 diabetes, which many believe to be caused by obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, especially among older people. While other people can also get type 2 diabetes, reducing obesity would drastically reduce the number of cases, along with a multitude of other health problems.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #44866 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Tim Curry and Claudio,

Regarding Board Question #44773:

I've made the curry for the Teriyaki Stix in the Cougareat before, and I can tell you what they do and what brand of curry they use. Unfortunately, recipe-sharing is kind of a big deal for them (though it's not far from what Claudio reported), so I'd rather do it privately. And heck, trying to recreate restaurant recipes is kind of a hobby of mine, too, so shoot me an email at

I will tell you one thing-when possible, they use their leftover teriyaki chicken from the day before. So try adding teriyaki sauce to your curry.


Question #44856 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Not a Singer,

Regarding Board Question #44625, the Men's Chorus makes an archival CD of all the songs they performed that year. Each member of the chorus gets one for free, and can buy more for gifts and whatnot. If you'd like a copy, you could ask a member of Men's Chorus to get you one, or possibly contact the conductor, Sister Rosalind Hall (I don't know if the CD's are sold to the general public, but she would). I don't know if the Women's Chorus does the same thing, but I wouldn't be surprised if they did.

- Krit

Question #44815 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I don't want to be stereotypical, but i find that a lot of intelligent people enjoy listening to indie. music. A friend of mine recently lent me "the life pursuit" by belle and sebastine (i enjoyed "the blues are still bue", kinda). Also, a group of guys in my computer drafting class listens to the pixies all the time. A few of their songs perked my interest somewhat. I really don't know what to think of it. I usually listen to the radio with programs like "the lost eighties" or "romantic love songs" What about indie music appeals to people? How can i develope a better taste in music?

- the inadequate kid desperate for enlightenment.

A: Dear person~

I don't know enough about music to give you an intelligent answer to the first question, I'm afraid, but I'm confident at least one other writer will step up to that.

How can i develope a better taste in music?

For heaven's sake. There's no such a thing as "a better taste in music." That's like asking how you can develop a better taste for food. Music, like clothing, literature, and no doubt some other things, is a matter of personal preference in which an unfortunate culture of elitism is taking root. There is a minority out there that has decided the music they prefer is better than the music you prefer and will angrily tell you why, but in the act of so doing they're ironically demonstrating their narrow-mindedness in the name of high culture.

Don't give in.

That said: If you want to like indie music, go ahead and listen to a bunch, and you'll no doubt find some that you like.

A: Dear enlightened,

With all respect to Hobbes, I have to disagree. Take your average 7 year old. Offer them a choice between tortellini al pesto con prosciutto, or store brand "mac 'n' cheeze" with a cartoon animal on the box. He'll probably take the macaroni. Why? 'Cause he's a little kid and he doesn't know any better! He's ignorant.

Now, I'll freely admit that a lot of the hipster stereotypes are true. Some people can be jerks when it comes to belittling other peoples' taste. Heck, I know I am. But that doesn't erase the fact that there is a difference between good music and bad music, just like there's good and bad examples of any art. Yes, everyone has their own preference and guilty pleasures, but no one in their right mind will contend that your average radio-friendly flavor-of-the-week pop song has more musical and artistic merit than the tried and true talent of of, say, Robert Plant, or Neil Peart, or even Paul McCartney (there, Claudio, are you happy? I admit, he's a musical genius).

The music industry is built on the idea of promoting the most lucrative music possible. After all, they want to make money. They make the most money by selling to the most people, and they sell to the most people by appealing to the broadest amount of people possible. That means lowest common denominator. It's sad, but it's the way things are. The quality bands and artists on the radio are the exception, not the rule.

I like to think that intelligent people are drawn to challenging music. Music that's hard to find, and hard to get into. Often that's indie these days (and don't get me wrong, I love me some Belle & Sebastian), but it doesn't have to be. If you like metal, Dream Theater will be more fulfilling than Slipknot. If you like punk (as I do) then Bad Religion is far, FAR better than, say, Sum 41 or (ugh) Good Charlotte. See what I mean?

Read a wide variety of music publications, and check out lists that sound like "Top 100 albums of _____" or "The Best _____ Albums Ever Made." Listen to a ton of stuff, and form your own opinions. You might consider some of the stuff people rave about as unlistenable or pretentious. That's fine. But please, whatever kind of music you like, get passionate about it! Care about your music. Know it. Research their influences, their contemporaries, and their spiritual successors. That's what will make you a cool music nerd.

