"When you believe in a thing, believe in it all the way, implicitly and unquestionable. " - Walt Disney
Question #15985 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

dear 100 hour board,

does "darth vader" mean anything? i heard that it meant "dark father" in another language. maybe russian.

- nerdlover

tahnks and have a fabulous day!

A: Dear nerdlover,

Well, I searched several dozen of the world's most common languages, and Darth does not appear to mean "dark" in any of them. It's possible that "darth" could mean "dark" in some language somewhere (even by coincidence) but I haven't been able to find one yet. If anyone would like to write in and tell me of a language where "darth" means "dark" then feel free to do so (fire_and_forge@yahoo.com). In the meantime, though, I'm pretty confident that it doesn't mean "dark" in any language. In Russian, "dark" dark is "Temho" (sorry, I haven't been able to find a Russian font that works on the Board) I've also heard people say that "darth" means "dark" in Dutch or German, but "dark" in Dutch is "donker" and "dark" in German is "dunkel."

As for Vader, it really is the Dutch word for "father." It's also close to the German word for father, which is "vater."

However, I should also note that in the original scripts of Star Wars, the name "Darth Vader" was given to a normal Imperial general (who was later renamed Grand Moff Tarkin).

There are also several other theories as to where the name Darth Vader came from:

- Some say that "Vader" sounds like "invader."
- Others say that "Darth" comes from the fact that he is a "Dark Lord of the Sith."
- Darth may also be a combination of "dark" and "death."

Unless the scriptwriters come out and tell us where the original name came from, though, we may never know. If anyone has any definitive information, though, feel free to send it to me at the above e-mail address and if it turns out to be accurate, I'll post it here on the Board and you will get all manner of accolades and praise.

- Hephaestus
Question #15983 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Charly or Shadowlands?

- If you haven't seen Shadowlands... see it. Seriously.

A: Dear If...,

"Charly" is one of my favorite movies. I saw it last night for what I calculated to be the 25th time. It was momentuous.

However, despite never having seen "Shadowlands", I will concede that "Shadowlands"is a much better than Weyland's movie "Charly" becuase of the material from which it was adapted. The real story of C.S. Lewis and Joy Gresham is more intriguing than the predictable Weyland vehicle. The talent in the movies is not comparable. Anthony Hopkins or Jeremy Elliott? No contest.

Weyland's book is schmaltzy and outdated.Yes, it was touching but there was something disturbing about Charly and Sam building their own home, showering in the kitchen in their first apartment, and constantly referring to the people of the nearby Reservation as "Lamanites". I was also annoyed that Charly went from being a philosophy major at Columbia University who traded in her education to sell Avon door-to-door. Don't remember that from the movie? Exactly, there was a whole lot that had to be retooled for film, further testimony to the book's status as a tear-jerker and not highbrow literature.

A better challenge is: "Love Story" or "Charly". Erich Segal's work is every bit as corny and melodramatic as "Charly", but without the LDS story. In that battle of the saps, "Charly" wins.

I need to go to return a movie to Blockbuster and will get "Shadowlands". Thanks for the tip.

-la bamba

Question #15982 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Well, basically my question is how long can I be enrolled at BYU without taking classes? I want to take a two year break and get an associates degree from a very expensive and specialized college (which is why it is just an associates). I would wait until I get my degree at the Y (which I will because I love it) but the fact is that if I wait then I will never be able to get this degree. It has to be done while I am young (19) and unattached. And so I don't want to drop out of BYU but I want to do this. I could probably take a few classes online or something.... Help?

- Person who really wants to do a lot of things

A: Dear wanting to have your university but appease it too,

Ok, you can file for a one semester deferral. That means that you can take one semester of the regular school year off. So if you attend fall but defer for winter, you don't have to be back until fall. Don't fret though, cause you can still make this work.

BYU just wants to know you're around, so even a single credit hour will do it. So you take two gym classes or something each semester and you are maintained as a current student. There are even online courses you can take (like HEPE) so if this college isn't local, you can still do it. It will just take some planning.

I suggest though that you check with registration and ask them to confirm your plan once you have it outlined. I don't want to be responsible for you doing that and having problems later on.

-CGNU Grad
Question #15980 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I love to read and want to find some good sites that may have lists of the classics, author's favorites, etc. Do you know where I can find some?

- Anonymous

A: Dear 'Nony,

www.basbleu.com (http://www.basbleu.com/stores/1/index.cfm)
"Champion of the odd little book"

www.commonreader.com (http://www.commonreader.com/cgi-bin/rbox/ido.cgi/home.html)
"Books for readers with imagination"

Oprah's book club

us.penguinclassics.com (http://us.penguinclassics.com/)
Includes a directory of the thousands of books published under the "Penguin Classics" imprint. Sort of like taking a drink from a fire hose.

Dig in.

- Katya
Question #15978 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I recently got back from girls camp with some lovely little creatures called chiggers. I was wondering when you apply the medicine to kill them if they die and remain under your skin or if they seep up and out of you.

