Freedom is nothing but a chance to be better. ~Albert Camus
Question #47219 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

RE: Board Question #47094 - It should also be noted that the hand-over-heart motion was not the original form of saluting the flag. The original salute mirrored the Nazi salute too closely. As a result, the hand-over-heart salute became the new official salute.


Question #47201 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What's in the Wonder Ball?


A: Dear Question Mark:

Pre-1997: small Disney figurines

Post-1997: candy


Question #47199 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How do firetrucks fill up on gas? Do they go to a gas station or have the gas brought to them?

-Your Mom

A: Dear Ethel,

Firetrucks get gas just like anyone else, at the gas station! They probably don't need to fill up as often because they are not driven as much and have larger tanks. Although many fire departments probably buy their gas commercially from a gas company and store it at the fire station. In either case, can you imagine that gas bill?

-Polly Esther
Question #47198 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Hey, I noticed that the K.M.B. at BYU was recently knocked down. (a.k.a the Knight Magnum Building if I've what it stands for right) I was wondering if you could help me with two things. First, why was it knocked down, are they building a new building there or what? Last, do you know where I could find some recent photos of it? By that I mean color photos. I looked in some forums a while ago, but couldn't find any that weren't in black and white. Curious and almost out of school,

- Miss Snyder

A: Dear Miss Snyder,

BYU NewsNet carried an article on June 11, 2008 that answers your first question ("So Long, Knight Mangum Building"). They interviewed Warren Jones, director of planning for BYU Physical Facilities, for information on the demolition.
The demolition project is scheduled to be completed by the middle of August, but Jones said no definite decisions or approvals have been made as to what will replace the now partially demolished structure.

"All we're doing is tearing down the building and re-landscaping, mostly with grass," Jones said.
Finding recent photographs is much harder. I found some historical photographs in the HBLL's online collections, and there's a very low-resolution newer picture (which Portia embedded below), but my searches weren't turning up much more than that. Perhaps our readers will have some in their personal photo collections. Portia also has quite a bit of information about other construction projects in that area (see her answer).

—Laser Jock
A: Dear Snyde:

Luckily for you, my boss just told me what they're doing there yesterday. (He learned this at a faculty meeting.)

They're going to take out the small houses (see #89) and the Cluff building, and make a new Life Sciences building that goes down the hill. After that's done, they'll just tear down the Widtsoe. Where the KMB will be just grass (my thought: maybe parking, too?), and they're also reworking the Clyde. The whole deal is called the Southeast Quadrant project, and work won't start till 2010 or '11.

Here is a color picture of the late KMB:

Question #47195 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear HBLL informants:

Is there an area in periodicals or on campus with "society" magazines that we can read? Things like Womens Health, Running, Elle, Shape, etc. I used to go to read them at my public library, so I thought BYU might have something like that going on too. Thanks!

- Avid Ali

A: Dear AA,

There are two possibilities here. One is that the HBLL has a physical subscription to these magazines. The other is that BYU students have online access to these magazines through one or more library databases.

Unfortunately, a search of the catalog confirms that we don't have physical subscriptions to any of these magazines. However, we do have an online subscription to Women's Health, which you should be able to access here. (If you're off campus, you'll have to log in with your NetID and password.)

You may also be interested in these magazines, located in the periodicals reading room under the following call numbers:

Runner's world - GV 1061 .R8336
Running times - GV 1061 .R84
Vogue - TT 500 .V7

Lastly, a lot of general-interest magazines are located in the "A" call number section, including Newsweek, The New Yorker, and People.

- Katya the non-HBLL librarian
Question #47192 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My bed is a really weird size. Although it is the normal length for a king size bed, the width is 6 inches shorter than a king but 6 inches wider than a queen. Does this have a name? Will I ever find sheets that actually fit my bed?

- stelmaria

A: Dear Ethel,

There are actually many different standards for both King and Queen size beds. The standard US King Size is also called an Eastern King (76 x 80 in). And a standard US Queen Size is also called the Olympic Queen (66 x 80 in) although there is also a California Queen (60 x 84). Your bed may be a California King (which is 72 x 84 in) or a Long King (which is 72 x 104). Another possibility is you could have a New Zealand size bed. For more information on bed sizes, you can look at the Wikipedia page here or at this chart here. If you still have trouble finding sheets, I recommend searching on Amazon and specifying which size bed you have (for example, searching for "California Queen Sheets").

