If you want to arrange it, this world you can change it. -Trans-Siberian Orchestra
Question #45339 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Regarding Board Question #45219 and steen's response:

I hope that you'll indulge an old writer with a concern about a reply that was given to a reader under the name of New To This in response to her question about "becoming one flesh."

steen replied that:

The bottom line is, if you and your future spouse stay clean and true to each other and the Lord, everything will work like it is supposed to and there will be nothing to be worried about.

I can't begin to explain how uncomfortable this statement makes me. While I recognize the spirit in which the comment was intended, I think it perpetuates a very false idea among the members of the church: that by virtue of being a worthy member of the church, God will exempt you from how things normally have to work here in mortality and from the natural trials of life.

There are many good couples in the church who struggle with the sexual aspect of their marriage. Those struggles can be of a physical nature such as one of them suffering from any one of the myriad of physiological conditions that can make sexual intercourse difficult if not very frustrating and unfulfilling for both partners. Since when has a righteous church member been spared having to deal with physical shortcomings, struggles, impairments, and imperfections?

Those struggles could also be knowledge-based. I don't feel I am at all off base in saying that most LDS young men and women who marry are relatively ignorant on sex. Having just finished a graduate level class on human sexuality, I am becoming painfully aware of the lack of good sexual education that people receive (regardless of whether you believe it should happen at home, school, church, or your kid's treehouse in the back yard). No righteous church member has ever become proficient or skilled at anything without receiving some good instruction. After all, we receive instruction on how to recognize the Spirit, how to study our scriptures, and how to keep the Sabbath day holy. How is it that righteous church members need to seek out information and study those issues, but will be suddenly divinely imbued with what they need to know about a (I'll go out on limb and say) relatively unexplored and new aspect to your body and another body with which you've had next to no intimate experience?

No, simply being a righteous member of the church won't miraculously heal any physical maladies or remove any need to learn and that goes for things of a sexual nature or any other aspect of our mortal lives.

New To This, I highly suggest you do some learning (the books referenced in Laser Jock's cited questions are great). You'll also need to make sure you get in to see a gynecologist for a premarital exam (be sure to discuss with him/her the hymen and what your options are). Don't be afraid to ask questions from anyone (doctor, bishop, parents) and don't be afraid to ask them where they learned that (there are a lot of myths perpetuated about sex, both outside the church and about church doctrines surrounding it). Don't be afraid to talk any issues of concern over with your significant other. I also suggest you do some studying about what "becoming one flesh" really means, because it isn't only referring to s-e-x. Lastly, don't get overwhelmed (about the sexual aspect of marriage or the rest of the wedding). It should be enjoyable (again, both the wedding and the sex).

Best of luck and congratulations.

-Pa Grape

Question #45331 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In response to Board Question #45219 your doctor can also be a great resource. Before I got married I read a couple books and I also talked to my doctor about questions and concerns that I had. Having my concerns addressed by a medical professional was very helpful.

- June

Question #45290 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've looked a lot, but never found a definitive answer to this and I'm confused. I grew up in another state and have lived there for 20 years. I've been attending BYU now for over a year and a half now, and I'm currently renting my own apartment. Given this state of perhaps-residency, do I have a choice about which state should I register to vote in (for the 2008 presidential election)? If so, do I just register for an absentee ballot? I'd really like to vote but have no idea how I'm supposed to go about doing so.

Thank you,
- I-am-not-sure-of-which-state-I-am-a-resident

A: Dear Reader,

If you're already registered to vote in your home state, then you can request an absentee ballot from your home county or you can register to vote here in Utah. If you're not registered back home, then you must vote here (or, optionally, register to vote if you're going home between now and October-ish). Generally speaking, you have to change your voter registration or request an absentee ballot no later than 30 days before an election, so don't put the decision off until the last minute, or you won't be able to vote at all.

This page has information about registering to vote in Utah County. The procedure for absentee voting will depend on your home county. Try Googling [home county] absentee ballot to find the website with the appropriate information.

- Katya
Question #45288 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have been trying to find the name of the song from Single's ward where Jonathan is sitting in his car going over his life. As far as I can find the song is not on the soundtrack, and I can't find who sings it through my searches online. Much appreciation if you have any help on who the artist is.

- Forgetful

A: Dear forgetful,

The song is called Everyday, by Maren Ord. The lyrics are printed here.

Thanks to Chillylint for helping find this!

Question #45287 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I love my sea salt grinder, but I don't love the prices of the refills. Kosher salt is about the same size and I think I can get away with using it in the grinder instead. I don't salt my food very often, but which would be more "healthy": sea salt or kosher salt?


A: Dear Holy Wood Mouse,

Well, actually, you can buy kosher sea salt. However, I'm going to assume your question refers to sea salt vs. regular kosher salt.

Anyway, Doctor Kanga and I had this long and extensive conversation about salts, and we came to the conclusion that salt is basically salt. Sea salt might have some extra minerals in it that table salt doesn't have, but you can always get those minerals through other foods and by taking a daily nutritional supplement, anyway.

Also, you may find this of some interest. According to New Italian Recipes, kosher salt refers to salt that doesn't contain magnesium carbonate (and has been blessed appropriately and so forth, of course). Dr. Kanga also found this article that talks about the properties of different salts, specifically crystal structure (course or fine).

Hope that helps you out. Personally, I'd just opt for whatever is cheapest.

Question #45286 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What is the oldest commercial that is still running on tv?

- Dead Cat

A: Dear St. Bobbie,

Discount Tires has got a really old commercial still on air with an old lady throwing a tire through the window (I remember seeing it originally back when I was like... I don't know, in elementary school or something like that), but I don't know that it's the oldest commercial on air.

A: Dear Dead Cat,

I've seen some old Orville Redenbacher commercials flying around. They also made some new commercials using Orville himself even though he's been dead for 10 years.

Question #45285 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When you go to Cold Stone and present your birthday coupon for free ice cream, do they ask for ID?

I forgot to print mine on time, but my sister's birthday is on the same account...and it's next week :)

-Happy birthday to...

A: Dear birthday werf,

The one in my hometown says they do. I'm sure it depends on which one you go to and who's working that day.

Question #45283 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So, lately I've gone to a lot of missionary farewells. As a result, I often find myself attending more than one sacrament meeting per Sunday. Should I only take the sacrament at one of the meetings or is it okay to take it more than once on one day? My friend said you shouldn't take it more than once, but I feel weird just passing the tray without taking it...

Pirate Princess

A: Dear Pirate Princess,

It's fine to take it twice. See Board Question #17379 and Board Question #37255.

- the librarian
Question #45281 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Craig is gone! What should I do?

- Giovanni Schwartz

A: Dear Robert Dearheart

Cry. No, wait. Don't do that.


Oh! I know! Write him lovely letters that will cheer his busy day?

A: Dear GS~

I hope you'll take it in the right spirit if I tell you to get a life.

I don't know what your relationship with your brother was, but now's a good time to find new friends, new hobbies, and good times all around.

You can do it.

Question #45280 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is G2 different from Gatorade, or is it another ploy to make more money?

- Amnesiac

P.S. This time I put on my closing tags for you, Laser Jock.

A: Dear Amnesiac,

Well, all marketing strategies are ploys to get more money. So yes it's a ploy, and yes they are different. G2 is more along the lines of Vitamin Water and the such. It's basically water flavored with artificial sweeteners (hence the 'low-calorie'), full of coloring, and full of water-soluble vitamins that you're probably just going to put right back out. G2 is different in makeup and purpose than Gatorade itself, so if you use Gatorade to keep hydrated and replenish electrolytes during exercise you won't get the same effect substituting G2. I noticed at the store yesterday that they even display the two items in different places: Gatorade with the sports drinks and G2 with the flavored water.

