"Luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity." - Darrell Royal
Question #15944 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
I am going to be a senior in high school in the fall and was wondering about coming to BYU. My parents went there and I know BYU is a good school, but I wonder about going there sometimes. I am fairly intelligent and a lot of my really good friends who are also pretty intelligent (but not members) are planning to go to Harvard, Stanford, USC, etc. and when I mention BYU, I feel that it doesn't quite have the same ring. I feel like if I go to BYU, I might be settling. I know it shouldn't be all about prestige or whatever, and that BYU is a really good school, but I'm still not sold. And I am praying about it. But I was wondering, why you on the Board decided to go to BYU (please don't say to get married!) as well as how you've enjoyed it? From reading the Board, I can see that BYU obviously has its quirks, but I would appreciate your opinions.
Thank you so much for your help!!
- Need to Have Direction in My Life

A: Dear Need to Have Direction in My Life,

I attended one of the schools you mentioned and loved it. I am at BYU doing grad work and plan on going back to another one of the schools you mentioned for another graduate degree. BYU is not the last stop on academic careers and in my case, it was the perfect place to find that faith and academics can co-exist after a fairly secular education. Attending a non-LDS school could be the right thing for you for several reasons. One of my friends from my first college ward told me that she felt she needed to be an example to others outside of Utah as a young person with strong morals in an increasingly permissive college culture.

Since I have experience at a school you mentioned, as well as having friends (and siblings) at most of the U.S. News "top" 10 schools, I can tell you that people who do well in life do not have to attend one of those schools to achieve those things. One thing I can tell you from experience with friends is that going to a school to impress others is not going to make you happy.

So, yes, BYU is not as widely known across the board as the schools you mentioned. But you have to remember that for a school of over 30,000 students to still have the average GPA and ACT requirements be so high, BYU is a solid place to attend. If BYU were to accept 7,000 students like most schools in the bizarrely-important U.S. News Rankings, then its status would surely skyrocket. I contend that the best students at BYU could be the best students at Harvard, Stanford, and USC, etc.

I have a friend with stellar grades here at BYU who told me that he was choosing between an Ivy League School and BYU and chose BYU because it is a "greenhouse" of sorts. He meant that it is a place where an intellectually curious person can really bloom and achieve the support and preparation that waits outside.
If you decide to investigate other schools, go ahead and find people in their student wards. You might find that the LDS community will be a valuable asset to your college experience.

Also, make sure you assess the schools for the experience you will achieve not just academically, but socially. BYU students are ten times happier than my classmates as an undergrad. Their trials are just as challenging as those of my former classsmates' but they take on the world with a faithful courage you will seldom find in other places.

There is something about the very elite schools that no one really talks about and that is the sense of privilege that pervades the student bodies. I'm not saying Tom Wolfe's "I am Charlotte Simmons" is completely accurate, but there are some realities that you will notice about colleges without a religious foundation. Among these are the alcoholic dependencies of students who still manage 4.0 GPAs, the sexual environment to which even the most morally honorable of people are exposed, and a culture of entitlement that you will very seldom find at BYU. Oh yeah, and drugs. Not to make anywhere-but-BYU sound like Gomorrah incarnate, but it is something to consider.

Ask the hard questions of the other schools. Ask about the instances of date rape, the use of alcohol in dorms, the disconnect between world-renown faculty and the students who might not see them as often as their public speaking tour agents might. You deserve to attend a school that will help you grow and learn and find your authentic self. Most of your learning occurs outside the classroom, so choose your learning places carefully!

A "big" name is nice, oh so very nice, indeed. I love looking at my college diploma and anticipate decorating my wall with a few others. That is not the same for everyone and you should be fully informed about all schools before weeding them out of the running.

-perpetual student

A: Dear Needing Direction,

Sometimes BYU is presented as a mecca-type stereotype; because it is a Church-owned school, every sane Mormon should want to come here. But the truth is that BYU life isn't for everyone. It just isn't. Some people would rather die than abide by the honor code, and other people just can't take the stigma that is sometimes here. But other people really want the opportunity to learn here and they find a major that is just perfect for them. They settle into student life and get adjusted and think that BYU is one of the greatest things that has ever happened to them.

I wanted to come to BYU because I grew up with BYU. My parents graduated from here and my grandparents have both worked here (one as a professor), and all my aunts and uncles have come here too. Short of saying I was brainwashed into coming to BYU, I felt like I should come here because I would have some good experiences that would help me later in life. Some of my friends got into BYU and others didn't--the ones that didn't were either secretly glad, or they hated everyone who did get into BYU. However, I have found that the friends who didn't get in weren't really supposed to come here, and they went to other great institutions of learning and had the experiences that they needed--and they met their husbands too. They now think it is funny that I beat the BYU stereotype of coming to BYU to get married, since I am not and all my high school friends met their spouses at other schools.

Seriously though, the bottom line is that you need to go where you feel comfortable going. Have you been to BYU before? If not, plan a campus visit. Sometimes you need to see the physical location of what you'll be getting into. You can also walk around and see how you feel about being there. Some people come to BYU and are seriously creeped out. Others come and feel the spirit that is here and know they want to come here. So you might want to consider taking a campus tour if you haven't.

