Freedom is nothing but a chance to be better. ~Albert Camus
Question #45164 posted on 05/16/2008 3:03 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Regarding Board Question #44997 answered on Thursday: I'm from Las Vegas and I have to warn you that the Sirens of TI are NOT kid/family/LDS friendly. This used to be the fun, kid-friendly pirate show, but they changed the whole thing a while ago. Everything else on the list should be ok though. Contrary to popular belief, Las Vegas is a great place for LDS families to live, as long as you know what to avoid!

- In but not of

Question #45087 posted on 05/16/2008 3:03 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My wife wants to learn CAD. Unfortunately the local community college does not offer CAD classes. I think she just wants an introduction so that she can decide if drafting is something that she wishes to pursue or not. Autodesk is really expensive, and I don't think their 30 day trial will be enough. Is anyone aware of any good options for open source or very low cost CAD applications?

- Patata Brava

A: Dear Mad Al,

Unfortunately, there aren't any really good programs out there for cheap. Here's what I got from my source:
The most popular drafting programs being used in todays market are Autodesk AutoCAD 2009 ($4,000), Autodesk Civil 3D (Approximately $6,500) and Bentley Microstation InRoads (Approximately $11,000) with AutoCAD being the most commonly used. If you want to learn the basics of drafting on a fairly good program you can purchase AutoCAD LT 2009 for about $1,100. This program does not have the capabilities that the full version of AutoCad has but still has some good drafting power. If you are planning on doing drafting for a job than you should learn AutoCad or AutoCAD LT. There are plenty of programs out there in the $400 range but they are not very good.
Hope this answers your question!

Question #45086 posted on 05/16/2008 3:03 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I recently heard a news piece about women in developing countries who die in childbirth or who devolop fistulas. I was just wondering, what can I do to help these women? What is the most reputable charity for this subject?

- concerned global citizen stuck in Utah

A: Dear concerned,

Actually, there is a charity called the Fistula Foundation, which supports a fistula hospital in Ethiopia. Charity Navigator give the Fistula Foundation very high ratings for organizational efficiency and capacity.

This NOVA page also lists other major fistula charities, such as, and the Worldwide Fistula Fund, which list other opportunities for education and support.

- Katya
Question #45085 posted on 05/16/2008 3:03 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When I returned home from my mission in Uruguay, one of the first things I did was fire up Facebook to see which of the girls from my freshman ward were still available. As I expected, many of them were married (and for some reason felt obligated to put a wedding photo as their profile pic) but I was surprised by which ones got married. I expected all the good-looking ones to be married first, which is a reasonable assumption since they naturally got more attention from the guys. However, with maybe two or three exceptions, the married girls were all "sweet spirits", whereas the hot ones were...still single.

Last week I randomly ran into a friend from freshman year who went on a mission the same time I did. To my amazement, he saw the same thing with his ward: the not-so-good-looking girls were married, but the hot ones weren't.

Can you guys help me come up with an explanation for this phenomenon?



Please, no sanctimonious reprimands for being so superficial.

A: Dear A-Dawg,

Hm, I can't really say that I've noticed this myself. In fact, I've frequently noticed the opposite: the more-attractive girls in my classes are also more likely to be sporting a ring. On the other hand, based on personal acquaintances who have gotten married, it's been a pretty even mix of appearances.

Personality certainly plays a role, but personality and attractiveness are not mutually exclusive, so I don't think it helps to stereotype attractive girls (which are not the same as "hot" girls) as shallow. One option is that girls that are both highly attractive and have a good personality are somewhat intimidating, so they're more likely to be still available.

For some interesting (and humorous) responses to a similar question, see Board Question #8893.

—Laser Jock
A: Dear A-Dawg,

Mark Gimein's recent article in Slate could shed some light on the phenomenon. His theory is that highly attractive, eligible women are more likely to "hold out and wait for the perfect prospect" than are women who don't think they're as good a catch. So, the hot girls from your freshman ward are still single and the "sweet spirits" have all gotten hitched.