Question #45278 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What chord "goes like this: the fourth, the fifth, the minor fall, the major lift"?

Baffled, composing Hallelujah

A: Dear Baffled,

I heard it was a secret chord that David played, and it pleased the Lord.

But you don't really care for music, do you?

-habiba (who hates to hear anyone but Rufus Wainwright sing that song)
A: Dear King,

Actually, what's being described is more a chord sequence than any individual chord, despite what the previous line of the song says. In fact, those chords are precisely the chords played as their respective lyrics are sung. The song is in C Major (at least it is on the Shrek soundtrack), so the chords are F Major (P4, 2nd inversion), G Major (P5, 2nd inversion), A Minor (m6, 2nd inversion), F Major (P4, root). Note that the terms "minor fall" and "major lift" aren't well-defined technical terms, so the interpretation in the song is a bit loose, but it works.

Great song.

A: Dear king,

As a side note, try Imogen Heap's version, and Regina Spektor's.

-Olympus, who doesn't really care for Rufus Wainwright's version because after he did it, no one remembered Jeff Buckley's version, which came before Rufus Wainwright's (though not first)
Question #45277 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why are people from the Philippines called Filipinos? I mean, why is it spelled with an f, instead of ph?


A: Dear Thumbelina,

"Filipino/a" is actually the older word. Ruy López de Villalobos called the islands Las Islas Filipinas after Spain's Philip II (Felipe II de España), so the people became known as "Filipinos." Americans, however, generally referred to the islands as the "Philippine Islands" — a translation and transliteration of the original Spanish name. Because of America's close ties with the Philippines after the Spanish-American War, the American spelling became accepted as the official name of the country.

Thanks for prompting me to research something I'd always wondered about.

- Katya
Question #45276 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Earlier in the year, I had to learn a ton of piano music for an audition. The audition is over now (thank goodness). I love these pieces and want to keep them in my repertoire. However, every time I practice them, it seems like they're getting sloppier and I'm forgetting a lot of the notes. How can I keep my pieces fresh, lovely and memorized?

The Whole Nother

A: Dear The Whole Nother,

I too experience the overpractice fatigue you described. What generally helps me when I get to the point where repetition is only wearing at my performance quality is to put the piece aside for a while. Playing it through once or twice every once in a while, perhaps even from the sheet music rather than from memory, keeps it fresh. And if you do need to publicly perform the work again, the heightened concentration from the social pressures will dispel the effects of overpractice fatigue and your performance will still be lovely.

Keeping it memorized is the hardest for me. I tend to unconsciously make up fills for parts I've forgotten, especially in the left hand. After two years of no classical piano as a missionary, I forgot everything I had memorized, but playing it through from the sheet music brings it back quick. In fact, by forgetting and relearning those pieces I actually polished them a lot more than if I had just continued to practice them.

In sum, a periodic review will keep the music you worked so hard to perfect in performable condition, but losing those pieces isn't something to stress about, because once you've learned a piece it is easy to recover.

--Gray Ghost
Question #45274 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Kicks & Giggles,

So, your profile says you'd beat people in a belching match...Hasn't anyone ever challenged you to one by now? If so, who won? Is your title as world champion belcher really secure? :)


A: Dear Mr. Lipvig

Ooo. You have no idea what you just stepped in.

A: Dear Quint,

Alas, you bring up a touchy subject. I have been challenged to a match, but only once since being on the Board. And in that match I discovered a crippling performance anxiety when it came to my belching. I was shamefully defeated.

The next day, however, I put my opponent to shame. The only thing was, she was no longer around to be shamed. I hang my head in the loss of my gift.

-Kicks and Giggles
Question #45273 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which of the Theodore webcomics is your favorite? You know? The ones that are updated every weekday at theodorefriendtoall.blogspot.com?

- Optimistic.

A: Dear Optimistic.,


A: Dear Optimistic.,

It's a tie between Floss and iPod. Of the more recent ones, I loved the artwork on Towels.

A: Dear Optimistic.,

My favorite.

- Katya
A: Dear Op.,

I looked all over, but couldn't find it. The title is Shameless Plugging. Maybe I'll see it in the future?

It's nice to have Theodore back, by the way.

-=Optimus Prime=-
A: Dear Optimistic.,

I'm actually quite a fan of the most recent, The Ugly One. I also thought DOS was rad, and a long-time pair of favorites is Can Opener and its companion.

Question #45272 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which country's flag has the most distinct colors on it?

- Optimistic.

A: Dear Full Stop,

It's a close call between Mexico and Ecuador, depending on how you define distinct colors. By my eye, I can detect 16 distinct colors in each:

  1. Green
  2. White
  3. Red
  4. Dark Olive Green
  5. Light Olive Green
  6. Blue
  7. Light Blue
  8. Gold
  9. Pink
  10. Dark Blue-green
  11. Light Blue-green
  12. Black
  13. Dark Brown
  14. Light Brown
  15. Dark Tan
  16. Light Tan
  1. Yellow
  2. Blue
  3. Red
  4. White
  5. Off White
  6. Black
  7. Dark Gray
  8. Light Gray
  9. Flesh Color
  10. Sky Blue
  11. Holly Green
  12. Grass Green
  13. Mountain Green
  14. Water Green
  15. Light Brown
  16. Dark Brown
I'll let you decide.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #45271 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board~

I need help figuring out the title of a book: it is about a group of people getting to choose their bodies before they are born. Two of them are in love with each other. Another is in love with a man, who has already been born, so she wants to take a body that will only live for 15 hours in order to meet her soon-to-die man in the afterlife.

The book title starts with an "S" and is one word -- some word I've never heard other than in this title (Sarillian? Something like that). The process of taking a body is called "enclayment." I believe the author is a female and has three names on the cover. That's everything I know. I've done online searches and cannot find anything. Can anyone tell me what the book is called?

~Hobbes writing in on behalf of his sister

A: Dear Hobbes-ette,

The secret librarian network says it's Stellarian, by Alice Morrey Bailey.

- Katya
Question #45270 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Dragon Lady,

For someone as apparently into LDS historical fiction as you, you left off the seemingly most obvious of that genre- The Work and the Glory. Have you not read them, or do you just not like them?


A: Dear Wallace ~

a) I'm much more entranced with biblical times than recent Church history.

b) I read 1-6. Then a few years later, 7 came out. So I read it, but it'd been so long that it took me half of the book to remember who everyone was. Then a few years later, 8 came out. And I knew I'd have to read them all again to get any pleasure out of 8. Many, many years later, I decided to do it. I got halfway through 4 and never picked it up again. That was awhile ago.

c) The question asked for favorite fiction. Not just fiction that I've enjoyed reading. I do enjoy The Work and the Glory but I wouldn't count it amongst my favorite novels.

~ Dragon Lady
Question #45268 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Cleaning Lady,

I would love to have the recipes to the dishes that you mentioned in Board Question #45187. Some of the recipes I already have, but here are the recipes that I would like.