A: Dear NtHDiML,

I came to BYU for one big, glowing, neon reason: MONEYYYYYYYY.

I really really really really really didn't want to come here. Reeeaaaaaalllllllly really. Really. My dad teaches here. Everyone in my family has gotten a degree of some kind from here. (Except my dad, actually.) I grew up in Orem. I hated Orem. I hated Utah. I would rather have died. I would rather have died by drinking Clorox. Then BYU gave me a lot of money.

I wanted to go to a small private college, but I didn't want sixty thousand in debt for a Bachelor's degree. I got good scholarship offers to a few other schools, but not as good of schools. BYU offered me more money than anyone else, and for a better education, and so here I am. This is, I still believe, the best thing about BYU: you get a good education at a very, very low price. And it is a good education. The name doesn't have the same ring, no, and I struggled with that myself, but the Ivy League ring comes at an Ivy League price that might hurt later. If you're planning on doing graduate work, think about getting your Bachelor's somewhere cheap, because you really don't want money to be a limitation when you're looking at grad schools.

Of course, for all I know you're independently wealthy, or by "fairly intelligent" you mean "a flaming genius," so you have your pick of schools at no cost to you. So here are some other things to consider.

1. The LDS religion is very much a part of academics on campus. This is both a good thing and a bad one. It's wonderful to be able to approach religion -- and not just religion in general, but your own religion -- in an academic way, to apply it to academics and see how study and faith can interact. On the other hand, there are teachers who are more than willing to co-opt the gospel to support their particular political viewpoints, or use the classroom as a preacher's corner for their take on the gospel. The American Heritage class I took should have been subtitled Why God Is A Republican. More than one religion class has made me want to leave the Church entirely. You'll find the set of beliefs you thought was your religion manipulated and twisted into all kinds of definitions and agendas; it can be very frustrating.

2. The meatmarket. I didn't come here on the guarantee of Celestialized matrimonial bliss, but it turns out other people did. If you want a wide range of Mormons to date, this is where they gather; however, I can't imagine another university where guys consider it their God-given responsibility to ask girls out, and girls' divinely-instituted gender role to say yes. Basically, while it is a good place for Mormons to meet, mingle, and marry, it can also be exhausting trying to get your calling done when the only reason you have it is because the Bishopric thought you and your co-chair might make a cute couple.

3. BYU wards. I've had good wards and bad wards, but they're all BYU wards, which means they're freaking schizophrenic crazy. People asking each other out in the opening prayer in sacrament meeting, girls bearing their testimony in Relief Society that "I know God loves me even though not being married yet at the age of nineteen is such a trriiaaalllllllll," a quarter of the ward just broke up with another quarter of the ward, and did you hear that LaElsa Snow totally prayed about Franklin Young last week, and they're totally not getting married?

4. The culture. Personally, I like being at a school where you can go to party and generally know that coming home without getting drunk or having sex with a guy who might have been named Brett, or maybe Chip. I also like that I can move into BYU housing with roommates I've never met, and be confident that they won't have having drunken frat parties in my living room. It's also nice to be able to talk openly with people about your faith and your religious experience. On the other hand, this is also a culture where you'll be chastised for drinking caffeine, watching The Simpsons, using birth control, and reading philosophy -- not by everyone, but by a hefty minority. And it's one thing to be condemned by a random stranger; it's another thing to be condemned by a random stranger who shares your religion and is condemning you on those terms.

Overall, I've liked my experience at BYU. I'm ready to leave, but I've gotten a good education, debt-free, and made a lot of very good friends. I wouldn't say that BYU has directly strengthened my testimony, but maybe I would say that it has been a trial which has forced my faith to grow up or die. Despite the direst of my expectations, I'm glad I came.

In sum, don't come to BYU just because you're "supposed to" and don't go to Harvard just so you can wear Veritas underwear for the rest of your life. Think about what you want to study and where you want to go with your life, what kind of culture you're willing to live in, and how much debt you can afford for an undergraduate degree. And, of course, pray about it.

Good luck.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15941 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,
What is a band wagon? Have you ridden on one? How can we get a ride?

Jess and Ali

A: Dear Jess and Ali-

The phrase has found a home in sports; the term refers to sudden 'fans' appearing once a team is doing well. The U of U's football team saw this phenomenon last year, when early football games in Salt Lake failed to sell out, but the tickets became increasingly in demand as the season progressed and it became clear the team was elite-level; even to the point that many of the fans that had not bothered to attend the early home games were suddenly willing to attend the Fiesta Bowl despite the much greater cost of doing so.

More immediately, the phenomenon was seen in the NBA Finals; after San Antonio won the first two games (in San Antonio) by large margins, most experts and fans believed Detroit would be lucky to win a game. Once the series shifted to Detroit, the Pistons won two games in a similarly convincing fashion, which then caused many people to jump from one side to the other, now fully convinced Detroit would win. Now, after their overtime win in game five, the Spurs will host the last two games, needing only a single victory to win, and pundits now see the Spurs as the invincible side.

-The Franchise (not a bandwagon jumper)
Question #15935 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How old does a book have to be in order to be public domain?