- Disturbed

A: Dear Disturbed,

The chigger usually gets swatted off of its victim before it is done feeding. The medicine you have applied is to minimize the effect of its bite. There is no chigger inside of you, but the sensation leads people to perpetuate the myth that the chigger is trapped inside your skin. Rest easy!

-la bamba
Question #15971 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Right now I am in a pretty serious relationship and contemplating marriage. Sometimes I feel that it is right, but it's not a constant feeling. I am just needing some guidance as to how I can know forsure what I should do. How am I to know if he is someone I should marry (I already know that he is a very good potential "candidate" but there is a big difference between could marry and should marry)? I suppose this question is directed more to those who have been in this position (engaged/married/seriously contemplating it with someone). It's just that when I try to imagine mylife without this person it's very difficult, but I don't want to feel like I choose them just because we've gotten "comfortable" with each other or it would be an "easy" transition since we've been together for so long. When I look at others who've just become engaged it seems so much easier for them, they seem so sure of it. I am wanting to know also if it is normal to still wonder a little once you start getting serious or even after getting engaged, or to still have some doubts. I guess I'm just a little freaked out because eternity is a long time to spend with just one person and I want to know forsure before I get engaged. I know that I need to put some serious effort into prayer...but I suppose that I just have doubts in myself or my own abilities to receive an answer, or if I do how am I to know who is the source? I don't want hormones/physical attraction to influence this decision.
Thanks. Sorry that this is kind-of lengthy.

*as a side note, does anyone else notice that when you get into dating a lot at BYU it sort-of gives you the "bigger and better" feeling?...that is that if it doesn't work out with one person there is always someone better right around the corner to date. It sort-of makes me feel like it's hard to commit to one person when I am used to shorter lived relationships (few weeks to a couple months) and always a plentiful supply of people to date.

-he's a lot more sure than I am

A: Dear he's a lot more sure,
I've been thinking about this lately since my second sister just got engaged. But I don't have my own answers yet. When I went to Institute a few weeks ago we talked about this very thing. One of the key indicators is following guidelines of inspiration--the Lord said he will tell you in your mind and heart. Well, first you have to actually make the decision. After that you ask Him. If it makes sense logically in your mind but doesn't work with your heart, then it probably isn't right. But if both your heart and mind are aligned, it is a good thing. Sometimes such a concept it is easier said than done, but take your time. If anything, don't rush it.

As my contribution, read Board Question #14526 and Board Question #5103. Also read this article from LDS.org and a talk by Lynn G. Robbins called "Finding Your Sweetheart". (New Era, Sept. 2003, 45--can be found on LDS.org.)

Here's another idea: separate yourself from him. Do you have to go to your cousin's wedding next weekend in Montana? Does your family live out of state? Just get away for a few days if you need to. Getting away helps most people clear their heads--and it can also help settle some things. If you think your decision might be influenced by the physical aspect, separating yourself could help you figure out what you really want. But it's just an idea.

There isn't always someone around the corner who would be better, but sometimes it is true. Just remember that the idea of a "soul mate" is completely fictitious:
" �Soul mates' are a fiction and an illusion; and while every young man and young woman will seek with all diligence and prayerfulness to find a mate with whom life can be most compatible and beautiful, yet it is certain that almost any good man and any good woman can have happiness and a successful marriage if both are willing to pay the price" ("Marriage and Divorce," p. 146). -President Spencer W. Kimball

Love should be a fight to keep the relationship alive. If you can see yourself doing that, then you are probably on the right track. On the other hand, "divine" love, as President Spencer W. Kimball (1895-1985) called it,
"is not like that association of the world which is misnamed love, but which is mostly physical attraction. ...The love of which the Lord speaks is not only physical attraction, but also faith, confidence, understanding, and partnership. It is devotion and companionship, parenthood, common ideals and standards. It is cleanliness of life and sacrifice and unselfishness. This kind of love never tires nor wanes. It lives on through sickness and sorrow, through prosperity and privation, through accomplishment and disappointment, through time and eternity" (The Teachings of Spencer W. Kimball, 1982, 248).

A: Dear I know the feeling,

Oh wow, you were me about two months ago. Well, except for the being female part. Seriously though, I would feel good about this certain girl, and we would talk a lot about weddings and us getting married and how it would be. I didn't really pray/make a real decision at that time though, I just thought that I could be really compatible with this person and I really enjoyed her company, and so it would work out. She said that she prayed and felt really, really good and secure with it, and even though I didn't feel that type of confidence, I figured it would come with time.

We got to the point where we were about to go ring shopping, and it just kind of went to a crash and burn type situation. This was about two weeks before school was out for the summer, and I ended up breaking up with her because after a few cramming sessions of trying to pray out an answer, I felt like that's what we should have done. I mostly had doubts about us and yes, I felt a lot of the "bigger and better" feeling. Every single girl I saw that was marginally attractive seemed to trigger this "You need to marry HER" type feeling, which apparently after talking to others, is quite common.

So now I'm here and she's there for the summer, and in that month, the whole thing wouldn't go away. It wasn't that she wouldn't go away, in fact she was super mature about letting me do what I thought was best, even if it did break her heart. I still chatted with her online and on the phone once in a while, and it was never ugly between us. Awkward, yes, but ugly, no. I had a lot of time here to really think things out, and to realize that I still didn't feel the peace that I thought I would feel when we broke up. I had felt a momentary relief, I think at the fact I wasn't committed to anything, but in the end I was still stewing over her and what might have been.