Pasta and cream sauce with sun-dried tomatoes and mushrooms
Paella with a strong veggie-to-meat ratio
Pizza topped with artichoke hearts and sun-dried tomatoes
Lentils with potatoes and carrots (ham bits give more flavor)
Egg salad sandwiches
Tortilla soup with black beans substituted for chicken
Clam chowder
Vegetable barley soup (you can use just a bit of beef, too)
Vegetable lasagna
Fried garbanzo beans (with tomatoes, onions, and garlic)
Couscous with asparagus and feta cheese
Fish, broiled and topped with lemon, served with simple risotto and mixed veggies

I'm getting married soon and my faince and I love veggie dishes, so thanks!

- New To This

A: Dear Newbie,

I was just going to email you the recipes, but there have been other requests, so I'll go ahead and post them here. (This is basically a disclaimer for anyone who is grumbling, "Why is that annoying Cleaning Lady taking up so much board space again? Isn't there a question about an obscure Indie band that I can read instead? Whine, whine." Go ahead and scroll down; I don't care.)

Cream Pasta Sauce

1 c. cream
3 Tbs. butter
1/2 c. mozzarella cheese
2 Tbs. Parmesan cheese
2 cloves garlic, crushed
1/2 lb. mushrooms, sliced
1/4 c. sun-dried tomatoes
salt and pepper to taste

Saute garlic, mushrooms and tomatoes in olive oil and/or butter until slightly golden; set aside. In saucepan, heat cream and butter over medium heat until almost boiling - DO NOT BOIL! Add cheeses, stir until melted. Add sauteed veggies and salt and pepper to taste.

Serve over favorite pasta (the sauce takes about the same time to make as boiling the pasta). Makes about 3 servings.


1/4 lb. sausage (we like Polish)
1 chicken breast
1 can diced tomatoes
1 onion, diced
2 garlic cloves, diced
3 1/2 cups chicken stock (chicken bouillon works fine)
1 1/2 cups medium-grain rice
1 bag frozen vegetables (we prefer Mediterranean mix)
pinch saffron threads*
green olives to taste

*Let saffron threads soak in chicken stock or water and bouillon while preparing sausage and chicken. If you don't have saffron (it's super caro), don't worry about it, or add some yellow food coloring.

Cut sausage and chicken into 1-2 inch cubes. In large pan, brown sausage; remove. In same pan, fry chicken seasoned with salt and paprika until browned on all sides. Set aside with sausage.

Add a little olive oil to pan and fry onions and garlic for 3-4 minutes, until golden brown. Add diced tomatoes and cook until thick and bubbly.

Add chicken stock, season with salt and pepper and bring to a boil. When liquid is bubbling, throw in all the rice. Stir once, then add sausage, chicken and vegetables (as much as you want/will fit in the pan).

Cover and cook over medium-high heat for about 20 minutes, or until rice is done. For the last couple of minutes, put a handful of green olives on top replace cover. Serve straight from the pan.

Pita Pizza

package pitas (about $2 at Macey's)
1 jar artichoke hearts
fresh roma or sun-dried tomatoes
black olives
spaghetti sauce
mozzarella cheese

Use pita as pizza crust and cover with spaghetti sauce and mozzarella, then add fixings you like. Cook right on the oven rack at 450 degrees for 3-5 minutes, or until cheese melts. Pitas can also be frozen. These are great for a quick lunch!


1 cup dry lentils
1-2 large potatoes
2 large carrots
1 large onion
1-2 cloves garlic
1 can tomato sauce
2 cubes bouillon (chicken, beef, or vegetable)
cooked ham or sausage, as much as you want
Salt, pepper and oregano to taste

Cut veggies into soup-size bits. Wash lentils, then put in a pot and cover with water (3-4 cups?) Add all other ingredients except meat. Bring to a boil, then cover and reduce heat to low. Simmer, covered, 20-30 minutes or until lentils and veggies are tender. Add any meat and cook until heated through. Feel free to use any veggies you like, like celery.

Egg Salad Sandwich

1 boiled egg
About 1 Tbs. mayonnaise
About 1 tsp. mustard
Salt and pepper to taste

Take a whooping to boiled egg using a fork. Add just enough mustard and mayonnaise to blend into a paste, add salt and pepper to taste. Put on bread and enjoy.

I like a lot of egg on my sandwich, so I use about 1 egg per sandwich - some people might like less. You can also experiment with different kinds of dressings instead of mayonnaise to get interesting flavors, and add relish, olives, celery bits, nuts, etc.

Tortilla Soup

1/3 c. chopped onion
3 cloves garlic, chopped
3/4 t. ground cumin
3/4 t. dried oregano
1/4 t. chili powder
1/4 t. pepper
6-8 c. chicken broth (bouillon is fine)
1 can (14 oz.) diced tomatoes
1 can (4 oz.) diced green chilies
1 can black beans, drained and washed
10 corn tortillas*
2 T. chopped fresh cilantro

*I often use the leftover crumbs from bags of tortilla chips instead - they're good even if they're stale!

Garnishes: 1 avocado, 1/2 c. shredded cheddar cheese

In large saucepan over medium heat, stir together onion, garlic, cumin, oregano, chili powder, and pepper until fragrant - about 1 minute. Add broth, tomatoes (including juice), and chilies. Cover and bring to boil over high heat.

Meanwhile, cut tortillas into 1/4 - inch strips; add. Reduce heat, cover and simmer 15 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add drained, rinsed beans, reduce heat and simmer 5 minutes. Stir in cilantro and salt to taste. Ladle up and garnish as desired.

Clam Chowder

4-6 slices bacon
2 cans minced clams
3/4 c. minced onion
3/4 c. diced celery
1 1/2 c. cubed potatoes
1/2 c. butter
1/2 c. flour
3 c. half and half
1 tsp. salt
1 Tbs. red wine vinegar
pepper and parsley to taste

In large pan, fry bacon. Remove bacon pieces and reserve just enough grease to saute onions. Saute onions in grease, then add other veggies. Add clam juice from cans and enough water to cover; cook over medium heat until tender.

Meanwhile, in large saucepan, melt butter. Stir in flour, then add half and half and cook and stir on low until thick and smooth. Add contents of other pan (veggies and clam juice); heat through. Just before serving, add clams and heat through. Season with vinegar and salt to taste. Serve w/ bacon crumbled on top.

Vegetable Barley Soup (Better Homes and Gardens)

Stew meat, as much as you want
4 c. water
1 c. chopped onion
1/2 c. chopped celery
2 cubes beef bouillon
2 cloves garlic, crushed
1 cup frozen mixed veggies
1 can diced tomatoes
1 c. potatoes, cubed small
1/2 c. quick-cooking barley
1 tsp. oregano
1 bay leaf
1/4 tsp. pepper

If desired, brown meat in small amount of oil. Add water, onion, celery, bouillon, garlic, and spices. Bring to a boil, cover and reduce heat to low. Simmer for 1 hour.

Stir in frozen veggies, tomatoes, potatoes, and barley. Return to a boil; reduce heat. Simmer, covered, about 15 minutes or until meat and veggies are tender. Discard bay leaf.


12 jumbo shells
16 oz. cottage cheese
2 eggs
2 c. mozzarella cheese
1/2 c. Parmesan cheese (real shredded)
3/4 t. oregano
1/2 t. salt
1/4 t. pepper
Spaghetti sauce

Preheat oven to 350. Boil jumbo shells about 7 minutes. Drain and rinse with cold water, set on paper towel. Combine cottage cheese, egg, 1 1/2 c. mozzarella, Parmesan and spices. Stuff shells with cheese mixture. Put a little sauce on bottom of a greased 8" x 8" pan. Put shells in and cover with sauce. Sprinkle with cheese, cover with foil, and bake for 30 minutes.