Specifically, I am trying to find a downloadable copy of The Sickness Unto Death by Soren Kierkegaard (but was written under the name Anti-Climacus). It was written in 1849, but I can't find it on either Project Gutenberg or The Online books Page, so I am wondering if it is not considered public domain yet.

- Fredjikrang

A: Dear Fredjikrang,

It depends. The really, really watered down version is that something is in the public domain either 95 years after it has been published or 70 years after the death of the author. There are tons of exceptions, though. Here is a really great link that gives more detail: http://www.copyright.cornell.edu/training/Hirtle_Public_Domain.htm

According to the above page, anything published in the U.S. before 1923 (or abroad before 1909) is considered to be in the public domain, which would probably include the book you're looking for. I don't know why it wouldn't be on those websites, especially if they've got other Kierkegaard. You might try emailing one of the webmasters.

- Katya
A: Dear Fredjikrang,

Anything copyrighted in the United States prior to 1923 is in the public domain. However, the translation into English of Kierkegaard's works wasn't begun until the 1930s, so the copyrights haven't expired yet.

Of course, I'm making wild assumptions here, i.e., that you weren't planning on reading the work in Danish. Danish copyright law defaults a work into the public domain seveny years after the author's death. Since Kierkegaard died in 1855, the Danish version of this work should be in the public domain. Good luck finding it, though. The Danish title is "Sygdommen til Doden."

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15928 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is 'sugar' pronounced as 'shugar'?
As far as I can see from the dictionary, all other words beginning with 'su-' do not produce this sound, so why this one word?
Even other words in English beginning with the letters 'sug-' are pronounced differently.



A: Dear Si,

The first part of "sugar" used to be pronounced more like "sue." The vowel in that syllable is a high, back vowel and sometimes consonants change to be more like the vowels that are near them. (It's called "assimilation.") Anyway, "sh" is a sound that's pronounced higher in your mouth than "s," so the word changed from being something like "soogar" to "shoogar," and then the first vowel dropped to become our modern "sugar."

Sometimes sound changes are isolated (they affect only one word)--so not all English words beginning in "su-" or "sug-" are going to sound the same.

- Katya
Question #15927 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why come there's so many Irish singers that sing about Australia? Are they somehow historically connected? Songs like The Band Played Waltzing Matilda, and The Ballad of Jack Dolan and others. They're all about stuff that happens in Australia, but the songs seems to be Irish in origin. What's the deal?

- Trillian

A: Dear Trillian-

Like Italians in Argentina, or Dutchmen in South Africa, there is a significant number of people in Australia that have Irish heritage--as much as a third of Australia's population are ethnic Irish. With that large a community, they were able to maintain their cultural heritage in a way that did not occur in most of the U.S. (Though places like Boston and Chicago are exceptions.)

-The Franchise
Question #15926 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which law enforcement officials man pull you over on the freeway? Is it different in different states? I heard the Texas Rangers would pull over anybody anywhere, is that true?

- A good driver, don't worry

A: Dear Sure you are,

Well, that depends on the state. Utah, for example, it makes no difference. Any law enforcement officer can pull you over anywhere. A BYU cop can pull you over in Ogden and a Weber County Sheriff deputy can pull you over in Moab. It makes no difference because they are all Utah State Peace Officers. All that silly stuff you learned from Dukes of Hazzard about just crossing that county line is nothing but myth.

Now, generally, officers only actively enforce the law (as in patrol) the areas that their specific employing department covers. That doesn't mean they don't have police powers elsewhere, they are just responsible for that specific area.

As for highways here in Utah, if you get pulled over it will most likely be a Utah Highway Patrol officer. However, that doesn't mean that another officer won't pull you over. Many departments will patrol stretches of highway that run through their jurisdiction. And nothing prohibits them from doing so.

One note though, don't confuse what the law says with what a department policy may say. A certain police department may have a policy against its officers initiating traffic stops outside of the agency's jurisdiction. However that does not make it illegal for the officer to do so.

This can vary by state. I don't know the laws for every state. That is something you'll have to check on in your own time. However I will tell you that in Texas, yes, the Rangers do have statewide jurisdiction and can therefore pull you over anywhere in the state.

-CGNU Grad
Question #15925 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If there is a pregnant lady and she runs away and hides from her husband, would she be considered a kidnapper?

- somebody who's not going to run away...just curious

A: Dear not running-

Custody rights vary by state. In Utah, an unmarried woman has full custodial rights over a child. Elsewhere, these rights vary, but are generally tilted toward the mother.

-The Franchise
Question #15924 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My friend swears he knew a guy in the MTC with a really odd disorder. Whenever this guy saw things that were abnormally sized he would pass out on the spot. While this makes for an absolutely hysterical story (companion whips out mini soap, guy passes out. Cafeteria serves mini carrots, guy passes out. Little old lady in the field pulls out her big scriptures, guy passes out, etc.) it sounds pretty implausible. Does such a disorder exist?