-Polly Esther
Question #47190 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
What does the church say to members contemplating bankruptcy? Will they lose their Temple Recommend?

- Anonymous

A: Dear Ethel,

No. A person who takes out bankruptcy is not subject to Church discipline unless there's some type of criminal activity or fraud connected to it.

-Polly Esther
A: Dear anon,

Although you will not lose your recommend, the Church has spoken strongly against bankruptcy. Consider these words from President Gordon B. Hinckley:
When I see so many people struggling with debt that holds them down and in many cases leads to bankruptcy and the repudiation of obligations, I think of these words directed to Martin Harris:

“Pay the debt thou hast contracted. … Release thyself from bondage.” (D&C 19:35.)

Anyone who has been trapped by debt knows something of that oppressive bondage. ("The Order and Will of God," January 1989 Ensign, p. 2)
Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin gave similar advice:
Fourth, honor your financial obligations. From time to time, we hear stories of greed and selfishness that strike us with great sorrow. We hear of fraud, defaulting on loan commitments, financial deceptions, and bankruptcies.

We hear of fathers who financially neglect their own families. We say to men and women everywhere, if you bring children into the world, it is your solemn obligation to do all within your power to provide for them. No man is fit to be called a man who gathers around himself cars, boats, and other possessions while neglecting the sacred financial obligations he has to his own wife and children.

We are a people of integrity. We believe in honoring our debts and being honest in our dealings with our fellow men.

Let me tell you the story of one man who sacrificed greatly to maintain his own financial integrity and honor.

In the 1930s Fred Snowberger opened the doors of a new pharmacy in northeastern Oregon. It had been his dream to own his own business, but the economic turnaround he had hoped for never materialized. Eight months later, Fred closed the doors of his pharmacy for the last time.

Even though his business had failed, Fred was determined to repay the loan he had secured. Some wondered why he insisted on repaying the debt. Why didn’t he simply declare bankruptcy and have the debt legally forgiven?

But Fred did not listen. He had said he would repay the loan, and he was determined to honor his word. His family made many of their own clothes, grew much of their food in their garden, and used everything they had until it was thoroughly worn out or used up. Rain or shine, Fred walked to and from his work each day. And every month, Fred paid what he could on the loan.

Years passed and finally the wonderful day arrived when Fred made the last payment. He delivered it in person. The man who had loaned him the money wept and with tears streaming down his face, said, “You not only paid back every penny, but you taught me what a man of character and honesty is.” ("Earthly Debts, Heavenly Debts," May 2004 Ensign, p. 40)
And finally, Elder Marvin J. Ashton made the following statement:
Please listen carefully to this—and if it makes some of you feel uncomfortable, it is on purpose: Latter-day Saints who ignore or avoid their creditors are entitled to feel the inner frustrations that such conduct merits, and they are not living as Latter-day Saints should! Bankruptcy should be avoided, except only under the most unique and irreversible circumstances, and then utilized only after prayerful thought and thorough legal and financial consultation. ("Guide to Family Finance," April 2000 Liahona, p. 42)
To repeat Elder Ashton, bankruptcy is clearly not a light matter, and anyone considering it should give it much prayer and consideration before going ahead.

—Laser Jock
Question #47184 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Katya, Yellow, and the Board,

Regarding my own question, Board Question #47123, that's not exactly what I meant, so I hope it's okay if I clarify. I'm actually more interested in statistical theory here than in guessing my baby's gender.

When I was talking it over with my husband, we came up with an analogy which I'm not sure is entirely valid, but might be: Say you're taking a True or False test. My understanding is that for each individual question, you have a 50/50 chance of getting the right answer. In the end, it turns out that 80% of the questions were False.

So my primitive thinking is that while there may be more false answers, or boys, I still have a 50/50 chance of getting any one question (my particular baby) right no matter what I guess.

Does that make sense? Or am I just wrong?

-The Oven

A: Dear Oven,

Preface: For the statistical purpose of this answer, assume that all test-takers are completely ignorant of the subject material, and are all selecting answers at random. Obviously, studying for a test will skew your results toward the positive end of things, but that's not applicable to your question.