That's all I have to say, other than speaking of the Pixies, I recently fell in love with "The Holiday Song." I mean, MAN. What a catchy hook.

Question #44814 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What makes classic novels, classics? I've tried many times to read "Pride and Prejudice" and i always bail out during early chapters. Mainly it takes effort for me to understand them. I feel very inadequate when people talk about classic books set in earlier times. How can I read them and be able to appreciate it. Which books would you recommand to start off? Which books do you personally like?

- inadequate

A: Dear inadequate,

I recommend starting out with good film versions of classic novels. I never would have made it through Pride and Prejudice, Jane Eyre or Middlemarch if I hadn't watched them a few times first. It's easier to focus on the beauty of the writing if you're not also struggling to follow the plot. (Along those lines, I'd recommend reading a summary or synopsis of almost any classic work if you think it might be tough to follow.)

I've enjoyed the following classics: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Anna Karenina, Crime and Punishment, Far from the Madding Crowd, Jane Eyre, A Little Princess, Middlemarch, Persuasion, Pride and Prejudice, Silas Marner, and A Tale of Two Cities.

- Katya
A: Dear Reader,

See also Board Question #991, Board Question #3609, and Board Question #25799.

- the librarian
Question #44813 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I find that love stories written in our time, namely Twilight, is always inevitably labeled "cheesy" or "sappy" by everyone. I've heard so many people say it, its almost cliche to call a modern romance novel-cheesy. Unlike many of the austin, bronte novels, which presents somewhat the same context in terms of romance but with more sophisticated wording is known as classics. Why is that? Why is Twilight chessy? And how can a modern author present a piece of romantic writing without the writing be labelled "chessy"?

- why cheesy?

A: Dear Readers,

Please stop asking questions that revolve around Twilight. I beg of you all... If you have any further questions pertaining to that book series then just go read the numerous responses that have already been written: for there are many.

Dear Cheesy book reader,

Some people hate Jane Austin, some people love her. Some people hate the Twilight series, other people love it. It is all about taste. After you decide if you like something or not, you begin to think of reasons and ways to defend that argument. Saying that books like Twilight are cheesy is the way for people who dislike Twilight to justify their decision. It doesn't mean that the books really are cheesy because "cheesiness is in the eye of the beholder."

A: Dear why cheesy?~

It's not just romance; every genre faces this problem in one form or another. There are two reasons I can think of that might cause it:

1. There are a lot of snooty people out there who won't accept a piece unless it's old. That's just life.

2. Time has whittled away a lot of the less-than-great novels from previous eras, so only the best ones remain.

Neither of these is proven science, I think, but they're at least clues.

Question #44811 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If Mr. Brady adopted Marsha when she was still a child, would it be illegal for her to marry Greg later when they were both adults?

- Sherwood Schwartz

A: Dear Sherwood, already answered this one...and the answer is yes - it would be illegal.


The Cleaning Lady
Question #44810 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
Have you ever quoted a reader in the title bar? I mean, because they wrote something that was either so funny, ridiculous, philosophical, or just downright stupid that it should be seen again by all?

-I don't remember seeing any, but who knows

A: Dear Reader,

Try 9/20/2006.

- Katya
A: Dear Wall E.,

There's another instance that I know of, but werf's real name was used, so I'm not going to tell you when it was.

-Polly Esther
Question #44809 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Hobbes,

When you said you'd seen me (Board Question #44646), did you mean you've seen velveeta cheese before? Or that you'd actually seen me, the writer of that question? As in, not the cheese, but the person who assumed the name of the cheese.

-Velveeta (not the cheese)

A: My dear, dear, Velveeta~

You have nothing to fear, my young friend. Not only have I seen and devoured Velveeta cheese, but I have devoured it with what I would generously call tepid enjoyment.

As for you...?

Of course I've seen you! What do you think my Death Squad does all day? They're out watching our readership, making sure they don't stay out of too much trouble. There's nothing to fear, naturally, just be aware that if you make one wrong move, they'll annihilate you with their subatomic vaporization gazwomper.

That's all.

Question #44808 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are those white flowering trees in front of the ASB's south entrance? I really need to know so I can be sure to never plant them anywhere near anyplace I'll ever live. They smell absolutely rank! I can't place what exactly the smell is reminiscent of--what are your thoughts? Also, what are the pink flowering trees with the big petals along the west side of the HFAC and into the MOA garden? Those I'd like to plant; they're beautiful.