A: Dear Anthropologiee,

After an exhaustive dig into the vast resources at my disposal I resurfaced with...nothing. There is no record of any disorder like the one you have described. However, don't lose hope, we can make up something plausible.
A phobia is an irrational fear of a specific situation, action, or object. I suppose one could be afraid of any object, including an abnormally sized one. Fear can cause many physical symptoms, including fainting. Therefore, we will have to invent a phobia of abnormally sized objects.
How about megalomicrophobia? That's the fear of large and small things.
Or awrysizeophobia. Fear of objects of incorrect size.
Have fun, go crazy, invent your own phobia. We could even name it after you: Anthropologiee-ophobia. After all, none of the current phobias out there were identified until somebody manifested them and somebody else named them. I guess you were right, it does sound pretty implausible. It may be just one of those MTC legends, like the elder who escapes over the back fence once a week.

Question #15922 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How many different ways are there to have eggs? Pictures and diagrams would be nice.

- Quiche

A: Dear Quiche,

The Joy of Cooking lists: soft-cooked, hard-cooked, coddled, sautéed, fried, poached (in soup or wine), eggs Benedict, cowboy eggs, scrambled, baked (or en cocotte), in a nest, curried, creamed, masked, stuffed (or deviled), in an omelette, in a soufflé, in a timbale, or in quiche.

It would take a lot of space and work and time to add pictures or diagrams for all of these, so I'll let you do your own search on the variety you're interested in.

- Katya
Question #15921 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear all knowing 100 Hour Board,

in the movie Forrest Gump, Lt. Dan (Gary Sinise) looses his legs in Veitnam. Now, Gray really hasn't lost his legs, so how they make it look like he did? i just can't figure it out!
thanks you so much!

- "But, you ain't got no legs, Lieutenant Dan."

A: Dear "But you ain't got no legs!",

That depends on which scene you're talking about. In the scenes where Lieutenant Dan is sitting in a wheelchair, he's actually sitting with his legs tucked beneath him. The wheelchair was specially designed by special effects artist Ricky Jay. It has a seat that slants in just such a way that Gary Sinise could hide his legs without people noticing that they were being hidden.

In the boat scene, however, it's pretty apparent that Sinise is not just tucking his legs backwards. That scene was done by the people at George Lucas' Industrial Light and Magic. They digitally erased Sinise's legs from the frames and replaced the erased parts with realistic background images - this included making sure the shadows were accurate, as well as making sure the viewers couldn't see the way Sinise's real legs disturbed the water when he jumped in for a swim. In the final picture, you really can't tell that the image has been changed - it's pretty impressive what they can do.

Question #15916 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How exactly DO you get a Tax ID number?

--Someone who wants to know

A: Dear Someone who wants to know,

That depends on what kind you want. Generally, your Tax ID number is just your Social Security Number unless you are in some special circumstances. Check http://www.irs.gov/businesses/small/international/article/0,,id=96696,00.html to make sure you are getting the right kind. Once you have determined what kind of Tax ID number you need, click on the link under that type that takes you to the application. Fill out the application and submit it appropriately. Not a whole lot else to it.

-Pa Grape
Question #15915 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I had read an essay many years ago expounding on the theory that The Smurfs cartoon was used as a vehicle to propogate communism to children. After reading it, I thought the author was pulling at straws in order justify his hypothesis.

Now, watching reruns of The Smurfs and having studied communism/socialism more extensively, I find that the author was correct in many of his theories.

What are your thoughts on this idea? Do you think other cartoons (past or present) propogate other philosophies? (If you can supply examples, I would love to hear your theories). What is this propaganda doing to the generations--are there any outward manifestations today in certain generations of philosophies taught to them as children?

Thank you for any/all comments!

- Registered Socialist applebrown

A: Dear Registered Socialist applebrown,

All fictional works, even those peddled to children, contain ideas about the culture in which they were created or the culture that the creator imagines. Disney films (with the exception of a few, like Mulan) propagate the idea of a female waiting to be rescued (Snow White, Sleeping Beauty...). In college I attended a seminar that went into detail on how the situation of women in America as second-class citizens is due in part to the ideas represented in Disney films. I don't agree, but that's just the thing about fiction: it does not have to answer to the realm of the possible.

As far as Communism, it's a great theory. I wish it worked. It's easy to be carried away by a representation of something as complex as socialism when presented in a neat and tidy little blue package. But life is not a tidy little blue package, is it? The trick is to adapt the ideals that are good in communism and find a creative way to make them work within the present system. The only other alternative is a social revolution and that is not always a guarantee of success. Read some Theda Skocpol for more info on that.

Other examples of film/TV as vehicles for ideologies include the movie "Vanilla Sky" as a vehicle for Scientology (starring follower Tom Cruise and directed by follower Cameron Crowe). Another example is "Fight Club" for anarchy (among other things). C.S. Lewis's use of the Christian ideals as a narrative tool in the Narnia books is also an example that is going to be put on the big screen.

My advice to you is to accept fiction as being an outlet for the desires of artists and not accurate depictions of the real world. Good thing cildren aren't solely influenced by media (though its impact is not negligible).

-la bamba
A: Dear Registered Socialist,

Think of it this way. The Smurfs lived in something resembling Marx's ideal of communism: everyone worked, everyone ate, everyone had the things they needed, and everyone fulfilled a fulfilling function. There are a lot of good morals in that, and whether you view Gargamel as a representation of capitalism or not, the fact is that his interest in making money via the exploitation of others is evil. If we recognize that as something that happens frequently in a capitalist economy, then we've recognized a flaw in capitalism, not a communist bent in the cartoon. There's no evidence that the Smurf creators were consciously trying to create propoganda so that the children of the 80's would grow up communist; I think it was just a touchy-feely express-your-feelings-and-be-happy everyone-share-together decade.