Okay. When someone says there's a 50/50 chance of something, it means that there's a 50% chance that it will happen, and a 50% chance that it will not. Your 50/50 chance of getting a T/F question correct on a test is based on the assumption that the actual answers are split evenly between true and false in the test. This is also known as a uniform distribution, in which each possible outcome occurs with equal frequency in the results. On a test, you have no knowledge about the distribution of answers, so since there's no reason to prefer one choice over another you can usually assume that you're working with a uniform distribution. It's not often a correct assumption, but if you're guessing at answers on a test, it's the best you can do.

If you have a uniform distribution of T/F on a test, then random guessing should get you a 50% on the test. Answering all T or all F should likewise get you a 50% on the test. There's no reason to prefer any answer over another if you're assuming the answers are distributed on a uniform distribution; any answer is just as good as any other.

On the other hand, imagine that you know that the professor, a horrible dart-thrower, assigned answers by whether or not he hit the bulls-eye on his dart board. In this case, you could assume that most of the answers on the test should be F, not T. In this case, if you stick with your assumption of a uniform distribution, you do not have a 50/50 chance of getting the answer correct. A 50/50 chance implies that each choice has a 50% chance of being correct. In this test, the Ts have a much smaller chance of being correct. The probability of each choice is dependent not only on the number of choices that exist, but the distribution between them.

To take a more extreme example, note that there are two possibilities for tomorrow:
1) A massive asteroid will hit the Earth.
2) A massive asteroid will not hit the Earth.
(Assume for our purposes that anything other than actual contact counts as a miss, no matter how near the miss.) There are only two choices here, but I don't think that anyone would say that there's a 50/50 chance either way. Claiming a 50/50 chance on such conditions would imply that just as many people would be right betting against the Earth as would be right betting for it. I'm quite confident that the odds are strongly against tomorrow's asteroid collision.

So really, a 50/50 chance only is relevant in two situations. The first is when you know that two options are both equally likely, such as in tossing a coin and predicting which face it will land on. The second is when you have no information about the relative probabilities between two options, so you just assume that they're equally likely for the purposes of having a basic assumption. The second case is actually somewhat of a misnomer, since there is rarely a true uniform distribution across unknown data, but we use the 50/50 description anyway. In this case, it's more a description of our perception of the probabilities than it is a description of the true distribution.

Hope that helps!

Question #47182 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is the Where's Waldo story an original or was it found somewhere?

- Amazed

A: Dear Amazed,

I double checked with Ambrosia, and she assures me that she wrote it her very self.

- Katya
A: Dear Amazed,

For anyone who hasn't enjoyed Ambrosia's classic answer, see Board Question #4947. It's one of my favorites.

—Laser Jock
Question #47181 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Hobbes and the other writers of the 100 hour board,

Exactly how many ball bearings does it take to fill the HBLL? (Using standard size ball bearings)

- Nanti-SARRMM

A: Nan & Stel,


A: Dear Nanti,

1, where the limit of the size of the HBLL approaches 0.

10, in base number of ball bearings that would fill the HBLL.

1,000,000,000, give or take a half dozen orders of magnitude.

- Katya
Question #47180 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What did people use for chapstick before chapstick was invented?

- Orenji Jusu

A: Dear OJ,

My favorite quote of the day (courtesy of Wikipedia):
The first lip balm was actually made of earwax. It was functional, but the taste was undesirable.
Haha. Earwax. Sick.

Question #47177 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

One of those tougher employment questions:

At my employer before last, I had a great mentor who for 2 years traveled to assist me in technical areas. My employer also thought (and still thinks) he is wonderful. I worked at that employer for 5 years.

This mentor invited me to move to Texas to work under him for a large corporation; I did so for 2.5 years. I then resigned. The reason I resigned was (horror description deleted). But II Kings 7:7 was the answer to prayer - should I quit? Yes, without delay.

I was in no shape to return to work immediately - he kept up the behaviors for 6-7 months after I quit, having told me, "You should have just asked for more money!" So I needed to figure out what was going on; it has taken a year and a half. It was tough to identify because of the subtlety, but is taught of in Psych 342.

My issue is, when HR people ask why I resigned, and what about the year and a half, I (being honest) tell them. If I explain in detail, HR people are horrified enough (in Utah) that I am never considered for employment. But I can't give an incomplete explanation - that also doesn't work for HR people. It's a mighty fine line.

What does a guy do?

I learned a great deal, for which I'm grateful, though that doesn't pay the bills.

The cover story in Fraud Magazine (from the Association for Fraud Examiners) this month (August) talks about it.