I was glad for this time because I was totally independent. Other than my family (who were about to lynch me for throwing this girl away) I had no other influences or worries. Any decision I would make would be mine, and no matter what it was, it would be what I wanted (like Aspen noted). I came to realize that she was the one I wanted, the one who would make me happy and who I could make happy for the long haul. So I prayed about that DECISION, and I felt it was confirmed by the Lord, and I called her up, apologized and begged her forgiveness, bought her flowers, and now we're getting married in August. :)

Was it scary? Yes. Did I still have doubts? Yes, and I still do once in a while. What's the difference? My doubts back before we broke up would overpower me, would knock me down and make me forget what fun we had and what an amazing girl she was. And I had nowhere to go from that. Now, I realize my decision has an answer, so when I get worried, I just feel the peace and go forward with faith, knowing that this will work. The answer does that for you, and it wasn't an angel from the heavens. It's just the peace I feel when I start to worry, when I know that it will just all work out all right.

Bottom line: You need to make a decision, as detached as possible from anyone else. That can be hard, and the breaking up thing isn't something I would prescribe right out, but you can make it work. Weigh out all the good and bad, talk to people you trust, etc. Then, when you really are committed to that, pray about it and see how you feel. Remember, decision first, prayer second (well, you can pray along the way, but I think you get what I mean). My mom dated a guy who was a good guy, but everytime he talked about being married or she thought about it, she just felt horrible. Not just nervous, but bad. Trying to imagine life together isn't as easy as it sounds, but try to just think about how your parents react to each other. Can you see coming home when you're both tired and annoyed at life and just smiling at each other? Can you see yourselves working and doing little things together? Can you see yourself supporting him and him supporting you?

Also just realize that you're not alone. Pretty much everyone who I have shared this story with knows someone, or was someone, that went through the same thing. I know of a ton of people who were just like me (worried and freaking out), or who were just like my beautiful fiancee (patient and understanding). If your boyfriend can't let you make your own decision or has a bit of empathy for you, watch out. Just don't string him out forever.

Just be wary as well that Satan will try and change your mind. Indecision for him is just as good as the wrong decision. I strongly suggest this talk by Elder Holland at http://speeches.byu.edu/htmlfiles/HollandW99.html (especially the part about getting married) because it helped me out a ton with my decision.

Good luck. This is a hard and important decision, but I've found through personal experience that the Lord helps us grow through making it. It's not a cut and dry process, and it's not easy, but I know what I got out of it is more than worth it. You'll find that too.

- Xanadu (she was more sure than I was, but now I'm sure too)
Question #15969 posted on 07/01/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear Ambrosia,

Is there a LOSE WEIGHT QUICK diet that includes baklava and truffles?


A: Dear QOB,

Well, I can tell you what I'm trying. It's this little thing called calorie counting. [Note: The Board is not a qualified health or dietary consultant; consult your physician to find a safe diet plan tailored to your specific needs.]

First, I went to this little site, http://www.healthonecares.com/HC_CalNeeded.asp, and determined the number of calories a person with my lifestyle should be taking in to be at my target weight. Now, I eat anything I want--I just don't allow myself to eat more than that number of calories. Because I don't like to be hungry, I try to plan my day so that if I have a treat, it doesn't take up so many calories that I can't have a satisfying meal, too.

Whether or not I lose weight remains to be seen. But I definitely had baklava for breakfast this morning.

You could also try the Weight Watchers' approach, which works in a similar way. You get so many points every day and you get to spend them however you want. Baklava will definitely cost you more than, say, carrots, but if that's how you want to spend your points, go for it.

Healthy eating habits coupled with a healthy, regular exercise regime is the best lose-weight-quick plan you'll find.

Of course, if it's really speed you're going for and not health, you could try tapeworms and baklava.

--Ambrosia, who wonders if she should start putting caveats every time she gives a frivolous, flippant answer because she knows who wrote the question
Question #15967 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Boar

What is the difference between body spray/splash and perfume?

- smelly

A: Dear smelly,

Perfume is stronger. The difference is in the amount of fragrant oils in the fragrance. The more oils, the stronger the scent.

Perfume: Has the most oils.

Eau de Parfum: Has fewer oils than Perfume.

Eau de Toilette: Has fewer oils than Eau de Parfum.

Eau de Cologne: About the same as Eau de Toilette.

Fragrances come in either spray or splash bottles. Spray bottles can make the fragrance last longer because the fragrance is sealed by the cap and the spray nozzle.

-la bamba

Question #15963 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My old Young Women's Leader had this painting in her house that had a man and a women dressed in white looking out into stars and galaxies. I have never seen it in stores and I am pretty sure it is a church painting. I was wondering if anyone knew anything about it: artist, title,where to find it?