Consider this: aren't families communist? Everyone puts in whatever work they can, whether bringing home a paycheck or mowing the lawn or whatevs, and everyone reaps the benefits equally. It's not bad system, just because it doesn't work in a broad governmental way. Moreover, as I recall, the The Care Bears, Rainbow Brite and co., My Little Ponies, and Strawberry Shortcake all lived in communes, too, but I always thought of them as big happy pastel-colored families, not sparkled-up versions of Soviet collective farms.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15913 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How does one know if he/she has experienced racism? As a minority at BYU, I feel there are several situation where I feel left out.

I am wondering if I am just mad at the people in general or if there is a genuine case of racism. There are not many people I can turn to about this, as most of the people I know at BYU are white and they just think I am making a big deal out of nothing. They just don't beleive me and think I am just out there to find a reason to bring out the subject of racism. They think I am looking for an excuse. I am basically trying to come to terms with it and wanting to know if I can somehow make myself not think about it all the time.

- the other non-white guy on campus

A: Dear the other,

Racism is a hard to experience, particularly at a university that strives to promote Christian ideals.

Whether you are experiencing racism or not is hard to determine. Are you being excluded on the basis of your race alone or socioeconomic background (which often become conflated)? Are there people who make comments or whose actions lead you to believe that they believe that you are inferior due to your race? Do people make assumptions about you based solely on race?

If you are experiencing discomfort at school and your peers think you are making a big deal out of nothing, are you telling them about specific experiences and how they make you feel? They may be incosiderate, but that does not necessarily make them racist. There is a difference, but sometimes they are related.

BYU is not exactly diverse, but there are a number of students from different backgrounds who might be able to realte to the specific experiences you are dealing with. I attended a college where I was not in the racial majority but I personally stayed away from cultural groups until I had created an identity for myself as something other than a girl of a certain cultural background. When I was able to identify myself as person, I found comfort in attending cultural events with people who had grown up in similar circumstances and who had similar tales of growing up to tell. Reach out to your peers if you feel that a sense of community is what is making your experiences more marked.

Just remember that college is a time when everyone, to some degree or another, feels disconnected from who they thought they were. We're all looking for a place to call our own and BYU might be an opportunity for you to share your experiences with people who have never had multicultural friends. You could be a valuable friend for someone who will take a job in Detroit or Baltimore or Hawaii who might benefit from your unique worldview.

It must be frustrating to feel antogonized but remember that people's actions and words are not always considerate for reasons that extend beyond racism.

-la bamba
A: Dear other black (?) guy,

This is a really tough issue, and the short answer is that you can never really be sure, unless someone comes straight out and says "Just so you know, I'm treating you differently because you aren't white, like me." Which doesn't happen so often.

You start out being sure that things won't happen to you, that we live in a different age and that you're in a different group of people and then things just . . . start to happen and the first few times you shrug it off, but then you start to wonder, and worry. And then the next time something happens, you're even more suspicious. It's pretty easy to get into a state where you percieve every unfair event that the universe hands you as a personal put-down, and people will start to tell you that you're paranoid, but the truth is that you just don't know.

If you're white, you don't automatically think "racist" when a cop pulls you over for apparently no reason. If you're black or hispanic, you probably do. Truth is, sometimes cops just pull people over for no apparent reason. Or maybe your tail light was out. But the truth also is, that if you're black or hispanic, you probably get pulled over for "no reason" a lot more that whites do. So a little suspicion is justified.

I don't pretend for a second that I, a product of three kinds of Scandinavian ancestors, have ever been the victim of racism. I don't pretend to "know what you're going through." On the other hand, I most certainly have been the victim of sexism, having spent several semesters as a student and TA in a department which is at least 80% male. And I learned, slowly, that there are some guys who just don't really listen to girls or take their opinions seriously. Most of the time it was subtle enough that I wondered if I was imagining it, but a couple of instances were so blatant that I couldn't pretend it was anything else.

As far as your friends go, I think that most white people don't want to hear that they may be racist or that anyone may be racist. We like to think that as long as we're "nice" then everything will be OK. And if we're going to exclude someone, at least we were "nice" about it, right?

To be honest, I think that it takes a very smart, very wise person not to be racist or discriminatory. It takes a lot of work and thought to realize that you might be able to get along with someone different from you, and to figure out how to relate to them. (I think my heart is in the right place, but I can be very shy and I'm terrified of accidentally offending my non-white acquaintances.)

Please don't chalk up racist behavior to malice; it's probably just stupidity. Please don't think that you're just imagining things; people who tell you that are stupid, too. Please try not to jump to conclusions all the time--not because you're necessarily wrong, but because it's unhealthy to be paranoid.

You have been called to be Different, and I don't envy you that for a moment. You are Different in race from your churchmembers at BYU and you are Different in religion from your brothers of color. God can see that you are no different on the inside, but it will take very wise people to do the same. Try to find wise friends, try to educate your stupid friends and try to live as best you can in a difficult environment.