- Positron, no spin.

A: Dear Positron,

Well, you've successfully removed enough detail from your question that I'm entirely unsure of what you're talking about. I assume, though, that it involved some illegal and dishonest business practices by your mentor, in which you yourself may have gotten involved. It's an ugly situation to be in, but you already knew that.

When asked about your previous employment, I'd suggest that you simply tell potential employers that you discovered dishonest and illegal practices in your previous employment, and eventually felt that you had to get out. I'm not really sure what you were doing for those 18 months, (was it really a full-time job figuring out what your previous employer was doing?) but you could easily say something like "I'd been quite disturbed by what my previous employer was doing, and it took me a while to get to where I feel comfortable seeking new employment." Of course, don't say something that's not true, but you have no obligation to give a detailed description of your previous circumstances. When employers ask about your previous employment, they're usually just trying to figure out if you were fired for misbehavior, etc. They generally don't need to know too much more than the basics.

Of course, if you were involved in dishonest or illegal activities, then it's understandable that potential employers would be hesitant to hire you. The questions they're asking are meant to draw out precisely such situations. If this is the case, you may be stuck with working in a position that's not quite what you would have hoped for until you can demonstrate trustworthiness.

Question #47176 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Where in the USA can I study Euskera?

-Ni Sarah naiz

A: Dear Sarah,

The following American colleges offer Basque courses:

Boise State University
The University of Nevada-Reno (also offers distance education)
Cameron University

- Katya
Question #47175 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was recently driving around DIA with a recently retired Board Writer and remembered that I've wanted to ask about the DIA horse for a while.

I looked around a bit about it, and found this... , but that still doesn't explain what in the world it is for! Does any of you know anything about this stupid horse that is just seems like an embarrassment for Denver especially with all of the big wigs here for the DNC?

- Bleser

A: Dear Bleser,

The horse was commissioned by the Denver International Airport. The statue was based on a smaller version by the same artist, which you can see on this page. It's not uncommon for airports to display or commission artwork which is representative of the region, so I suppose the Denver Airport people thought that a large mustang would be representative of the spirit of Colorado and the West. Unfortunately the project was plagued with problems, not least of which is that the artist was killed two years ago when a section of the statue fell on him as it was being moved. Plus, I agree with this writer that the final version just looks creepy.

- Katya

P.S. I totally thought you were asking a question about the Defense Intelligence Agency, and was temporarily very confused.
Question #47174 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What did one snowman say to the other snowman?


A: Dear Croydon Minimus,

"Do you see what Icee?" (hahaha)

-Azriel "Why, yes. I did just make that up."
Question #47172 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Have any of you ever heard of serving a "mini-mission"? A normal member of missionary age filling in for one or two transfers at a time. Basically a substitute missionary, I suppose. I had never heard of this until I went abroad and I was wondering if it was standard practice on all missions.

-future mini-missionary?

A: Dear only if you are very lucky,

When the Church decided to stop sending sisters to a certain mission in Mexico, there was one sister who had entered the field six months later than the previous missionary. Rather than assign her to a different mission for the last six months of her call, the mission president called a single sister from the area to serve a "mini-mission" as her companion for those six months. Today this sister, who was a recent convert at the time, attributes the strength of her testimony to that experience.

This woman is the only person I personally know who served as a missionary pro tempore, so while such a practice does exist, it is not at all standard.

--Fear and Trembling
A: Dear future mini-missionary,

I've heard of it as well, and I knew a sister (non-missionary) in my mission who had previously served for a few months in another mission. My understanding is that when it does happen, it's generally sisters who are considering serving a mission and want to "try it out." It seems to happen on a mission-by-mission basis, which makes me believe that it's a decision made by the Mission President in conjunction with the Stake Presidents in the area.

So no, it's not a standard practice in all missions, but may be available to you if you're interested. Talk to your bishop for more information.

A: Dear FMM,

It happened a number of times in my mission, both Elders and Sisters. If there was a trio of missionaries the Pres had us consider any young adults in the area who might be available to serve a mini-mission for 6 weeks so there could be two companionships. Sometimes it was fantastic, sometimes it was counterproductive.

Question #47171 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My wife loves making raspberry jam, and oh how I love her for doing so! Good jam can go on about anything (rolls, toast, pancake, torilla, etc.). Our predicament is that we always seem to forget WHEN the raspberries go on sale. I mean, you can buy some now but they are like $2.00 for a small bowl. In order to make jam, we are going to need a TON and usually there is a time of year that they sell the BIG crates/flats of raspberries for a decent price. Do you know WHEN that time of year is here in Utah? Is it TOO late this year already?