- Katya
Question #45084 posted on 05/16/2008 3:02 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How do you get a ten year old boy who doesn't want to sing to sing in sacrement meeting?

- Eat yogurt

A: Dear Eat yogurt~

This is lame, but the reason I started singing in Sacrament meeting was because I saw my friends doing it. It was labeled as "okay" in the big scheme of things.

What got us started is when a man came to our young men's group and had us sing in a sort of mini-choir. I think it was in preparation for Priesthood Sunday in May when we got together and sang for the ward. Anyway, he put us together and it was obvious that he was very passionate about music. Over the course of the practices, he eventually got each of us to sing solo for at least a few notes, and he would give us sincere but constructive criticism. (Kids can often see right through meaningless praise.) That's when we realized that singing wasn't just wimpy, but an art form that required skill and presented a challenge.

So I guess the two avenues I would suggest are: 1. Convince the kid that singing is a challenge and enjoyable, or 2. Get his friends to sing so he can see it.

Ideally, some mixture of these two should hack it, but please be patient, and for heaven's sake don't try what my mother did and attach a punishment to not singing, which at best will win your begrudged groaning from the lad.

Good luck. Be patient.

A: Dear Yogurt Eater,

I know little boys who will not sing technically, but we were able to get them to do a yelling rendition of the songs. They'll find it a lot funnier and will be more inclined to participate. However, after a while we found that their voices were getting tired so they resorted to a more "sing-like" noise.

-The Cheeky Chickie
Question #45083 posted on 05/16/2008 3:02 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How would I find the name of a professor who taught an Intro to International Relations class I was in two years ago? (I've checked the political science faculty listing, but none of the names rang a bell.)

- Sea Urchin

A: Dear Sea Urchin,

The class schedule for the semester when you took the class should list the professor's last name. Class schedules going back to Winter 2002 are archived online here.

- Katya
Question #45082 posted on 05/16/2008 3:02 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So I'm listening to the Sounds of Sunday on BYU Radio Instrumental this morning, and currently playing is a great little tune which the website describes as "London National Philharmonic - Colonizing the State of Deseret - Pioneer Portrait."

A little googling reveals no results for either that song name or the album. Any idea where that music comes from, and if it's available anywhere?

- Feeling Peaceful This Morning

A: Dear Feeling Peaceful,

The album is, in fact, called "Pioneer Portrait," and it was composed by Merrill Jenson and recorded by the (London) National Philharmonic Orchestra in 1996, according to this WorldCat library record. Unfortunately, it looks like it's a pretty rare recording; only three libraries in the country own a copy of it: BYU, Campbell University in North Carolina, and the Washington County (Oregon) library.

If you don't live near any of those libraries, you may be limited to searching eBay or Deseret Book auctions. Another option would be to try contacting Mr. Jenson directly to see if he can hook you up with a recording. He's an alumnus of BYU and his contact information is listed in the alumni database. (If you don't have access to that database, shoot an email to the editors and we'll hook you up.)

- Katya
Question #45078 posted on 05/16/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What books would you advise no one to read?

- Blech!

A: Dear George,

The Poet and the Murderer by Simon Worrall. Seriously. So not good.

-Kicks and Giggles
A: Dear Blech,

Anything in the Sweet Valley Twins or Sweet Valley High series.

- Katya
A: Dear bookworm,

I was pretty traumatized by Native Son in high school. It's been awhile since then but I remember thinking there was a lot of really explicit sex and nearly unbearable violence. Most of my fellow students were also really blown away by the violence (no, not an LDS population). Then someone told me that if I had a hard time with Native Son, then I would REALLY hate A Handmaid's Tale, so I've avoided that one, too.

A: Dear Blech,

Millenial Run by Wayne Hunter. Vanity-published LDS Sci-Fi Romance at its finest. My favorite line: "Even though the kiss barely made a physical impact, it registered a ten on the emotional Richtor scale."

Wait, did that say "no one"? I meant "everyone."