Ça ira,

- Katya
Question #15911 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I recently just ordered a subscription to farms.byu.edu thinking that I would have access to a huge library of research on the book of mormon. it was kind of a heat of the moment purchase. I was wondering what exactly I just spent 25 dollars on, because as far as I can tell, I could access the same articles when I wasn't a member as I can now and I'm kind of dissappointed. Maybe you can make it sound like less of a waste of my money. Thanks

- Mahonri

A: Dear Mahonri,

According to the FARMS website, subscribers to the basic $25 subscription

receive print copies of the Insights newsletter and the Journal of Book of Mormon Studies. They also have access to the FARMS online archives of newsletters, journals, The FARMS Review, selected papers and books, video, audio, and a 20% discount on FARMS products through participating bookstores.

So beyond the normal website access, you can get a discount on FARMS products, and you'll receive actual copies of their newsletter and journal in the mail. As for website access, according to Valerie Merrell over at FARMS, the newest articles are available for subscribers only. So although most of the articles you can access now are articles you were able to access before, there are a few additional articles that are now available to you as a subscriber.

I hope that you enjoy your membership!

Question #15910 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was playing boggle with some friends the other night, and we got a round with no vowels. Now we're all wondering--what are the odds of that?


A: Dear boggled-

I took my standard Boggle game out and counted the number of vowels on each die. (I included the two 'Y' sides and 'Qu' as vowels.) One die has no vowels, two dice have only one, six have two, five have three, and two have four. The probablilties of rolling conosonants for each of these groups is 6:6, 5:6, 4:6, 3:6, and 2:6. Multiply the consonant probabilities of all the dice together, and you saw something that happens about once every 4884 games of Boggle.

-The Franchise
Question #15909 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

A friend of mine wants us to go dancing before she leaves down. Specifically, she wants to go clubbing. Are there any clubs in Salt Lake, playing either Latin or hiphop on Friday nights, that won't be completely scandalous? I know, I know. Not the wholesomest atmosphere. But she really wants to go dancing, and my clubbin' connections are out of town and can't tell me where I should go to avoid (as much as possible) the drugs and sex. Please help!

-just wanna dance

A: Dear just wanna dance,

If you're into Latin, your absolute best bet is BYU Salsa Club. I love their dances. There's a free one in the RB this Friday night. Go to http://groups.yahoo.com/group/byu_salsa/ for more details on Salsa Club events. Also, this Friday night there will be a big dance at Seven Peaks playing both hip hop and Latin music. That one's not free, but still probably won't be too scandalous. If you want dancing in Salt Lake, Mambo (http://www.mamboslc.com) is the Latin place to go on Friday nights. The 16 & up floor only plays reggaeton & is mostly full of crazy vatos, so if you want good dancing or good Latin music you'll have to go to the 21 & up floor. Of course, they serve alcohol, so that can create quite a bit of sketchiness if people around you are drinking. If you go there, I'd say bring a boy with for protection or to keep any creepy people away. Sometimes Café Del Sol on Canyon Road also has Latin dances on Friday nights, but I've never been able to get into one since they're always so crowded.

If you want to go out Saturday, there's a free salsa dance at Gualberto's (across from Movies 8) starting at 11pm, or Trolley Square (700 E 600 S) and Mambo (3620 S State) both have Latin dancing. There's a new Latin club in Sugarhouse called Karamba at 1051 E 2100 S, but I've never been there so I can't tell you much about it other than the fact that they serve alcohol and are open both Friday and Saturday nights.

If you want to stick to an environment with LDS standards, I would check out http://www.ldsdanceinfo.com. They sponsor dances every Friday night at the Copperview Community Center in Midvale.

As for hip hop clubs, I know of several. Unfortunately, I don't think I would recommend any to you based on things sketchy things I've heard about them or the sketchy guys old roommates have brought home from them. If you want to stay away from most of the scandalousness, I would recommend that you stick to either Latin clubs or dances such as those put on by Salsa Club, Seven Peaks or ldsdanceinfo.com. Wherever you decide to go, I hope you have a safe and fun time!

Question #15906 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I went mud wrestling for the first time in my life recently at Rock Canyon Park. While I thoroughly enjoyed myself, there was one downfall: the mud smelled awful!!! A lot like sewage, actually. Do I need to be worried about catching some terrible disease from frolicking through sewage-y mud? What caused it to reek so badly? Do you know if it was human or other sewage if it was indeed that? Sorry this is kind of disgusting.

-Usually zestfully clean

A: Dear usually zestfully clean,

That is really foul and I am sorry to hear of your experience. Who knows how much sewage runoff there was in the particular mudpit within which you rolled. The Board is not equipped with a forensics lab and you have sent us no sample. I have pasted a link with information on sewage spills. Assuming the mud contained some sewage, the effects are probably not as strong.

Warning: not for the weak of stomach

-la bamba
Question #15903 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Could you help me find the English translation of Falco's songs "America" and "Tango the Night"?