- Jammin' Johnny

A: Dear Smuckers,

Mmmm...raspberry jam. Have you ever tried it with homemade shortbread? A-freakin-mazing!
I asked my mom, produce extraordinaire, and she was full of good advice.

1. The best time for raspberries in Utah is early August. I'm 'fraid you missed the boat on that one. They are technically in season through October, so there's still hope.
2. I guess $2 is actually a decent price for 6-8 ounces of raspberries. Regularly, they're priced around three or four dollars, but I've seen them sometimes for two-for-three (very rarely).
3. As for flats, my mom said that if you can get them for $18, you're doing well. It does sound a tad steep, but remember what you're getting out of it!
Keep checking grocery stores for these next few weeks. Also, try the local Farmer's Markets.

Question #47170 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was talking to a guy the other day who is married, and he asked me to make out with him. Of course, I said no. He then explained to me that he has never kissed someone other than his wife, and now that he and his wife are having some problems, he would like to see what it's like to "be with" another girl. He even talked about "doing the deed" with someone else because he is so tired of his wife. I know this is wrong, but it seems makes sense to him! How do I explain to him that this is so wrong?

- clever alias

A: Dear clever alias~

You say firmly and adamantly that this behavior is immoral and evil, and then you break contact with this person immediately.

I also think you'd be well in line if you sent some kind of warning his wife's way, but following writers may disagree with me.

A: Dear clever,

This is definitely a time to make like Joseph of Egypt and get out of there.

As to whether or not you should tell his wife . . . that's a trickier situation. If you don't know her at all, then I wouldn't bother trying to track her down and inform her. I agree that she ought to know about his behavior, but, frankly, I can see it backfiring in many ways if the news comes from a stranger. If you do know her and she asks about your sudden change in behavior towards him or them, I'd tell her very honestly that her husband made a pass at you, and you're no longer comfortable spending time with him.

- Katya
Question #47169 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Do any of you know the recipe for any BYU fudge? I would so love to make it.

- Moon Lizard

A: Dear Moon Lizard,

At one point I heard that you could get the recipe for some of the Bookstore's fudge by asking for it. Alas, this is not true. Despite the best efforts of the employees behind the counter, it turns out that the Bookstore does not give out its fudge recipes. This makes sense, because it's a money-maker, but it's still too bad. They do, however, sell mixes, which allow you to make fudge like theirs.

If you're still determined to make something like theirs from scratch, try various publicly-available recipes and experiment with different ingredients and amounts until you get something that approximates what they sell. Come to think of it, trying dozens of different fudge recipes doesn't sound like a half-bad idea (if you have the time and money). I'm sure your friends would appreciate it.

—Laser Jock
Question #47168 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why do people say drinking room temperature water is preferrable to cold water for weight loss?

- Two Heralds and an Oscar

A: Dear Ethel,

Some say that drinking warmer water helps with weight loss by melting the fat in your stomach. Others say that drinking cold water burns more calories because your body has to heat it up to body temperature. However, neither has been proven to be very effective. But drinking water, in general, does help you lose weight. Just be careful not to over-drink since this will rob your body of sodium and other nutrients.

-Polly Esther
A: Dear you,

I haven't been able to find any reputable information that says either temperature makes much of a difference. As Polly's link about cold drinks points out, you burn hardly any calories to warm up the water, and explanation given in favor of warm water (melting fat in your stomach) seems pretty unlikely to me.

I did find some information about other effects that water temperature can have, though. This discussion listed results from several reputable sources, including a paper ("Effects of meal temperature and volume on the emptying of liquid from the human stomach," by D. N. Bateman; J Physiol. 1982 October; 331: 461–467.), and a newsletter from Tufts University [link to archived version]. The Tufts article sums it up well:
Can drinking ice water during exercise "shock" the system too much? Is it better to go with slightly cool water?

There's no harm in drinking ice-cold water when you exercise. In fact, cold fluids empty from the stomach faster than warm ones, so they're faster at replacing water lost through sweating. That "can have an immediate effect of cooling off the body's core" during exercise, says William Evans, PhD, director of the Nutrition, Metabolism, and Exercise Laboratory at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.
Which leads me to a good point: try including exercise in your efforts to lose weight. A combination of healthy diet and exercise is the best way to go.