Vegetable Lasagna - try out this recipe from the Cannon Center

Fried Garbanzo Beans
(This dish was created for me once by a crazy Spaniard lady on my mission. Crazy, but an excellent cook.)

1 can garbanzo beans, drained
1/2 onion, chopped
2 cloves garlic, crushed
2 roma tomatoes, cubed
chicken bouillon
olive oil

Taste a garbanzo bean to make sure they're soft - if still hard, boil in water until soft and drain.

Saute garlic and onion in a couple of teaspoons of olive oil until tender. Add garbanzo beans to pan; season with about a teaspoon of boullion (add a bit of water if needed to help dissolve). Stir fry garbanzos until they start to brown. Move garbanzos out of center of pan; turn up heat and add tomatoes. Fry quickly until everything starts to brown. Enjoy!

Couscous with asparagus and feta cheese

1 cup couscous, prepared as directed on package
mushrooms, sliced
EVOO (extra-virgin olive oil)
pine nuts
feta cheese
lemon juice

Make couscous as directed on package, using chicken or vegetable broth instead of water. Meanwhile, cut asparagus into 2-inch lengths. Saute in EVOO with mushrooms until both start to brown. Add veggies, pine nuts (if desired) and feta cheese to couscous. Season with lemon juice to taste.

Broiling Fish: put fish filet in glass pan; top with butter and/or lemon juice and salt and pepper, or whatever other seasonings you want to experiment with (parmesan cheese is delicious). Broil on top rack of oven for just a few minutes - 4-7? - until fish flakes easily.

Simple Risotto (from Better Homes and Gardens)

1/2 c. chopped onion
1 Tbs. butter or margarine
2/3 c. uncooked rice
2 c. water
1 tsp. chicken bouillon
Dash black pepper
1 cup frozen peas (optional)
1/4 c. grated Parmesan cheese

In a medium saucepan cook the onion in hot butter until tender; add rice. Cook and stir 2 minutes more. Carefully stir in the water, bouillon and pepper. Bring to boiling; reduce heat. Simmer, covered, 20 minutes (do not lift lid).

Remove saucepan from heat. If desired, stir in peas. Let stand, covered, for 5 minutes. Rice should be tender but slightly firm, and mixture should be creamy. (If necessary, stir in a little water to reach desired consistency.) Stir in Parmesan cheese.

Hope this helps. Feel free to experiment and play with amounts. Your fiance is a lucky man - you're going to be a great wife.


The Cleaning Lady
Question #45267 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Alma 40:13 says that the place where the spirits of the wicked wait between death and resurrection is outer darkness and there is no mention of spirit prison. Are the places just called by different names here? I always thought after death the righteous and wicked spirits went to paradise and prison, respectively, and that after the final judgment, resurrected people were assigned to a kingdom or to outer darkness. Can you help me understand?

A: Dear Anon~

The place being talked about is Spirit Prison. See the next verse.

Question #45266 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which of you has the most siblings?


A: Dear Bursar,

"Not I," said the cat.

A: Dear A-Dawg

I'm the middle child of seven...so I have six siblings...you had probably already worked that out before I did the math for you.

-Humble Master
A: Dear A-Dawg,

I have as many siblings as Humble Master, but I know there's someone else with more.


The Cleaning Lady
A: Dear Randy Jackson,


-=Optimus Prime=-
A: Dear sibling,

I just have the one, and he's a deadbeat that never calls. Don't you hate that? I hope you call your siblings.

Question #45265 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

A while back was in the advisement center of the college of engineering and technology, filling out some paperwork for getting me into my major's program. Apparently, I wasn't going about it the right way, and the girl behind the desk starts talking to me like I'm some kind of idiot because I didn't know the proper procedure in filling out some dumb form. In the ensuing conversation I inquired as to what her major was (I naively expected her to be an engineer) and it turned out she was studying --- wait for it --- marriage family and human development. It turned out that all the girls working that office were "family science" majors, which almost causes me to think that they're only working in the engineering department because it's an auspicious place to meet lots of guys who'll have good incomes.

Anyways, I thought it was outrageous for some dumb chick who just came here for the sole purpose of landing a husband to talk down to a smart guy who's actually studying a legitimate discipline. In my opinion, people need to respect the BYU caste system (as mentioned in Board Question #8162.) If you have some easy, cop-out major like "home and family living", you cannot speak disrespectfully to someone whose major actually requires a brain.

Am I right or am I right?


A: Dear A-Dawg,

The caste system is descriptive, not prescriptive; it offers no justification for the extent to which engineers consider themselves God's gift to the student body, it merely attempts to quantify that tendency (to which you've added another data point).

It's unfortunate that the secretary lost her patience with you, but patience can wear thin when you repeatedly have to explain a process to someone. It's also been my experience that engineers are more likely to jump into a project than they are to carefully read the instructions, so she may have had to deal with many engineers who screwed up their paperwork. (And if you can't properly complete some simple paperwork, you can't speak disrespectfully of the secretary who had to do your work for you.)

- Katya, who thinks it's a mercy your neck doesn't snap from the excess torque exerted by your huge head
A: Dear A-Dawg,

I'd also like to point out that just being a member of a certain major doesn't mean that person is smarter per se. I've met plenty of freshmen who were budding Chemistry majors who ended up dropping out later because the classes were too hard. While I do have more academic respect for people who do well in difficult classes, I don't think it makes them better people (although I admit that I am often similarly biased towards MFHD majors).

A: Dear A-Dawg~

I'm not sure if your question was serious, or if you just got a little carried away while you were writing it.

I'm a Russian major, and I'm pretty much the smartest person I've ever met*. So much for the caste system.

I bet the readers didn't think any more ego could be inserted into this question. I showed them.

*Katya excepted, naturally.

Question #45263 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear PHP Paragon,

I am currently learning how to use php5 to manipulate and display xml. I have been using simplexml as it has boasts almost no learning curve. The supported functions allow 'addChild', but there is nothing to 'removeChild'. Is there a solution? perhaps using PHP XML DOM?

"This will be wildly useful, I promise"

A: Dear be,

This article: Parsing XML using SimpleXML says that a non-ideal way to force SimpleXML to trash an element is to set it to null:
$sitemap->url[0] = null;

He also explains why that's not a very good idea.

I would recommend biting the bullet and diving into XML DOM, it's rather handy. You can find a lot of great information on the subject over at http://w3schools.com/dom/default.asp. It's not as bad as you think, especially if you already understand how XML is structured.

-Curious Physics Minor
Question #45261 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Regarding Alma 12:37, what are the "second commandments"? And what are the first ones, then?

- pyloric

A: Dear pyloric,

The second commandments are those pertaining to the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and therefore the commandments to which we are now subject. In verse 31 we learn that the first commandments are those that Adam and Eve transgressed in the Garden of Eden, "becoming as Gods." In this enlightened but fallen state they and their posterity needed a new set of commandments to guide them to salvation through the Redeemer, hence "the gospel began to be preached, from the beginning, being declared by holy angels sent forth from the presence of God" (Moses 5:58). To emphasize the change caused by the Fall, Alma calls this gospel the "second commandments" in his discourse to the people of Ammonihah.

--Fear and Trembling
Question #45260 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I'm looking at constructing a scale model of the solar system. If I were to use a standard size tennis ball to represent Jupiter, what would you suggest I use to accurately represent those other heavenly bodies?