A: Dear Berceuse,

For the white flowering trees, see Board Question #35137, Board Question #4732, Board Question #35172, and Board Question #4918.

—Laser Jock
A: Dear Bernard,

The pink flowering trees are magnolias. I think they are beautiful, too.

-Kicks and Giggles
Question #44806 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've been happily married for four months, but I've also been unhappily taking birth control pills for six months. I think it's been affecting me in some pretty undesirable ways, namely fatigue, messing with my sleep schedule, and getting headaches like clockwork. I don't know that these things are affecting my regular life other than being unpleasant, though, so I can't call them "clinical."

The worst thing is that my personality seems to be...gone. I'm historically cheerful and generally excited about life, but for the past several months I've felt grey and anxious. I wake up very early in the mornings completely tense and negative, my mind replaying every recently-made mistake and every impending worry until I start crying (it doesn't take too much to make me cry). I dread doing a lot of things I used to love. I'm irritable and angry at times when it's entirely uncalled for. And I just don't feel things anymore. My poor husband has been so patient and loving through this.

I switched birth control brands two months ago in hopes that it would help, but it hasn't. We're looking to start an alternate form of birth control after I finish this pack. The thing that scares me the most is that it might not be the birth control. I had a really hard time with a lot of things last semester, and I didn't handle the stress well—honestly, some of these symptoms started to show up a little before I started the pill—and I'm afraid it's still affecting me. Can mild anxiety/depression just spontaneously spring forth from a bad semester like that? If it is the birth control, can the effects be permanent? Or am I just changing?


A: Dear Sunshine,

Though my answer is first, my post came after Krishna's and the Cleaning Lady's so just go ahead and scroll down and read what they have to say. I just have to add that for some women, it takes quite a while to find a birth control that works. One woman I know took 2 years to finally find something that worked for her (though she did have some other underlying things that further complicated the dosage and things). If you are just seeing a general practitioner you may want to try going to a gynecologist. Another girl I know reacted so poorly to birth control that she doesn't use hormones at all. And I promise I don't know information about these women because I'm snoopy. Anyway, if you want to continue with hormone pills, let your doctor change up your medication. It may take a few trials and you may not feel better right away, but they will work with you until you find a working solution.

It took me about 6 months after starting to take birth control before I could wake up and not feel sick. They say it takes about 3 months after switching before your body gets used to the change. Go talk to a doctor to see if giving it another month would be a good idea. Werf will know what to do! And if you need a good gynecologist I can give you a recommendation.

- steen
A: Dear not so sunny,

I know many women who cannot take birth control because of the negative side effects. There are other forms of birth control. First I would try talking to your doctor and having werf switch you to the one with the least amount of hormones. If that doesn't help you out then remember that there are things that things that the male can do/use in order to prevent pregnancy. Then you wouldn't have to be on birth control at all.

A: Dear sunshine,

Can mild anxiety/depression just spontaneously spring forth from a bad semester like that? Ooooh, yes. My poor sweet sister had the same thing happen to her. She was two time zones away from her fiance, finishing up her first year of law school, and scheduled to be married the week after finals - and then, she had horribly adverse reactions to her birth control pills. Gaaah! Yes, a semester like that can definitely produce some mild (and temporary) anxiety and depression, even in the sunniest of personalities.

If it is the birth control, can the effects be permanent? Well, they can, but they probably aren't. Pretty much all doctors will tell you that the side effects of birth control meds will fade. It may take a while, but they will go away.

Take Krishna and steen's advice and talk to your doctor (the sooner, the better. Really.) Honestly, being depressed all the time is not worth the "convenience" of being on birth control pills. There are other effective ways to plan parenthood that won't mess with your hormones.

Hang in there; you'll be fine.


The Cleaning Lady
Question #44805 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Did the tunnel worms exist before there were, you know, tunnels? I mean, BYU has only been around so long...

-Creepy Crawler

A: Dear slimy slitherer,

So you think the tunnels were made by BYU, huh? Interesting. Let me tell you a story.

The original Brigham Young Academy was housed between 500 and 600 N, on University Avenue, in the building currently used by the Provo Library. It served its purpose well, but as can be expected, the student population outgrew its humble beginnings and the campus needed to expand.

At the same time, upper campus, or Temple Hill as it was called at the time, remained generally vacant. Many advocated expanding the campus in the area directly surrounding the Academy building, awaiting the time it would sit under the majestic gleam of a beautiful white temple on Temple Hill.