-Madame Mimm
A: Dear blech,

A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen, and Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy. Two steaming piles of literature that wasted a whole semester's worth of high school English for me. If I meet either of those authors in the great hereafter, I'm gonna kick them squarely in the nuts. That's how bad those books are.

Question #45045 posted on 05/16/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Today I visited the Great Salt Lake. Out of a fit of something that must have been stupidity, I decided to taste the water. It was salty. No surprises there.

Shortly after, however, I noticed that my lips and the tip of my tongue had become tingly and slightly numb. The condition persisted all day. Any ideas why this happened? (I was near Saltair and a Bingham Mine smelting plant...I hope that is inconsequential.)

A: Dear Polluted-water Drinker,

I fear that the smelting plant may not have been as inconsequential as you'd hoped. The Great Salt Lake is notorious for being extremely polluted. In fact, mercury levels in its fish have been found to be so high that authorities have deemed the fish unfit for human consumption. Now, how did mercury levels get to be so high? According to the Nevada Conservation League Education Fund's website,
Modern gold mining, or hardrock mining, entails crushing many tons of rock in order to obtain the ore containing the precious metal. It is not uncommon for a modern gold mine to extract 60 tons of rock to yield just one ounce of gold. However, the ore that contains gold flakes also contains mercury, so the crushed rock containing the gold must be processed to further extract the mineral. To separate the mercury from the gold, the ore is heated to extremely high temperatures in a process called smelting. Because mercury is more volatile than other materials (it evaporates quickly), it is burned off into the atmosphere, while gold or other metals remain. Airborne mercury is then carried to surrounding communities or is swept downwind to other communities – some even far beyond Nevadá’s borders. Scientists have reported that airborne mercury is carried downwind to Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming and perhaps other states. In one lake near Twin Falls, Idaho, for example, researchers found mercury levels at 150 times more than those found in lakes in the northeast United States, where environmentalists have concerns about mercury from power plants. In Utah, U.S. Geological Survey researchers found mercury concentrations in the Great Salt Lake to be among the highest recorded in surface water.
Now, this quote not only reminds us how bad the mercury is in the Great Salt Lake, but it also would indicate that drinking any water near a smelting plant may not be the wisest of ideas, particularly if the smelting plant processes gold. I looked up some information about the Bingham Canyon mine, and found that it produces copper, silver, molybdenum, and, you guessed it, gold.

Now that we've established the high mercury content of the Great Salt Lake, let's take a look at your symptoms. You said that you experienced some numbness and tingling around your lips and on the tip of your tongue. I looked at a webpage from the FDA's website about the consumption of mercury-contaminated fish. According to them, "The types of symptoms reflect the degree of exposure. Paresthesia (numbness and tingling sensations around the lips, fingers and toes) usually is the first symptom." They go on to talk about all of the scary symptoms that can follow it. Now, if you've experienced any of these (particularly the death-related one), I'd imagine you would have mentioned it. I also imagine that you couldn't have been exposed to that much mercury with your little taste. Still, I would definitely recommend that you consult your doctor. This information may very well prove to be irrelevant to what you experienced (I sure hope it does!), but I definitely think you need to make sure.

For the rest of you out there who are reading this post, allow me to emphasize the following: Do not taste the Great Salt Lake!

I hope everything turns out well.


Question #44930 posted on 05/16/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

A strange phenomenon occurs when one gets on the south elevator in the ESC on the 2nd floor to go to the 1st floor. The doors close after werf walks in and then the doors open and close again before it descends. Why?

- One who takes the elevator only when tranporting carts

A: Dear One~

I took my highly skilled research team to the elevator in question with millions of dollars-worth of scientific equipment to get to the bottom of this mystery, and guess what?

Couldn't recreate it. Whatever happened to you, we couldn't figure out how to make it happen again, because the elevator worked normally. We tried several things, and nothing availed. Alas, I'm sorry.

If it happens to you again, please write in again and give us much detail as you can so I can try to recreate the experience exactly.

Oh, and the van crashed on the way home, killing my entire research team and destroying all their equipment. Thanks a lot.