- Amadeus

A: Dear Rock me,

From www.mann-electronics.de/falcoworld/falco-calling/translat.htm:


The story is like this:
Everyone knows
It obviously began
It was with rock and roll music,
Not always easy in this country
What sits in me- is white and spurting -
Is completely clear to me.
Although I do drink Whiskey and sing since I was in the USA
People there say "Falco you are wonderful"
I don't take them very seriously
While they buy my records which they would buy anyway
It doesn't bother me
The typical in me - I am not a type- I am high and I am low
At one time going one way, another the opposite.
You have to take me as I am
I tell you straight
Show me a nice foot (a girl's), and I'll be there!

America, can you believe how much I'm missing you
America, can you believe how much I'm missing you

Der Spiegel says: "Vienna is in"
And if they don't know, who does?
And if Mr Smith has a bald head, let's go and sell him a comb..

The man was thick, the girl was slick, so he went and asked
"What's your name?"
"I'll take 2000, cash", the girl says. [sorry, word-play on the English & German, can't be translated)

You have to take us as we are
We tell you straight
Show us the next president and we'll be there
... or not

America, can you believe how much I'm missing you
America, can you believe how much I'm missing you

"I would like to have that wonderful Wiener Schnitzel"
Give him a 'Polnische in a Wachauer' (basically something like a hot dog)
"Yeah, that's really great"
But it is quite clear,
The man says "That'll be100"
No, schilling, not dollars,
Let's not overdo it

America ... La la la - la la - la la

I can't find a good translation for "Tango the Night," so I'll give it a shot:

Tango The Night

Schwung gepflegt im Séparée - Well-groomed swing(ers) in a separate (something)
Mit Champagner ein Couplé - A couple with champagne
Nur deine Leidenschaft - Only your passion
Der Leib - die Glut - die Kraft - Body - Fire - Force

I kiss your lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

Was weißt denn du, was Liebe ist, What do you know, what love is
Wenn alles du beim Tanz vergißt - When you give everything in a dance
Nur deine Leidenschaft - Only your passion
Der Leib - die Glut - die Kraft - Body - Fire - Force

I kiss you lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

Ein téte-á-téte im Séparée - A one-on-one (encounter) in a separate (something)
Mit Champagner ein Couplé - A couple with champagne

I kiss your lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

I kiss your lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

We'll tango the night away

- Katya
Question #15898 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why Y? and why not B? U would just be silly, but why not B instead of Y?

- Curious Physics Minor

A: Dear CPM,

Once upon a time, someone high up thought it would be a good idea to spell "BYU" on the mountain in big white letters. School spirit and all that. So they started putting it up, and being the brilliant planners that they were, started with the "Y" to make sure everything was centered correctly. While the "Y" itself is the letter right in the middle, you may have noticed that the "B" and the "U" haven't yet shown up. As it turns out, the project was a whole lot more expensive and labor-intensive than anyone expected, and so they just left the "Y." Until then, most people referred to BYU as BYU. But the letter on the mountain meant we could shave a whole syllable off of the cumbursome BYU title. We can now call it "The Y." And that's what people did.

Interesting bit of side trivia- up until very recently, maintaining the Y has been the job of new freshmen. During orientation, they were recruited to form a bucket brigade up the trail to repaint, and any extra boulders had to be carried up by hand, too. Welcome to BYU, kids. It's time for a service project. Well, not anymore. I hear something similar goes on, but the people who do it aren't freshman automatically signed up for a service project.

-Uffish Thought
Question #15897 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

This is my second (and third) food question within the last 2 weeks. I apologize for my food obsession, but being from the east coast, I miss the variety of foods that do not appear here.

I have been praising the French Bakery gods for bringing a delightful French Bakery to Orem. But my question is, are there any Italian bakeries around? I am dying for a canoli.

I might as well throw one more food question in (2, 2 for the price of 1!)... I'm also looking for a place that sells scones and clotted cream--a British tea room maybe. Are there any in existence around Utah Valley or SLC?


--The food obsessed applebrown

A: Dear applebrown,
British products can be purchased at the London Market, 563 South 700 East in Salt Lake City. Phone: 801-531-7074. They even have a website at thelondonmarket.net. I've only been there once, unfortunately. Check it out and see if they have anything that you are interested in. And if you go, pick me up some McVittie's caramel biscuits while you are at it. :)
A: Dear The food obsessed applebrown,

I can deeply sympathize. I miss Mike's Pastry in Boston more than I can express. Speaking of Mike's that is one option to satisfy your cannoli cravings. At http://www.mikespastry.com/ you can order cannoli's (some assembly required). Those cannolis are fantastic.

Another option is that Costco used to carry an assemble your own mini cannoli kit. They weren't too shabby but certainly not the best.

Lastly, I have heard great things about the cannolis and other pastries at Kneaders. There's one in Provo (295 West 1230 North) and one in Orem (1990 North State St.).

I need to make a trip over there myself.

-Pa Grape
Question #15896 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In Joseph Smith History in the Pearl of Great Price 1:36, Joseph said the Angel Moroni quotes part of the third chapter of Malachi, and later in verse 41 he said that there were other scriptures that Moroni quoted. Are there any alternate accounts of these four visits of Moroni? Do we know which verses of 3rd Malachi that Moroni quoted? Do we know of any of the other scriptures that Moroni quoted?