Plans were made for the campus expansion. Farmland and surrounding houses were purchased. The booming population was recognized by Church Headquarters and a group was dispatched to Provo to survey Temple Hill for the long-awaited temple. That's when things went horribly wrong.

While expansion plans were being made below, the group sent by the Church was performing ground testing on Temple Hill to ensure the stability of a future temple. With the help of some of the local college boys they laboriously dug away the topsoil to ensure the hill would provide a solid foundation. The excavation was proving to be a success, when suddenly one of the boys fell through.

One minute he was there, shovel in hand, wiping sweat from his brow, and the next he was gone, only a small hole in the earth where he was standing seconds before. The others crowded around the hole, calling out his name, but to no avail. They were met with silence.

Fearing for the worst, they feverishly expanded the hole and a few brave men jumped in, lanterns and pickaxes in hand. They cautiously explored what they thought to be a narrow cavern, but there was no trace of their friend. The floors and walls were smooth, as if they'd been rubbed smooth, and the silence was suffocating. Fearing for their friend, they bravely ventured deeper into the darkness.

From above, the remainder watched with keen interest as the flicker of the lanterns grew dimmer. Without warning, a massive blast of air was ejected from the hole, blinding them with dust. Only one was able to clear his eyes in time to see the shadow of some large creature, moving incredibly fast, disappear back into the darkness. Those underground were spared the horror of even that visage. The lanterns crashed to the ground and the flames were extinguished. Only screams echoed out of the darkness.

In a panic, city, school, and church officials were gathered in a secret meeting. There had been rumors of disappearances before, but no one had given them serious consideration until now. It was quickly decided that no such danger could be allowed near a temple of the Lord nor could residents be permitted to live or farm there. Future plans for a temple there were scuttled and a team was set up to investigate the matter further.

In a period of months, and at the cost of many lives, the cavern was revealed to be an elaborate network of tunnels crisscrossing much of Temple Hill. And though they little understood the creatures that had bored these giant tunnels, they discovered the secret, still a secret to this day, to at least keep them at bay. With this assurance, school officials agreed to relocate expansion efforts to Temple Hill in the interest of public safety, having the most plausible cover story of tunnels as "utility tunnels" should they be discovered.

The Maeser Building was built on the site of that original disaster, ostensibly as a house of learning, but in actuality to serve as the command center for the control of the tunnel worms. It functioned in this capacity for many years until replaced by the command center on the 13th floor of the SWKT, which has better access to the central lair. Other buildings on campus, such as the MARB and KMB are also strategically located to block the exit of these deadly creatures.

It is still a mystery, currently under research by some of our top writers, where these tunnel worms came from and how long they've inhabited upper campus, but rest assured they've existed long before BYU and as a personal witness to their durability, ferocity, and power, I am positive they will still be here long after BYU crumbles away.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #44804 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What is root beer made of, and how did it come to be associated with beer? Does it ferment eventually?

-99 bottles of beer on the wall

A: Dear 99 bottles,

Root beer can contain a variety of flavors, but it was traditionally made from the bark of the root of the Sassafrass tree. Historically, it was mildly alcoholic, but modern, commercially-produced versions are alcohol-free.

- Katya
Question #44802 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What is the criteria for adding a comment to a previously answered question? What makes a comment innapropriate?


A: Dear sonfuzzzlef,

Our policies regarding questions are pretty well summed up on our "Ask a Question" page:
How do I submit a comment?
Comments are not your opportunity to write for the Board without the associated commitments. Nor are they your opportunity to share personal anecdotes and opinions. Please only submit a comment if:
  1. You are correcting an inaccurate statement in a fact-based response and you have credible references, or
  2. Reader response was requested in the original post
Comments not corresponding to one of these two categories will probably be rejected, as will comments pertaining to a question more than one week old. If you just want to share your opinion, there is a reader-run message board available at which may interest you.

If you are submitting a comment, please include the ID number of the submission you are referencing (just to help out your fellow readers). You can directly link the question by placing the Board ID in the space between the <^ > symbols (i.e. <^19586>). Please note that not all comments to the Board will be posted, and the editors reserve the right to edit comments for brevity and other circumstances.
And, of course, our usual question policies still apply.