- Elliot

A: Dear Elliot,

You may have to rethink this idea, as you'll see at the end. However, here's what I did: first, I found the ratio of the tennis ball's diameter* to that of Jupiter. Then I multiplied this by the diameter of each of the remaining planets (and Pluto) to get the diameter of the object you would need to represent them. Here are the results, in centimeters, followed by my (rough) suggestion of object:

Sun - 61.8 cm (a beach ball that's 2' across)
Mercury - 0.22 cm (a bead 2 mm across)
Venus - 0.54 cm (a pea)
Earth - 0.57 cm (a slightly bigger pea)
Mars - 0.30 cm (a BB)
Jupiter - 6.35 cm (tennis ball)
Saturn - 5.35 cm (a billiard ball)
Uranus - 2.27 cm (a shooter marble)
Neptune - 2.20 cm (also a shooter marble)
Pluto - 0.11 cm (a very small pebble 1 mm across)

Now why could this be tricky? Well, I decided to apply the same ratio to the Solar System, which I chose to be the diameter out to Pluto's orbit. Your model would have to be 2.62 km across. If you only count out to Neptune's orbit it would be 2.00 km across. If you decided to show all the way out to where the Sun's gravitational influence stops dominating (about a four light-year diameter), you would need 16,800 km. Unfortunately, the Earth is only 12,742 km in diameter. I'd recommend picking either Pluto's or Neptune's orbits as the boundary, personally. Assuming you have access to a vehicle, that could actually be kind of fun.

—Laser Jock

*all diameters taken from Wikipedia
Question #45257 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Part 2: I've been trying to look at different classes required for the Wildlife & Wildlands Conservation major, and every time I try to look at the "Major Academic Plan Sheet" so I can work on figuring things out, I'm told the site "can't be found," that it is "temporarily unavailable." I am starting to get worried because I am unable to find the resources I need to plan this upcoming semester and might not be able to get the classes I need. I only recently changed my major, so I didn't know to change my classes until fairly recently. Do you know when this page will be back up, or is there another place I can access it?? Thanks so much:)

- She

A: Dear She,

The Wildlife and Wildlands Conservation MAP can be found at the following link.


(In case you were wondering, I got there by going BYU homepage --> Students --> Academic Links --> Advising --> Charting Your Academic Course --> "here" link under Major Academic Plans (MAPS) --> Fall 2008 - Summer 2009 --> Life Sciences --> BS in Wildlife and Wildlands Conservation)

I recommend getting together with an adviser to help you plan your class schedule, however, because some of the WWC major classes are only offered once every two years (e.g. "winter even years"), so you have to plan things out carefully to have all the prerequisites finished for your once every two year classes when the opportune time comes.

Good luck. Even though I've turned to the dark side, I still think that WWC is the coolest major at BYU.


A: Dear she,

BYU's academic catalogs list the courses required for each major and minor, as well as any prerequisites for each course. They don't plan it out by semester and year like the MAPs, but you can figure that out yourself, based on the class prerequisites and on your own graduation timetable. Here are the requirements for your major as of the 2007-2008 schoolyear. Go here for specific information on each course. For future reference, here is the general academic catalog page.

- Katya
Question #45256 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I emailed the PWS Major people at BYU twice in the past few weeks about the Wildlife and Wildlands Conservation major and haven't heard back, so I'm trying my luck with another source! :) I am trying to figure out what classes to sign up for and currently have Chem 106 and 107. (I'll be a sophomore) The thing is, I don't want to take these classes and I don't think they're required for the major. My question is, will taking these help me in the major (one page says something about them being recommended for a "pre-professional," and I'm not sure what that means), or can I stop with Chemistry now? (I just finished Chem 105) Thanks!

- She

A: Dear She,

Chem 105 and 106 are definitely not required for the Wildlife and Wildlands Conservation major. If they were, there is no way I would have been in that major once. Chem 101 is recommended (along with Geology 101, because the two combined fulfill your Physical Science GE). So you ought to be prepared for all of your major classes after having take Chem 105, but if you're planning on going into a field that requires a lot of Chemistry after you graduate, you ought to consider taking 106 and 107.

As for what classes you should take, I'm not sure if you were asking for opinions, but I highly recommend PWS 225 from Danny Raymer, and your life will not be complete until you take Range Management from Dr. Roundy. Other than that, since you're only just starting your sophomore year, you should be able to follow the MAP pretty well without much difficulty.

I'm surprised that the "PWS Major people" have neglected to get back to you. Try PWS-Secretary @ byu.edu, if you haven't already. Whoever's in charge of that email account has always been quite quick to get back to me (and send me multiple job opportunities every week until I finally managed to convince them that I'm not in their major anymore). If that address doesn't work for you, you can call them at (801) 422-3042, because you'd really do well to get with an adviser before you get too far into the major. Tell them if they don't help you, you will send ninjas to steal their freakin' awesome candy bowl.


Question #45255 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I asked Board Question #23086 a while back, and the answers I got were really quite helpful. BUT, I'm back for more advice and to give you more info. I have gotten a lot better about being able to sleep in a variety of circumstances. I can now fall asleep even if my husband falls asleep before me. If there is some light in the room, I can deal with it. I can even fall asleep without music, but I still prefer to fall asleep with music.

Now, for a little history- My freshman year at BYU, I had a roommate that didn't like to fall asleep with music. I figured that would be fine, and I would just do without. Throughout the entire semester, I struggled with my sleeping habits. Even when I was very tired, I would find it difficult to fall asleep at night. I could nap any time of day, though. When I did finally get to sleep, I would wake up throughout the night all night long. I am not exaggerating when I say that I slept the whole night through less than five times the entire semester.

Oddly enough, I didn't realize until Christmas break that when I fell asleep to music, I could sleep all night without waking up. So, the next semester I made a point of turning on my music about 30 minutes before my roommate intended to go to bed, and when she went to bed, she'd just turn off my CD player. It was perfect. My sleeping went from miserable to perfectly fine. So, I learned that music was key, not just to my falling asleep, but to my staying asleep.

And now, it's been like 4 years since that discovery. And I'm sort of back to square one because even when I fall asleep to music, I still wake up all night long. And I end up being tired all day but not wanting to take a nap that will throw off my sleep schedule. I wouldn't be that worried about it if I could just sleep in, but I teach early-morning seminary for my branch these days, so sleeping in is not an option.

I'm sorry that background information was so ridiculously long. Do you have suggestions for me to be able to sleep the night through? I'm not sure what causes me to wake up- dreams, sounds outside, roly-poly husband (he's not generally roly-poly, so I don't think that's it). What should I do to get a good night's rest?

Thanks oodles.

-some girl

A: Dear Sleepless,

Take a Benadryl. That puts me out all night.

The Mayo Clinic may have some helpful information. If it's something that's really affecting your life, you may want to find a sleep center in your area. They might be able to help.

Good luck.

Question #45253 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

According to Board Question #33837 BYU was not broadcasting in HD but was considering it. Now that its been awhile....do you know if they have since taken the plunge? I've noticed on my standard TV connected to BYUCable that many images are cutoff but that could just be my TV. Any information would be helpful since my stimulus is coming soon and I want to stimulate the economy.

- ponys

A: Dear ponys,

They have indeed taken the plunge. Here is the schedule for HD broadcasts. Apparently they only broadcast HD in Utah, and the programs broadcasted are from PBS. There were a lot of articles about new BYU Broadcasting programs being filmed in HD, but its not clear when they'll be shown. It seems that significantly more HD programming will be offered after the change to digital next year.