A: Dear TCR,

I have looked through so much Mormon art I'm starting to feel personally backlit. This is the only thing remotely like what you speak of that I've come across:


If this isn't it, I'd suggest contacting your YW leader and asking her. If it's not something commercially available, she'll be able to tell you.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15961 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

There is this recepie for "scripture cookies" where you look up a certain verse and try to determine the ingredients and directions. What is that recepie?

- Sweet Tooth

A: Dear Sweet Tooth,

Here you go - not one, but three recipes (the third is a cake recipe, not a cookie recipe).

I. Exodus 23:10 Cookies

1/2 cup D&C 35:8
1/2 cup Psalms 55:21

1 cup Isaiah 43:24
1 tablespoon 2 Chronicles 34:7
1/2 teaspoon 2 Kgs. 2:20
1 teaspoon vanilla
2 Isaiah 10:14

3 1/2 cups 1 Kings 4:22

1 cup crushed Isaiah 60:13 + Solomon 2:3, or diced Exodus 23:10

Cream together the first two ingredients for about 30 seconds. Add the next five ingredients and mix. Mix in the next ingredient a cup at a time. Add the last ingredient and mix. Drop leveled off tablespoons of cookie dough onto an ungreased baking pan about 2 inches apart. Bake at 375 degrees for about 10 to 15 minutes or until the bottoms are slightly brown. Cool on wire racks. Makes about 60.

II. Soft D&C 89:17 Cookies

1/2 cup D&C 35:8
1/4 cup Psalms 55:21

1/2 cup packed Jeremiah 6:20
1/2 cup Isaiah 43:24
2 Isaiah 10:14
1 teaspoon 2 Chronicles 34:7
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1 teaspoon vanilla
1/4 cup Genesis 24:17
1/2 teaspoon Song of Solomon 4:14

2 cups 1 Kings 4:22

1 3/4 cups D&C 89:17
1/2 cup 1 Samual 30:12 or chocolate chips (optional)

Cream together the first two ingredients for about 30 seconds. Mix in the next eight ingredients. Stir in the next ingredient one cup at a time. Add the last two ingredients and mix together. Drop about a tablespoon of cookie dough onto an ungreased baking pan about 2 inches apart. Bake at 375 degrees for about 10 to 12 minutes or until bottoms are slightly brown. Cool on wire racks. Makes about 48.

III. Scripture Cake

Alma 32:29 (third-to-last word)
D&C 128:53 (second-to-last word)
John 7:42 (fourth word)
1 Kings 19:6 (ninth word)

2/3 cup D&C 33:17 (13th word)
1 3/4 cups Isaiah 43:25 (6th and 7th words)
2 Jeremiah 17:11 (6th word)
1 1/2 teaspoons Ecclesiastes 12:5 (21st word) + Ephesians 5:2 (last word)
3 cups Revelation 18:10 (15th word)
2 1/2 teaspoons Ezekiel 46:20 (25th word) + 2 Nephi 26:5 (last word)
1 teaspoon Mark 9:50 (first word)
1 1/4 cups 2 Nephi 26:25 (eighth-to-last word)

Blend the first four ingredients until smooth. Add the remaining ingredients and beat 1 minute. Grease and flour two round cake pans, then pour the batter equally. Bake at 250 degrees for 30-35 minutes. Cool 10 minutes before removing from pans.

6 tablespoons Job 29:6 (7th word)
4 3/4 cup Exodus 30:35 (9th word) + Jeremiah 6:20 (13th and 14th words)
1/4 cup Nehemiah 7:3 (18th word) + Joseph Smith History 1:73 (9th word)
1 1/2 teaspoons Jeremiah 1:11 (second-to-last word) + 2 Corinthians 2:14 (18th word)
few drops D&C 133:48 (6th word) + Revelation 17:4 (10th word)

Cream all ingredients together; frost the cake.



Question #15960 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which one is Chip and which one is Dale? One has a brownish reddish nose and the others is black.

-little sister

A: Dear little sister,

The one on the left is Chip and the one on the right is Dale:

(source: www.treasurekingdom.com)

- Hephaestus
Question #15958 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

I absolutely LOVE blues dancing. I'm in Washington state right now (visiting family), and so I get to go down to Seattle every week to swing dance, and once a month to blues dance. From the first moment I started blues dancing, I fell in love with it; it feeds my soul. My life just isn't fulfilled without it. I'm going back to Utah to work in a little over a month, but I cannot for the life of me find ANY places around there to blues dance. I was so sure that Salt Lake would have a blues underground or something like that, since it's such a large city. Do you know of any places? (By the way, if you haven't ever blues danced before, you really need to try it. Anyone whose ever experienced it will tell you that it's amazing. Almost as good as those Devil Cremes that still aren't back in stores yet. :) ) Thanks!

A: Dear Nameless Blues Dancing Aficionado,

The first club I was going to suggest has turned out, upon closer inspection, to be a strip club. So we'll just leave that one anonymous. If these other two turn out to be strip clubs, allow me to emphasize that the Board does not in any way endorse the patronage of strip clubs. I don't think they are, but now I'm all nervous.