—Laser Jock
Question #44801 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I'm going to Scotland by myself for two weeks and will be traveling around by bus and staying at hostels. Should I book the hostels in advance? Also, any ideas for where I should go in the Highlands that's on the Citylink bus lines? (Other than Loch Ness)

- America the Beautiful

A: Good Morning, America (How are you?),

I didn't get to see half of what I wanted to while I was in Scotland, so consider some of my recommendations to be something of a pathetic effort on my part to live vicariously through you. I'll tell you about all of the places I wanted to go to but didn't.

Isle of Skye: Absolutely breathtaking scenery. It sounds like a fantastic place to get away from the commotion of Edinburgh and Glasgow. Apparently there's still quite a bit of Gaelic heritage here as well.

Ullapool - This place sounds as wonderful as the Isle of Skye. I found this site to be quite informative - I would recommend perusing it on your own to find out what interests you.

Loch Lomond - Once again, breathtaking scenery. There's a reason that there's a famous folk song written about the place. It's the second-largest loch in Scotland and has several islands which are accessible by boat. They even have mini cruises that will show you around the loch in an hour or so.

Now, the following places aren't exactly in the highlands, but they're places that I've been to and can thus recommend more knowledgeably.

Edinburgh - There is a lot to do here. You can check out Edinburgh or Craigmillar Castles, stroll along the Royal Mile, visit old cathedrals on the Royal Mile, visit the Elephant House Café (where J.K. Rowling began work on Harry Potter and the Philosopheŕ’s Stone), visit various art galleries, and hike Arthur's Seat (highly recommended). I would personally recommend Castle Rock Hostel - it's right by Edinburgh Castle on the Royal Mile. It's well-kept, has gender-segregated rooms (this isn't exactly enforced, though), and coordinates day trips to sights up in the highlands.

St. Andrews - This was the main destination on the Castle Rock Hostel tour that I ended up going on. There's an old cemetery among old abbey ruins that was quite interesting. St. Andrews also boasts having the oldest golf course in the world. It is also home to Scotland's first university, the University of St. Andrews, founded in 1413. This is also where Prince William studied a few years ago. Throw in a sandy beach and superb ice cream stores and you've got a fantastic day trip.

Glasgow - If you do some research and decide what you want to see before you go, I'm sure that Glasgow could be a rewarding destination. It has several theaters, museums, and art galleries to choose from. Unfortunately, I wasn't able to experience any of this as my friend and I didn't plan ahead, couldn't decide what to do, and got lost.

As for your hostel question, I would recommend booking hostels in advance, particularly if they're in smaller cities. They can get pretty busy at the height of tourist season. That said, though, you could probably get along okay with being a little spontaneous; most hostels will still have some open spots just a couple of days in advance. You just want to make sure that you have another hostel lined up before leaving the one you're in.

Question #44795 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When you move to a new apartment, how do you do it? Do you have a strategy?

I always try and organize things more and more every time I pack. It's gotten to the point where I have a whole stack of boxes labeled "DO NOT OPEN" because I have accumulated a lot of cool stuff that I really don't have the shelf or floor space for. I'm hoping to pawn that off on my parents and their plentiful storage space someday...

Is there a "best way" to move?

-Mover and Shaker

A: Dear Mover,

The best way to move is as quickly as possible, in my opinion. I always go through and get rid of things that I haven't worn in a long time or that I haven't used in a long time. After that I just want to hurry and get things from point A to point B as quickly as possible. Then I can set about getting my room situated the way I like it.

But I can sympathize! I'm slightly a pack-rat and I like to think that I'll have all this flipping sweet stuff to put in my future home or to show my future children one day. In that case I just find space for it in my room until I can tote it home and (like you) make my parents hang on to it.

-The Cheeky Chickie
A: Dear Quaker,

I think you've got it. Organize stuff more each time, throw away at least a couple bags of stuff every time. Get a file cabinet for the papers. Use the biggest vehicle you can find and the most people possible (this way it can be a "load once, unload once, send everyone home" sort of move), and be done packing by the time they get to your house to help you load the vehicle. I think you've got this.

-You, the Reader
Question #44792 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

I was watching Parental Control on MTV and the people on there are sooooo stupid. Anyways, that's besides the point. So, umm, is it staged? Because whenever the parents or the kids talk, it sounds so forced and rehearsed. How about this, are the "parents" not even really the kid's parents. Or the boyfriend/girlfriend...are they REALLY together?

-Someone who wastes time watching dumb MTV shows

A: Dear Someone,

The answer is yes, the show is staged.