Question #45251 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Ok I know that the Inernet has a good side and a bad side, and that whenever the Lord gives us something for good, Satan twists it to use it also for his evil purposes..

Ok, now I know that the sacred ceremonies in the Temple are not legally published or distributed anywhere outside the Temple, and of course we refrain from using the wording that is used there, but why is it that the Church doesn't go after people who are posting the wording of the ceremonies online (I have stumbled across them by accident while looking for other things)? It would seem to me that the Church ought to have some legal protection in this area. Also, how in the world are people able to put the endowment on the internet considering that no published version exists except within the Temple itself?

Not to be vengeful, but I sure do hope those that are guilty get what's coming to them in the end

loves the temple

A: Dear reader,

Your instinct is correct; in the U.S., unpublished material is protected much in the same way as published works. There are a few procedural differences, but they aren't significant. Almost all other countries have similar provisions, thanks to the Berne Convention that internationally harmonized copyright law. So the reproductions of the temple ceremony scripts or performances are illegal because they violate the exclusive Section 106 rights of the copyright holder. (Here, presumably, the LDS Church or some subsidiary has the copyright.) And since the reproduction is wholesale, the work is unpublished, and the use is not transformative, the reproductions almost certainly fall outside the fair use exceptions.

I don't know of any incident in which the LDS Church has pursued a copyright lawsuit against infringers of its copyright in the works associated with the temple ceremony. No cases appeared in my search of all federal cases. While I can't speak for the LDS Church or its legal department, I can think of two major reasons why the Church would not chose to enforce its copyright through a federal lawsuit. The first is that it would simply draw more attention to the illegal reproduction. For example, the Church has sued various parties for illegally reproducing its Handbook of Instructions. This has drawn significant media attention, and the content has simply been copied and reproduced on other websites. The most recent episode with the website Wikileaks garnered national media coverage. The LDS Church likely does not want similar results with respect to the temple ceremony material. The second reason a federal copyright lawsuit would be self-defeating for the LDS Church's goals is the fact that the content would become part of the lawsuit, and therefore public record. Perhaps it could be placed under seal or redacted, but this result is also probably undesirable for the Church.

As for how these unauthorized reproductions occur, I can't say for certain. The scripts may have been stolen or copied without authorization. Alternatively, someone could record the performed ceremony with some sort of hidden sound or video equipment. People are resourceful, and as the music labels and movie studios have discovered, it only takes one copy in order for any information to become freely available on the Internet.

Question #45250 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dearest 100 Hour Board,

Would you post a question if it contained information on how to be a board writer? Would you be awfully offended?

- Got Bored..

A: Dear Bored,

If we felt that the question gave away too much information, we'd either delete it or edit it. We wouldn't be offended if the "security breach" appeared to be unintentional, but we'd probably be annoyed if it was done on purpose.

- Katya
Question #45249 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is it possible to make a request on Netflix so that they start carrying a movie they don't currently carry?

- Confused about how Netflix works

A: Dear Fate,

Find your way over to the Contact Us page, look down a short ways, and you'll see a link that says "title request." Fill out the form. Press the button to send it. The end.

Question #45248 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

have any of you seen the movie "Final Fantasy Spirits within" if so did you like it? Is there anything bad in it?


A: Dear jiff,

My roommate actually just watched "The Spirits Within" about a week ago, so it's fresh on my mind. It's a bit odd; while the story certainly fits with the Final Fantasy series, it just feels different. In the console games, you have 30-40 hours of gameplay to grow attached to the characters and to explore the world, so you have time to accept all the fantastical elements of the given world. The Spirts Within, at 106 minutes, is constantly throwing new weirdness at you. I never really felt like it was my world in the way that you do while playing the games. As a result, I don't relate emotionally to the characters in the way I did in Final Fantasy VII or X.

The answer to your second question depends entirely on your definition of 'bad'. There is essentially no sexual content of any offensive nature, and there are only a few instances of profanity. The PG-13 rating essentially comes from the fact that there's lots of shooting, mostly at phantom spirits. I doubt you'll find it offensive at all. If you'd like to read a more detailed review of the potentially-offensive content of this movie, check out kids-in-mind.com.

Question #45245 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

So on the season finale of The Office, Michael sets his watch for the exact hour which Toby will be leaving. Later he is forced by Pam to give his watch to Toby. Toby then says, "I'm going to set this to Costa Rica time." Later that night, right as he's leaving, the alarm goes off. If he changed the time, shouldn't it have changed when the alarm goes off? What are your thoughts on this?

- Miss SL

A: Dear Miss SL,

Good catch! I just rewatched the exit interview and it would indeed appear that Toby immediately switches the time. I'd chalk it up to a writer's error, like the highly disputed fact of whether Jim or Pam started first at Dunder Mifflin.

Question #45242 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What's a really good (preferably free) photo editing program that I can download. I see a lot of cool pictures where the eyes are enhanced and such and I would love to try some techniques like that.

- Camera Shy

A: Dear Camera,

To the tune of "All You Need Is Love" by The Beatles:


There's nothing you can't do that I want done.
Nothing you can't bling that I want blung.
Nothing we need pay but we can learn how to gray a flame.
It's easy.

There's no picture you can't make that I need made.
No image you can't save that I need saved.
Nothing you can do but we can learn how to do in time
It's easy.

All you need is GIMP, all you need is GIMP,
All you need is GIMP, GIMP, GIMP is all you need.

All you need is GIMP, all you need is GIMP,
All you need is GIMP, GIMP, GIMP is all you need.

There's no OS we know that you don't know.
Nothing we can see that you don't show.
Knowing that you're free just fills my heart with glee.
It's easy.

All you need is GIMP, all you need is GIMP,
All you need is GIMP, GIMP, GIMP is all you need.
All you need is GIMP (all together now)
All you need is GIMP (everybody)
All you need is GIMP, GIMP, GIMP is all you need.

-Curious Physics Minor
A: Dear Camera Shy,

I'm all for open-source software, but the GIMP is really hard for me to figure out. Usually I just want to crop photos; for that I use some online website like this one which lets you do basic things without even downloading any software.

Question #45237 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Now that summer is here, what is your favorite popsicle? and, if you could invent a flavor of Otter Pop, what flavor and name would you give it?

- Elliot

A: Dear Elliot,

My favorite popsicle are those Dreyer's fruit bars. Specifically the strawberry ones. They are SO tasty. In fact, I think I will get myself one today during lunch time.

I like Otter Pops pretty well. If I could invent a flavor it would be a lemon/lime one with some other hints of citrus flavors in it. I love citrus flavors. I would name it "The Cheeky Citrus" in honor of myself.

-The Cheeky Chickie

A: Dear Elliot,

I'm rather fond of those orange Creamsicles. I'm also a huge fan of any kind of fudgesicle. I guess I tend to choose the high-fat, ice-cream-on-a-stick kind.

If I were to make my own Otter Pop, it would be some sort of tropical punch kind. Maybe with something of a carbonated kick to it. Think along the lines of frozen Shasta Tiki Punch. Mmmmm . . .

A: Dear Elliot,

I cań’t ever get enough of the official Popsicles, mostly because of the jokes on the sticks. The Firecrackers, Fudgsicles, and the ones that look like Snoopy are my favorite. The Flintstones Push-pops are a close runner-up. If you asked the average eight-year-old, their answer would probably be exactly the same as mine. I still get excited for the ice cream truck, too.