Brewskis in Ogden (244 Historic 25th Street) has "National blues acts every Tuesday." An annual membership fee of $24 is required, and of course, you have to be 21 or older, so if you're 20 or younger, try to have a birthday soon. http://www.brewskisonline.net/

Burt's Tiki Lounge (726 S State St, SLC) likewise advertises blues on Tuesdays. You'll still need an annual membership -- only $12, though -- and a 21st birthday.

I hope this helps, I hope you're 21, and I hope you noticed I spelled "aficionado" right.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15957 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have a suspicious-looking mole on my arm, and think I should see a doctor about it. (It does not pass the ABC test.) Should I find a dermatologist or just go to a normal doctor?

- Fair-skinned Beauty

A: Dear Fair-Skinned Beauty-

Either one should be fine. While a dermatologist may be better for less well-known skin problems, any general practice physician should be able to check a mole and decide what should be done. For those that don't know, the ABCDE test is a self-check that people can use to determine if a mole on their body may be cancerous. Everyone, and especially those with a family history of skin cancer, can use these simple notes to find out if any of their moles should be examined by a physician.
A: Asymetric
B: uneven Border
C: uneven Color
D: Diameter
E: Elevated

-The Franchise
Question #15956 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If I never finish my Independent Study course, will it show up on my transcript?

- Anonymous

A: Dear Anonymous,

No. Even if you finish your Independent Study course, you have to specially request that it be shown on your university transcript. If you don't finish, it will not affect your academic record. It'll be a sad waste of three hundred-odd dollars, but hey, that's your choice.

--Ambrosia, frantically trying to finish 2 courses before the end of July

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In English, there are a few words that are spelled differently according to country. For example, colour in UK, color in US. One is the word "organized". In the UK however, they spell it with an s (organised) and in many of our other words in which we use a z, they use the s. Personally, I think the S makes more sense but of course that is just my own preference. Anyways my question is why and when did the "z" replace the "s"? Can you tell me a little bit more about what else in the language has evolved?

- loaded question asker

A: Dear loaded question asker,

There are a number of words spellt with -or in American English, but -our in British English: colo(u)r, flavo(u)r, hono(u)r, favo(u)rite, savo(u)ry, etc. These are all Italic words derived through French into English, which is why British English retains -- and originally had -- the -ou spelling. Noah Webster, in writing his summary dictionary of American English, went all the way back to the Latin to make his spelling decisions, found colr-em, and eliminated the -u which had come from the Old Frenchcoulour.

A similar thing happened with organize. English adopted it in the fourteenth century from the Middle French organiser, "to give organic structure to." Webster, however, knew the medieval Latin organizare, "to accompany on the organ," and he elected to respell it for his dictionary.

In general in medieval French, you find an -ise suffix where you find an -ize suffix in other Italic languages, including medieval Latin. Webster wrote his dictionary at the end of the 18th century, in a time when the U. S. was making an explicit effort to separate itself from all things Commonwealth, so one can imagine that besides the highly nationalistic act of writing a dictionary of American English, he was interested in emphasizing as many differences as possible between our English and Britain's.


-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15953 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

what is the date for mormon night for the anaheim angels (to me they will always be the anaheim angels, despite the name change)? I've tried googling it and scoured the angels website, but i can only find that they do have one, not when it is. I've heard it's sometime in july, a time when i will be home in california. Is there a website that gives information about all the mormon nights for baseball? Thanks!


A: Dear TheSupremeMojo-

http://losangeles.angels.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/ana/ticketing/group_tickets.jsp gives some information, but does not specify the date, so I gave them a quick call. According to someone in Group Sales for the Angels, it will be Friday, 5 August.

Even more importantly, if you will be home during July, you can catch a round of the clasico between Chivas USA and the LA Galaxy at 7pm on 16 July. I know I would. The early prediction is two goals and an assist for Donovan in a 4-1 win.

-The Franchise
Question #15951 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So I just watched "Drop Dead Gorgeous" the other day and found it quite amusing. But it left me wondering, is there really a city named Mount Rose in Minnesota? I tried to google it but all that came up was movie stuff. If there is such a town, where in Minnesota is it?

- A Minnesotan with a slight accent


The closest thing to "Mount Rose" in Minnesota is a town called "Montrose." It's located in Wright County about an hour outside of Saint Paul. Its population hovers around 1,100. The median age is 30 years and the median income per household is $39,583.

- Hephaestus
A: Dear Minnesotan,

Apparently, all of the cities mentioned in the movie (or represented via sashes on contestants) are actual cities in Minnesota EXCEPT for Mount Rose. There is a Rosemount in Minnesota (population 17,293).

-la bamba
Question #15944 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I am going to be a senior in high school in the fall and was wondering about coming to BYU. My parents went there and I know BYU is a good school, but I wonder about going there sometimes. I am fairly intelligent and a lot of my really good friends who are also pretty intelligent (but not members) are planning to go to Harvard, Stanford, USC, etc. and when I mention BYU, I feel that it doesn't quite have the same ring. I feel like if I go to BYU, I might be settling. I know it shouldn't be all about prestige or whatever, and that BYU is a really good school, but I'm still not sold. And I am praying about it. But I was wondering, why you on the Board decided to go to BYU (please don't say to get married!) as well as how you've enjoyed it? From reading the Board, I can see that BYU obviously has its quirks, but I would appreciate your opinions.
Thank you so much for your help!!
- Need to Have Direction in My Life

A: Dear Need to Have Direction in My Life,

I attended one of the schools you mentioned and loved it. I am at BYU doing grad work and plan on going back to another one of the schools you mentioned for another graduate degree. BYU is not the last stop on academic careers and in my case, it was the perfect place to find that faith and academics can co-exist after a fairly secular education. Attending a non-LDS school could be the right thing for you for several reasons. One of my friends from my first college ward told me that she felt she needed to be an example to others outside of Utah as a young person with strong morals in an increasingly permissive college culture.