- Patata Brava

A: Dear Patata Brava,

There are four accounts of Moroni's visitations to Joseph when he revealed the existence of the plates. I started going through them and making a list, but I came across a great article in Gospelink. It is in Studies in the Scriptures, Vol. 2: The Pearl of Great Price by Kent P. Jackson. That discusses your question in a fair bit of detail. Scroll down to the section entitled "The Scriptures of the Restoration". If you are able to use Gospelink, just click here: http://gospelink.com/library/doc?doc_id=274864&highlight_p=1.

For the benefit of those who don't have Gospelink, here is the list of scriptures as listed in the article:
Malachi 3
Malachi 4:1
Malachi 4:2-4
Malachi 4:5-6
Isaiah 11
Acts 3:22-23
Joel 2:28-32

Those scriptures are mentioned by Joseph directly. The following scriptures are mentioned in second hand accounts written by Oliver Cowdery:
1 Con 127-29
Isa. 29:14
Isa. 29:13
Isa. 29:11
Psalm 100:1-2
Psalm 107:1-7
Psalm 144:11-12
Joel 2:28
Psalm 144:13
Psalm 146:10
Isa. 1:7
Isa. 1:23-24
Deut. 32:23-24
Isa. 1:25-26
Psalm 107:7
Isa. 2:1-4
Isa. 4:5-6
Jer. 31:27-28
Jer. 31:32-33
Jer. 30:18-21
Jer. 31:1
Jer. 31:8
Isa. 43:6
Jer. 50:4-5
Jer. 31:9
Jer. 31:6
Isa. 2:3
Isa. 11:15-16
Jer. 16:16
Deut. 32:43

So we don't know specifically which parts of Malachi 3 were quoted but the article notes that verses 1-4 seem significant and relevant and seem to emphasize similar topics emphasized in other specific references that Joseph says Moroni talked about. I really suggest getting the article from Gospelink as it reallly discusses the significance of the passages Joseph specifically references.

-Pa Grape
Question #15882 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Suppose the world were much the same as it is now - still rotating at the same rate, still just as far from the sun, etc. - but it were flat instead of spherical. What would be different?

- Amalthea

A: Dear Amalthea,

That depends. Is it rotating with the axis cutting across the flat disk of the Earth (like spinning a quarter), or is it rotating with the axis going through the middle (like a CD or an LP)?

Spinning like a quarter:

Only two time zones. All of one side of the earth sees the sun at the same time and at the same angle.

Spinning like a CD:

It would be very cold. All of our sunlight would hit us at a pretty steep angle--in fact, we'd be like the north and south poles in that we'd only get sunlight for 6 months out of the year.

Gravity would probably be noticeably stronger near the center of the disk in both situations. I can't really think of any other things--I'm sure there would be a lot of differences, but they're not really coming to mind right now.

- Katya
Question #15880 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

how hard is it to get into the music program? i heard its really competitive. Do you know compared to other majors how hard the program is?

- maestro in training

A: Maestro,

Here's a brief run-down of what to expect.

You must audition. If they think you're good enough, they admit you as a "general music major" for your first year. During that first year, you take your general classes such as theory, sight singing, dictation as well as any pre-reqs for your degree program. You must get at least a C in all those classes.

At the end of your first year, you have some kind of mysterious "jury" process you must go through. (I picture it to be something like what Harry goes through at the beginning of Order of Phoenix.) If you do well enough in this, congrats. You're in.

For more info, call the school of music advisement center at 422-3777.

- Beemer Boy
Question #15877 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is it that somedays I am constantly hungry, whereas other days I hardly eat anything, and I am not doing anything drastically different? Bodies are weird.

- Adam

A: Dear Adam,

Hunger mechanisms are based on a large number of things, which include (but are not limited to) calorie need, hormone level, mental status, and many other things. If you are exercising a lot more than usual on a particular day, then you are more likely to be hungry. This is a mechanism the body has established to help the body stay at an optimal energy level (and to keep you from wasting away.) Hormone and other chemical balances also change your appetite by supressing or increasing metabolism. Also, your mental status is related to your appetite. Have you ever been very sad or upset to the point were you had no appetite? This is an example of how your mental status could change your rate of metabolism and/or your appetite. For example: right now I am in class until 2 pm every day. Due to the intensity of some of my classes, I am so busy that I rarely think about food. It will be about 3 or 4 pm before I remember that I am incredibly hungry. These, and many other factors, can change your body's reaction to food, and also the way you think about food, all of which ultimately cause your hunger mechanisms to fluctuate.

Question #15872 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've never used a serger before. Would one be able to sew through about 5/8" of fabric? If so, is there a serger on campus I can use?

- Seven layers in one seam! (three upholstery, one gathered upholstery, one fleece, one gathered fleece, one crepe)

A: Dear Seven layers,

My HFAC costume shop source says: no. A regular surger would not be able to sew through that much material, although an industrial surger might. She suggests that you try each layer separately to see how many layers it will do, but that it definitely won't do all seven.

As to whether or not there is a surger on campus--there are sewing machines for student use in both Deseret Towers and Heritage Halls, but I don't know if there are any surgers.

- Katya