In keeping with the fact that the Otter Pop people like to name their flavors after famous people, mine would be the Cherry Tyler Moore. (Also, try this next time you have Otter Pops--eat a Louie-Bloo Raspberry and a Little Orphan Orange together. It́’s heaven in the form of high fructose corn syrup.)

A: Dear otter,

I would invent a set of flavors (not Otter Pops, though - like the popsicles that come in double sets of the same flavor, only mine would be two different flavors). The flavors would be 1) Pina Colada, and 2) Getting Caught in the Rain.

Again, as far as inventions go, I think every Jamba Juice concoction should be made into a popsicle.


Dear 100 Hour Board,

I can't for the life of me find out who sings the samba on Happy Feet. I really love it and want to find a recording (it's not on the soundtrack). Any suggestions or resolutions to my predicament?

- Elliot

A: Dear Missy,

Having not seen the movie, and being under the assumption that samba was a dance and not able to be sung, I fear I may not be able to answer your question fully, but I think I can point you in the right direction.

Your best resources in a search like this are complete listings of the credits, like you can find on IMDb or TCM. Look over those song lists and start from there. If I had to guess, I'd say Candela (performed by Da Madd Dominikans) or Cui Cui (by Xavier Cugat) are the most likely. This review would make me lean towards the first. I hope that helps.

-=Optimus Prime=-
Question #45226 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have been searching everywhere for a quote that I read in an undergraduate Religion class at BYU (unfortunately don't remember which class/professor)-- I'm fairly confident that it was said by Brigham Young and it related to talents and the premortal existence. The basic gist was that the things we refer to in this life as talents are actually abilities that we spent eons developing and studying before coming to this earth. I think the quote also specifically references Mozart and Monet. Any help?

- diaper changing jd

A: Dear Diaper Changing,

I can't find a quote like this that is attributed to Brigham Young. I'm also dubious that Brigham Young would reference Monet, as Brigham Young died before Monet's most famous, later paintings were painted. However, I did find some similar quotes attributed to Elder Bruce R. McConkie. The first one is found in his April 1974 Conference Address, "God Foreordains His Prophets and His People":
True, a curtain has been drawn so we do not recall our associations there. But we do know that our Eternal Father has all power, all might, all dominion, and all truth and that he lives in the family unit. We do know that we are his children, created in his image, endowed with power and ability to become like him. We know he gave us our agency and ordained the laws by obedience to which we can obtain eternal life. We know we had friends and associates there. We know we were schooled and trained and taught in the most perfect educational system ever devised, and that by obedience to his eternal laws we developed infinite varieties and degrees of talents.

And hence comes the doctrine of foreordination. When we come into mortality, we bring the talents, capacities, and abilities acquired by obedience to law in our prior existence. Mozart composed and published sonatas when but eight years of age because he was born with musical talent. Melchizedek came into this world with such faith and spiritual capacity that "when a child he feared God, and stopped the mouths of lions, and quenched the violence of fire." (JST, Gen. 14:26.) Cain, on the other hand, like Lucifer, was a liar from the beginning and was told in this life: "… thou shalt be called Perdition; for thou wast also before the world." (Moses 5:24.)
In his book The Mortal Messiah, Elder McConkie also said, along a similar vein,
Spirits developed an infinite variety and degree of talents while yet in preexistence.

Being subject to law, and having their agency, all the spirits of men, while yet in the Eternal Presence, developed aptitudes, talents, capacities, and abilities of every sort, kind, and degree. During the long expanse of life which then was, an infinite variety of talents and abilities came into being. As the ages rolled, no two spirits remained alike. Mozart became a musician; Einstein centered his interest in mathematics; Michelangelo turned his attention to painting. Cain was a liar, a schemer, a rebel who maintained a close affinity to Lucifer. Abraham and Moses and all of the prophets sought and obtained the talent for spirituality. Mary and Eve were two of the greatest of all the spirit daughters of the Father. The whole house of Israel, known and segregated out from their fellows, was inclined toward spiritual things. And so it went through all the hosts of heaven, each individual developing such talents and abilities as his soul desired.

Hope these quotes help!

Question #45225 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

have you heard of the "v-chip", national ID card, and the 'amero"? It's quite interesting and I would love your opinions on the one world government conspiracy. I say bring it on. For instance, I don't care who the president is as long as they're really wicked...so then the coming of Christ comes sooner:) We should all pray that the world gets more wicked so the righteous can prosper and the earth cleansed from this horrible state.

I typed this entire message with my left hand because only because i'm eating an apple and I did not want to put it down to type because i hate when it gets brown and mushy....yes, it's alright...be impressed.

- tom

A: Dear tom,

I've heard that we should work hard to bring about things we pray for. In accordance with this prophetic counsel, I will not only pray with you that the world become more wicked, but also sin more myself, all for the noble cause of hastening the Second Coming.

But that wasn't your question. You asked if I've heard of the v-chip, national ID card, and "amero," to which my answer is yes. And even though you didn't ask, I'll comment on these.

Regarding the v-chip, if the government wants to use a device intended for parental controls tospy on the TV I watch (or, more realistically, don't watch), well, it's not like our government hasn't wasted time and money on a lot of other useless things before.

On the other hand, I support a national ID card. Far from being a cabalistic measure to transform our society into a sci-fi dystopia, a standardized ID system is just going to simplify the messy system used in the status quo. ID cards are a part of life already--you need them to make a withdrawal, drive a car, or get a job. A standardized national ID could actually cut away a lot of the paperwork required by having separate driver's license, passport, social security number, etc. I'm not going to complain about having more room in my wallet for green stuff.

Finally, the "amero" is a ridiculous idea. Just because the euro is watching the dollar writhe in pain from its box seats across the Atlantic does not mean that Canada, Mexico, and the U.S. should come up with their own copycat version. The "amero" would not work as well as the euro because while Europe's economy is balanced among the several countries, the U.S. economy would almost solely dictate the value of the "amero," benefiting Canada and Mexico, and Americans just aren't that generous.

So having typed all that, my final verdict is:
left-handed typing isn't very hard at all, or even that slow, and I do believe I typed even more characters one-handed than you did.

A: Dear tom,

Please read Amos 5:18. After having read it, if you still want to hasten the dreadful day of the Lord, I would suggest helping to establish Zion and preparing it to receive its King.

As for your conspiracy theories, I agree that we should be worried about unconstitutional invasions into the lives of private citizens.

But when it comes to the v-chip, the tragedy is only that almost no one actually uses it. Domestic spying aside, the v-chip is a free parental controls device found in modern televisions, but very few parents know it exists, let alone how to use it. The government's advertising campaign to inform the public about the v-chip may have failed dramatically, but, really, if they wanted to use it to spy on us don't you think they would have kept the v-chip a secret rather than spending millions to publicize it?

More troubling is the national ID card. I'm less worried about the privacy issue than identity theft. If we consolidate all my legal rights onto one little rectangle, it will have become very easy to steal everything you need to make my life miserable.

The "amero," however, is a great idea. Our economy is already locked to those of Canada and Mexico by geography and NAFTA, and we will only become more intertwined with Latin America as immigrants keep coming in (and sending money orders back home.) In fact the dollar is already the de facto currency in much of the Caribbean and Central America, so why not make it official with a good answer to the euro?

I hate to be argumentative all the time, so I will conclude by agreeing with you: brown and mushy apple is indeed disgusting.