Since I have experience at a school you mentioned, as well as having friends (and siblings) at most of the U.S. News "top" 10 schools, I can tell you that people who do well in life do not have to attend one of those schools to achieve those things. One thing I can tell you from experience with friends is that going to a school to impress others is not going to make you happy.

So, yes, BYU is not as widely known across the board as the schools you mentioned. But you have to remember that for a school of over 30,000 students to still have the average GPA and ACT requirements be so high, BYU is a solid place to attend. If BYU were to accept 7,000 students like most schools in the bizarrely-important U.S. News Rankings, then its status would surely skyrocket. I contend that the best students at BYU could be the best students at Harvard, Stanford, and USC, etc.

I have a friend with stellar grades here at BYU who told me that he was choosing between an Ivy League School and BYU and chose BYU because it is a "greenhouse" of sorts. He meant that it is a place where an intellectually curious person can really bloom and achieve the support and preparation that waits outside.
If you decide to investigate other schools, go ahead and find people in their student wards. You might find that the LDS community will be a valuable asset to your college experience.

Also, make sure you assess the schools for the experience you will achieve not just academically, but socially. BYU students are ten times happier than my classmates as an undergrad. Their trials are just as challenging as those of my former classsmates' but they take on the world with a faithful courage you will seldom find in other places.

There is something about the very elite schools that no one really talks about and that is the sense of privilege that pervades the student bodies. I'm not saying Tom Wolfe's "I am Charlotte Simmons" is completely accurate, but there are some realities that you will notice about colleges without a religious foundation. Among these are the alcoholic dependencies of students who still manage 4.0 GPAs, the sexual environment to which even the most morally honorable of people are exposed, and a culture of entitlement that you will very seldom find at BYU. Oh yeah, and drugs. Not to make anywhere-but-BYU sound like Gomorrah incarnate, but it is something to consider.

Ask the hard questions of the other schools. Ask about the instances of date rape, the use of alcohol in dorms, the disconnect between world-renown faculty and the students who might not see them as often as their public speaking tour agents might. You deserve to attend a school that will help you grow and learn and find your authentic self. Most of your learning occurs outside the classroom, so choose your learning places carefully!

A "big" name is nice, oh so very nice, indeed. I love looking at my college diploma and anticipate decorating my wall with a few others. That is not the same for everyone and you should be fully informed about all schools before weeding them out of the running.

-perpetual student

A: Dear Needing Direction,

Sometimes BYU is presented as a mecca-type stereotype; because it is a Church-owned school, every sane Mormon should want to come here. But the truth is that BYU life isn't for everyone. It just isn't. Some people would rather die than abide by the honor code, and other people just can't take the stigma that is sometimes here. But other people really want the opportunity to learn here and they find a major that is just perfect for them. They settle into student life and get adjusted and think that BYU is one of the greatest things that has ever happened to them.

I wanted to come to BYU because I grew up with BYU. My parents graduated from here and my grandparents have both worked here (one as a professor), and all my aunts and uncles have come here too. Short of saying I was brainwashed into coming to BYU, I felt like I should come here because I would have some good experiences that would help me later in life. Some of my friends got into BYU and others didn't--the ones that didn't were either secretly glad, or they hated everyone who did get into BYU. However, I have found that the friends who didn't get in weren't really supposed to come here, and they went to other great institutions of learning and had the experiences that they needed--and they met their husbands too. They now think it is funny that I beat the BYU stereotype of coming to BYU to get married, since I am not and all my high school friends met their spouses at other schools.

Seriously though, the bottom line is that you need to go where you feel comfortable going. Have you been to BYU before? If not, plan a campus visit. Sometimes you need to see the physical location of what you'll be getting into. You can also walk around and see how you feel about being there. Some people come to BYU and are seriously creeped out. Others come and feel the spirit that is here and know they want to come here. So you might want to consider taking a campus tour if you haven't.

A: Dear NtHDiML,

I came to BYU for one big, glowing, neon reason: MONEYYYYYYYY.

I really really really really really didn't want to come here. Reeeaaaaaalllllllly really. Really. My dad teaches here. Everyone in my family has gotten a degree of some kind from here. (Except my dad, actually.) I grew up in Orem. I hated Orem. I hated Utah. I would rather have died. I would rather have died by drinking Clorox. Then BYU gave me a lot of money.