—Laser Jock
Question #47167 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is French Kissing called "French Kissing"? What is it called in other countries? (I saw Board Question #42466 on kissing customs, but I'm asking specifically about what Americans call "French Kissing.")

- Anonymous

A: Dear clever,

The French call it "American kissing." The prophets call it inappropriate for a casual dating relationship. The Argentinos call it a standard greeting (not really, while the people of Argentina are much more affectionate with strangers they are not THAT affectionate...generally).

It's my opinion we call it French kissing because America characterizes France with romance. Plus, calling a kiss that includes your tongue "French kissing" puts a softer and more romantic name on it.
Ma: Jimmy! What are you two doing in the living room?
Jimmy: Nothing, ma.
Ma: Don't lie to me.
Jimmy: We're kissing with tong...I mean, uh...we're kissing like the French, ma. It's for Social Studies class.
Ma: Don't forget to work on your math.
There you go. A few theatrics from my own little mind. Hopefully we can get a little more info on what it's called in a few more countries.

A: Dear Won't 'Fess Up:

That's right you saw Board Question #42466 on kissing customs!

French: baiser amoureux (an in-love kiss), baiser avec la langue (kiss with the tongue), rouler une pelle (roll a shovel), rouler un patin (roll a shoe). JAC's claim that they would call it a "baiser américain" seems unsubstantiated: in fact, searching that brought up a rather more . . . vulgar definition.
Romanian: Sarut frantuzesc (French kiss)
German: Zungenkuss (tongue kiss)
Farsi: بوسه فرانسوی (habiba is amazing and gives the literal translation below.)
Finnish: Ranskalainen suudelma (French kiss)
Polish: Pocałunek francuski (French kiss)
Norwegian: Tungekyss (tongue kiss)
Dutch: Tongzoen (tongue kiss)
Portuguese: beijo de língua (kiss of the tongue)
Lithuanian: Prancūziškasis bučinys (I think these look like reasonable cognates for "French kiss," but I cannot say with certainty. This dictionary was not too helpful.)
Uzbek, perhaps?: boʻsa (no idea)

Wikipedia: it's a wonderful thing.

(Also, if you would like recipes from these countries, I would be glad to oblige. I've tried most of them from the previous answer--yum.)

A: Dear Portia & everyone else,

The Farsi one means 'French Kiss'.

Question #47166 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Sometime when I was in high school (98-01) I got a free CD with an order of clothes from Delia's. It was called (I think) "Music to Study By" and was one of the best CDs (free or otherwise) that I have ever had. Unfortunately, sometime in high school I lost the CD, and a few years ago lost the case (with the song list). Can you help me track it down? If it helps, the case cover was very mellow looking, mostly white with light blue on it. And I remember that one of the bands on it was Snow Patrol. (Tangent: it is funny, back then I thought that was a really weird name for a band. Now they are one of my favorite bands).

Best of luck

A: Dear Best Of,

I contacted dELiA*s customer service and here's what the rep had to say.

Unfortunately, we no longer have anymore information on the CD's that we
used hand out. We apologize for any disappointment.

I also tried a fairly detailed Google search to no avail, for which I'm very sorry. If any of our readers happen to have a copy of this cd, please send in the playlist!

Question #47165 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is the Book of Mormon available in the Basque or the Gikuyu language? If so, how can I get ahold of a copy?

A: Dear No Name:

"Currently, the Book of Mormon is not completely translated in Basque, although translation of basic Church material and portions of the Book of Mormon is underway." (From this site about the Bilbao mission.)

Neither Basque nor Gikuyu were listed as one of the 106 languages the Book of Mormon had been translated into as of a few years ago.

If something has changed within the past few years, I welcome the correction.

A: Dear Reader,

According to the LDS Distribution website, the only materials available in Basque are a gospel fundamentals pamphlet, a card with the prophet Joseph Smith's testimony, and a small book of hymns and children's songs. (You can download the order form here.) No materials available in Gikuyu/Kikuyu were listed.

- Katya
Question #47164 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Do you think it's possible to train your mind to wake you up at a certain time without any external devices to help?