Question #45222 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear TINMAN or those writers that know him

I thus far have enjoyed what few answers have been posted by you, but frankly my potential for rust friend, we as readers don't know much about you, and I, and hopefully other readers, want to know more about you as a writer. Like why did you choose your nym, the details of your battle or encounter with the tunnel worms, what part of the country you're from, you know, stuff that us readers can sink our teeth into (in a non vampiric or cannibalistic manner.)
Also, if you're on hiatus, then please, for those writers that know TM, if you can tell us a little about TM. (In a non spoiling of the anonymity kind of way)

- Father Time.

A: Dear Chronos,

I don't know if TINMAN is on hiatus or not, but I haven't seen him around. I think you can deduce the most about him by reading into his alias: the tinman, at least in the Wizard of Oz, was a character who thought he didn't have a heart but was actually a nice guy. You could say the same of TINMAN.

A: Father Time,

I thank you for your question and must say your timing is impeccable. I was on hiatus; being away from home and unable to gain working access to the Board. Upon arriving back in Provo I found your question waiting and have found it an interesting challenge. I suppose something to know about me as a writer is that I am not well versed in the technical processes of writing. My responses are usually somewhat raw, rarely seeing any editing once typed out. This has gotten me into some trouble in the past, as things that are perfectly lucid to me while composing them may not make much sense to anyone else. I have an odd sense of irony that often complicates the matter, if I feel a question was foolish I try to use the quierent's own words and logical fallacies in an attempt to persuade them of their error.

My 'nym came from a nickname I picked up in High School when those around me pointed out tendencies I had that ran contrary to expected teenage attitudes. I am not positive of the exact time I was first called TINMAN, throughout my life I have been cerebral and I would often disregard that which logic declared trivial. Some such things were physical; extremes in temperature are usually ignored and physical pain is often shrugged off; leading to the recurring joke of my various sports teams that I was something other than human. Perhaps this cast the mold for my budding 'nym but I presume it was the social aspect that brought it into focus. Most of the High School social scene fell into the 'trivial' category. My role regarded the dating game was that of a somewhat bemused observer. I was by no means a social wallflower but if I wanted to have fun or get to know someone I would do so without the social awkwardness that inevitably accompanied High School 'dating'. Despite (or perhaps due to) this, I somehow became a go-to man for dating advice; being asked by both close acquaintances and classmates whose names I didn't know. My advice was as clear and logical as I could make it, striving for the most painless result for all involved. Often this involved advising people to leave abusive relationships or end ineffective ones. Having never experienced it, I couldn't understand the emotional attachment that factored into the equation, leading those closest to me to pin me with the moniker TINMAN. Now that I am well out of High School, the name still seemed to fit; the Tinman had a rough back history, leading him to be abrupt and cutting at times, yet he always was willing to help others to remember the importance of the things of the heart. Thus TINMAN also gives advice and guidance from the head, in the hope of somehow finding a heart.

The casual reader may not know of the tunnel worms or may simply believe that some writer wanted to explain why students aren't allowed into the tunnels below campus. Over time they have been been mentioned most often by newer writers, leading to the assumption by some that they are merely a rite of passage that must be overcome before writership is assured. The truth is much deeper than is generally known. The worms must be faced each time anyone attempts to approach the Lair. Each question that is answered stands as a witness that that writer has survived yet another day against foes that could take out anyone who might let their guard down. Newer writers tend to be more inclined to speak of their struggles while still flush from to the unique experience. Older writers often have grow accustom to the constant struggle and it no longer is remarkable for them. Another reason for the relative silence is the sad fact that we have lost writers in the past to the worms, making it a painful topic for some to discuss. Each person's struggle is their own and unique in their own way. Mighty Quinn was rumored to be able to frighten some worms away by his titanium abs alone. Uffish Thought has had a remarkable time with avoiding conflict as well. And just as each writer struggles with different worms in different ways, individual worms have unique ways of getting to their prey. The gigantic but deathly quiet Baripen has been around since the beginning, actively hunting out even the best writers and has claimed more than his fair share of probies and experienced writers alike. Little Daravipen is hardly ever seen and never heard, but she has taken far too many writers while back in the shadows, often consuming them so completely only a few ever remember their existence in the first place. The twins Zazoralo and Bibuťipen work in tandem; the one making his position so blatantly clear that the unwary will often fall to the gaping maw of the other, who had been quietly waiting for prey to come to him. I could continue on, but the list could continue and the methods to various to describe. Needless to say I have struggled to overcome each of the tunnel worms that I have come across, and if the unfortunate day comes that you hear from me no longer; remember me once and a while and send a can of WD-40 to the depths of the tunnels. I may be in need of it.

Question #45149 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear Laser Jock, Physics Chick, and the 100 Hour Board,

I recently purchased a cheap "5mW" green laser. (So cool.)

Anyway. I was playing around with it just now, taking some pictures of the beam in some water, when I noticed something kind of odd. I was getting three reflections off of the wall of the container. I was expecting two, based on past experience and physics classes.

Here is the setup. I shone the laser through a plexiglass wall, and reflected it off of the plexiglass containers bottom. The container is filled with tap water. I expected either one or two reflections. One if I accomplished total internal reflection, two if not. Obviously I did not get total internal reflection. Anyway, I expected two reflections, since there should be a reflection at each interface, so one off of the water-plexiglass surface, and one off of the plexiglass-air surface. But I got three. Even more interesting, when I stuck a piece of the plexiglass completely into a big barrel of water, I only got two reflections. This says to me that it probably has something to do with there not being water on both sides of the plexiglass.

You can see a picture of this strangeness here: http://fredjikrang.petfish.net/board/laserconun.jpg

So, why does this happen? It is blowing my mind at the moment. :D


- Fredjikrang

A: Dear Fredjikrang,

First, you're right about what would happen if you got total internal reflection off of the water/plexiglas interface: you'd see one reflected beam. However, if you didn't get total internal reflection you would see more than two beams. The reason is that at the first boundary (water/plexiglss) you would get some light reflected, and some transmitted. At the second (plexiglas/air) you would likewise get some reflected and some transmitted. The reflected light, heading back toward the water, would have to pass through the plexiglas/water interface again—and again, some would be reflected back into the plexiglas, and some would be transmitted into the water. So what you get is a series of reflections back into the water that grow successively weaker. The reason you're seeing only three is that they're so faint that the fourth isn't easy to see. (However, I think I am seeing a fourth in that picture as well.) This diagram (from the Wikipedia article on Fabry–Pérot interferometers) shows what I'm describing.

When you submerged the tank of water in more water, you were changing the index of refraction on the outside of the plexiglas from 1.00 (air) to 1.33 (water). The refractive index of plexiglas (PMMA), on the other hand, is 1.49. The amount of light that gets reflected at an interface partially depends on the difference in the refractive indices of the two materials. Since water is much closer than air to the refractive index of plexiglas, much more of the light was transmitted, and the resulting reflections were much weaker (and harder to see). Fun question, and keep enjoying your new laser pointer!

—Laser Jock
Question #45140 posted on 05/26/2008 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If a heavy traffic city like New York, NY embedded a band of little piezoelectric generators just under the road surface at all four corners of its busiest intersection and these generators all fed into a battery, about how many kilowatt hours could the city generate in a day?

- Energon Cube

A: Dear Cube,

I'm having an awfully hard time getting good information on how much energy piezoelectric materials can generate in a situation like this, so I can't give you a number. However, from reading about proposals similar to yours, I do know that most involve putting piezoelectric generators under an extensive stretch of roadway—say, a mile. Thus, I don't think that picking a single intersection, even an extremely busy one, would produce enough power to make it feasible.

—Laser Jock