I wanted to go to a small private college, but I didn't want sixty thousand in debt for a Bachelor's degree. I got good scholarship offers to a few other schools, but not as good of schools. BYU offered me more money than anyone else, and for a better education, and so here I am. This is, I still believe, the best thing about BYU: you get a good education at a very, very low price. And it is a good education. The name doesn't have the same ring, no, and I struggled with that myself, but the Ivy League ring comes at an Ivy League price that might hurt later. If you're planning on doing graduate work, think about getting your Bachelor's somewhere cheap, because you really don't want money to be a limitation when you're looking at grad schools.

Of course, for all I know you're independently wealthy, or by "fairly intelligent" you mean "a flaming genius," so you have your pick of schools at no cost to you. So here are some other things to consider.

1. The LDS religion is very much a part of academics on campus. This is both a good thing and a bad one. It's wonderful to be able to approach religion -- and not just religion in general, but your own religion -- in an academic way, to apply it to academics and see how study and faith can interact. On the other hand, there are teachers who are more than willing to co-opt the gospel to support their particular political viewpoints, or use the classroom as a preacher's corner for their take on the gospel. The American Heritage class I took should have been subtitled Why God Is A Republican. More than one religion class has made me want to leave the Church entirely. You'll find the set of beliefs you thought was your religion manipulated and twisted into all kinds of definitions and agendas; it can be very frustrating.

2. The meatmarket. I didn't come here on the guarantee of Celestialized matrimonial bliss, but it turns out other people did. If you want a wide range of Mormons to date, this is where they gather; however, I can't imagine another university where guys consider it their God-given responsibility to ask girls out, and girls' divinely-instituted gender role to say yes. Basically, while it is a good place for Mormons to meet, mingle, and marry, it can also be exhausting trying to get your calling done when the only reason you have it is because the Bishopric thought you and your co-chair might make a cute couple.

3. BYU wards. I've had good wards and bad wards, but they're all BYU wards, which means they're freaking schizophrenic crazy. People asking each other out in the opening prayer in sacrament meeting, girls bearing their testimony in Relief Society that "I know God loves me even though not being married yet at the age of nineteen is such a trriiaaalllllllll," a quarter of the ward just broke up with another quarter of the ward, and did you hear that LaElsa Snow totally prayed about Franklin Young last week, and they're totally not getting married?

4. The culture. Personally, I like being at a school where you can go to party and generally know that coming home without getting drunk or having sex with a guy who might have been named Brett, or maybe Chip. I also like that I can move into BYU housing with roommates I've never met, and be confident that they won't have having drunken frat parties in my living room. It's also nice to be able to talk openly with people about your faith and your religious experience. On the other hand, this is also a culture where you'll be chastised for drinking caffeine, watching The Simpsons, using birth control, and reading philosophy -- not by everyone, but by a hefty minority. And it's one thing to be condemned by a random stranger; it's another thing to be condemned by a random stranger who shares your religion and is condemning you on those terms.

Overall, I've liked my experience at BYU. I'm ready to leave, but I've gotten a good education, debt-free, and made a lot of very good friends. I wouldn't say that BYU has directly strengthened my testimony, but maybe I would say that it has been a trial which has forced my faith to grow up or die. Despite the direst of my expectations, I'm glad I came.

In sum, don't come to BYU just because you're "supposed to" and don't go to Harvard just so you can wear Veritas underwear for the rest of your life. Think about what you want to study and where you want to go with your life, what kind of culture you're willing to live in, and how much debt you can afford for an undergraduate degree. And, of course, pray about it.

Good luck.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15941 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
What is a band wagon? Have you ridden on one? How can we get a ride?

Jess and Ali

A: Dear Jess and Ali-

The phrase has found a home in sports; the term refers to sudden 'fans' appearing once a team is doing well. The U of U's football team saw this phenomenon last year, when early football games in Salt Lake failed to sell out, but the tickets became increasingly in demand as the season progressed and it became clear the team was elite-level; even to the point that many of the fans that had not bothered to attend the early home games were suddenly willing to attend the Fiesta Bowl despite the much greater cost of doing so.

More immediately, the phenomenon was seen in the NBA Finals; after San Antonio won the first two games (in San Antonio) by large margins, most experts and fans believed Detroit would be lucky to win a game. Once the series shifted to Detroit, the Pistons won two games in a similarly convincing fashion, which then caused many people to jump from one side to the other, now fully convinced Detroit would win. Now, after their overtime win in game five, the Spurs will host the last two games, needing only a single victory to win, and pundits now see the Spurs as the invincible side.

-The Franchise (not a bandwagon jumper)
Question #15935 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How old does a book have to be in order to be public domain?

Specifically, I am trying to find a downloadable copy of The Sickness Unto Death by Soren Kierkegaard (but was written under the name Anti-Climacus). It was written in 1849, but I can't find it on either Project Gutenberg or The Online books Page, so I am wondering if it is not considered public domain yet.

- Fredjikrang

A: Dear Fredjikrang,

It depends. The really, really watered down version is that something is in the public domain either 95 years after it has been published or 70 years after the death of the author. There are tons of exceptions, though. Here is a really great link that gives more detail: http://www.copyright.cornell.edu/training/Hirtle_Public_Domain.htm

According to the above page, anything published in the U.S. before 1923 (or abroad before 1909) is considered to be in the public domain, which would probably include the book you're looking for. I don't know why it wouldn't be on those websites, especially if they've got other Kierkegaard. You might try emailing one of the webmasters.