Question #44791 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My current job is a deskjob, a filing deskjob that is a bit boring and monotonous. To allieviate this monotony I listen to books on cd. I've listened to a few already, the Screwtape Letters and am currently wrapping with the Chronicles of Narnia. I was looking for a few recommendations from you, the 100 hour board and your expertise of literature (audioture in my case?).

- reads with ears

A: Dear earmark,

See Board Question #40490, Board Question #28203, Board Question #44087 and Board Question #40284. That said, I suggest you get books you would want to read anyway. For good ideas, try Board Question #14600.

Question #44778 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is it normal for people to fart in their sleep and in the early morning? I mean, how come I don't usually fart in the day but when I wake up from sleeping I have all this gas? And yes, this is a serious question...oh, and in case this helps--I don't eat much beans.

Fartin' Martin <3

A: Dear the Fartin' Martin a'love,

It is perfectly normal for people to have nocturnal flatulence. At night, your body has a chance to catch up on everything it couldn't do during the day because energy was directed elsewhere. Gas is usually caused by the fermentation of undigested food (like plant fiber) or when your intestines have a heard time breaking down certain components in foods, like sugar in dairy products and fruit. Constipation may add to gas buildup because the longer it stays in your colon, the more time it has to ferment. Don't believe me? Just ask Mayo. So don't worry, the timing is better than the middle of the day. If you are worried about it or have a lot of abdominal discomfort, go see a doctor.

- steen
Question #44774 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What part (besides the obvious lol) did we play in the creation of the earth. We know that Heavenly Father and Jesus were the main parties in the creation, and I have heard they had others helping them (one at least we know of) but did we have any part in assisting also?

- The six fingered man

A: Dear six fingered man,

Unfortunately, the creation is a topic that is really only treated briefly in the scriptures. I think this qualifies as one of those "mysteries of the kingdom" which are only to be revealed through the Spirit. So if you really want to know, forget about it and just work on being the very best person you can. At some point, whether in this life or the next, you'll find out.

Question #44734 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have been studying voting theory which doesn't have anything really to do with the mechanical means of voting but rather deals with how votes "count". The procedure used in almost all United States elections is called Singular Plurality. Well, in my research I have found that it really is one of the worst systems we could be using. My question is what can I do to help get it changed to something like the Borda count. How could we implement a change like that into BYU student voting?

- intrigued by these new concepts

A: Dear intrigued,

If you're into voting theory I would very highly recommend taking a class on Game Theory which will cover Arrow's Impossibility Theorem.

I took CS 670 last Fall, and it was one of the most interesting classes I've ever taken. I realized that my interest in specific human behaviors makes me a Game Theorist.

Anyways, Arrow's Impossibility Theorem explains that, given a reasonable set of assumptions, there is no social choice function which is fair. If there is no fair social choice function, there, therefore, is no fair way to choose a social choice function (i.e. voting).

Oh, and then there's the Gibbard-Satterthwaite Theorem, which tells us that you cannot have a fair protocol for which telling the truth is the strategically dominant solution, unless you allow a dictator.

So, knowing that no protocol is actually fair, you have to start trying to come up with metrics to describe the fairness of a protocol. We didn't cover this type of work in the class, and I'm not sure if there are any good works written on the subject of quantifying the fairness of voting protocols.

I do agree that Singular Plurality is one of the least fair protocols. In my class we had to write a paper describing the result of 5 standard preference based protocols (plus one of our own design) and 8 utility based protocols (plus one of our own design). Personally, I liked my designs the most for both, but to the general populace they would seem a little too much like voodoo, and the preference protocol (Cyclic Loser Repick) would require too much processing time for any real-life sized election.

I think the real problem you'll run into when trying to switch people over to the Borda Protocol is that, for the most part, people don't care about other candidates. They either like a candidate or dislike some other candidate (and vote against them), but if you tried to get people to rank 3+ candidates they'd mostly just leave it blank. So you have to take human nature and the average intelligence of the populace into account.

We live in a country where we can't even properly count a voting system that only allows a person to make one choice, imagine the insanity of trying to make sure people filled in the rankings properly, etc.

I think a system that's just as simple as the current one (almost) but might be more effective would be one where you can cast votes either for a candidate or against a candidate. And you're allowed to vote for any/all the candidates. This is Approval Voting. It solves a lot of the problems with the other protocols, without introducing too much complexity, you simply get a list of candidates and right "yes" or "no" next to each.