- hates alarm clocks

A: Dear hac,

Yes, I do believe that. Early to bed and early to rise with an alarm clock shortly leads to early to bed and early to rise without it. Just make sure you get to bed early enough to get enough sleep. Going to bed at 4 a.m. will most certainly not result in a 6 a.m. wake up.

I also believe that each person's internal clock varies and certain people will have more ease at this than others.

I also believe I've got a healthy dose of fear for my new ward.

I do not believe in unicorns.

A: Dear hates alarm clocks,

For most of my life I was able to set my internal alarm clock to wake me at any specific time. For example, If there was a meteor shower I wanted to watch at 3 am, I could tell myself to wake up at 2:45 and it would happen. When I was in high school, I tested myself by telling myself to wake up at random times like 5:48 or 6:12. It always worked, and I was never off by more than two minutes. Unfortunately, I lost this ability on my mission because all my companions used alarm clocks, and once a machine starts to do something for me, I tend to lose the ability to do it myself.

And I believe in unicorns. And vampires. And ghosts.

--Gray Ghost
A: Dear Gray Ghost,

It's a relief to know you believe in yourself.

A: Dear alarm hater,

Depending on why you hate alarm clocks, a clock radio or a spiffy nature sounds glowing alarm clock may be a good alternative.

- Katya, who does NOT believe in scaring herself awake in the morning
Question #47163 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which weighs more- a stick of unchewed gum or a stick of chewed gum?

- orbit

A: Dear o:

Sixty to seventy percent of gum's weight is sugar, which gets digested. Here are two science experiments demonstrating the fact that unchewed gum weighs more.

Question #47162 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Suppose that a sibling of yours attends another college (Snow College if it matters), and that you'll be by briefly for the weekend. A roommate gets a hold of you for some "help" and you two end up talking for a bit. Both the roommate and your sibling mention another roommate who would like to talk with you as well. Two days later you're texting the both of them, and after a few hours they both get upset about you texting the both of them at the same time and get angry even though it was general conversation for the most part. You find out later that they they are upset because they equate texting with dating, even though nothing of the sort was ever mentioned.
So, how do you react? Do you treat the situation with humor and when go down be melodramatic or sarcastic (and risk angering them further), ignore them completely because of their crazy views, or sincerely apologize for having offended them and being a "player" in their eyes even though you'll never see them again after this weekend? Other?

- Not sure how to play this one out.

A: Dear Not sure,

They sound 17. You sound borderline. Social maturity involves more than texting for conversation and relationships require more than that as well. Drop 'em and leave them to mature. Although, maybe you were in fact leading them on through these texts. Maybe you're looking for two clandestine romances for the weekend. I don't agree with that thought process but to each his own. I've found the greater measure of maturity you have in your communication with the opposite gender the better relationship you'll have. Of course, I'm still not married. [shrug]

A: Dear not sure,

Just say something like "I'm sorry for misleading you. I've never met anyone who thought that casual text messaging implied some sort of exclusivity, hence the misunderstanding." (Well, maybe you shouldn't say "hence" if it's not a word you'd commonly use, but you get the idea.)

I imagine that you genuinely are sorry about the confusion, but, no, you don't have to apologize for being some sort of major player, if you genuinely weren't flirting. If they respond with further DTR-age, just ignore them and be happy that there are saner people in the world.

- Katya
A: Dear unsure,

1. Text L-E-I-L-A with the content of their possessive messages, if you use Verizon.

2. Watch in delight as a post like this comes up:

OMG I canNOT beleve U wuld lead me on like that. U R such a player. I hate you forever now die!!!

from a 435 phone number, Monday, September 1, 10:08 PM

3. Email them a link to the page, and hopefully they will get an idea of how over-the-top they're being.

Dark Chocolate
Question #47150 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What sort of instrument do dentists use to pull teeth? I just had my wisdom teeth out, and I could not even begin to tell what in the world they were doing inside my mouth. There was some cracking and drilling for the bottom teeth...but he just reached in and grabbed the top ones like it was nothing!


A: Dear Ethel,

A dentist will use many different tools during an extraction. They use a mouth mirror for scoping out the tooth and seeing in hard-to-see places. After initial inspection they will probably give you a topical anesthetic to dull the pain of the needle they use to apply a localized anesthetic to make your mouth numb. They might go so far as to give you a general anesthetic to knock you out. I'm told that usually this is overkill for a simple extraction, but I think I'd find it preferable. They will then use a dental elevator (a pick-like tool) to wiggle the tooth out. Or they may use a pair of dental forceps to grab it (like pliers). If the tooth is especially stubborn, it's sometimes necessary to cut it into pieces first. To do this they would use a dental drill with a "bur" attachment designed to grind away at the tooth. In any case, there is going to be a lot of blood and spit that will need to be taken care of. This is sucked away using a waterpick and a suction pipe. If you would like a more in-depth description of the process you can look here, or you can find a list of other exciting dental tools here.