- Katya
A: Dear Fredjikrang,

Anything copyrighted in the United States prior to 1923 is in the public domain. However, the translation into English of Kierkegaard's works wasn't begun until the 1930s, so the copyrights haven't expired yet.

Of course, I'm making wild assumptions here, i.e., that you weren't planning on reading the work in Danish. Danish copyright law defaults a work into the public domain seveny years after the author's death. Since Kierkegaard died in 1855, the Danish version of this work should be in the public domain. Good luck finding it, though. The Danish title is "Sygdommen til Doden."

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15928 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is 'sugar' pronounced as 'shugar'?
As far as I can see from the dictionary, all other words beginning with 'su-' do not produce this sound, so why this one word?
Even other words in English beginning with the letters 'sug-' are pronounced differently.



A: Dear Si,

The first part of "sugar" used to be pronounced more like "sue." The vowel in that syllable is a high, back vowel and sometimes consonants change to be more like the vowels that are near them. (It's called "assimilation.") Anyway, "sh" is a sound that's pronounced higher in your mouth than "s," so the word changed from being something like "soogar" to "shoogar," and then the first vowel dropped to become our modern "sugar."

Sometimes sound changes are isolated (they affect only one word)--so not all English words beginning in "su-" or "sug-" are going to sound the same.

- Katya
Question #15927 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why come there's so many Irish singers that sing about Australia? Are they somehow historically connected? Songs like The Band Played Waltzing Matilda, and The Ballad of Jack Dolan and others. They're all about stuff that happens in Australia, but the songs seems to be Irish in origin. What's the deal?

- Trillian

A: Dear Trillian-

Like Italians in Argentina, or Dutchmen in South Africa, there is a significant number of people in Australia that have Irish heritage--as much as a third of Australia's population are ethnic Irish. With that large a community, they were able to maintain their cultural heritage in a way that did not occur in most of the U.S. (Though places like Boston and Chicago are exceptions.)

-The Franchise
Question #15926 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which law enforcement officials man pull you over on the freeway? Is it different in different states? I heard the Texas Rangers would pull over anybody anywhere, is that true?

- A good driver, don't worry

A: Dear Sure you are,

Well, that depends on the state. Utah, for example, it makes no difference. Any law enforcement officer can pull you over anywhere. A BYU cop can pull you over in Ogden and a Weber County Sheriff deputy can pull you over in Moab. It makes no difference because they are all Utah State Peace Officers. All that silly stuff you learned from Dukes of Hazzard about just crossing that county line is nothing but myth.

Now, generally, officers only actively enforce the law (as in patrol) the areas that their specific employing department covers. That doesn't mean they don't have police powers elsewhere, they are just responsible for that specific area.

As for highways here in Utah, if you get pulled over it will most likely be a Utah Highway Patrol officer. However, that doesn't mean that another officer won't pull you over. Many departments will patrol stretches of highway that run through their jurisdiction. And nothing prohibits them from doing so.

One note though, don't confuse what the law says with what a department policy may say. A certain police department may have a policy against its officers initiating traffic stops outside of the agency's jurisdiction. However that does not make it illegal for the officer to do so.

This can vary by state. I don't know the laws for every state. That is something you'll have to check on in your own time. However I will tell you that in Texas, yes, the Rangers do have statewide jurisdiction and can therefore pull you over anywhere in the state.

-CGNU Grad
Question #15925 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If there is a pregnant lady and she runs away and hides from her husband, would she be considered a kidnapper?

- somebody who's not going to run away...just curious

A: Dear not running-

Custody rights vary by state. In Utah, an unmarried woman has full custodial rights over a child. Elsewhere, these rights vary, but are generally tilted toward the mother.

-The Franchise
Question #15924 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My friend swears he knew a guy in the MTC with a really odd disorder. Whenever this guy saw things that were abnormally sized he would pass out on the spot. While this makes for an absolutely hysterical story (companion whips out mini soap, guy passes out. Cafeteria serves mini carrots, guy passes out. Little old lady in the field pulls out her big scriptures, guy passes out, etc.) it sounds pretty implausible. Does such a disorder exist?


A: Dear Anthropologiee,

After an exhaustive dig into the vast resources at my disposal I resurfaced with...nothing. There is no record of any disorder like the one you have described. However, don't lose hope, we can make up something plausible.
A phobia is an irrational fear of a specific situation, action, or object. I suppose one could be afraid of any object, including an abnormally sized one. Fear can cause many physical symptoms, including fainting. Therefore, we will have to invent a phobia of abnormally sized objects.
How about megalomicrophobia? That's the fear of large and small things.
Or awrysizeophobia. Fear of objects of incorrect size.
Have fun, go crazy, invent your own phobia. We could even name it after you: Anthropologiee-ophobia. After all, none of the current phobias out there were identified until somebody manifested them and somebody else named them. I guess you were right, it does sound pretty implausible. It may be just one of those MTC legends, like the elder who escapes over the back fence once a week.