I've also been playing with a simulation that allows the Parties to pay voters to stay home (since you can't force someone to vote the way you want because we use a secret ballot, but you can check to see if they went to the polls or not). It has some interesting preliminary results, such as being able to swing an entire state by paying the less enthusiastic voters to stay home.

Anyways, it's a very interesting topic overall. I very much recommend you take a class which will cover Voting Theory.

-Curious Physics Minor
A: Dear intrigue,

Interesting voting theory notwithstanding, you asked how to actually change our voting system. This depends entirely on which vote you're talking about. For a local election you would have to lobby to change the local city, county or state laws regarding elections. For party nominations you would have to convince your party (Democratic, Republican, etc) to change its system. For the presidential election, which is done by electoral college members chosen by state law (usually assigned by the winning candidate's party), you would have to lobby for an amendment to the United States Constitution. Article II (and Amendment XII) states:
The person having the greatest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed...
You can try, of course, but I think anything more complicated than "I got more votes than you" is not going to go over well with the public at almost any level.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #44702 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So this question probably won't be relevant by the time it's been posted but I'm going to ask anyway. So I want to register for the flexibility class (which, as anyone who has ever tried to do knows, is a very hard thing to do) and have had to wait patiently for at least a week now because as it shows on the course catalog information registration doesn't open until April 22. Well, here it goes folks. It is just after midnight April 22 and I still can't register for the coveted flexibility class. Why does it say registration opens on April 22 but still does not allow me to register? My theory is that I've been lied to. Lied to by the very same institution which produced the honor code I signed in blood (or black ink).

- Sorry for this question I usually wouldn't be so upset but it's finals week and I stayed up late to register for this one class and I have the flu so again sorry.

A: Dear 71-hour Ahmed,

My theory is that registration will open at 6 am. I'll let you know when I wake up at that time and try to register for a different EXSC class, myself.


4 hours later from waking up just before 6, I can tell you that registration for those classes did, indeed, not open at that time and I was really annoyed about it. However, it was open at 10, so sometime between 6:30 and 10:00 registration for EXSC classes opened up. Sorry I couldn't pin down a specific time for you (I value my sleep a little more than that).

Woo, registration. I swear you are the bane of my existence. (Note: I am not proposing to "woo" registration, merely I am using it as a term of sarcastic excitement.)

A: Dear Sorry,

Hey, I know the feeling. Hopefully you're all nice and chilled out now that it's over, and you've been able to get a nice class schedule, too.

The Registrar's office says that they've been having "technical difficulties" with their website and office computers - or at least, they were having them right around that date. They themselves were not even able to add classes for students.

So no, you weren't lied to. Registration did open on April 22 - it's just that the computers were down. And we all know what caused their shutdown...

The tunnel worms were loose.


The Cleaning Lady
Question #44701 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Does BYU have some sort of intrusion prevention that would block my access to the entire domain if I initiated too many tcp connections by opening a bunch of files at the same time on my caedm file space drive using fish through kate?

- expected value

A: Dear expected value,

Yes, BYU employs the use of an intrusion prevention system in various areas of campus to protect both on-campus and off-campus users. The logic behind this system is proprietary to our vendor of choice (they have to make money somehow) - so its quite possible that depending on what rules the OIT security team enforces, you could be blocked.

If you feel this has happened, the best thing to do is call 422-4000 and explain the situation.

Good luck,
Question #44691 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Can you explain to me why the Book of Mormon is considered a second witness to the life and teachings of Christ? (I was told that Mormon apostle LeGrand Richards used the phrase "two witnesses") The Bible however, is comprised of 66 books written by some 40 different authors. How then can the Bible be considered 1 witness of Christ? If we refer to 2 Corinthians 13:1 ("This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.") as an assertion that Christ's word would be reaffirmed in more than one witness, has that not already been done through the Bible? What then is the significance of yet another testament of Christ that, according to mormons, directly parallels and does not contradict the bible?

-What is Truth

A: Dear What is Truth,

You are correct; the Bible is composed of the writings of many different authors, so it does contain the word of two or three (or forty) witnesses. This is to the Bible's great benefit, as having many witnesses provides an increased assurance of the veracity of any fact.

Perhaps we could look at this as if it were an academic publication. If a BYU physicist (Dr. Q) made a ground-breaking discovery on the nature of gravity, he would likely publish it in a leading scientific journal. The article would have the main researcher's name first, but would also include the names of those who participated in the experiment. Even though the paper has multiple authors (or "witnesses"), the scientific community still requires independent verification. The testimony of multiple people is helpful, but not sufficient.