-Polly Esther
Question #47097 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In the movie "The Wizard of Oz", Dorothy is told by Glinda (the good witch from the North) to "follow the yellow brick road". However, when she (Dorothy) meets the Scarecrow, she asks him which way she needs to go. Of course, if she goes back the way she came, she ends up back in Munchkin City. The Scarecrow pointed in 2 different directions as to which way she could go. If memory serves, there were three ways she could go without going back the way she came. They picked one at random and met the Tinman and the Cowardly Lion, then ended up at the Emerald City. There doesn't appear to be anywhere where the other two roads joined up so where do they lead to?

- One of the Wicked Witch of the West's former guards

A: Dear Guard,

This is most likely a case of L. Frank Baum and most of his audience simply not noticing a small lapse in continuity. Many scholars/historians believe that the Wizard of Oz is an allegorical commentary on the politics of the early 1900's. Supposedly the "yellow brick road" represents the country's use of the gold standard. If the whole story IS supposed to an allegory, we can probably forgive ol' L. Frank for not being too concerned with the physical issues of a branch in the yellow brick road.

However, here are some other things to consider:

- In The Patchwork Girl of Oz, another Oz book, it is revealed that there are actually two yellow brick roads that lead to the Emerald City and apparently, Dorothy and Toto took the harder of the two. Perhaps, then, the crossroads were where these two intersect.

- Another possibility is that Glinda is more omniscient than we are giving her credit for. She knew that Dorothy would meet the Scarecrow and that together they would "lions, tigers and bears" their way into meeting the Tin Man and the Cowardly Lion.

- Possiblity number three is that these other yellow bricked options did meet up with the one that Dorothy took at some point that we weren't shown in her travels: forest with bad-mouthing trees, meadow with sleep-inducing/possibly-opium-producing poppies etc.

- Yet another possibility is that each of the three paths would eventually lead to the Emerald City, though perhaps to a different side or door of the city. It IS an entire city after all, and the capital city of an entire country at that. Can you imagine just one road leading to the entire city of, say, Albuquerque, New Mexico? I can, and it's entirely paved with good intentions.

- Rating Pending (who would love to be one of the Wicked Witch of the West's guards OR the door keeper of the Emerald City - either way, pretty sweet costume and a killer hat)
Question #46539 posted on 09/01/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What is the Aztec-looking design on the walls of the Library based off of? Is it Indian based, or is it there just to look cool?

- Walks past the library daily like most of us

A: Dear Daily walker~

Investigating the answer to this taught me a lot of life lessons.

One of those lessons is this: If you go around pounding tables, insisting in jest that BYU is attempting to cover up information, it becomes slightly awkward to find out that they are, in fact, covering up said information.

You see, I went to the Visitors Center first, bringing along a friend with whom I was discussing a movie deal. (I double task.) The Visitors Center kindly called the library on my behalf, and they were told that it is preferred to have students research this themselves.

Off I went to the HBLL, where I went to the desk. Without going into too much detail, this is the location where I did my Fox Mulder impression and demanded answers. The girl at the desk stonewalled, saying her supervisor would know the answer. I left an email address.

Big mistake!

Many many more than 100 hours later, I decided no email was coming, and I went back and did another Fox Mulder impression, this time suspecting that there might actually be government goons waiting to shoot me as I exited.

Luckily, there weren't, and I managed to bully your answer out of a chap who now finds himself in the pantheon of Hobbes' Hall of Heroes.

University Librarian Randy Olsen says this. The huge tablets just south of the entrance of the library near the circulation desk were designed first by Dr. Avard T. Fairbanks in 1961. The Granite tablet to the west depicts Lehi passing the plates onto Nephi. The mirrored tablet to the east depicts Mormon passing the plates onto Moroni. The facade was designed on the outside of the library to allude to the theme established by the two tablets inside the library. Our library contains our records of knowledge.

Hope that helps, Mike with the Science Reference Desk

Thanks, Mike!