Now let's assume that another BYU researcher (Prof. Z) heard about the work, was intrugued, and decided to do further investigation into Dr. Q's work. Prof. Z and his research lab independently reproduce the results found by Dr. Q's lab, and they publish their findings. There are now two independent articles, each with multiple witnesses. Is this better? Absolutely. But there will certainly be some who will claim that two results from the same organization cannot truly be called unique, and will call for independent verification. Thus, independent publishings from the same still are not sufficient.

Now let us assume that Dr. M of Stanford University does his own experiment and finds the same results. He publishes his findings in another journal. The increased testimony from another school provides an increased surety of the veracity of the findings.

A similar thing happens with the Bible. It is certainly composed of the writings of multiple authors, but they could all be said to be books from the same culture, from the same tradition. The Book of Mormon provides another witness of the divinity of Christ from an entirely different civilization. This American civilization did not have access to the teachings of Christ or his apostles in the Holy Land; they had no way of communicating with such people. Nevertheless, through their own prophets and their own channels of revelation, this separate civilization produced a witness of the same truths found in the Bible. The Book of Mormon is not just a witness from another author; we already have forty of those. The Book of Mormon is a witness from an entirely separate civilization. Prophecies are often fulfilled at multiple times and in multiple levels. The combined witness of the Bible and the Book of Mormon provide a higher level of witness than either could provide alone.

Imagine, if you will, that space explorers were to find remnants of an intelligent civilization on Mars. Hypothetical researchers work diligently to translate writings left found from this civilization, and are amazed to find references to the same Christ taught in our own Bible. Would this not provide an even stronger witness of the true divinity of Christ and the importance of his teachings? When independent sources testify of the same truth, it becomes more sure.

Your final question was about the significance of yet another testament of Christ. Hopefully, you can see that it serves as a witness to the world that the Christ's doctrine is not simply the mythological heritage of the Judeo-Christian tradition, but a universal truth. But there is one other purpose that the Book of Mormon serves. Just as Matthew, Mark, and Luke each testify of roughly the same events in Christ's life and yet each adds unique information to our undestanding, so also does the Book of Mormon contain doctrine and teachings which are not found elsewhere. This does not mean that the Book of Mormon contradicts the Bible; it simply means that the entirety of Christ's doctrine and mission is larger than what can fit into any single book. No single author can even pretend to capture the entirety of Christ's teachings.

Thus, I'm very grateful for the additional witness that is the Book of Mormon.

A: Dear 'Tis the Fairest Gem,

My favorite scriptures about this are found in the last two chapters of John:

John 21:25
"And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen."

John 20:30-31
"And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name."

I love that testimony.

Question #44675 posted on 05/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I am a big fan of BYU's Final Cut student films. I was very happy to find copies of many of the final cut films at the Orem Public Library available for check out. However, there is one Final Cut film that I really liked that I have never been able to find. Here is all the information I have about the film. Please let me know the title, year, and possibly name of the student who made the film.

1-It was a film about a bunch of brothers and sisters that lived in a big house together.
2-The characters were wearing old fashioned clothes (victorian?)
3-The characters didn't talk at all and their actions were very silent-film like.
4-The narrator described one of the characters as "always getting in the way" accompanied by a shot of him lying on the floor in front of a door while another character is trying to open it.
5-It was filmed in black and white.
6-It was a comedy. The humor was based on the narrator describing the quirkiness of the family's activities.
7-I was a student from 1998-2004 so it was probably made during that time.

- final cut fan

A: Dear final cut fan~

After much running around the HFAC, some emailing, and eating the free candy out of a lot of candy bowls, I finally found it.

That's right, I found free orange and raspberry rolls. They were in the film department, and they were delicious.

After finding those, I got an answer to your question from... well, I'm not sure who he is, but he is a knowledgeable person in the film department. Here's some key excerpts from our email chain.
I haven't heard from the filmmaker, but here's the title and the student's name. Unsure of the year. It wasn't in any of the files as being on a Final Cut program - could have been left off accidentally from our records? Not sure.

------ Forwarded Message
From: Thomas Russell
Date: Thu, 24 Apr 2008 12:23:21 -0600
To: [People]
Subject: Re: Help identifying a previous Final Cut film

Woman's Tonic.

It was Shane Atkinson's 185 project.

-- tr
So I guess its "could have been left off accidentally from our records?"ness is not encouraging, but hopefully this information will help you on your search.

Good luck.